View clinical trials related to Acute Pain.Filter by:
The study rationale is to provide evidence for early, safe and effective pain management in the ambulance service with non-invasive and fast acting analgesics. Low-dose methoxyflurane and intranasal fentanyl are non-invasive medications that are well-suited for use by ambulance personnel under difficult pre-hospital settings. This is a randomized, controlled, open label, three-arm, non-inferiority, phase 3 drug trial performed in the ambulance service. The randomization will be 1:1:1 to the three treatment groups. Patients 18 years or older with acute pain with Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) ≥4 with normal physiology and capable of giving informed consent will be included null hypothesis (H0) (tested in hierarchic order a-b-c): 1. Methoxyflurane regimen is inferior to intranasal fentanyl regimen or 2. Methoxyflurane regimen is inferior to IV morphine regimen or 3. Intranasal fentanyl regimen is inferior to IV morphine regimen for treating moderate to severe pain, measured by reduction in Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) 10 minutes after administration. The study duration for each participant will be from ambulance scene arrival to patient handover in emergency department. Number of participants: Patient enrolment until successful inclusion of 270 per protocol patients. Primary endpoint is change in NRS from before administration (t0) to 10 minutes after start of administration (t10). The study intervention is one of the three IMPs: - Methoxyflurane: 3 ml inhalation, can be repeated once to a total dose of 6 ml. - Fentanyl intranasal spray: 100 µg IntraNasal, (patients >70 years 50 µg), can be repeated to maximum total dose 500 µg IN. - Morphine hydrochloride intravenous: 0.1 mg/kg IV (patients >70 years or fragile 0.05 mg/kg IV), can be repeated to a maximum total dose 0.5 mg/kg IV. Rescue analgesia is all analgesics other than the allocated IMP. If rescue medication is administered before the assessment of primary endpoint at 10 minutes, the patient will not be part of the per-protocol analysis. The hypothesis will be tested and the primary endpoint will be evaluated by the 95% confidence limits (95% CI), and a conclusion of non-inferiority will be made if the 95% CI of the estimated treatment difference fully lie within the inferiority margin. Non-inferiority is determined on the basis of a 1-sided equivalence t test on the per protocol population and confirmed, for sensitivity reasons, on the modified intention to treat population.
Using immersive virtual reality as a form of pain distraction during a brief "painful but tolerable" temperature.
This is a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled parallel-arm human subjects clinical trial investigating the addition of a continuous erector spinae plane nerve block to a single-injection erector spinae plane block to provide postoperative analgesia following percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Participants will all receive a single-injection nerve block and perineural catheter insertion. Following surgery, participants will be randomly allocated to receive either perineural local anesthetic or normal saline until the second day following surgery.
This will be a randomized comparison of pericapsular nerve group (PENG) blocks with bupivacaine and a placebo control (PENG blocks with normal saline). The overall objective of the proposed research is to determine the relative risks and benefits of a single-injection PENG block to provide postoperative analgesia following hip arthroscopy. Hypothesis 1: Following hip arthroscopy, participants with a PENG block will experience less pain in the recovery room compared with current standard-of-care as measured with the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Hypothesis 2: Following hip arthroscopy, participants with a PENG block will consume less opioid in the operating and recovery rooms compared with current standard-of-care as measured in oral morphine milligram equivalents. Primary end point: In order to claim that PENG blocks are superior to placebo overall, at least one of these two hypotheses must demonstrate PENG superiority while the other cannot demonstrate inferiority.
Brachial plexus blocks (BPB) are commonly used to provide regional anaesthesia for patients undergoing distal radial fracture surgery. Distal radial (DR) fracture surgery is a commonly performed orthopaedic surgery, and is usually associated with moderate postoperative pain. Poor postoperative pain control can impair rehabilitation, delay recovery and negatively impact outcomes after surgery. Liposomal bupivacaine (EXPAREL) is a multivesicular formulation of bupivacaine that allows rapid absorption and prolonged release of bupivacaine. Liposomal bupivacaine can provide longer analgesia for up to 72 hours, and may therefore achieve greater analgesic efficacy compared to non-liposomal long-acting local anaesthetics. A number of clinical trials have studied the effect liposomal bupivacaine given as local infiltration. However, there is little evidence on liposomal bupivacaine for regional nerve blocks, and the use of liposomal bupivacaine for supraclavicular brachial plexus block - which is used for regional anaesthesia for distal radial fracture surgery - have not been studied before. This project is a randomized controlled trial to determine whether adding liposomal bupivacaine to long-acting local anaesthetics for supraclavicular BPB will improve and prolong postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing distal radial fracture surgery. Longer term secondary outcomes would be accessed including upper limb functional scores, chronic pain, and health related quality of life.
