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This is a single-center prospective cohort study of predictive factors related to prognosis of ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis. From March 1, 2021 to December 31, 2026, 1000 patients with ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis who are admitted to the Department of Neurology or Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital are going to be recruited. Detailed clinical data in emergency room and in-hospital will be obtained from the medical record reviews, and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score will be done by certified neurologists to assess the severity of the disease in acute stage and treatment outcome during the follow-up. All cases will undergo routine blood tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebral vascular examination, such as TCD, CTA, HRMR or DSA. The investigators will analyze the in-hospital factors that could predict the outcome to provide more evidence-based suggestions in the treatment and prognosis of atherosclerotic ischemic cerebrovascular disease.
In the entire world most people die from cardiovascular disease. Death is primarily from myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke which are most often caused by rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Patients with high-grade, i.e. ≥ 70% carotid artery stenosis are at especially high risk. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) studies show that two features inside plaques that are associated with the risk of plaque rupture and subsequent cardiovascular events are: lipid rich necrotic core (LRNC) and intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH). MRI studies on carotid artery plaques typically relies on proton-density-weighted fast-spin echo, blood-suppressed T1- and T2-weighted gradient-echo sequences. The end-result is nonquantitative measures, where plaque features are identified due to their relative signal intensity. To address these problems of non-specificity, we developed a quantitative MRI (qMRI) technique based on Dixon sequences. The study intention is to enable in-depth analysis of plaque features and their relation to clinical data. For example there is an insufficient understanding of associations between lipid biomarkers and plaque contents. Our hypothesis is that we can identify quantitative changes in both plaque and lipid biomarkers after one year of optimized cardiovascular risk management (including treatment with lipid lowering drugs), and establish if there is any associations between these features. Because there is a well-established link between systemic inflammation and the presence of atherosclerotic plaques we will also study the relationship between LRNC and IPH as measured by qMRI versus circulating markers of inflammation. Method: Patients with known carotid stenosis are invited for a baseline visit and a 1-year follow up visit. The study visits include clinical assessment, blood tests, patient interview and magnetic resonance imaging of the carotid arteries. All participants are offered optimized cardiovascular risk management through the individual assessment by the study physicians.
Patients will undergo intracoronary imaging using combined optical coherence tomography-fluorescence lifetime imaging (OCT-FLIm) during percutaneous coronary intervention, and the obtained imaging data will be used to assess the efficacy of this dual-modal catheter imaging strategy in characterizing high-risk plaque.
The overall objectives of this project are to compare clinical parameters in moderate risk Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) patients following a Whole Food Plant Based (WFPB) diet containing a high (4 TB) compared to a low (<1 tsp) amount of raw extra virgin olive oil.
Coronary-related myocardial ischemia can result from obstructive epicardial stenosis or non-obstructive causes including coronary microcirculatory dysfunction and vasomotor disorders. This prospective study has been created in order to provide knowledge in the field of non-obstructive coronary artery disease.
High-dose statins can reduce mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Therefore, US and European recommendations recommend that established ASCVD patients (coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease) use high-dose statins to lower LDL cholesterol levels by at least 50%. However, in actual practice, high-dose statins are relatively less used, and the reason is unclear, but it is believed to be due to concerns about the side effects of high-dose statins. Most of the side effects of statins are statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS), which are more common than the incidence in clinical studies, especially in frontline care. These muscle side effects are dose-dependent and are common at high doses, and the incidence is known to increase in the elderly over 70 years of age. However, the US recommendation recommends using high-dose statins to lower LDL cholesterol by 50% or more to prevent cardiovascular events even in ASCVD patients over 70 years of age. Most early studies on lowering LDL cholesterol in ASCVD patients used high doses of statins. However, after introducing cholesterol absorption inhibitors ezetimibe and PCSK9 inhibitor, large-scale clinical studies have been conducted to lower LDL cholesterol using these drugs. In this study, as in the statin study, cardiovascular events were significantly reduced, and together with statins, it became a standard treatment for ASCVD patients. On the other hand, the clinical benefit shown in clinical studies using cholesterol-lowering agents so far depends entirely on how much LDL cholesterol is lowered and how long it is maintained in a low state, indicating that LDL cholesterol management is the core of arteriosclerosis treatment. In addition to high-dose statins, a combination of low-dose statins and ezetimibe can be cited as a method for lowering LDL cholesterol to more than 50%. In the latter case, it is expected that there will be an advantage of reducing muscle side effects by reaching the target LDL cholesterol level by using a low-dose statin. However, no studies compare the difference in muscle side effects between low-dose statins and ezetimibe combination drugs, which reduce LDL cholesterol to the same extent compared to high-dose statins, in elderly patients over 70 years of age with ASCVD. In this study, the association of low-dose rosuvastatin 5mg and ezetimibe combination (rosuvastatin 10/5mg) compared to high-dose rosuvastatin 20mg in elderly patients 70 years of age or older with established ASCVD. This study aims to compare and analyze the incidence of muscle symptoms (SAMS) and their effect on LDL cholesterol.
The study aim is to evaluate whether DPP4-inhibitor could reduce coronary atherosclerosis assessed by CT scan in patients receiving insulin for diabetes mellitus. In this retrospective study, change in coronary calcium burden between two coronary CT scan will be compared in patients with and without receiving DPP4-inhibitor.
A prospective, multi-center, single-arm study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of drug eluting balloon catheter for the treatment of patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.
The main aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of ischemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation and concurrent carotid atherosclerosis. Additionally, this study will investigate the effect of concurrent carotid atherosclerosis on the outcomes of recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction and death during follow-up
It is an observational study in patients with chronic noncommunicable diseases (i.e. cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma ) and control group with no signs of these conditions. The study has a prospective part planned for 2021 and a retrospective part which includes the patients enrolled between 2018-2020. The aim of the study is to investigate gut microbiota composition, its metabolites, levels of inflammatory and other markers of the disease in prospective groups (arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and control patients) as well as in retrospective groups (chronic heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction, obstructive atherosclerosis of any vascular bed, arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and control patients). Also we are planning to investigate the association between gut microbiota composition and its metabolites, levels of inflammatory and other markers of the disease in retrospective and prospective groups.