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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect on QoL, PI and the AROM° in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. This after following an episode of 6 weeks 2 times a week physiotherapeutic back rehabilitation according to the 4 times T method by orthopaedic disorder ® (4MTOR®). The results in this research will be analyzed and reported. In this study, 7 dependent variables will be independently examined relative to 2 independent variables.
We aim to assess the quality of life (QoL), and presence and severity of anxiety and depressive symptoms, in women who have had breast cancer diagnosed at ≥1 year, compared to women who did not have cancer. The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) primary care database will be used to select a random sample of breast cancer survivors (≥1 year), whose general practitioner (GP) agrees to participate in the study (see below), and who were registered with the practice for ≥1 year before and after the breast cancer diagnosis. Age-matched women who never had cancer will be randomly selected from the same practice. Staff at each practice will mail the study materials to the eligible women, who will complete the questionnaires and send those to the CPRD Intervention Studies Team for processing. Studies of patient reported outcomes (PROs) have been limited by the high cost, time and logistics involved in recruiting patients and processing data. We will evaluate the feasibility of collecting these data using electronic questionnaires rather than paper ones. Thus, nearly half of the participants will receive paper questionnaires, while the others will receive instructions on how to complete the questionnaires online. We will compare the participation rate by each method. In addition, a secondary objective of this study is to assess whether PROs can be reasonably studied by using electronic health records (EHR) or by inquiring the patients' GP, as any of these would involve fewer resources. For this, the EHR of the participating women will be collated from the CPRD primary care database, and the GPs of the participating women will report on their awareness of the patient's anxiety and depressive disorders, or distress for QoL domains; the results of the two sources will be compared to those reported by the patients.
Bone and joint infections (BJI) are rare serious pathology which can lead to a very heavy handicap and sometimes to the life threatening. These are devastating diseases whose diagnosis is difficult. They are known to be associated with high mortality rates (5%) and significant morbidities responsible for functional sequelae (40% of patients) with an individual cost (prolonged hospitalization, altered quality of life) and societal (work stoppage, partial or total disability, temporary or permanent) extremely high. These bone and joint infections have a significant impact on the quality of life of those affected who, in addition to their infection, are reduced in their autonomy and often need to be taken care of outside their home, sometimes away from home. To the knowledge of investigators, there are few studies on the measurement of quality of life in patients with osteoarticular infection. The aim of this study is to implement the EQ-5D-3L validated quality of life questionnaire and the EVA scale (created by EuroQol Group) for each patient with a prosthetic joint infection (IPA) on prosthesis during their medical care in the department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases.
Background: The transition to long-term care facility can be a stressful and emotional event for the elderly. The evidences showed that the prevalence of depression and the cognition impairment were higher in the institutionalized elderly than the community dwelling elderly. It could affect the quality of life of the elderly and increase risk of mortality. Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of outdoor activities and sunlight exposure on depression, cognitive function, and quality of life among institutionalized elderly. Method: The design is a randomized control trial. Participants will be randomly allocated to experimental or control groups by block randomization. In the experimental group, participants will be encouraged to reduce time spent on bed and bedroom. Nurses, nurse aids or family will take participants outdoors and exposure their face, hands or arm to sunlight for 15-30 minutes a day, five days a week for three months (if the UV index is over 8 according to the forecast of Center Weather Bureau, the participants will be asked to stay inside). In the control group, the participants will receive routine care. The control group will neither be encouraged to stay outdoors nor limit the chance to exposure to sunlight. Expected outcome: The expected benefit of the research is to improve the depression, cognitive function, and quality of life of the institutionalized elderly.
The study will compare two different dental materials on dental lesions near the gum line that cause chronic pain on oral health related quality of life.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) involves poor prognosis in ICU patients. The renal prognosis at long term is unknown. The study will determine chronic kidney injury incidence and quality of life, five years after AK during ICU stay.
The study aims to assess the efficacy of an oral health education group based activity versus an individual based oral health education activity in terms of changes in oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL), self-efficacy and oral health knowledge.
A multicenter, open, non-interventional, prospective, clinical observational study on Conformity to Therapy and Quality of Life in Asthma in patients living in Greece
The present non-interventional observational study in the Greek population aims at collecting the characteristics of COPD patients selected to be given the inhaled combination of fluticasone propionate and salmeterol in doses of 100 μg mcg (250 μg) mcg (500 g) mcg through the Elpenhaler® device, to investigate (a) the effectiveness of the treatment for compliance and the quality of life of the patients; and (b) the safety of the drugs in patients whose disease is treated either in a hospital or in a private physician.
Some patients with dry eye may have severe disabling neuropathic pain. They describe spontaneous pain, dysesthesia, hyperalgesia or even allodynia. It is classical to note an important discordance between the high intensity of the symptoms and the poverty of the clinical signs. These pains are often unrecognized and therefore often not sufficiently treated. A significant impact on patient's quality of life may occur. The concept of ocular neuropathic pain being relatively recent, few studies have focused on the subject at present. Our study aims to shed light on these pains in patients consulting for dry eyes at the Ophthalmological Foundation A. de Rothschild. The objective of our study is to describe precisely the characteristics of neuropathic eye pain and the visual, general and psychological repercussions in these patients.