View clinical trials related to Pregnancy.Filter by:
The Study Investigators intend to study the adherence to and effect of a prescribed, monitored at-home exercise regimen in a pregnant population at risk for gestational diabetes, with a specific goal of understanding factors relating to adoption and performance of regular, sustained physical activity.
Down's syndrome is the leading cause for mental retardation in France. Screening for this chromosomal abnormality is systematically proposed during pregnancy. Until April 2017, prenatal screening for Down's syndrome was based on a combined screening test which included fetal ultrasound markers and maternal serum hormone levels prescribed after the first trimester ultrasound. Depending on this screening result, women that presented a higher risk of ill fetuses could benefit from invasive procedures (amniocentesis or trophoblastic biopsy) in order to have a karyotype and make certain diagnosis. The latter procedure involved risks of complications such as miscarriages, infections and water break. A new screening procedure is available since 2017. It relies on detecting an extra 21 chromosome in cell-free DNA by a simple maternal blood test, called noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPT). This screening test is highly efficient with a detection of 99 % of fetuses affected by Down's syndrome and therefore enables practitioners to avoid 95% of invasive samples. NIPT implies to proceed to a diagnosis test as well (amniocentesis and trophoblastic biopsy) to obtain karyotype and confirm diagnosis. Few studies show a concerning level of Down's syndrome screening general strategy. There is a clear lack of understanding of the information provided by the health professional during the first trimester ultrasound. Women report feeling uninformed and confused about French screening strategy. Nevertheless, high quality insight is essential to ensure validity of women's consent to perform Down's syndrome screening and quality of provided health care. Since introduction of NIPT, no study has been carried out to assess women's prior knowledge to NIPT for Down's syndrome. Main objective of the study is therefore to evaluate women's information and understanding of Down's syndrome screening using NIPT. Secondary objectives stand in collecting modalities of the provided information by the doctor performing the first ultrasound and assess patient's satisfaction regarding this information. Understanding of this new screening strategy by pregnant women is a key issue in decision making. This observational study is intended for all pregnant patients from 11 to 17 + 6 WA (weeks of amenorrhea) expecting a single baby, consulting in the obstetrics and gynecology department of the University Hospital of Reims for their 1st trimester ultrasound. Participation to the study will not change patient's medical care. The doctor who carries out the ultrasound will not be aware of the patient's participation in the study. Concordant results with literature using the experience of what was done for Down's syndrome screening prior to NIPT are expected. Communication on this matter to the lay public is scarce. Level of knowledge regarding NIPT before the consultation is expected to be insufficient. The absolute necessity of upstream information (brochure provided by secretaries, information disclosed throughout the three month pregnancy consultation, booklet delivered with initial documents ....) to enhance patient's comprehension and satisfaction will be highlighted.
The impact of chronic HIV infection and pregnancy on different aspects of the humoral response to pertussis immunization with the TDaP vaccine will be studied. The parameters will be measured in 3 groups (HIV-infected pregnant, HIV-uninfected pregnant and HIV-uninfected non pregnant) at different time points before and after immunization (7-10 days, 30 days and at delivery). The transfer ratio and the quality of maternal antibodies will be studied in cord blood.
The aim of this study was to investigate salivary and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of MMP-8, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 during 2/3 trimester of pregnancy and after delivery
The objective of this study is to test the effect of smoking cessation in pregnancy or in lactation on preventing rapid infant adiposity gain. Investigators propose a randomized, controlled experiment among smoking pregnant women from 1st prenatal care visit through 6 months of postpartum period. Two-phase randomization will be applied to separate the effects of smoking cessation in two different critical periods (i.e., pregnancy and lactation) on infant adiposity gain. Investigators will first randomly assign 40 smoking pregnant women into either the multicomponent intervention (N=30) or the education-only control group (N=10). The multicomponent intervention group will receive education and counseling, monitoring and feedback, contingent financial incentives, and family support, while the control group will receive education only. At the end of pregnancy, investigators will further randomize successful quitters (estimated N=20) from the multi-component intervention group into either the continuous multi-component intervention group in lactation (N=10) or the education-only control group (N=10). All women and their newborns will be followed from enrollment to 6 months postpartum. The key outcomes include maternal smoking abstinence confirmed by urine-cotinine and infant gain in weight-for-length z-score. Specific Aim 1 is to examine the effects of maternal smoking cessation intervention in pregnancy on infant gain in weight-for-length z-score from birth to 6 months. Specific Aim 2 is to examine the effect of maternal smoking abstinence intervention in lactation and infant post-weaning gain in weight-for-length z-score among the women who have successfully quit smoking in pregnancy.
