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Ischemic Heart Disease clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT03373565 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Ischemic Heart Disease

Snuff-box Deep Palmar Arch Artery Versus Radial Angiography

Start date: July 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Angiography is a common diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The complications are variable between mild self-limited complications to severe life-threatening complications which need early interventions. New angiographic methods are associated with variable complications. Death, myocardial infarction, and stroke are among major angiography complications. In addition, some local complications including bleeding at the site of insertion, infection, arteriovenous fistula, pseudoaneurysm, and thrombosis is reported after angiography. Radial and femoral methods are common angiographic methods. Its shown that radial method is associated with less complications and patients need shorter duration of hospitalization. Radial artery thrombosis is common complication of radial angiography. However, the prevalence is between 5 to 19 percent but often it is not clinically important. Risk of ischemia due to thrombosis is low because of blood flow in radial and ulnar and collaterals. In patients with incomplete palmar arch this is important and may cause ischemia. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of coronary angiography using Snuff-box deep palmar arch artery and radial artery in patients attending angiography center of Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas in 2017.

NCT ID: NCT03366753 Completed - Clinical trials for Coronary Artery Disease

Impact of Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution on Blood Viscosity

Start date: May 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) has long been employed for reducing allogenic blood transfusion for cardiac surgery, and hydroxyethyl starch has been used as an intravenous replacement fluid during ANH procedure. However, possible impact of ANH employing HES on blood viscosity and oxygen delivery have not been well investigated in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery . Anesthesia is induced and maintained by using propofol-remifentanil-rocuronium in OPCAB surgery (n=21). ANH is performed by using 5 ml/kg of blood salvage and administering 5 ml/kg of balanced HES 130/0.42 (Tetraspan™) for 15 min during vascular graft harvesting. For the present study, three arterial blood samples (3 ml each) are taken before (Sample 1) and after ANH (sample 2 and 3) and they are stored in 3 tubes. Sample 3 (in tube) undergoes further 30% in-vitro dilution by adding 1-1.5 ml HES. By using a scanning capillary tube viscometer (Hemovister™), Blood viscosity at low shear rate (5/sec) of the three samples are determined. By using a formula with blood viscosity and hematocrit, tissue O2 delivery index (TODI, = hematocrit/viscosity at 5/sec) is calculated.

NCT ID: NCT03303781 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Ischemic Heart Disease

BeSingCardioRehab: CR in Belgium Versus Singapore

Start date: November 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Background: Cardiac rehabilitation is indicated for ischemic heart disease patients; the program content of which is well described in both European and American guidelines. In contrast, literature on cardiac rehabilitation program content and efficacy in the Asian population is sparse. Methods: BeSingCardioRehab will be an intercontinental, retrospective cohort study conducted in two cardiac rehabilitation referral centers in Belgium and Singapore. The first aim is to compare the impact of phase II center-based cardiac rehabilitation on Major Adverse Cardiac Events for ischemic heart disease patients between Europe (i.e. Belgian) and Asia (i.e. Singaporean) in the long-term. The second objective is to compare the efficacy of phase II cardiac rehabilitation on short-term morbidity (assessed with the validated SMART Risk Score) between index European and Asian ischemic heart disease patients. The level of compliance of the Belgian and Singaporean cardiac rehabilitation programs to European guidelines standards will also be evaluated. Hypotheses BeSingCardiorehab will be one of the first studies assessing cardiac rehabilitation in Asia. Based on the BeSingCardioRehab study results, phase II center-based cardiac rehabilitation programs, can/will be adapted in order to improve program content and outcomes.

NCT ID: NCT03260517 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Coronary Artery Disease

The PREVAIL Study

PREVAIL
Start date: October 2, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

To evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of a new Medtronic Coronary Drug-Coated Balloon Catheter in the treatment of de novo lesions, small vessel disease or In-Stent Restenosis with coronary lesions previously treated with drug-eluting or bare metal stents in native coronary arteries.

