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Clinical Trial Summary

Patients with Chronic Coronary Syndrome (CCS) undergoing with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), consisting of aspirin combined with clopidogrel for 6 months. The aim of DAPT is to prevent recurrent thrombotic events, i.e. death, stent thrombosis and/ or myocardial infarction (MI). However, the trade-off of thrombotic prevention by DAPT is an increased risk of bleeding. Multiple strategies to reduce bleeding risk and optimize outcomes have been proposed. On one hand the bleeding risk can be reduced by shortening the duration of DAPT and omitting aspirin. This has been proven effective in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) compared to standard DAPT, without a significant difference in thrombotic events. On the other hand, personalized medicine by means of genotyping to ensure that a patient is treated with an, for them, effective drug, can be a strategy to optimize patients outcomes. In CCS patients the preferred P2Y12-inhibitor is clopidogrel. However, clopidogrel must first be activated by the CYP2C19 enzyme in the liver. Only then can clopidogrel inhibit the P2Y12-receptor and prevent platelet activation. Almost thirty percent of patients has a genetic variation of the gene encoding this CYP2C19 enzyme. In these patients, clopidogrel is not or hardly activated, putting them at a higher risk of thrombotic events than patients who do not have this gene variation. By determining the CYP2C19 genotype, it is possible to estimate whether clopidogrel will be effective or not. In this trial we evaluate the pharmacodynamic effects of genotype guided P2Y12-inhibitor monotherapy in patients with CCS undergoing PCI. In the intervention arm the CYP2C19 genotype will be assessed using a point-of-care test device on the cardiology ward, which can be performed by (research) nurses. Patients with a CYP2C19 loss-of-function (LOF) allel will be treated with monotherapy ticagrelor or prasugrel. Patients who are non-carrier of a LOF allel will receive clopidogrel. The control arm will be treated with the current standard-of-care, which is DAPT, consisting of aspirin combined with clopidogrel for 6 months. The main goals is to assess the antithrombotic effects of individualized P2Y12 monotherapy strategy versus clopidogrel plus aspirin in elective PCI patients.

Clinical Trial Description

Rationale: Novel antithrombotic strategies, such as genotype-guided P2Y12-inhibitor selection and P2Y12-inhibitor monotherapy, instead of routine dual antithrombotic therapy (DAPT), have recently been investigated in major randomized controlled trials. It is unclear whether these therapies can also be applied to all comer patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary (PCI) with stenting. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the pharmacodynamic response of CYP2C19-genotype-guided monotherapy in patients undergoing elective PCI. Bleeding and ischemic outcomes will also be registered. Study design: A prospective, single center, randomized controlled trial. Study population: Patients undergoing elective PCI Intervention: Randomized to genotype-guided monotherapy P2Y12 inhibition or standard DAPT. After PCI, patients will be randomised between two groups. Intervention group: P2Y12-inhibitor monotherapy. Patients without a LOF-allel will receive clopidogrel monotherapy (tablet of 75mg once daily) for 6 months. Patients with a LOF-allel will receive ticagrelor (tablet of 90mg twice daily) or prasugrel (tablet of 10mg once daily) for 6 months. Control group: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Patients will receive clopidogrel (tablet of 75mg once daily) for 6 months and acetylsalicylic acid (tablet 80mg one daily) for 6 months. Main study parameters/endpoints: • To evaluate the antithrombotic effects of ticagrelor/prasugrel or clopidogrel monotherapy versus clopidogrel plus aspirin in order to assess the feasibility and safety of individualized antithrombotic therapy after elective PCI based on CYP2C19-genotyping. Secondary endpoints: - The primary (safety) bleeding endpoint is the incidence of minor, moderate or severe bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 2, 3 and 5) - The primary efficacy endpoint is the incidence of cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and stroke) - Individual components and combinations of the primary and secondary end points - To evaluate the net clinical benefit (a composite of all-cause death, MI, stroke and major bleeding defined as BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding at 6 months) - To compare the number of patients in whom the antiplatelet drug is prematurely discontinued or switched to another drug in the CYP2C19 genotype guided antiplatelet treatment versus standard DAPT treatment ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05773989
Study type Interventional
Source St. Antonius Hospital
Contact Wout van den Broek, MD
Phone 088 320 1337
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date May 1, 2023
Completion date May 1, 2025

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