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This is a non randomized study to determine the effects of Gentle Jogger(GJ), a passive jogging device on oxygen consumption in 2 postures supine and seated. Oxygen consumption measurements will be performed via indirect calorimetry in duplicate at rest ( supine and seated posture) , and repeated in duplicate during GJ (in supine and seated posture)
This experiment consists on a 20-day reduction in daily step in free-living active individuals to induce physical inactivity. This will be used to test the efficacy of the anti-oxidant cocktail we aim to test as a new countermeasure in 2016 during the 60-d bed rest planed by ESA/CNES. The objective of this study is to investigate whether the cocktail of natural antioxidants XXS-2A comprising vitamin E and coupled with omega-3 helps to prevent and / or reduce the glucose intolerance and improve oxidative defenses induced by 20 days of physical inactivity through daily step reduction Although physical inactivity is reported to affect glucose tolerance within days of inactivity, we selected a period of 20 days for the effect of the cocktail to take place and assess secondary molecular mechanisms. The effect of this short period of inactivity on metabolism will moreover be boosted during the last 10 days by taking fructose, a sugar found in abundance in fruits, honey and juices, which is known to quickly trigger metabolic deregulation.
Physical inactivity has reached pandemic proportions and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Of particular concern is that most middle to older age adults fall far short of recommendations for health enhancing physical activities. This research takes a novel approach to tackling this problem by combining mindfulness with behavioral strategies in a unique 'Mindful Movement' program offered through YMCA community facilities.
Physical inactivity results in reductions in glucose tolerance and less sensitivity to insulin. If this inactivity lasts long enough it can result in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A high protein diet can reduce elevated glucose levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Thus the investigators are interested in establishing if during a period of inactivity if a diet modification can minimize the glucose changes normally observed with inactivity. The objective of this project is to determine if short-term high protein (HP) feeding protects against the changes in glucose levels normally observed with physical inactivity. The investigators will also examine measures of blood vessel function, blood lipid and blood pressure. Twelve subjects will complete two 10 day study periods of reduced physical activity and will be studied before and after each of these study periods. For their testing subjects will have the following measurements: postprandial glucose responses to a mixed meal, 24 h free living blood pressure control during acute physical inactivity, blood lipids, changes in body composition, changes in circadian rhythm using skin temperature (ibutton), measurement of aerobic capacity (VO2 max), blood vessel responsiveness (flow mediated dilation -FMD) and changes in free living glucose levels (continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS). Subjects will complete two conditions (high protein -HP vs normal protein - NP diets) in a randomized cross-over design. In the inactive phase subjects will reduce there steps to <5,000 steps/d while consuming either a HP or NP diet. Completion of the study will take 8-10 weeks.
The majority of today's youth do not engage in enough physical activity (PA) to maintain good health. Low PA levels are associated with poor health (e.g. diabetes, high blood pressure) and early mortality. Girls are less likely than boys to be active, and their rates of participation drop off more steeply during adolescence. Girls report many barriers to exercise, including transportation issues and feeling self-conscious about their appearance and abilities. School-based PA programs that try to improve health, mainly through aerobic exercise and education, have had a small effect to date. However, the few programs that included resistance training as the focus showed strong improvements in health related measures. In this project, we will examine the effect of a female strength and conditioning specialist on decreasing barriers and increasing the overall health of high school girls, with the delivery of in-school, girls-only resistance training programs. We will see if physical and mental health changes with the training, and how the presence of the S & C specialist affects the girls' social interactions within the school. The results will help individuals in the education sector plan programs and services to improve overall youth and school health.
The Men on the Move Study is a randomized, controlled, feasibility study designed to address the health problem of physical inactivity in older men.
The purpose of this study is to inform the integration of mobile and social media components into larger interventions aimed at increasing adherence and maintenance of physical activity. Nearly half of the US population do not meet physical activity recommendations of ≥150 minutes of moderate activity per week. The use of smartphones to "self track" data and upload that data to an online social network is becoming increasingly common and may be an effective way to motivate physical activity adherence and maintenance. We are proposing a two phase study to develop and evaluate a mobile health ("mHealth") intervention that includes the use of two existing technologies: 1) the RunKeeper mobile app to collect and upload exercise data (distance, pace, time), and 2) the RunKeeper.com online social network as a place to analyze uploaded data and engage with a coach and online community. Phase 1 (n=10) will iteratively develop the mHealth intervention and phase 2 (n=30) will pilot the mHealth intervention (participants will be randomized to either mHealth intervention (n=20) or control (n=10)) to collect feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy data. All participants will attend a day-long ChiWalk/Run training to help them avoid potential injuries and meet their coach and community in-person. All participants will also be asked to wear a FitBit accelerometer from one week before the beginning of the intervention through one week after the end of the intervention to collect total physical activity data. This data will be uploaded automatically to the study data base. Primary outcomes will be total physical activity as collected by the FitBit accelerometer (and the RunKeeper mobile app for the intervention group) and secondary outcomes will be changes in psychological factors that may mediate adherence to physical activity.
Check your health is a prevention intervention designed to create awareness and action on health condition with focus at physical activity at a population-level to 30-49 years of age. It consists of a behavioural and clinical examination followed by either (I) referral to a health promoting consultation in general practice (II) targeted behavioural programmes at the local Health Centre or (III ) no need for follow-up; stratified after risk-profile. The CORE trial (Check your health) aim to investigate effectiveness on health and social outcomes of the preventive health check and to establish the cost-effectiveness according to life years gained; direct costs and total health costs. A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial has been established to meet the aims and in total 10.600 individuals from 35 practices have been randomized in to two groups that will be invited in 2013-14 and 2017-18 respectively. The group offered the preventive health check in 2013-14 will constitute the intervention group and the group examined in 2017 - 18 the control group. A follow up of the intervention group in 2017 - 18 will provide data for the intention to treat analysis revealing the effect. Outcome measures are level of physical activity, risk of getting cardiovascular disease, sick leave and labor market attachment.
Prescription for Health is a national program of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) in collaboration with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). A major goal of Prescription for Health is to measure the extent to which comprehensive strategies are effective in changing patient behavior and quality of life relative to four target health risk behaviors: diet, smoking, alcohol use, and physical activity. The funded projects will use a common set of survey instruments to help measure outcomes and draw overarching conclusions across projects. This study will only be analyzing aggregated data and does not have responsibility for recruitment of patients, randomization (if applicable), or interventions. Individual project designs may differ.
This feasibility study specifically addresses the issue of adapting US dietary guidelines physical activity recommendations to the population of the Lower Mississippi Delta. The hypothesis is that including a pedometer as a self-monitoring tool as part of adapted physical activity guidelines will result in greater immediate increases in physical activity (as monitored by an accelerometer) than an education program alone.