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Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the XL trend measured by Florence (Critical Perfusion Inc, Palo Alto, California) in the prediction of morbimortality of Mexican patients post-operated of elective cardiovascular surgery. Hypothesis: 1. The gastric reactance measurement (XL) correlates with the morbimortality (postoperatory shock, excessive bleeding, vasoplegic syndrome and death) and with the risk predictors (APACHE II, STS, SOFA, and EUROSCORE II) with patients post-operated of elective cardiac surgery. 2. It is possible to identify the cut-off point of the values of the gastric reactance (XL) as a predictive tool of morbimortality in patients post-operated of elective cardiac surgery. 3. The gastric reactance (XL) is a safe measurement to patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is becoming more and more frequent with the aging, which has brought a heavy burden to the world. However, the prevalence and prognosis of valvular heart disease are not so clear, especially in the developing countries such as China etc. Because of the slow and progressive nature of AVS, symptoms might not be too severe to be diagnosed on time. Our retrospective survey (Int J Cardiol. 2016 Nov 25) indicated that severe aortic valve stenosis are very common in China. Hence, we design a prospective, observational cohort study to provide contemporary information on the prevalence, characteristics, risk stratification，cost-effective ,treatments and prognosis of Chinese elderly patients with aortic valve stenosis.
The prevalence of valvular heart disease is on the rise along with the aging society and the generalization of echocardiography. Furthermore, the rheumatic valvular heart disease is much more prevalent in Asia than in Western countries, and the frequency of valve disease is higher in Asia. The effect of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in ischemic cardiomyopathy is well established and has become a standard of care. However, there is limited research on the effect of ICD implantation for primary prevention in patients with heart failure due to valvular heart disease. In a small study, the incidence of fatal cardiac arrhythmia was lower in patients with valvular cardiomyopathy (5%) who received ICD implantation for primary prevention than in those with ischemic cardiomyopathy. But there is also a report that the appropriate ICD treatment is not different from that of ischemic heart disease in valvular heart disease patients. Therefore, it is necessary to study the primary prevention effect of ICD on valvular cardiomyopathy in a larger number of patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ICD on the prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure due to valvular heart disease through prospective, multicenter, and observational studies.
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an integral part of cardiovascular disease management incorporating aspects of scientifically constructed appropriate physical exercise. CR has been repeatedly shown to significantly improve functional capacity, depression and wellbeing, even following short term interventions. Functional capacity is closely related to frailty, a key prognostic factor in subjects undergoing cardiac surgery. We intend to enroll 50 stable subjects with valvular heart disease scheduled for surgical intervention. Our hypothesis is that the Prehab group will improve their functional capacity to a greater degree than the usual care group, possibly associated with better clinical outcomes.
Iron is involved in essential functions of the body. It allows the transport of oxygen in the blood, via hemoglobin, at the muscular level, via myoglobin, and it is also involved in cellular metabolism in general, in particular for the production of ATP at the mitochondrial level, within the cytochromes and iron-sulfur proteins of the respiratory chain. Recently, iron deficiency has been identified as an important prognostic factor in heart failure patients. Iron therapy improves symptoms and physical performances of heart failure patients, even in the absence of anemia. As a result, the correction of iron deficiency is now proposed as one of the therapies for heart failure. However, the pathophysiology of the association between cardiac dysfunction and iron deficiency is still poorly understood. We previously developed a mouse model of iron deficiency without anemia, in which we observed impaired physical performances, a decrease of left ventricular ejection fraction, and a decrease in mitochondrial complex I activity. These abnormalities were normalized after iron injection. These animal data suggest that iron deficiency is responsible for left ventricular dysfunction secondary to mitochondrial I complex abnormalities, and that iron therapy corrects them. Iron deficiency is very common in the preoperative period of cardiac surgery, affecting 40 to 50% of patients. During this surgery, it is possible to perform a myocardial biopsy without risk to the patient. The purpose of this study is to verify in patients requiring valvular heart surgery, if iron deficiency is responsible for a decrease in mitochondrial complex I activity and a decrease in cardiac function during the perioperative period, and to verify whether iron treatment improves these abnormalities.
Patients undergoing transcatheter valvular interventions will be prospectively included into the present registry. Baseline, procedural and follow-up data will be collected and analyzed to adress various issues in the field of percutaneous valvular interventions.
This is a observational、multicenter, prospective cohort study for adults with significant VHD. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the etiology、clinical characteristics、treatment modalities, and outcomes of patients with VHD；also to set up registration system of adult VHD in China, to build a database of Chinese adult VHD, to establish a web-based international standard data acquisition system for VHD and a multicenter clinical research platform. The results of the study will provide a basis for the future national health policy for prevention and treatment of adult VHD.
To compare the efficiency and safety between gene-oriented group and standard care group during 90 days of initial warfarin-treatment for requiring anticoagulation patients with valve replacement or atrial fibrillation with or without valvular heart disease。
Pre-habilitation programs that combine physical training, nutritional support and emotional reinforcement have demonstrated efficacy as presurgical optimization strategies in the context of digestive surgery. The experience in patients at risk for cardiac surgery, one of those associated with higher morbidity and mortality, is anecdotal. Main objective: to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a pre-habilitation program for the improvement of preoperative functional capacity in high-risk and intermediate risk groups for cardiac surgery and its impact on the reduction of postoperative complications (primary endpoint). Secondary objectives: (i) in-hospital stay; (ii) symptoms, quality of life, (iii) evaluation of information and communication technologies (ICT) as a support for the pre-habilitation, and (iv) design and validation of indicators for a future large-scale implementation of this type of intervention. Design: Subproject: #1: Prospective study of the efficacy of prehabilitation in heart transplant candidates during the study period. The results will be compared with historical records; #2: Randomized controlled trial with a 1:1 ratio to assess the efficacy of prehabilitation in patients undergoing elective coronary revascularization or valve replacement surgery. Subjects: Subproject #1: 40 patients candidates for heart transplantation. Subproject #2: 80 patients in the prehabilitation group and 80 controls in which a conventional treatment will be performed. Intervention: (i) personalized supervised resistance training, and (ii) program to promote physical activity and healthy lifestyles. The overall duration of the intervention is estimated to be at least 4-6 weeks (variable in each subproject). The support with ICTs will be a significant aspect of the program in which the adaptation of the personal health folder of Catalonia (Cat@SalutLaMevaSalut) will be fundamental.
The diagnosis of valvular heart disease (VHD), or its absence, invariably requires cardiac imaging. A familiar and inexpensive tool to assist in the diagnosis or exclusion of significant VHD could both expedite access to life-saving therapies and reduce the need for costly testing. The FDA-approved Eko Duo device consists of a digital stethoscope and a single-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), which wirelessly pairs with the Eko Mobile application to allow for simultaneous recording and visualization of phono- and electrocardiograms. These features uniquely situate this device to accumulate large sets of auscultatory data on patients both with and without VHD. In this study, the investigators seek to develop an automated system to identify VHD by phono- and electrocardiogram. Specifically, the investigators will attempt to develop machine learning algorithms to learn the phonocardiograms of patients with clinically important aortic stenosis (AS) or mitral regurgitation (MR), and then task the algorithms to identify subjects with clinically important VHD, as identified by a gold standard, from naïve phonocardiograms. The investigators anticipate that the study has the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis of VHD by providing a more accurate substitute to traditional auscultation.