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Previous work demonstrates that the red blood cells of older adults do not release a potent vasodilator (ATP) as well as the red blood cells of younger adults. The investigators are targeting a pathway within the red blood cell using fasudil hydrochloride to determine if both the release of ATP from red blood cells and blood flow responses to low oxygen (hypoxia) and exercise in older adults can be improved.
Prospective, monocentric study in open, aimed at evaluating the effects of supplementation with calcifediol on left ventricular function parameters in cardiopathic subjects undergoing major orthopedic surgery.
To assess the efficacy and safety of moderate-intensity rosuvastatin/ezetimibe compared to high-intensity rosuvastatin in high atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk patients with type 2 diabetes
The study aims to compare the effect of a cardiovascular education package intervention on treatment-seeking behavioral outcomes of HCV+ patients. This prospective multicenter trial will compare outcomes between the intervention group (HCV+ patients receiving the enhanced education package) and the control group (HCV+ patients receiving the standard of care, the basic education package). The primary outcome measured will be successful linkage to hepatology for a discussion of HCV treatment options. The secondary outcome measured will be linkage to primary care for chronic disease management.
This is a Phase III, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study in participants with ASCVD and elevated LDL-C despite maximum tolerated dose of LDL-C lowering therapies to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of subcutaneous (SC) inclisiran injection(s). The study will be an international multicenter study (non-United States).
This is a Phase III, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study in participants with ASCVD and elevated LDL-C despite maximum tolerated dose of LDL-C lowering therapies to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of subcutaneous (SC) inclisiran injection(s). The study will be a multicenter study in the United States.
Adiposity is a key link between lifestyle factors (like diet and exercise) and cardiovascular (CV) disease. However, little is known about the link during the juvenile years, when the processes leading to CV disease are at an early stage of development. The specific aims are as follow: (1) to determine the relations of free-living diet and exercise to total body percent fat ( percentBF), visceral adipose tissue and CV fitness in black and white boys and girls of varying socioeconomic status. (2) to determine the relations of fatness and fitness to different CV disease risk factors. Design and methods: (1) Recruit 800 14 to 18 year olds, 200 in each ethnicity and gender subgroup. (2) Assess diet with seven 24-hour recalls, and exercise with two seven-day recalls and heart rate monitoring. (3) Measure percent body fat with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, visceral adipose tissue with magnetic resonance imaging and CV fitness with a multi-stage treadmill test. (4) Measure major fatness- and fitness-related CV disease risk factors (e.g., total cholesterol:HDL cholesterol ratio, insulin, systolic blood pressure, left ventricular mass indexed to height, fibrinogen). (5) Conduct multivariate and univariate analyses to determine relationships.
Gait recovery is one of the main goals of post-stroke rehabilitation where robotic-assisted practice has shown positive outcomes. However, literature lacks of clinical studies on exoskeleton-supported gait rehabilitation. Recently, a wearable exoskeleton (Ekso™, EksoBionics, USA) has been commercialized for re-enabling patients to stand and walk, involving them directly in steps trigger through body weight balance. The main aim of this study is to assess the clinical and neuromuscular effects of exoskeleton-based gait rehabilitation in sub-acute and chronic stroke patients, compared to patients with similar characteristics who will conduct a traditional over-ground gait training. In this multicentric RCT, 162 stroke patients will be enrolled and randomly assigned to the Experimental Group (EG) or to the Control Group (CG). Patients will conduct at least 12 one-hour-sessions (about 3 times/ week) of Ekso™ (EG) or traditional over-ground (CG) gait rehabilitation. Clinical evaluations (lower limb Modified Ashworth Scale- MAS; Motricity Index - MI; Trunk Control Test - TCT; Functional Ambulation Classification - FAC; 10-meter walking test - 10mwt; 6-minute walking test - 6mwt; Walking Handicap Scale - WHS; Time Up and Go - TUG) will be administered to patients at the beginning (T1) and at the end (T2) of the training period. The primary outcome is the distance performed during the 6mwt. A follow up study at 1 month (T3) and at 3 months (T4) after T2 will be conducted.
This is an intersectional and interdisciplinary screening program in Viborg Municipality, including 67 years old citizens. This observational study will estimate the cost-effectiveness of a combined screening program for the following conditions: Abdominal aortic aneurysm, peripheral arterial disease, carotid plaque, hypertension, arrhythmia, and type-2-diabetes. Furthermore, the incidence of the outlined conditions will be described and so will the result of the intervention initiated (secondary medical prophylaxis, smoking cessation, introduction to nutritionally deficient diet etc.)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are closely related. T2DM risk equivalent for CVD and it remains the major cause of death in T2DM. Thus, patients with T2DM and CVD disease are at very high-risk of CVD-related mortality. Therefore, more aggressive metabolic and hemodynamic control is required in such patients to improve the prognosis. We recently initiated a cardio-metabolic clinical service at the Heart Hospital, where T2DM patients with existing CVD are simultaneously examined by Cardiologist and Diabetologist for optimal metabolic and hemodynamic control. We would like to start a clinical registry for all patients who attend this clinical service to collect import clinical data about this population. This registry will serve an important source for future clinical research in the field.