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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest concerns for patients with Chronic kidney disease (CKD). At present time the investigators do not have proven effective strategies to reduce high CVD related deaths in CKD. This study assesses a novel therapy (hydroxychloroquine, HCQ) for the treatment of CVD in patients with CKD. This is the first human proof-of-concept study and is planned to be conducted among US Veterans, who suffer from both CKD and CVD at a disproportionately greater rates. The outcome of this study has the potential to provide an entirely new line of therapy for the treatment of CVD in CKD.
The aim of this trial will be to test and validate the value of scintigraphy with injection of 99mTc-Annexin-V-128 for the detection of complicated carotid plaques
This is a phase IV, randomized (1:1), prospective, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel-group, single center study at the Clinical Research Unit (CRC) of the Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, with its two separate locations: - Nürnberg, Kreuzburger Str. 2, 90471 Nürnberg, and - Erlangen, Ulmenweg 18, 91054 Erlangen The results of this study provide strong support for the concept that it is lower LDL-C levels that is key to achieving better outcomes, and that it is possible to achieve these on top of statin therapy (despite the much debated potential "pleiotropic" effects of statins). At least 65 patients will be randomized (1:1) and included (informed consent) in order to obtain 58 fully evaluable subjects (29 with evolocumab, 29 with placebo). Patients will be simultaneously recruited from investigator's outpatient clinics, referring physicians, and advertisement in local newspapers, and social media. Those patients that appear to potentially fulfill the inclusion criteria will be invited to a screening visit. After providing informed consent, patients will be tested for inclusion/exclusion criteria and for feasibility of vascular measurements (in particular to ensure that adequate imaging of the brachial artery is possible). Patients will provide a blood sample for laboratory testing. If the patient then fulfills inclusion criteria and in the absence of exclusion criteria, the patient will be enrolled into the trial, and the study visits will be scheduled. Randomization will take place at the latest one day prior to the study visit 2 (e.g. at the latest at visit 2a). At visit 2, baseline vascular function parameters will be obtained and the patient will be given an SC injection of the study drug (either SC 420 mg evolocumab or SC placebo). At visit 4, the second injection of study drug will be administered. After 1, 4 and 8 weeks of treatment (visits 3, 4 and 5), testing of vascular function will be repeated. At visit 6, a final close out visits will be performed to gather additional safety information.
In ASCVD patients complicated with subclinical hypothyroidism, the percentage of those who did not reach the target of lipid-lowering therapy (LDL-C>1.8mmol/L) is usually higher than that in population with normal thyroid function. The present study aims to randomly compare two lipid-lowering therapeutic strategies (statins only vs. statins combined with thyroid hormone supplement).
The purpose of this study is to see if one month of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) combined with the placement of the Synergy® Stent with IVUS (intravascular ultrasound) is safe for patients who are at high risk of bleeding (HBR).
• The aim of the VIP study is to investigate the impact of vulnerability markers (inflammatory serum biomarkers for systemic vulnerability, coronary shear stress and vulnerability mapping for pancoronary vulnerability, and imaging-based plaque features for systemic vulnerability) on the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events caused by progression of the non-culprit lesion in patients with acute ST or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction who undergo revascularization of the culprit lesion during the acute event. Furthermore, the study will evaluate the rate of progression of non-culprit lesions towards a higher degree of vulnerability, based on coronary computed tomography angiographic assessment at 1 year after enrollment.
This study was to investigate the Effect of Sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on progression of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.
This study will evaluate the efficacy and aafety of rosuvastatin/ezetimibe combination therapy vs. rosuvastatin monotherapy in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Patiromer add-on to a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease (CKD) will reduce blood pressure and left ventricular (LV) mass to a greater extent compared to patients with MRA alone and favorably affect key secondary hemodynamic and inflammatory variables including atherosclerosis progression. Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Type II diabetes. A cell type called the monocyte/macrophage is critical to development and complications of atherosclerosis. This project will evaluate the effectiveness of a medication called Spironolactone in addition to Patiromer in preventing atherosclerosis in Type II diabetes through its effects on cells such as the monocyte. Spironolactone has been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of patients after a heart attack and stroke. The investigators will evaluate the impact of Spironolactone in combination with Patiromer in reducing atherosclerosis plaque and additionally evaluate its potential in changing inflammation. The investigators envision that a strategy of simultaneously probing effect of a drug combined with analysis of mechanisms of action and predictive response will likely provide key information with which to design hard event (heart attack, stroke etc.) based trials.
This is a prospective and observational study in patients with type two diabetes. The study hypothesis is that chronic hyperglycemia causes an increase in the microcirculation on the carotid artery wall and retina, evaluated by angio-OCT. Furthermore, the reestablishment of normoglycemia would decrease this microcirculation, which could trigger hypoxic and ischemic changes, accelerating preclinical atherosclerosis. The study goal is to describe the microangiopathy in both territories in patients with type two diabetes and chronic hyperglycemia, and to evaluate changes after the reestablishment of normoglycemia.