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The specific aims are to: 1. Pilot test a randomized controlled trial of Project PRIDE for feasibility for subsequent research projects. A sample of 123 men aged 18-25 who identify as gay, bisexual, queer, or some other non-heterosexual identity, who are HIV negative, who report at least once instance of condomless anal sex in the absence of PrEP in the past 60 days, and who report drug use at least once in the past 60 days will be recruited and randomized to one of two conditions: 1. Project PRIDE: an eight-session primary HIV-prevention intervention; or 2. Wait-list control condition: after approximately 5 months, participants will receive Project PRIDE. 2. Test the feasibility of obtaining biological measures of stress, drug use, and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. To examine the impact of the intervention on stress physiology, participants will provide saliva samples that will be used to assess diurnal stress (i.e., cortisol) at pre-test, post-test, and 3-month follow-up. To substantiate self-report measures, participants will provide urine samples that will be used to assess drug use. Participants will be tested for gonorrhea, and chlamydia at each time point by providing a separate urine sample, HIV via oral swab and for syphilis by providing a blood sample. 3. It is hypothesized that, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant reductions in mental health problems (depression, anxiety. loneliness), minority stressors (internalized homonegativity, sexual orientation concealment), substance use (drug and alcohol), condomless anal sex, number of sex partners, and stress-related biomarkers (salivary cortisol). In addition, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant improvements in self-esteem.
The California Adolescent Health Collaborative (CAHC) brings together multiple nonprofit organizations in California's Central Valley to implement the Healthy Relationships and Economic Pathways (H-REP) program, which aims to increase and promote healthy relationships and stability among youth between the ages of 14 and 24.
Background: Certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) cause almost all cases of cervical cancer. Vaccines that protect against HPV can substantially reduce the risk of cervical cancer. However, HPV vaccination rates are too low, especially in countries with very high rates of cervical cancer. HPV vaccines are expensive-many countries cannot afford them-more than one dose is needed, and giving multiple doses is difficult. Researchers want to find out if one dose prevents HPV infection. If it does, more people might get the vaccine. Objective: To find out if giving only one dose of either the Cervarix or Gardasil9 HPV vaccines work the same as giving two doses of these vaccines to young women. Eligibility: Females ages 12-20 who live in Costa Rica. Design: There are two components to the study: (1) a controlled, randomized, double-blinded non-inferiority clinical trial to compare one-dose to two-dose vaccination; and (2) a concurrent epidemiologic survey for HPV status among unvaccinated women. The trial will enroll twenty thousand girls 12 to 16 years old residing in Costa Rica. Participants will be randomized in two stages to one of four arms (one dose of the bivalent vaccine, two doses of the bivalent vaccine, one dose of the nonavalent vaccine and two doses of the nonavalent vaccine); the first randomization at enrollment will assign participants to one of the two study vaccines and at the second visit they will be randomized to one or two doses. Girls randomized to the one dose arm will receive an active control (i.e.: Tdap) at the time of the second vaccine dose. After vaccination, girls will be followed every six months for four years. The epidemiologic HPV survey will enroll a group of unvaccinated girls from the same geographic areas; they will range in age from 17 to 20. These women will attend two study visits six months apart to determine their HPV DNA status, there will be no additional followup. These women will be offered HPV vaccination at the enrollment and six-month study visits. At each visit, participants will fill out a questionnaire and give a urine sample. They may give blood samples. The older participants will use a swab to collect cervical cells from their vagina....
The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of an innovative, culturally relevant, community-based peer group intervention to increase young rural Malawian women's preconception behaviors to optimize their reproductive health. The study uses a longitudinal, two group (two-arm) design with a delayed control group.
The purpose of this study was to use participant samples to simultaneously evaluate three nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) diagnostic platforms.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) disproportionately affecting gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (gbMSM), with the potential for significant sequelae - particularly in those who are Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive. Rising rates of this STI have prompted a search for novel prevention solutions. A recent pilot study of daily doxycycline prophylaxis demonstrated promise as a novel STI prevention tool. This innovative approach to STI prevention has solid clinical precedent, both from the HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) literature, as well as doxycycline's use as prophylaxis for other infections. The overarching goal of this project is to determine whether the daily use of doxycycline is an efficacious and acceptable intervention for syphilis prevention in high-risk, HIV-positive gbMSM.
The investigators aim to assess the efficacy of a multi-component intervention on condom use and sexually transmitted infection (STIs) in female entertainment workers and men frequenting entertainment establishments (EEs), using a quasi-experimental design. Joo Chiat and Golden Mile Complex will be selected purposively as control cluster sites (n=220) with follow-up of entertainment workers at 6 weeks. The same sites will be used as intervention sites after a 3-months 'wash out' period. Self-reported condom use, vaginal swab samples for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for cervical gonorrhoea and chlamydia infections, and throat swabs for culture for pharyngeal gonorrhoea will be assessed. Clark Quay will be the intervention venue for the heterosexual men while Tanjong Pagar will be the equivalent control site. Using time location sampling, cross-sectional samples of men patronising these establishments will be assessed on self-reported condom use at baseline (n=600) and 6 months after the intervention (n=400) in both intervention and control groups.
The purpose of this study is to determine the impact Pono Choices has among youth for teen pregnancy and STI prevention measures such as: initiation of sexual activity; engagement in high risk sexual behaviors; knowledge of pregnancy and STI prevention; attitudes toward healthy sexual behaviors; skills in managing relationships and choices; and intentions about future sexual activity.
The goal of this trial is to test a novel means of collecting patient-entered sexual health information for the provision of clinical decision support to increase the testing and detection of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in adolescent emergency department (ED) patients at high risk for STIs.
The primary purpose of this research is to assess the benefit of an "unaware intervention package" for identifying high risk persons who are unaware of their HIV infection status. This intervention package includes screening for acute HIV infection, contract sexual partner referral, and peer referral.