View clinical trials related to Substance-Related Disorders.Filter by:
In France, there are no tools for screening psychiatric comorbidities for individuals with Substance Use Disorders. The literature shows that the cooccurrence of these psychiatric disorders in the same individual is frequent. It negatively impacts the healing prognosis, complicates the diagnostic processes and the type of care to be introduced for patients. The creation of reliable, fast and easy-to-use tools for caregivers and researchers is therefore necessary to improve quantitatively and qualitatively the care of patients. There is a Spanish scale that meets these criteria, the Dual Diagnostic Screening Interview (S_DDSI). The main objective of this study is to validate the DDSI in French. The secondary objectives are the evaluation of the psychometric qualities of F_DDSI (French version) and adaptation of this scale into an application for Android and iOS.
For several years, the French Addictovigilance Network (FAN) highlights potential problematic consumptions with zolpidem. To prevent abuse and misuse of zolpidem, the French Health Products Agency has changed the regulatory framework of zolpidem prescription. Thus, since the 10th of April 2017 zolpidem prescriptions have to be secured (particular support, dosage written out). The investigators hypothesized that this change will affect zolpidem consumption but also the consumption of all sedative drugs. In order to assess the incidence of the regulatory change for zolpidem prescription the investigators conduct a two part study: an epidemiological study with French National Health Insurance Fund for Employees database and an observational study with general practitioners and zolpidem consumers.
STRIDE2 is a longitudinal, non-randomized study of individuals living with HIV who are dependent on opioids. This study is funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA030768, Altice, PI; Taxman & Lawson, Co-PIs) and is being conducted by George Mason University, Yale University, and Howard University.
The investigator will conduct a pilot study evaluating the feasibility and acceptability of providing a computer-based program (CBT4CBT), used for the treatment of substance use disorders, in a church setting.
Alarming rates of unhealthy alcohol, non-prescription drug, and tobacco use highlight the preventable health risks of substance abuse and the urgent need to advance behavioral health systems. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an efficacious and effective strategy for the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for people with substance use disorders as well as for those who are at-risk for developing these disorders. A mixed methods phased cluster randomized approach is used to evaluate SBIRT implementation in one medical surgical unit from each of 14 hospitals to inform SBIRT implementation methods for rural, community and urban settings in Indiana. The long-term objective is to develop an SBIRT toolkit to disseminate and sustain SBIRT use to increase the screening of substance use, delivery of brief interventions, and referral to treatment services. A broader dissemination will follow based on results of this study.
The study is examining the impact of a Virtual Reality Cue Exposure Therapy intervention on heroin cravings compared to Relapse Prevention Drug Education.
The fastest growing HIV epidemics globally are driven by injection drug use, but only a small percentage of HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID) have achieved viral suppression. The proposed project will adapt a couple-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence intervention for PWID and assess the feasibility and acceptability of conducting dried blood spot testing to objectively measure ART adherence as part of an intervention in a clinical setting. This project advances HIV intervention science by providing an intervention that leverages social support within the dyad to improve ART adherence among PWID, which could lead to increased viral suppression, thus decreasing HIV transmission and HIV-related morbidity and mortality.
High-relapse rates to addiction are likely due to motivational (limbic) and cognitive (executive) factors. The purpose of this proposal is to determine the relationship between functional connectivity in executive control regions (namely the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) and both proximal and extended outcomes in treatment seeking cocaine and opiate users. This longitudinal neuroimaging study will assess the integrity of executive and limbic circuits 4 timepoints before and after a 28-day intensive outpatient treatment program. Controls will also be recruited as a comparison group. The fundamental neuroscience knowledge gained from this proposal will be used to develop new evidence-based brain stimulation treatment strategies to enhance the integrity of these circuits and subsequent outcomes in traditional treatment programs. The purpose of this study is not only to look at the integrity of these circuits in individuals entering treatment but also to see how these circuits change after treatment and if this can be used to predict outcomes. From the larger societal perspective this research may help us determine which individuals are likely going to benefit the most from treatment and perhaps those that are at a greater risk for relapse.
Transition-age youth (TAY) from ages 18-26 are vulnerable to substance substance use disorder (SUD). This developmental period, termed "emerging adulthood" includes leaving home, entering college or working for the first time; and for some, aging out of foster care or state custody, which end at age 18. The emerging-adulthood period is prime for experimentation with substances and the development of SUD, and associated problems. A major challenge for TAY is the capacity to regulate their emotions, given the hormone changes and emotional intensity of this stage of life. Indeed, substance use can be a short-term way to regulate emotion. The importance of ER is identified as a core skill that is critical to the successful transition to adulthood. The initial component of ER, accurate identification of emotion, is itself a major challenge. In the phase 1 project a mobile app was developed that uses automated emotion detection to help TAY better recognize their emotions in relation to SUD. We found positive results in our phase 1 study. Phase 2 will see the continuation of the development of the app features. Phase 2 also includes a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the app among TAY with SUD in their natural environment, such as home, and we will conduct pre- and post-evaluation to compare outcomes between the app condition and a control-app condition. The primary outcomes are substance use and emotion regulation. User satisfaction, feedback at the end of phase 2 and app metrics will also be explored. The app can potentially have major public health and clinical impact. It could help improve TAY's ability to become more aware of emotions and understand them in relation to SUD via emotion-focused technoloy. If the product is successful it could be expanded to other populations.
According to the World Health Organization the population suffering from addiction problems is increasing. This population is characterized by multiple needs at the medico-psychosocial level. However, some of these patients, a particular subgroup that we are going to be interested in the so-called "high need" user group, find it difficult to access and stay in outpatient treatment programs. They often present a chaotic use of the health system, including a high number of hospitalizations in times of crisis. They also show very low utilization of health care services, accompanied by social marginalization. This can be related to relapses and poor social functioning. A high number of relapses occur particularly at the end of hospitalization. Interventions in the field of addiction, such as Transitional Case Management (TCM) should increase the adherence of these patients to treatment by accompanying them in the sensitive period following hospitalization. One of the objectives of the study is to evaluate the impact of TCM on the number, duration and type of hospitalizations, as well as the number of emergency room visits. The investigators will also measure the duration until the possible future hospitalization, after the TCM. The secondary objectives of this study will be to see the effect of TCM on adherence to outpatient treatment. The investigators will focus on the impact of follow-up on the participant's medico-psycho-social network, substance use and other psychological variables. The investigators will also evaluate his or her psychiatric symptoms and global and social functioning. Life satisfaction and satisfaction with the care received will also be measured. The investigators will compare the population treated by the TCM with the other users of the addiction service who are hospitalized. The study will investigate this through questionnaires at the beginning of care, at one month, three months, six months and 12 months after the start of TCM management.