NCT ID: NCT03247855 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Ischemic Heart Disease

Safety and Efficacy of Multivessel Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Start date: September 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

the aim of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of multivessel minimally invasive coronary artery bypass graft surgery through evaluating the possibility of reaching complete revascularization , the complications during surgery and the outcomes

NCT ID: NCT03217227 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Coronary Artery Disease

Evaluating Myocardial Ischemia in Chest Pain Using Exercise CMR

EMPIRE
Start date: May 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is a condition of recurring chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of the heart is not receiving sufficient blood flow. It is a major public health concern internationally and in Singapore, the leading cause of death from cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has the ability to assess heart structures, scarring or lack of blood supply to the heart muscle with great accuracy and without any radiation involved. A CMR-compatible cycle ergometer can offer a safe and low cost stress equipment to assess heart function and motion abnormalities, and restrictions of the blood supply to the heart tissues due to partial or complete blockages of the blood vessels. This study aims (1) to develop an exercise-CMR stress protocol by testing its feasibility and robustness in assessing changes in cardiac volumes and function due to physical exertion in healthy individuals and (2) to assess the accuracy of the multiparametric stress-CMR as a diagnostic tool for ischemic-causing coronary artery disease (CAD) with coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) as a reference.

NCT ID: NCT03198741 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Ischemic Heart Disease

Mono- Versus Dual antiPlatelet Therapy During 6-12 Months After New Generation Drug Eluting Stent Implantation

OPT-PEACE
Start date: June 30, 2017
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Long-term DAPT is recommended after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease. However, antiplatelet therapy may have adverse consequences, the most common of which is gastrointestinal mucosal injury with ulceration and bleeding. The extent to which an an abbreviated DAPT strategy reduces gastrointestinal mucosal injury has not been studied, principally due to the lack of sensitive, noninvasive measurements capable of detecting gastrointestinal injury.ANKON® magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (AMCE) is a non-invasive, active controlled system which affords assessment of the stomach and entire small intestine.The current randomized study will assess gastrointestinal mucosal injury and bleeding via AMCE in patients on three different antiplatelet regimens and establish a gastrointestinal mucosal injury scoring system which may prove useful in guiding optimal antiplatelet agent usage after PCI.

NCT ID: NCT03178591 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

Effects of DPP4 Inhibitor Versus SGLT2 Inhibitor

Start date: October 2014
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) is an important disease with increasing prevalence worldwide. More than 60% of diabetes patients die of CVD. Diabetes is associated with 2-to 4- fold increase in the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). Diabetes patients with stable ischemic heart disease may have more prevalent of asymptomatic ischemia or silent ischemia due to autonomic neuropathy. Therefore, detection of total myocardial ischemia including both symptomatic and silent ischemia using ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring may provide better accuracy in ischemic burden and prognosis in diabetes patients. DDP-4 inhibitors have favorable effects on atherosclerotic risk factors beyond glycemic control. Furthermore, DPP-4 inhibitors may have favorable effects on ischemic preconditioning in patients with CAD. For this study we aim to compare the effects of between vildagliptin and Dapagliflozin on ischemic burden defined by total ischemic time, markers of autonomic function, biomarkers of myocardial injury and biomarkers of inflammation.

NCT ID: NCT03171311 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Ischemic Heart Disease

The OCTOBER Trial - European Trial on Optical Coherence Tomography Optimized Bifurcation Event Reduction (OCTOBER)

OCTOBER
Start date: July 5, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose is to compare median two-year clinical outcome after OCT guided vs. standard guided revascularization of patients requiring complex bifurcation stent implantation

NCT ID: NCT03153878 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Ischemic Heart Disease

The Prospective Cohort Study on the Benefit-risk of Antithrombotic or Anticoagulant Therapy in Patients With Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms Associated With Ischemic Heart Disease or Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease

Start date: June 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

This is a registry study of the natural course of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA). In addition, the investigators will analyze the benefit-risk of antithrombotic or anticoagulant therapy in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms associated with ischemic heart disease or ischemic cerebrovascular disease. The investigators aim to use research data to create a China national database of UIA