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The aim of the study is to examine (a) whether patients with JAK2 V617F positive ET in comparison to age-and sex-matched, apparently healthy control subjects show more advanced progression of arterial stiffness, pulse-wave velocity and coronary calcium score in a 4 year observation period, and (b) whether the burden of JAK2 V617F mutation correlates with the measured vascular parameters. All subjects will be examined twice. The first visit already took place between the years 2014 - 2015 and the second visit will take place between 2018-2019. All participants will have signed their informed consent before entering the study. Each visit will consist of completing a structured questionnaire (on personal and family medical history, risk factors for CVD and medication), physical examination, donating a blood sample for laboratory tests and undergoing carotid ultrasound and coronary calcium measurement oft the extent of coronary artery calcification. At the first and the second examination the JAK2 V617F allele burden, i.e. the percentage of mutated alleles, will be determined from genomic DNA in peripheral blood.
Patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (i.e. peripheral artery disease, ischemic heart failure, myocardial infarction) are randomised to (1) treatment as usual (i.e. best medical care) or (2) treatment as usual (i.e. best medical care) in combination with an eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction programme.
RA is associated with traditional cerebrovascular risk factors as subclinical atherosclerosis. Chronic inflammation and high disease activity are associated with atherosclerotic burden, higher incidence of cerebrovascular disease ,chronic heart failure , and mortality of patients with RA . High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) predicted a greater risk coronary heart disease, heart failure hospitalization and overall mortality in the general population . So the aim of the study is to correlate between high sensitive cardiac troponin I and disease activity to the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in RA patients
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation has a pivotal role in atherosclerosis development. There is a relationship between carotenoids serum concentration and cardiovascular (CV) benefits, mainly in oxidized LDL (oxLDL) reduction. Despite cardio protective effects of annatto carotenoids, bixin and norbixin, in vitro and in animal studies, its short or long-term supplementation effect on humans are not know. Objective: To analyse CV benefits of annatto carotenoids short-term supplementation in healthy individuals, comparing to lycopene effect. Methods: 16 healthy volunteers (8 men and 8 women) consumed 0.5 mg/kg b.w. of each treatment (bixin, norbixin, lycopene or placebo) through capsules, during 7 days. It was analysed the susceptibility of LDL to Cu2+-induced oxidation, biochemical parameters and oxidative stress biomarkers at the beginning and end of each treatment.
The goal of the ACCURACY study is to assess the differences, if any, in FFR measurements made by the OptoWire Deux FFR guidewire by comparison of simultaneous data of two different OptoWire DeuxTM guidewires (group 1). In addition, the investigators will compare (group 2) the FFR measurements obtained from an OptoWire Deux FFR guidewire and compare it to the FFR measurement by a VERRATA-TM guidewire to assess coronary stenosis in the routine clinical practice.
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause for morbidity and mortality in general population. The incidence of cardiovascular disease and their poor outcome is well documented in a broad spectrum of connective tissue diseases, especially in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The risk of incident CVD is increased by 48% in patients with RA compared to the general population. RA is associated with 50% increase in the mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). One reason is the more frequent cardiovascular risk factors in RA patients compared with the general population. Patients with RA have a high risk of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of the present study is to assess whether there are non-invasive measures that might predict arteriosclerosis in RA patients.
ATERA Survey is a national cross sectional observational study, aiming to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia and other conventional risk factors for CHD (Coronary Heart Disease), the relationship between environmental and lifestyle factors with dyslipidemia, the perception and the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors by the population, and above all, to strengthen the national strategy for primary and secondary prevention against coronary heart disease.
Coexistence of Cerebral and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Acute Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease Patients Registry (CoCCA) is a single-center observational registry of patients hospitalized for acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease (AICVD) with atherosclerotic changes in both cerebral and coronary arteries. This registry aims to establish quantified risk stratification and prognostic models, as well as suggest effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.
Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD). The achievement of the LDL-C target with statins for the reduction of ACVD risk is recommended. However, the risk is still present. Therefore, we investigated the impact of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), sortilin, adiponectin and leptin biomarkers that linking inflammatory hypothesis of diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis in diabetic patients treated with rosuvastatin and atrovastatin. Methods: Based on exclusion criteria, ninety-five type 2 diabetic patients were eligible and randomly assigned to receive either 20 mg per day atorvastatin (ATROVA group, n= 40) or 20 mg per day rosuvastatin (ROSUVA group, n= 35) for three months and twenty patients (Non-statin group, n=20) not treated with statin and served as control.
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is one of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) - associated vasculitis. Inflammation-induced thrombosis is considered to be a feature of systemic autoimmune diseases. GPA usually involves the upper and lower respiratory tract and renal systems, where necrotizing glomerulonephritis and pulmonary capillaritis are often detected. However, it may also affect other organ systems. Cardiac involvement in GPA occurs in approximately 6% to 44% of cases and is secondary to necrotizing vasculitis with granulomatous infiltrates. Cardiac involvement is an independent predictor of mortality in GPA patients. In this prospective cohort study, consecutive GPA patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Family Medicine, Internal and Metabolic Diseases at the Medical University of Warsaw in Poland are included. In all patients echocardiography and laboratory tests are perform.