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Clinical Trial Summary

Pain is naturally aversive and often distressing. Pain coping and self-regulatory skills have been shown to effectively reduce pain-related distress and other symptoms. The purpose of the study is to pilot a single-session videoconference-delivered pain education class (Empowered Relief) for bolstering pain and symptom management in people with chronic pain. Class participants learn skills and develop a personalized plan to use the skills every day. The study will follow participants 3 months by administering 5 follow-up surveys at 1 & 2 weeks and 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months post-treatment to determine whether the class confers long-term benefits across various aspects of health.

Clinical Trial Description

Inadequate treatment of chronic pain is an interrelated public health crisis. An Institute of Medicine Pain Report noted that chronic pain affects ~100 million American adults and costs $635 billion annually. There is a critical need to better integrate behavioral medicine and self-management strategies to treat pain comprehensively and apply a 'whole person' approach to pain care. To date, the U.S. lacks scalable behavioral medicine for pain thereby underscoring the need for solutions that are accessible, low-cost, and low-burden. Poor access to behavioral pain care contributes substantially to chronic pain burden because patient-level factors-such as pain catastrophizing-remain untreated and the multidimensional nature of pain ignored. Pain catastrophizing - a pattern of negative cognitive and emotional responses to actual or anticipated pain is a potent prognostic for pain and disability trajectories. Pain catastrophizing is effectively treated with 8-week skills-based group cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (pain-CBT), yet pain-CBT is inaccessible to most Americans due to few trained therapists and the burdens of treatment time and costs. Efficient, effective solutions are urgently needed to provide access to skills-based behavioral medicine that equips patients to reduce pain catastrophizing and better self-manage chronic pain. To address this unmet need, the investigators developed and tested a single-session, 2-hour, pain-CBT skills-based behavioral medicine class ("Empowered Relief") to reduce pain catastrophizing and pain correlates. In a 3-arm randomized controlled trial involving in-person delivery of treatments, results suggest that Empowered Relief was non-inferior to 8-week cognitive behavioral therapy and superior to a health education class for reducing pain catastrophizing and improving multiple secondary outcomes at 3 months post-treatment in individuals with chronic low back pain. In the current study, Empowered Relief is being translated from class delivery to an online format. Implementing a 2-arm randomized controlled trial of a single-session, video conference-based, group-intervention version of "Empowered Relief" and comparing it to Usual Care in mixed etiology chronic pain. Outcome 1, Empowered Relief will be superior to the Usual Care for reducing pain catastrophizing at the 1-month follow-up. Outcome 2, Empowered Relief will be superior to Usual Care for reducing pain bothersomeness and sleep disturbance at the 1-month follow-up. Outcome 3, Empowered Relief will be superior to Usual Care for reducing pain intensity, anxiety, depression, physical function at the 1-month follow-up. Patient outcomes will be longitudinally tracked at weeks 1 & 2 and months 1, 2, & 3 after the intervention session. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04546685
Study type Interventional
Source Stanford University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date September 28, 2020
Completion date July 7, 2021

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