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The progression of neurodegenerative disorders and the increasing number of elderly people intensifies the need of institutional care, which contrasts with the desire of most elderly and patients to live independently at home. The rapid evolution of assistive technology offers new possibilities in providing medical professionals preventive services in real-time. Therefore, the main focus of this study is on the individual sensors and how they can be combined to one unobtrusive system to assess the human behaviour and daily activities during day and night in an instrumented apartment in healthy participants.
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a video-assisted discharge education program on activities of daily living, functionality, and patient satisfaction after total hip replacement (THR) surgery. Methods: This study included 31 participants who were randomly divided in the physiotherapy (PT) group (n=18), and the video-assisted discharge education (VADE) group (n=13). Both groups received a physiotherapy program. VADE group was additionally received VADE program. In both groups, all education programs were given face to face. Data were collecting using visual analog scale (VAS), Harris Hip Score (HHS), Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale (NEADL), Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) and Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire at 1st week and 3rd month. Practice Implications: The current study has contributed to the development of video-assisted health technologies.
The purpose of this study is to administer intervention based on self-supporting care model in home environment and to explore the effects of this intervention on stroke patients' activities of daily living, movement, cognition, nutritional status, and quality of life.
Affective disorders are associated with impaired functioning and quality of life, as well as comorbid somatic disorders and increased mortality. Despite different medical and psychological treatment options, the prognosis for affective disorder remains largely unchanged. Consequently, the field needs new intervention strategies especially targeting the patient groups having impaired functioning. The core idea of the AWARE project is to focus on improving functioning and quality of life in patients with affective disorders every-day life using a comprehensive 360 degrees intervention. The trial has a randomized, controlled, parallel-group design. Study participants will be 140 outpatients, male or female age 18-60 with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder or recurrent depressive disorder, in a current state of remission, with an objectively rated impaired functioning. Participant will be randomized to six month AWARE intervention or treatment as usual (TAU). Assessments encompassing Activities of Daily Living (ADL), neuropsychological testing, mood ratings, physical health and questionnaires on subjective cognitive complaints, psychosocial functioning, quality of life are, sleep quality and satisfaction with psychiatric treatment are carried out at baseline and after the end of treatment. Discussion: It is hypothesised that the AWARE arm in comparison with standard care will improve observed ability to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and improve Quality of Life.
An intervention study on the effect of dietary guidance with focus on implementing recommended food texture, at the department of Eating and Swallowing difficulties, Region Midtjylland, Denmark. Energy- and protein intake, Weightloss, Bodymass composition, Fluid balance and Activities of Daily Living (ADL), will be measured by Bioimpedance spectroscopy, interviews and a questionnaire.
This project was aimed to test the effects of a six-month VA program on the activities of daily living (ADL) and functional fitness of institutional older adults with sarcopenia.
The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized clinical trial. Implement instrumental daily activities of daily living (A-IADL) in home rehabilitation. To explore the effect of A-IADL on stroke patients' movement, cognition, social participation, daily life function and quality of life.
Background and purpose: Hip fracture, a common injury occurred in people aged over 50, may result in disability, poor quality of life, and higher care stress for their families. Aging population and growing number of hip fractures have increased medical expenses, so developed countries implemented post-acute care (PAC) to reduce acute hospitalization, and to improve the quality of care. PAC services can be delivered by hospital/facility-based and home-based services. Previous studies showed that both services could significantly improve patients' activities of daily living and quality of life, and reduce readmissions, long-term care and costs. Taiwan has implemented PAC plan for hip fractures since 2017, but relevant evidences are limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of PAC for patients with hip fractures.
The purpose of this research study is to determine whether a physical exercise program in nursing homes will maintain autonomy in activities of daily living, decrease vulnerability and improve physical, psychological and cognitive condition. An individualized and progressive multi-component physical exercise program focused on function has been designed to achieve this objective. Participant will engage in an exercise program for 6 months in their nursing homes, in two sessions per week of 45-60 minutes
This pilot project seeks to implement an intervention known as CAPABLE (Community Aging in Place—Advancing Better Living for Elders) for formerly homeless adults living in permanent supportive housing. This home-based intervention that consists of time-limited services (no more than 6-months) from an occupational therapist, a nurse, and a handyman is intended to improve functioning and decrease falls among this population that prematurely ages and is at increased fall risk.