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In the middle of this century, coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of death in the United States. Chinese health service survey showed that about 1000,0000 ~ 320,000 people were suffering from CHD in the mainland of China in 2008. The high mortality and morbidity of CHD will aggravate the psychological burden of patients, such as depression. Depression is the most psychological problem in CHD patients. The incidence of depression in Chinese population was in the range of 4%~6%, while it was as high as 14%~17% in patients with CHD. Depression not only affects the patients' illness, but also reducing their quality of life, the compliance of drugs and lifestyle. In addition, depression is a major risk factor for the mortality and morbidity of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it's urgently needed to screen and treat the depression of patients with CHD. At present, the treatment of depression in patients with CHD mainly includes antidepressant, cognitive behavioral therapy， psychological counseling, knowledge education, relaxation therapy and so on. However, the medicine would yield side - effect. Furthermore, the content of psychological interventions are not systematic and dynamic. Moreover, patients' depressive level varies in different periods, the traditional psychological intervention just focused on the ultimate psychological benefits, and cannot analyze some factors and staged results in the process of psycho-behavioral change. Thus, an dynamic and effective intervention to alleviate depression in patients with CHD is imperative.
Study is conducted to assess the prevalence and structure of comorbidity among patients undergoing abdominal surgery and produce the stratification of the risk of postoperative complications by identifying independent predictors for its development.
The Hamburg City Health Study (HCHS) is a large, prospective, long-term, population-based cohort study and a unique research platform and network to obtain substantial knowledge about several risk and prognostic factors in major chronic diseases.
Incidence of ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction(STEMI) is rising and the existing emergency medical aid system for STEMI was not enough for timely perfusion treatment. No existing research with high-quality data focuses on the characteristic of STEMI incidence and regional network construction. Aiming of Guangdong GAMI(reGional network for Acute Myocardial Infarction) project is to establish effective collaborative regional network system for STEMI patients treatment.
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in Europe and worldwide. In 2014, they led to more than 4 million deaths in Europe, and coronary heart disease alone accounts for nearly 1.8 million deaths, or 20% of all deaths in Europe. However, mortality from cardiovascular disease and, especially, coronary heart disease has declined in recent decades. This has been made possible by improving the quality of care provided to patients. Several studies have been conducted to demonstrate this improvement in the quality of care, but they mainly measure the functional results of treatment, morbidity and mortality, survival and prolongation of life. However, patient-centered outcomes such as health-related quality of life outcomes (such as mental function, ability to resume activities of daily living, social relationship) are also considered important outcomes in the management and monitoring of these diseases. Some studies have shown that, even when other risks factors are controlled, a poor quality of life related to health is a prediction factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Some studies have suggested that health-related quality of life should be strongly associated with lifestyle, co-morbidities, and mental function. Some factors have been identified as factors that may affect the quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease, including depression, anxiety, dyspnea and angina pectoris. Depression and anxiety were negatively associated with health-related quality of life in patients with cardiovascular disease. As for dyspnea, it has been shown that in stable patients who have had a myocardial infarction, its increase at 1 month after initiation of treatment is strongly associated with a decrease in the quality of life and with an increased risk of re-hospitalization and death. It is therefore important to measure these factors when the quality of life is assessed in patients with coronary heart disease. The importance of assessing quality of life is that the clinician and the patient often have different concerns: what the clinician considers to be a "successful procedure" is not always considered as such by the patient. Results related to quality of life (results rarely evaluated) are among the results that really interest the patient. Indeed, many patients consider the quality of additional years of life acquired as important as the lifespan, so the goal of today's medicine is to improve the quantity and quality of life of the additional years of life acquired. To ensure this improvement, the assessment of health-related quality of life should be integrated into the daily clinical practice of coronary heart disease management. The objective of our study is to evaluate the feasibility of this practice throughout the traject of care, by using several standardized questionnaires.
Based on accumulating evidence showing that impaired cardiac energetic metabolism plays important role in the mechanism of cardiac diastolic dysfunction,the study is designed to evaluate whether metabolic modulator treatment with trimetazidine could have beneficial effects on patients with coronary heart disease(CHD) and ventricular diastolic dysfunction.This study is a prospective,randomised,open-label trial to assess the efficacy of trimetazidine treatment in improving diastolic function in CHD patients with diastolic dysfunction.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of a brief electronic shared decision making (eSDM) intervention on depressive symptoms in coronary heart disease patients with elevated depressive symptoms.
A prospective, multicenter, registered cohort study to observe the incidence of 1-year major adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary heart disease co-morbid depression treated with percutaneous coronary intervention and to clarify the predictors of 1-year major adverse cardiac events post PCI among these patients.
Sleep-wake disturbances were found to be a common problem among patients with CHD either earlier during hospitalization or/ and after discharge Although there is an evidence that sleep-wake disturbanes occur in high rate among patients with CHD little was found about assessment and management of this problem. This randomized controlled study will assess sleep quality of stable CHD patients who were admitted for undergoing coronary angiography electively. Then it will test the hypothesis that atlas cedar wood essential oil aromatherapy have a positive effect on sleep quality of CHD patients.
This study aimed to explore underlying mechanisms of individual differences in drugs for coronary heart disease treatment and its association with adverse consequences. It will enroll approximately 4000 coronal heart disease patients aged between 18 and 80 years in mainland China and follow-up for at least 1 years. Questionnaires, anthropometric measures, laboratory tests, and biomaterials will be collected . The principal clinical outcomes of the study consist of ischemia attack , cardiac death, renal injury,and myotoxic activity.