View clinical trials related to Substance-Related Disorders.Filter by:
Peer support is historically prominent for substance use disorder (SUD), such as the world-wide model of Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12-step groups. Yet for trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) there have been few attempts at peer help. A major challenge of trauma peer groups is that they usually focus on telling the story of members' trauma histories, which can be overly triggering and distressing. Seeking Safety offers an excellent choice for peer-led care. It is an evidence-based and is the most widely adopted model for SUD/PTD. It is present-focused, cognitive-behavioral, and provides psychoeducation and coping skills to help clients attain greater safety in their lives. It has been successfully implemented in peer-led format for many years and has been studied in various trials, including a recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing peer versus professional delivery, with positive results. In Phase 1 we developed a beta version of a mobile app for peer-led Seeking Safety (PLSS). In Phase 2 we will enhance the app features and content and also conduct an RCT in a sample of adults with current SUD/PTSD to compare the Peer Safety app condition to a control app.
This study deploys a novel digital pill with Emtricitabine/Tenofovir (TDF/FTC) among MSM with substance use to monitor PrEP adherence. We will enroll N=15 HIV uninfected MSM with self reported substance use who are on PrEP or initiating PrEP to use digital pills over encapsulating TDF/FTC for 3 months. We will assess the feasibility of using digital pills in this study population as well as understand the acceptability of digital pills for adherence measurement using semi-structured individual interviews. Additionally, we will measure adherence over time, as well as episodes of suboptimal PrEP adherence.
The addition of tDCS as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy is a novel approach but one that is grounded in a growing evidence-base.The primary objective of this research is to provide preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of tDCS as an adjunct treatment to pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation. The investigators hypothesize that the addition of active tDCS to the left DLPFC will improve the effectiveness of varenicline as reflected by higher quit rates at end of treatment compared to the sham group. Smoking status will be biochemically confirmed at various time points using expired cotinine measures. Furthermore, the investigators will be collecting neuroimaging (fMRI) data as well as measures of attentional bias to explore the neurological and physiological correlates from using adjunct tDCS and varenicline therapy.
The consequences of prescription opioid abuse are serious and the number of deaths from unintended overdose have quadrupled over the last 15+ years. Opioid analgesics remain among the most commonly abused class of substances in the United States. Moreover, patients who take pain medications for legitimate reasons may develop an opioid use disorder (OUD), with as many as 1 in 4 patients becoming dependent on their pain medications. Because of changing access to prescription opioid analgesics due to an increasingly negative prescribing climate and changes in guidelines, patients often turn to heroin, with an estimated 1 in 15 pain patients trying heroin within 10 years. Pain is a symptom that can be severely debilitating and needs to be treated adequately to improve the quality of life. Clinicians, then, are in a proverbial "catch-22" situation whereby treating a patient's chronic pain also exposes them to medications with substantial abuse liability and overdose risk. In this proposal, a method aimed at reducing the abuse potential of prescription opioid medications, without altering their analgesic efficacy, is described. The study team hypothesize that this can be accomplished by administering a fixed-dose-combination of an opioid with an atypical antipsychotic drug, in the same pill or capsule.
The long-term goal of this project is to improve HIV and substance use outcomes and reduce recidivism for HIV+ substance users released from jail. The overall objective of the proposed R34 project is to develop and pilot test a multi-sector community-clinic collaborative intervention that can subsequently be implemented on a larger scale (as part of a future R01) to achieve this goal. Our central hypothesis is that HIV+ substance users released from jail can successfully overcome obstacles to re-entry and continuity of HIV care with individualized, culturally competent assistance in navigating both social and medical services. Aim 1: Develop and refine a collaborative CHW and re-entry program intervention that targets HIV outcomes, substance use and recidivism in HIV+ jail releasees. Aim 2: Conduct a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing the collaborative intervention (n=40) compared to treatment as usual (n=40) in HIV+ substance users released from jail.
This project seeks to examine a critical barrier to optimizing the health care workforce for the treatment of opioid use disorders. Without a dramatic increase in the number of primary care providers trained and comfortable with the many nuances of prescribing medication-assisted treatment (MAT), the staggering increases in opioid overdose deaths will continue to skyrocket. However, Drug Addiction Treatment Act (DATA) 2000 waiver training alone is not enough to facilitate prescribing for patients who desperately need services; an estimated 40% of physicians with waivers do not initiate MAT prescriptions. To address this problem, North Carolina developed a learning collaborative framework to promote MAT training. Learning collaboratives have been shown to be an efficacious approach to increase utilization of MAT, but engagement among providers in North Carolina has been low. To date, the need to encourage provider collaborative participation at scale has not been addressed. This is the critical problem focused on in this proposal. The death rate from accidental opioid overdoses continues to climb at an alarming rate, with overdose deaths in 2016 almost five times the number from 1999. The daily death rate from opioid overdoses in the U.S. alone is now estimated at 115, so every day that evidence-based treatment is not available leads to more preventable deaths. North Carolina is one of the states with both an opioid overdose death rate greater than the national average (11.9 vs 10.4 deaths per 100,000, age-adjusted) and a rate of increase in opioid overdose deaths greater than the national average (19% vs. 16%). North Carolina is also one of four states with an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) funded Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) MAT learning collaborative available to primary care practices, but engagement among providers is low. While the main barriers to engagement are incompletely understood, recent evidence from provider interviews conducted by the study team in December 2017 and January 2018 suggest that one substantial barrier is the time required for weekly ECHO clinics.
This research project will study the outcomes of medium- to high-risk parolees with a history of substance abuse in Alleghany County, Pennsylvania supervised under Swift-Certain-Fair parole. The research goals are to: - Determine the effectiveness of SCF parole in reducing recidivism among medium- to high-risk parolees with a history of substance abuse in Pennsylvania. - Determine the minimum effective sanction in response to a violation that will bring parolees into compliance with the conditions of their parole.
This study entails an evaluation of the New Jersey State Parole Board Swift, Certain, and Fair (SCF) Supervision Program. The purpose of the evaluation is to test whether subjects assigned to SCF Supervision perform better than those assigned to parole-as-usual (PAU).
This study will determine the feasibility of offering expanded continuous labor support by trauma- and addiction-trained medical paraprofessionals (i.e. doulas) at no cost to pregnant women receiving care for substance use disorders (SUD). The long-term goal of this transdisciplinary multilevel intervention is ultimately to reduce a major existing behavioral health disparity in the state. This cross-campus multi-disciplinary collaboration, is in partnership with Young Women United (a research and policy organization in NM) and doulas of the UNM Birth Companion Program. Through this partnership, women receiving combined OB/SUD treatment at the Milagro Program at UNMHSC will be offered expanded doula services.
This study demonstrates the feasibility, acceptability of SKY program as an adjuvant therapy for American population suffering with OUD through a pilot program in Ashtabula, Ohio. The aim of this study is to evaluate the SKY program as an adjuvant therapy to treat opioid addiction in 10 participants.