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Clinical Trial Summary

Extensive research is being conducted in search of neuroprotective agents for possible use in the acute phase of stroke and agents that can be used for neurorepair in later stages of stroke. Several trials have been conducted and are in progress using different pharmacological agents, but none of the studies involve the stimulation of ETB receptors to treat cerebral ischemic stroke. Sovateltide (IRL-1620, PMZ-1620) has been effective in animal models of cerebral ischemic stroke. Its safety and tolerability have been demonstrated in a human phase I study with 7 subjects. Clinical phase II and III results indicate that sovateltide is a novel, first-in-class, highly effective drug candidate for treating cerebral ischemic stroke. Safety and significant efficacy in improving the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Modified Rankin scale (mRS), and Barthel index (BI) obtained in phase II and III studies in patients with cerebral ischemic stroke in India are convincing and encouraged us to investigate its safety and efficacy in cerebral ischemic stroke patients in the United States. Therefore, we now plan to conduct a phase III clinical study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sovateltide therapy along with standard of care in patients of acute ischemic stroke.

Clinical Trial Description

A stroke is a syndrome defined as an abrupt neurological outburst due to impaired blood flow to part of the brain. There are two types of stroke: hemorrhagic stroke and ischemic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke follows the rupture of a weakened blood vessel in the brain causing accumulation of blood and compression of the surrounding brain tissue. An ischemic stroke follows a blocked blood vessel by a thrombus (blood clot) or embolism. In both types of strokes, the specific region of the brain supplied by the affected blood vessel is deprived of oxygenated blood, causing local hypoxia that damages the brain tissue and cells. Both types of stroke are very serious, however ischemic stroke is more common. The global burden of ischemic stroke is nearly 4-fold greater than hemorrhagic stroke with close to 87% of the total incidence of stroke attributed to acute cerebral ischemic stroke (ACIS). ACIS is a critical care emergency caused by a significant reduction in blood flow to the brain by a blood clot or embolism. This nearly halts cerebral blood flow to the affected region leading to neuronal death. Neuronal cell death is followed by plasma membrane disruption, swelling of organelles, leaking of cell contents into extracellular space, and loss of neuronal function. Other events that take place include inflammation, excitotoxicity, free radical mediated toxicity, cytokine mediated cytotoxicity, impaired blood-brain-barrier, and oxidative stress. Therapeutic management of ACIS is a multidisciplinary approach with a primary goal of revascularization and limiting neuronal injury. A stroke team consists of emergency medicine physicians, neurologists/neurosurgeons, radiologists, nurses and advanced care providers, clinical pharmacists, therapists, technicians, and laboratory personnel. Currently, the only FDA-approved pharmacological agent for ischemic stroke is tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). It is a thrombolytic agent which restores blood flow by breaking down a clot. However, timing is crucial in administration of t-PA as the therapeutic time window is very narrow and the patient must receive it within 4.5 hours of onset of stroke symptoms. Therapeutic administration after this timeframe can result in hemorrhagic transformation, leading to additional brain damage. Nevertheless, even upon timely administration of t-PA in ACIS, only about 30% of patients obtain stroke resolution having minimal or no disability at the 90-day mark. Sovateltide (PMZ-1620, IRL-1620) is a highly selective ETB receptor agonist and a synthetic analog of ET-1. We and others have conducted studies to determine the effects brought about by sovateltide upon its interaction with neural ETB receptors and have found that it enhances angiogenesis and neurogenesis as well as promotes neural repair and regeneration. In a rat model of ischemic stroke, sovateltide was found to be neuroprotective as well as enhance angiogenic and neurogenic remodeling. Sovateltide significantly improved survival, reduced neurological and motor function deficit, while effectively decreasing infarct volume, edema, and oxidative stress. Sovateltide was also found to be safe and well tolerated in healthy human volunteers in a phase I clinical trial (CTRI/2016/11/007509). A phase II study was also conducted in patients with acute ischemic stroke where sovateltide demonstrated significant improvement when compared to standard of care (CTRI/2017/11/010654, NCT04046484). Our recent phase III study conducted in patients of acute ischemic stroke demonstrated improved favorable functional and neurological outcome at 3 months compared to standard of care (CTRI/2019/09/021373, NCT04047563). Our clinical phase II and III results indicate that sovateltide is a first-in-class neuronal progenitor cell therapeutic that promotes quick recovery and significantly improves neurological outcomes in cerebral ischemic stroke patients. With this convincing evidence, we plan to conduct a multicentric, randomized, double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled phase III clinical study in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Europe (the demographics and standard of treatment being similar in these countries) to further assess the safety and efficacy of sovateltide in patients with acute cerebral ischemic stroke. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05691244
Study type Interventional
Source Pharmazz, Inc.
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 3
Start date April 2023
Completion date June 2025

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