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The Learning Registry is a retrospective, exempt study. Researchers form the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) will utilize de-identified data managed by Cerner for population health analytics as part of a ongoing registry of patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Cerner is an electronic health record company utilized by a large number of health systems in the United States. As part of their services to the health systems that they work with, they have created platform for population health management called HealtheIntent. HealtheIntent uses individual data from patients at a health system collected through the EMR as well as other data streams in the health system (i.e. cost data), aggregates the data, and stores it on an Amazon Web Services cloud, accessible to both Cerner and the health systems, to perform large scale population health analytics. These data may be linked as well by Cerner to the National Death Index or other data sources depending on the individual relationship with the sites. For this retrospective study, the Study Start Date is the date contracts were executed; Primary Completion Date is the date the final dataset is available for analysis and manuscript development; Study Completion Date is the date the study is completed. Enrollment is the number of patient charts reviewed.
The objective of this study is to use a randomized, controlled trial to test the effectiveness of using gamification, financial incentives, or both to increase physical activity among patients with elevated risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). ASCVD is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Regular physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk of ASCVD, but less than 50% of US adults achieve enough physical activity to obtain these benefits.
The purpose of this study is to determine if evolocumab added to regular statin therapy improves vein graft patency after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
The purpose of this study is to test if a patient can be directly connected to a quality assurance (QA) database, traditionally known as a registry. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) data will be entered into the database directly from a patient's mobile phone from their index procedure for 12 months. The investigators hope this study to be a "proof of concept" for such a distributed registry and evaluate 1) consistency of data acquisition, 2) engagement of patients, 3) overall value of patient-reported outcomes to enhance long term follow up.
The proposed study will investigate the clinical use of the ISCDX test that may differentiate between diverse stroke etiologies as listed below: Aim 1: Differentiate between cardioembolic and large artery atherosclerotic ischemic strokes, when hemorrhagic stroke is ruled out, as defined by TOAST classification of subtypes of acute ischemic stroke. Aim 2: In cases of ischemic strokes of unknown or "cryptogenic" etiology, determine the ability of biomarker blood tests to predict etiology between cardioembolic and large artery atherosclerotic.
Apply CT angiography, CT perfusion imaging and advanced image processing techniques to improve revascularization decision-making and surgical strategies in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate an innovative 8-wk stress reduction program called Resilience, Stress and Ethnicity (RiSE) program designed to reduce chronic stress associated with perceived discrimination among African Americans. African Americans residing in the Maywood community between the ages of 25 and 75 with at least one cardiovascular disease risk factor such as being overweight, having high blood pressure, or diabetes will be enrolled. The following specific aims will be addressed: Aim 1: Determine the feasibility and acceptability of the program as a strategy to reduce chronic stress in African Americans within the Maywood and surrounding community. Aim 2: Examine the extent to which training in RiSE (1) improves psychological well being, (2) decreases inflammatory burden, and (3) reduces cardiovascular risk in African Americans Participants will be randomized to either the RiSE program or the control (no intervention group). Participants will provide blood and saliva samples as well as complete written questionnaires asking them questions about their health, well-being, and early life at the start of the study, half way through the study (at 4 weeks), at the completion of the intervention (8 weeks) and 3 months after the completion of the intervention).
EVOLVE 4.5/5.0 is a prospective, single-arm, multi-center observational (standard of care) trial intended to confirm the safety and effectiveness of the SYNERGY 4.50 mm and 5.00 mm Coronary Stent System for the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease in large vessels (≤ 28 mm in length, by visual estimate, in native coronary arteries > 4.00 mm to ≤5.00 mm in diameter, by visual estimate).
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a new treatment for carotid atherosclerotic plaque. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and initial effectiveness of this technique.
Heart disease and failure are the major causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide, despite significant advances in medical technologies in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Cardiovascular disease may arise for various reasons including the steadily increasing incidence of obesity, type 2 diabetes, genetic, environmental, dietary and lifestyle factors. Besides all these, there is much evidence suggetsing that inflammation is an important player in the pathogenesis of heart disease, as well as atherogenesis and atherosclerosis.