View clinical trials related to Cerebrovascular Accident.Filter by:
Cardiovascular disease is regarded as main predisposing risk factor for cerebrovascular stroke. Cardiac dysfunction can both worsen the pre existing cerebral damage and cause new brain injury Diseases of the heart and the brain are closely entangled. Vascular diseases of both organs share the same risk factors.
In this proposal, the investigators will demonstrate the feasibility and noninferiority of telerobotic ultrasonography as compared to traditional manual acquisition in performing a limited carotid Duplex examination and in carotid plaque detection.
This study examines the effectiveness of the cardiac rehabilitation program for stroke patients. The study will examine if patients with stroke, who receive cardiac rehabilitation in addition to their standard of care treatments, demonstrate improved recovery of function. It will also examine if these patients have reduced hospital readmission, reduced rate of recurrent stroke, and mortality.
The goal of this clinical trial is to evaluate the impact of using the Nomad powered KAFO in people who have had a musculoskeletal or neurological injury that has affected their ability to walk. The main questions it aims to answer are to quantify the effectiveness of the Nomad in improving mobility, balance, frequency of falls, and quality of life in individuals with lower-extremity impairments compared to their own brace, over three months of daily home and community use. Participants will: - Wear a sensor that records everyday activities and mobility. - Perform measures of mobility and different activities of participation using their own brace. - Perform measures of mobility and different activities of participation using the Nomad powered KAFO
A prospective cohort study (questionnaires), with an embedded case control study (neuropsychological assessments) in which the data is gathered within a timeframe of 3 years. A group of 700 patients and a group of 100 healthy volunteers will be participating.
Stroke is major public health issue. The investigators recommend post-stroke patients to practice physical activity. Nevertheless, the recommendations are not widely respected due to the intensity of exercises. Oxygen consumption is a parameter to assess the intensity of physical activity. in this sense, we want to measure the oxygen consumption during various walking tasks compared to healthy controls.
Stroke is the leading neurological disease in the world that causes long-term disability. The most common cause of disability after stroke is motor impairment resulting from brain damage which ultimately causes mobility and functional limitation. Worldwide, the incidence of stroke has been increased by 30% in the last decade. In Europe, more than one million cases have been reported each year and six million stroke survivors are known to be alive till now. The annual estimated cause of stroke treatment in Europe is twenty-seven billion Euros. By 2030, it is estimated that the cost of stroke treatment will be triple the current amount and can reach up to 184 billion dollars. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an economical rehabilitation program that prevents or reduces long-term disability after stroke.
The Ekso (Ekso Bionics) is a wearable exoskeleton that provides robotic support and walking assistance for patients with lower extremity paralysis. Research suggests that exoskeleton-assisted gait training is as effective as conventional gait training at improving walking outcomes and balance during both the chronic and subacute period following stroke (Goffredo et al., 2019; Molteni et al., 2017; Molteni et al., 2021; Nam et al., 2019; Rojek, 2019). Exoskeleton-assisted gait training during acute inpatient rehabilitation provides a means for patients to actively participate in gait training during the early and most severe stages of stroke recovery. Most acute inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) report a feasibility of 5-8 Ekso sessions during inpatient stays and demonstrate significant improvement from baseline (Nolan et al., 2020; Swank, 2020). Nolan et al. (2020) demonstrated that stroke patients receiving Ekso ambulated 1640 feet more than patients undergoing more conventional gait training techniques during inpatient rehabilitation, suggesting that the exoskeleton may offer additional benefit during this phase of recovery. Despite promising evidence, there have been no randomized controlled trials within the IRF setting. Because Ekso-gait training increases the number of steps patients can take, during acute inpatient physical therapy (PT), the investigators hypothesize that patients who participate in Ekso-gait training will demonstrate quicker improvements in balance, gait speed, endurance and independence in functional ambulation during their stay in the IRF. In this study, eligible patients admitted to Sunnyview Rehabilitation Hospital (SRH) for rehabilitation following stroke will be randomized to receive conventional or Ekso-gait training therapy. Meaningful clinical benchmarks for balance and walking will be assessed using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) (Alghadir, 2018; Moore, 2018), the 10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT) (Bowden, 2008; Moore, 2018), the Six Minute Walk Test (6MWT) (Kubo et al., 2020; Moore, 2018), and Functional Ambulation Category (FAC) (Mehrholz, 2007). Achieving these benchmark scores are associated with several positive outcomes, including increased ability to ambulate in the community and reduced risk of falling (Alghadir, 2018; Bowden, 2008; Kubo et al., 2020). The investigators also hypothesize that patients in the Ekso cohort will report greater value/usefulness when compared to patients receiving standard care.
The primary aim of this project will be to determine the effects of the tRNS-augmented unilateral and bilateral MT, and their effects relative to the control interventions (sham tRNS with unilateral or bilateral MT) on restoring health outcomes including motor function, daily function, quality of life and self-efficacy, and motor control strategy as well as brain activities (electroencephalography, EEG) in stroke patients.
Null Hypothesis (HO) There is no difference between the effects of Perfetti's Method versus routine physical therapy on cognition, dexterity, and sensory motor function of the upper extremity in stroke patients. Alternate Hypothesis (HA) There is a difference between the effects of Perfetti's Method versus routine physical therapy on cognition, dexterity, and sensory motor function of the upper extremity in stroke patients.