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Back pain during pregnancy is common with up to 90% of pregnant women experiencing either low back pain (PLBP), pelvic girdle pain (PGP) or a combination of both pains. Although pregnant women seek out various forms of pain relief methods such as pain medication, exercise, education, pelvic support belts, and chiropractic treatments, there is limited evidence with regards to the efficacy of these treatments. Recently manual therapists, such as chiropractors, have used tape in an effort to relieve pain from musculoskeletal injuries with varying results. In the pregnant population, there have been limited studies to date on the role of taping and pregnancy-related back pain and none of this research delineates the efficacy of tape with respect to the 3 pain patterns experienced by pregnant women.
There is evidence to show that mindful meditation has a positive impact on health. To date, all the studies done to investigate the effect of mindfulness on pregnancy outcomes have been done through a traditional 8-10 weeks mindfulness classroom program with some home practice. This time-intensive classroom training may be expensive and not convenient for many busy pregnant women. This study will investigate the use of a smartphone app-based intervention to determine if it has the potential to make mindfulness training more accessible, acceptable, and convenient to a larger number of pregnant women. The use of an app as opposed to traditional structured classes may increase a woman's ability and willingness to practice mindfulness because the app can be used almost anywhere and at any time. This pilot study aims to explore the feasibility and acceptability of a smartphone mindfulness meditation application for pregnant women. As well, this study will compare the pregnancy outcomes of women who use the app to those women who do not use the app.
The aim of the study is to use sequential ultrasound evaluation of the gastric volume to determine how long it takes for the stomach of a fasting pregnant woman at term, admitted for elective cesarean section, to empty after ingesting a 400ml carbohydrate drink (Nutricia preOp).
Coffee, tea, and cocoa contain caffeine, a plant alkaloid. They are frequently consumed during pregnancy. We examined the effect of coffee consumption on fetal renal artery blood flow and amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the third trimester of pregnancy
There is growing evidence that microbial programming beginning in-utero can be a central component for a balanced development of innate immunity and optimal growth and development in newborns. However, the specific types of bacteria along with their cross-talk with maternal and fetal host factors are far from being clear. We hypothesize microbial compositions at different body sites of pregnant women are associated with early-life microbiota of their offspring as well as growth, neurodevelopment and the development of allergic and neurocognitive disorders. This is a prospective birth cohort study involving Chinese mother-child pairs. We will follow up 120 pregnant women from first trimester until childbirth, and the child until three years of age.
Pregnancy-associated sleep disorders are a common acute experience in pregnancy experienced by up to 82% of women. Sleep disorders are associated with increased risk for pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, longer labor, cesarean birth, and postpartum depression, and are higher among pregnant women of lower socioeconomic status. Traditional clinical management of sleep disorders in pregnancy includes education and counseling on sleep hygiene and sleep positioning, dietary modifications, relaxation, iron supplementation, weight management, and physical activity, yet education-based behavioral interventions show minimal effectiveness for improving sleep among pregnant women. These methods typically do not incorporate objective self-monitoring, which is an important behavior change technique. In pregnancy, objective self-monitoring on a day-to-day basis is particularly important as sleep disorders may worsen as pregnancy progresses. Computer-based personalized health monitoring (PHM) devices may serve as an effective tool with which pregnant women can self-manage sleep through incorporation of regular feedback. This strategy may be beneficial not only for women with pregnancy-associated sleep disorders but also for pregnant women with less severe sleep disruptions that experience daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and decreased quality of life. PHM devices have been used to promote weight loss, diet, and physical activity changes but no studies have specifically targeted sleep among pregnant women. The purpose of this pilot study is to establish the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a 12-week intervention for sleep self-management with pregnant women using a PHM device, in order to refine the intervention for a larger, randomized trial.
