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The purpose of this research study is to: 1. assess how participants like the AWAITS e-health application as measured by their feedback on the intervention 2. test the impact of AWAITS on knowledge about opioid overdose and risk-reduction strategies. 3. assess the proportion of participants who accept a list of local treatment providers 4. test the impact of AWAITS on interest in being tested for HCV/HIV.
There is a significant revolving door of incarceration among homeless adults, a population with substantial health disparities. Homeless adults who receive the professional coordination of individualized care (i.e., case management) during the period following their release from jail experience fewer mental health and substance use problems, are more likely to obtain stable housing, and are less likely to be re-incarcerated. The proposed study will use mobile technology to address these barriers and fill gaps in the understanding of the causes of the revolving door of homeless incarceration. This research represents a step toward integrated service connection and healthcare service provision for one of the most underserved, high need, and understudied populations in the United States. Smart phone apps that increase the use of available healthcare services and identify predictors of key outcomes (e.g., homelessness, re-arrest, medication compliance) could be used to reach hard to reach populations with histories of significant and persistent health disparities (e.g., homeless adults).
Following the retrospective study ont he effectiveness of the microdose method of IT morphine therapy, the investigators are interested in measuring the sensory changes at 4 time points during the microdose method. The microdose method involves weaning the patient off oral opioids and maintaining an opioid-free period prior to initiating a very low opioid dose in IT therapy. The microdose method is a standard of care. The study involves measuring sensory changes to hot, cold, and pressure. Data collection will be performed at regularly scheduled clinic visits, examining range of doses, pain scores,dose escalations, quantifiable psychosocial factors ( not captured in previous retrospective study), and changes in sensory thresholds.
Healthy adult human male facial skin surface lipid liquid pheromone given by mouth to opioid addicts cures them without any withdrawal symptoms whatsoever 250mg on chewing gum vehicle by mouth. Elevated mood eventually becomes accommodated after a few weeks. The pheromone contains volatile airborne sub-pheromones which cause aversive behavior (distrust, superstition, suspicion, arrogance, astonishment/stupidity, jealousy). Artificial jealousy can be avoided by patient isolation for 40 days until the pheromone "taste" wears off the saliva. The pheromone provided is odorless, colorless, and tasteless to the conscious brain.
Preventable failures in the drug chain are related to Drugs Problems Related Use and are associated with medication errors (prescription, dispensing, administration or use by the patient or caregiver), including failures In the Medication Supply System (availability and quality). The controlled drugs are those that contain substances regulated by international conventions on drug control. They are important in various fields of medicine, such as pain management, obstetric emergencies, mental disorders such as the treatment of substance dependence, psychiatry and neurology. It has been defined as abuse of drugs the improper use of these for non-medical purposes, and associated with the use without medical prescription, which can produce addiction or psychic or physical dependence.
Adolescents are prone to mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression which could become worse in the aftermath of disasters. However, hope can help adolescents cope with the challenges better. For resource poor disaster prone settings, school teachers can provide timely psycho-social support that could improve mental health and hope among adolescents. Nepal is a disaster prone country that faced a devastating earthquake in 2015 that claimed thousands of lives and left many homeless which could have affected the mental health of adolescents.This study was conducted in schools of Dhading, a severely earthquake affected district and schools of Myagdi, a least affected district by earthquake in Nepal. The intervention focused on training school teachers on psycho-social support for adolescents.
Risk of long-term opioid dependence increases with initial opioid dose/duration, but despite recent CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)-endorsed minimum doses for initial opioid prescription, primary care providers are likely to overprescribe. In this quality improvement project, primary care departments at Weill Cornell and the Institute for Family Health (NYC-based FQHC) will implement an unobtrusive "nudge" in their electronic prescribing software to promote the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)-endorsed low doses for all opioids. In the evaluation, we will employ a quasi-experimental design with rigorous interrupted time series analysis methods to assess the effect of the "nudge" on prescribing rates. The analysis will be performed at the provider level, with deidentified physician data and a limited data set (fully deidentified except for date of prescription) of patient-level data.
Few studies have used quantitative sensory tests to study the effect of chronic opioid treatment on sensation. The investigators will test chronic pain patients who are on different MEDDs, normal volunteers, and patients undergoing an opioid taper. This will be the first study to perform sensory testing on patients while undergoing an opioid taper on an outpatient basis.
We are proposing a small randomized clinical trial in which 100 substance users will complete the existing Psychotherapy Development Center (PDC) pretreatment assessment battery as well as a novel battery of assays to evaluate cognitive-affective functioning. After completing pretreatment assessments, participants will be randomized to either a (1) cognitive remediation program (training tasks) specifically designed to address cognitive-affective dysregulation or (2) control tasks (verbal fluency tasks). Tasks will be completed twice per week for 4 weeks, after which assessment batteries will be repeated. Finally, we will evaluate real-world behavior and the durability of the training via a one-month follow-up, which will include assessment of substance use as well as the cognitive-affective battery.
This research study proposes to embed HIV testing outreach workers from a young adult focused medical and HIV treatment program into an alternative sentencing program to deliver a new service delivery model (Link2CARE) that integrates evidence-based protocols for justice-involved young adults to: a) promote HIV and STI testing, and HIV and SU risk screening, b) provide onsite intervention, and c) cross-system linkage to HIV, STI, and SU care. Phase 1 has already been completed. In phase 1, the intervention components were adapted for use among justice involved young adults and the resulting protocols were piloted with justice involved young adults, finalizing the resulting 4-session Link2CARE intervention. In phase 2, we will test Link2CARE among N=450 justice-involved young adults enrolled at the alternative sentencing program and conduct process evaluations with N=15 alternative sentencing program staff.