View clinical trials related to Substance-Related Disorders.Filter by:
This study tests the effectiveness of patient navigation for increasing enrollment in substance abuse treatment programs and preventing readmission to detoxification. Participants will be randomized to receive motivational interviewing or motivation interviewing plus patient navigation.
This project will provide initial feasibility and efficacy data for the implementation of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) to urban, at-risk youth. Posttraumatic stress and substance use outcomes, as well as participant responses to the intervention, will be examined.
The overall objective of this project is to adapt and enhance HoMBReS (Hispanic Men Building Respect, Education, and Safety within Families /Hombres Manteniendo Respeto, Educacion y Seguridad de Familia), a CDC-identified best-evidence HIV behavioral intervention designed to reduce substance abuse, family violence, and HIV/AIDS (SAVA) among sexually active heterosexual Latino seasonal farmworkers (LSFWs) in rural areas.
The purpose of this study is to test the usefulness of a computer-assisted intervention for depressed cannabis users by combining peer and therapist social network support via Facebook that uses the techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational enhancement therapy (CBT/MET) to help with relapse prevention skills, reduce cannabis use and depressive symptoms, and improve treatment adherence. All participants will receive 10 weeks of the computer assisted intervention which includes weekly 60 minute (1 hour) sessions. All participants will also be part of a secret Facebook group (CONNECT). The goal of this secret Facebook group is to reinforce the knowledge and skills taught in the computer assisted intervention and to provide social support.
Behavior drug and risk reduction counseling (BDRC), a structured, non-intense, cognitive-behavioral approach intervention designed to increase methadone maintenance treatment retention and reduce drug use and related risk behaviors among IDUs.
This study follows up patients who receive standard treatment for prescription narcotic drug use disorder, including opioids, benzodiazepines, and benzodiazepine-like drugs (z-drugs), at a specialized addiction service. The overall goal is to evaluate the proportion of patients who reduce or cease using prescription narcotics and the factors associated with treatment outcomes. No new treatments will be tested. Instead, the results will be used as the basis for a future randomized controlled trial to optimize treatment for narcotic drug use disorder.
OBJECTIVES: The current protocol seeks to develop brain-based intermediate phenotypes of response to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in chronic substance use disorder (SUD). To date the field has relied on subjective reports, behavioral performance, and long-term clinical outcomes as primary measures of TMS efficacy. While certainly ecologically valid, these observable behaviors lack the sensitivity necessary to fully quantify the effects (or lack thereof) across both individual participants and TMS intervention protocols. This proposed within-subjects design seeks to leverage differences in metaplasticity that is, the context in which stimulation occurs-by studying the response to stimulation in both sated and abstinent states. It is predicted these state manipulations will potentiate response to TMS. When a disruptive allostatic load like chronic nicotine exposure or acute abstinence is placed on the brain, the underlying network becomes less stable and thus more susceptible to TMS intervention. For SUD in general and tobacco use disorder (TUD) in particular, this state dependence of TMS response is a potentially valuable tool to improve a given intervention s clinical efficacy. STUDY POPULATION: Physically and psychiatrically healthy smokers will be recruited. A comparison group of non-smokers will be concurrently enrolled. We estimate we will require n=51/group of completers to have sufficient power to develop the intermediate phenotypes of TMS. DESIGN: The protocol is a two group, between/within subject, fully counterbalanced design. The between-subjects factor is GROUP (smoker/non-smoker) and the within-subjects factor for each GROUP is TMS CONDITION (active/sham). Additionally, and for the smoker group, nicotine STATE (sated/abstinent) is a nested within-subjects factor. Each group will receive single sessions of active and sham intermittent theta burst stimulation to left dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex, followed immediately by an MRI scan to characterize the acute neurobiological response to stimulation. Smokers will repeat these procedures both during smoking satiety and following an ~48-hour period nicotine abstinence. OUTCOMES PARAMETERS: In addition to subjective and behavioral task performance changes associated with TMS intervention, changes in MRI BOLD signal will be used to characterize the neurobiological response to TMS intervention across groups and states. Taken together, the development of brain-based markers of TMS response may thus improve both our mechanistic understanding of the causal dysfunctions of TUD as well as the potential efficacy of these interventions longer term to address the relevant clinical characteristics of the disease and ultimately improve treatment outcomes.
This was a single-site two-arm parallel-group trial conducted in a Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) Clinic that provides medication service for 254 heroin users in Wuhan, China. Once consented and completed the pre-treatment assessment, participants were randomized to receive either the Chinese translated behavioral activation treatment for substance use (C-BA) or treatment as usual (TAU). Research assessments occurred at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 1- and 3-months follow-ups. The primary purpose of this study is to: 1. Evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of the Chinese-translated behavioral activation treatment for substance use (C-BA), an evidence based intervention developed to address the individual and psychological needs of Chinese substance users. The secondary purpose of this study is to: Examine the underlying mechanism of C-BA by studying the relationship between change in substance use related outcomes and associated psychological constructs (e.g. levels of behavioral activation and depression).
This study is comparing the efficacy of two smoking cessation apps.
The investigators propose to lay the groundwork for a larger effectiveness clinical trial that will lead to the advancement of a novel evidence-based treatment for DUD and HIV among Spanish-speaking Latinos who suffer from self-stigma and have inadequate treatment adherence. This pilot project aims to: compare the outcomes of a culturally adapted CBT-based intervention to treatment as usual (TAU), in a randomized pilot trial of HIV+ individuals with a lifetime DUD.