Schistosomiasis is one of most important human parasitic diseases worldwide. Pregnant women and their infants are two vulnerable population groups, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where - amongst other infectious agents - they are heavily exposed to infections with S. haematobium. Adoption of the recommendation and implementation by national disease control programs was however delayed in most African countries, due to the lack of safety data in humans and in the unborn babies. First results from randomized controlled trials with PZQ in pregnant women meanwhile have provided evidence for the safety of PZQ also in newborns. In Gabon, S. haematobium is the primarily prevalent Schistosoma species infection. As it is true for most of observational and interventional studies on schistosomiasis, the power of the study is weakened due to the low sensitivity of reference schistosomiasis diagnosis applied, and one might correctly assume that a considerable proportion of samples were misclassified as negative in the control groups. Therefore, diagnostic tests that are highly sensitive and specific are essential to the detection of Schistosoma infections and are urgently needed for a test-and-treat strategy to control schistosomiasis in pregnancy as well as tools to determine efficacy of new interventions tested in clinical trials. Circulating anodic antigen (CAA) and circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) have levels correlating with the number of worms and have also been shown to clear within a few days or weeks after successful treatment. Assays measuring serum levels of these antigens (POC‐CCA, UCP‐LF CAA) are therefore deemed to assess drug efficacy. Based on above mentioned tools, we decided to assess the accuracy of CAA measurement to determine the Schistosoma infection in two specific conditions: A) as a diagnostic tool for S. haematobium to prepare for the future implementation of a PZQ test-and-treat strategy and B) as a diagnostic tool to measure efficacy of praziquantel in schistosomiasis and pregnancy intervention trials.
Sleep disorders and disturbances are mostly underestimated in clinical practice. Moreover, this problem is generally neglected by the pregnant themselves. Today, it is important to underline any problem that may have an affect to improve the quality of life during pregnancy. This study assesses the sleep quality, insomnia patterns and obstructive sleep apnea in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques have been improving performance recently and, nowadays, provide a live birth rate of around 25%. The success of IVF techniques is dependent upon maximum efficiency at each stage of treatment, and, at the same time, high success rates with a low risk of complications. Multiple pregnancies are one of the most important adverse event of IVF techniques. In this sense, the use of elective single embryo transfer (SET) has become an option for patients with good prognosis compared to the transfer of multiple embryos, and it is recommended in order to reduce the risk of multiple pregnancies and their consequences. On the other hand, it is known that embryonic quality is a crucial step for the success of IVF techniques and the efficiency of this process is linked to the decrease in the number of embryos to be transferred. Usually, embryo selection is based on morphological and developmental criteria. However, recently, it has been demonstrated that the blastocyst biopsy associated with the chromosomal / genetic screening may be a predictor of the chances of implantation. The investigators group demonstrated the feasibility of performing SET sequentially, promoting satisfactory gestation rates and safety for the mother and baby regarding multiple gestation for patients with good prognosis. Based on these principles, the investigators raised the hypothesis that SET associated with preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) by next-generation sequencing (NGS) for patients with good prognosis can improve the success rates of IVF cycles and, at the same time, avoid multiple pregnancies, as well as maternal-fetal and neonatal risks resulting from this condition. To test this hypothesis, the aim of this study is to compare the results of IVF treatments in patients receiving SET (SET group), SET associated with genetic evaluation by NGS (group NGS + SET), elective transference of two embryos (DET group) and DET associated with genetic evaluation by NGS (NGS + DET). In case of non-pregnancy on the first transfer, there will be subsequent transfers until the remaining embryos are exhausted or the patient reaches the gestation. The primary endpoint will be the cumulative pregnancy rate per treatment cycle and this approach will allow to confirm or not the hypothesis that genetic analysis is effective in improving the embryo selection process and associated with SET will increase clinical gestation rates and decrease rates of multiple gestations and miscarriages.
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of low-dose protocol of vaginal misoprostol and vaginal dinoprostone insert for induction of labor in women with post-term pregnancies. Methods: The investigators designed a prospective, randomized, open-labeled, blinded for the end-point evaluators trial including women of at least 41 weeks of gestational age with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies and Bishop score lower than 6. Participants were randomized into dinoprostone or misoprostol groups in a 1:1 ratio. Baseline maternal data and perinatal outcomes were recorded for statistical analysis. Successful vaginal delivery within 24 hours was the primary outcome variable.