Background: Multiple adaptations at the cardiovascular system occurs during pregnancy. In the pregnancy condition pre-eclampsia (PE), this adaptations are abnormal. Five to eight percent of all pregnant women worldwide will develop PE. PE is a pregnancy condition which is characterized with a high blood pressure (>140/90 mm Hg) and the occurrence of proteinuria (>3g/dl/24h) after 20 weeks of gestation. When untreated, this condition can have severe complications for both mother and child. It's important to monitor women with a high risk for developing PE for an early detection and treatment of this condition. For this reason, a multicenter study is set up with the following applications: 1. NICCOMO and Maternal Venous Doppler Echography: impedance cardiograph and an echography of the heart and veins. 2. Maltron: bio-electronic impedance analyze 3. Remote monitoring of the high risk patients to become a more intensive follow-up Number of inclusions: 1000 pregnant women from the prenatal consultations of eight different hospitals:
This clinical study will evaluate the safety of PregSense™ and Comparative Performance of PregSense™ versus CTG in Prenatal Monitoring of Pregnant subjects.
57 eyes of 57 healthy pregnant women who were visiting Obstetrics and Gynecology department for routine examination and 26 eyes of 26 non pregnant control subjects who were at the first week of the menstrual cycle were enrolled in the study. All subjects had a detailed ophthalmologic examination including the best corrected visual acuity with a Snellen chart, slit- lamp biomicroscopic evaluation, and indirect fundoscopy. The biomechanical properties Corneal Hysteresis, Corneal resistance factor, corneal compensated intraocular pressure and Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure values were measured with ORA (Ocular Response Analyzer, software version 1.02, Reichert, Inc.) Central corneal thickness was measured with a built-in ultrasonic pachymeter attached to the ORA device.Axial length , Anterior chamber depth , and keratometry readings were acquired with an ocular biometer (IOLMaster; Carl-Zeiss Meditec, Inc.) before CCT determinations had been taken. Results of these parameters were compared between pregnant group and healthy control group.
The third trimester of pregnancy is typically characterized by the development of a marked respiratory alkalosis. The possible role of pregnancy-induced variations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) acid-base characteristics on the development of hypocapnic alkalosis is still unknown. Aim of this study is to characterize, according to Stewart's approach, the acid-base equilibrium of CSF and arterial plasma of pregnant women and compare the results with data obtained from fertile, non-pregnant women.
Current recommendations permit the ingestion of all clear fluids (water, apple juice, black coffee..) during labour. However, regarding food during labour, the recommendations vary. British and European guidelines permit the ingestion of low-residue food during labour whilst guidelines from the United States prohibit having any solid food during labour. The reason for this variation in recommendations is the lack of data on gastric emptying during labour with a conservative approach adopted due to the fear of delayed gastric emptying increasing the risk of regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration in the case of general anaesthesia. This study aims, therefore, to evaluate if the gastric emptying of a light meal is slowed down during labour, using a validated, non-invasive ultrasound method, in three groups of women : Women in labour (Parturient group), women in the third trimester of pregnancy (Pregnant group) and women who are not currently pregnant (Non-pregnant control group). The investigator propose the hypothesis that the gastric emptying of a light, solid meal is slowed by 30% during labour.