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25-hydroxyvitamin D Serum Concentrations clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT01909622 Completed - Clinical trials for 25-hydroxyvitamin D Serum Concentrations

Trial of Vitamin D Fortified Milk

Start date: June 2013
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Prevalence of VDD is high worldwide, even in sunbathed equatorial regions where it had not been suspected before. The most cost-effective method for reducing population-wide VDD is through fortification of commonly consumed foods. Nevertheless, the efficacy of fortification varies by dose, duration, and population characteristics; and it is currently unknown whether it could be an efficacious public health intervention to curb the VDD epidemic among children living in tropical areas. We propose to conduct a randomized, controlled, double blind trial to assess the effect of vitamin D3 fortification of milk on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in school-age children and their mothers in Bogotá, Colombia. Eighty families with a child participating in an ongoing cohort study will be randomized to receive one liter per day of either skim milk fortified with 600 IU vitamin D3 per 250mL or unfortified skim milk for a six-week period. Caregivers will be instructed to give the index child two cups of milk per day and to distribute the remaining milk to the rest of the family. We will measure serum 25(OH)D concentrations of the children and mothers at baseline and at the end of the intervention period.