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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Surgical resection is the main treatment for resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and lobectomy with systemic mediastinal lymph node dissection is the standard surgical method. However, a significant number of patients experience postoperative chronic cough; it is observed in about 60% of patients during the first year of outpatient clinic follow-up, and persistently lasts in about 24.7-50% during the 5 year follow-up period. Several studies showed the association between vagus nerve and chronic cough. The bronchopulmonary vagal afferent C-fibers are responsible for cough, chest tightness and reflex bronchoconstrictions. It is expected that during the mediastinal lymph node dissection, the inevitable injuries to the pulmonary branch of vagus nerve is largely responsible for development of chronic cough. In other words, preservation of pulmonary branch of vagus nerve may reduce the incidence of chronic cough and relevant detrimental effects on quality of life. Therefore, this prospective, randomized and controlled clinical study, aims to evaluate the effect of vagus nerve preservation on postoperative chronic cough in patients undergoing lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection. In addition, the feasibility and oncologic safety of preserving pulmonary branch of vagus nerve during mediastinal lymph node dissection with minimally invasive surgery compared with conventional mediastinal lymph node dissection with minimally invasive surgery will also be investigated. This trial will provide a new basis for oncologically feasible, safe and effective new surgical technique for mediastinal lymph node dissection in patients with early lung cancer undergoing minimally invasive surgery. Furthermore, the preventive effect of vagus nerve preservation on incidence of chronic cough will be objectively be proven and thus help to broaden the current knowledge of the role of vagus nerve and postoperative chronic cough.
Chronic cough (TC), defined by a duration exceeding 8 weeks, is a particularly frequent symptom with a prevalence observed at 9.6% 1. Chronic cough is the cause of a major handicap for patients with a impact on their quality of life 2. Although CT is common, management is often delicate and complex. In studies, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, posterior flushing, rhino-sinusitis, or taking tussigenic medications are common causes of chronic coughs. However, chronic refractory or unexplained cough, which corresponds to cough for which no cause has been found or the treatments directed against the cause of the cough have not made it possible to resolve the cough, is a real problem in practice. nick3. There is currently no prospective data in France on the characteristics of chronic cough (etiologies, response to treatment) and the percentage of refractory cough. The aim of the study is to constitute a French prospective multicenter hospital cohort of chronic cough patients in order to identify, for the first time in France in a prospective and multicenter manner, the frequency of patients with refractory cough among chronic cough patients.
This is a phase 4 study to evaluate the the efficacy of second generation antihistamine on cough outcomes in cough patients with allergic rhinitis.
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover, multicenter study of AX-8 in participants with unexplained or refractory chronic cough designed to evaluate the effectiveness of AX-8 in reducing cough frequency.
When diagnosing chronic cough (cough lasting longer than 8 weeks), the physician nowadays very often relies on the patient's narrative and description. In our research project we want to find out whether a cough detector can continuously and reliably record the cough, how the user-friendliness of the cough detector is assessed and whether this continuous recording can support the physician in his diagnosis.
According to WHO (World Health Organisation) data, about 40% of patients with COVID-19 (Corona Virus SARS-CoV-2) have a mild course of the disease, namely, cases of mild course are of great danger from the point of view of the spread of infection, since the main source of infection is a sick person. The mild course of COVID-19 is characterized by a number of nonspecific symptoms: fever, cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, malaise, headache, muscle pain. Evidence has emerged of loss of smell as a symptom of COVID-19 infection. Anosmia/hyposmia in the absence of other respiratory diseases, such as allergic rhinitis, acute rhinosinusitis, or chronic rhinosinusitis, are considered as a clinical marker of COVID-19 infection in a pandemic.For people with a mild course of the disease, WHO recommends providing home care, and the recommendations come down to observing a sanitary-hygienic regimen and taking antipyretics if necessary. Unfortunately, the treatment of patients with a mild course is still outside the interest of medical science. In its updated strategy to curb the spread of COVID-19, WHO states the need for diagnosis, effective isolation, and treatment of patients with mild to moderate severity of the clinical course of patients.Currently, there is experience with the use of the drug Imupret for the treatment of nasopharyngitis associated with other viral pathogens, in particular Epstein-Barr virus. It was shown that the use of a Phyto preparation helps to accelerate the regression of symptoms characteristic of nasopharyngitis, as well as accelerate the elimination of the virus from the body. Obviously, the proven activity of Imupret is important in relation to the activation of factors of nonspecific immunity, which is important in confronting viruses, including COVID-19. Another obvious factor that is important for the treatment of viral diseases is the synergism of the active substances in oak bark and walnut leaves with respect to inhibition of reverse transcriptase of a wide range of respiratory viruses, as well as the anti-inflammatory effect of the drug. Confirmation of the therapeutic effect of Imupret for the treatment of nasopharyngitis associated with COVID-19 would allow the development of new therapeutic tools to combat this infection and put into practice updated WHO emphasis on national health systems: it is important to identify, treat and isolate all cases of COVID-19, including cases with mild or moderate severity of the disease.
Coughing affects almost all individuals with ILD leading to physical, psychological and social distress and prevents individuals from performing their activities of daily living, working or socialising in public places. Unfortunately, there are no licensed medications available to treat chronic cough and the few drugs that have been tried resulted in little efficacy and significant side effects. Drug-free cough control interventions have shown promise in reducing the severity and impact of coughing on patients' lives but have not been tested in individuals with ILD. This study aims to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a non-pharmacological cough control therapy, as an adjuvant of pulmonary rehabilitation, in patients with ILD and chronic cough (>8 weeks in duration).
Cough is the most common presenting symptom to family physician. Chronic Cough affects approximately 10-12% of the general population and is one of the commonest reasons for referral to secondary care. Unfortunately, there are no licensed treatments for this debilitating condition, which is associated with a poor quality of life, affecting the social, physical and psychological well-being of patients. The aim of this single-centre pilot study is to investigate whether mepolizumab reduces objective cough frequency in patients with eosinophilic asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis presenting with chronic cough. Secondary outcomes including the effects on quality of life, the intensity of irritant sensations, airway hyper-reactivity and inflammatory cells and their progenitors will also be evaluated. The investigators hypothesize that in patients with asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis, eosinophils are involved in sensitizing airway nerves and thereby increasing spontaneous objective coughs. The investigators predict that treatment with mepolizumab will reduce airway eosinophilia in patients with chronic cough due to eosinophilic asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis, thereby causing a reduction in objective cough frequency.
An observational study to evaluate the accuracy of a digital cough monitoring tool to reflect the incidence of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections at the community level in the city of Pamplona, Spain.
Chronic cough is a common troublesome symptom which has a global prevalence of approximately 10%, but with wide variations across continents. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, patient-reported outcomes and burden of disease in patients with chronic cough referred to a specialist clinic. The proposed study will use pre-defined diagnostic criteria, investigations and treatment algorithms such that all recruited patients will undergo the same investigations and follow a set management algorithm. This study will objectively and subjectively assess coughing at baseline and after treatment in a real-world clinical setting. This will allow us to understand the relationship between any objective reduction in cough after treatment, and whether this translates to any significant improvement in subjective questionnaire scores. We will assess the impact of health conditions on lost productivity in monetary units and assess the amount of absenteeism, presenteeism and daily activity impairment attributable to unexplained chronic cough/refractory chronic cough. Finally, a patient survey at the end of the study will evaluate the patients' satisfaction and experience of investigation, management trials and use of questionnaires.