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The purpose of this study is to obtain a single-center safety and feasibility data on patients managed with a single anti-thrombotic therapy and the incidence of thrombotic adverse events associated with HeartMate 3 LVAS therapy.
The diseases derived from Metabolic Syndrome caused 75% of the total deaths. It is more profitable to invest in prevention than in the treatment of most cardiovascular diseases. Several institutions consider prevention as one of the main priorities in public health. Patients with Metabolic Syndrome, undergoing Mediterranean diet and exercise program, will have lower fat mass, greater lean mass and muscle strength; in addition to the lower expression of proinflammatory biomarkers, compared to those subjected to standard diet and exercise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in body composition and cardiovascular risk in the population with metabolic syndrome undergoing a Mediterranean diet program and / or controlled physical activity. Design: Experimental, longitudinal design, controlled clinical trial, randomized. Population with Metabolic Syndrome in which the effect of Mediterranean diet and / or controlled physical activity will be compared on anthropometric parameters, body composition, cardiometabolic risk and plasma biomarkers.
The objectives of this single site, randomized, crossover study is to evaluate the pharmacodynamic interactions between aspirin, NSAIDs and Coxibs with respect to platelet function, biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial function.
Fluid responsiveness is difficult to assess at the bedside. The accuracy of published techniques to detect preload-dependent patients have many pitfalls and limitations. The present study test the role of noninvasive effective pulmonary blood flow measured by expired carbon dioxide to detect fluid responsivess in mechanically ventilated patients.
This study will quantify changes in coronary plaque volumes and plaque composition in patients treated with evolocumab. Previous intravascular ultrasound studies have shown that treatment with a lipid-lowering PCSK9 enzyme inhibitor, such as evolocumab, to be associated with a reduction of the fatty deposits that cause plaque in the arteries, however, it is not known how evolocumab affects specific coronary plaque types and plaque inflammation. Investigators will use quantitative assessment of non-invasive coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and positron emission tomography (PET)imaging to evaluate functional changes in plaque burden, plaque composition and vascular inflammation before and after treatment with evolocumab. Investigators propose to show that patients treated with evolocumab in combination with statins demonstrate a greater reduction of coronary non-calcified plaque volume, thereby reducing the number of future cardiac events.
Metabolic changes related to disease are the precursor to anatomical changes in tissues. Currently the imaging methods routinely used in clinical practice look at the anatomical changes. Whilst these methods are very helpful in making clinical decisions, they are far from being perfect. Early disease can be missed because these methods are not sensitive enough and it is not clear whether disease is present or not. Additionally, it is also difficult to know whether disease it aggressive or non-aggressive. Hyperpolarised MRI is a new imaging tool that may allow addressing these deficiencies in current imaging technology. The process of hyperpolarisation allows the production of an injectable solution that can produce signal on a standard MRI scanner inferring information about the metabolism occurring at a particular location. This technology has only just become available for clinical use. The initial stages of evaluation require the investigators to refine and develop the new imaging protocols so that assessment can be made as to whether consistent results can be achieved. Additionally, refining the imaging protocol could also aid in identifying where the best potential future clinical use of this technology should be targeted. Within this application the investigators aim to try out hyperpolarised MRI in a number of different cancers and also see whether it is useful to assess cardiac metabolism. The investigators will be using 13C-labelled metabolites (for this study 13C- pyruvate) which will allow interrogation of glucose metabolism. The derangement of glucose metabolism is common to a number of disease processes.
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. Recent studies have demonstrated that patients with HIV experience a 50-100% increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke compared to HIV-uninfected persons. They also face higher risks of stroke, sudden death, and heart failure. However, evidence-based statin therapy—which is safe in this population and highly effective at reducing cardiovascular risk—is under-prescribed. The investigators propose a multi-level intervention to increase evidence-based statin prescribing by addressing barriers at these levels. The implementation intervention includes two strategies: (1) tailored education at the leadership, provider, and patient levels, and (2) behavioral economics-informed feedback for providers.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) afflicts nearly one-third of the adult population with all races and ethnicities represented in CVD prevalence. Unfortunately, a disparity exists such that the black population (BL) is disproportionately affected compared to other groups, including the white population (WH). While the underlying cause of this disparity is multifactorial, vascular dysfunction (i.e., impaired vasodilation and/or augmented vasoconstriction) is a key contributor. As has been previously observed, BL exhibit a heightened vasoconstrictor response to both pharmacological (e.g., alpha-adrenergic receptor agonists) and environmental (e.g., cold pressor test) stimuli compared to their WH counterparts. Additionally, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the subsequent reduction in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability may partially mediate this response. Our laboratory has recently observed (UTA IRB 2016-0268) that the small blood vessels in the skin (cutaneous microvasculature) in BL, but otherwise healthy individuals, produce an impaired blood flow response to local heating when compared to age-, body mass index (BMI)-, and gender-matched WH. However, pre-treatment of the cutaneous microvasculature with various antioxidants abolishes this skin blood flow difference. These antioxidant drugs inhibit possible sources of ROS, which, as mentioned, maybe mediating the heightened vasoconstrictor response in BL. However, this has not been investigated in this population and thus remains unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study proposal is to test the following hypotheses: 1) BL will have a greater reduction in cutaneous blood flow in response to local administration of Norepinephrine (alpha1-adrenergic and alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonist) relative to WH. 2) This greater reduction in the BL population will be related to elevated oxidative stress and subsequent reduction in bioavailability of the potent vasodilator Nitric oxide.
Study APD811-303, ADVANCE EXTENSION, is an open-label extension (OLE) study for participants with WHO Group 1 PAH who have participated in another Phase 2 or Phase 3 study of ralinepag.
A 12-week, randomized nutrition intervention for the reduction of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a high-risk population in the southeastern United States. The primary objective of this pilot study was to assess the efficacy of a Mediterranean diet intervention (education + extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) and mixed nut supplementation) versus that of an American Heart Association (AHA) nutrition intervention (education) on serum blood lipid levels as markers for cardiovascular disease risk. Researchers conducting this trial hypothesize that a greater reduction will be seen in cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Mediterranean diet intervention.