This project is testing the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK, the amount of study drug in your blood) and pharmacodynamics (PD, how the study drug affects your body) of single doses of a new drug called KUR-101. Up to 58 healthy men or women aged between 18-55 will be enrolled in this study in two parts. Part 1 will involve a single ascending (increasing) dose (SAD) where 40 participants (5 groups of 8) will be randomised (assigned randomly, like flipping a coin) to receive a single oral dose of the study drug or placebo. The placebo will look the same as the study drug but will not contain any medicine. Part 2: will involve a crossover design where 18 participants will be randomised to receive a single oral dose of each of three interventions (study drug, placebo or a marketed form of oxycodone). Each dose is separated by 7 days and the participants are randomised so they do not know the order of the interventions. For Part 1 the total participation will last 9 days, of which 4 days (3 nights) will be spent in the clinic. One group of subjects in Part 1 will return to the clinic to receive a second dose of drug given with a high fat breakfast. In this group, the total participation will last 16 days, of which 8 days (7 nights) will be spent in the clinic. For Part 2 the total participation will last 23 days, of which 9 days (8 nights) will be spent in the clinic.
Comfort, distress and the absence of pain can be described as free from anxiety, somewhat enjoyable and ease (peaceful) situation. The child health and disease nurse should come up with physiological problems of the baby, increase the comfort degree to reduce the stress level of the baby and ensure improvement in the baby's location. This research was experimentally designed to investigate the effect of the baby's own intrauterine heart sound on pain and comfort during the invasive procedures applied to the healthy born babies in the delivery units of the Batman Gynecology and Pediatrics Hospital. The research will be performed by selecting samples in a simple random sampling method from the babies who born healthy and timely in the normal vaginal way. The number of samples will be determined by power analysis method after pilot study. The previously white noise will have listened to the babies in experimental group and will be recorded by camera during invasive interventions and the pain and comfort scale will be applied. The scales will be applied to the control group let them without listening White noise but also will be recorded with camera and thus the data will be collected. A nurse working in the unit will perform invasive interventions, later two specialists will watch video records and so the pain and comfort scales will be filled. No study on this subject was found in the international literature review. Based on the need to fill this gap in the literature, it seems that the study will contribute to the field of child health and diseases nursing.
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a frequent performed surgery. Many institutions are implementing outpatient programs for this surgery and adequate pain management is an important feature. Analgesic duration of single shot nerve blocks is limited to no more than 24h. Conversely, the use of continuous nerve block (CNB) through a perineural catheter and infusion of local anesthetic may increase duration of analgesia and provide better outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate effectiveness and safety of using CNB in patients undergoing ambulatory TKA, and its effects on patients' quality of recovery. We hypothesize that continuous adductor canal block would lead to a better quality of recovery in patients undergoing outpatient TKA.
The effective dose of local anaesthetic used in PENG blocks to achieve analgesia in patients with fractured neck of femur is unknown. It is planned to address this question using a dixon/massey sequential dosing methodology to establish the ED50 of 0.25% Bupivacaine.
This research study is being done to investigate if the GH Method exercise program positively affects body composition, improves physical abilities and can improve the overall sense of wellbeing (e.g. depression, PTSD, etc.) in U.S. Veterans. Subjects will be asked to complete 94 total visits (four (4) study testing visits and 90 exercise visits). Enrolled subjects will be tested for fitness, strength, and health risk factors at UIC 4 times and will complete 90 exercise training visits at the GH FITLab over the next 18 months. Subjects will also be asked to complete questionnaires about depression, post-traumatic stress symptoms and thoughts about harming oneself.