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Osteoporosis is an increasing public health problem. Involution of bone mass in women is due to a reduction in sensitivity of the bone to the mechanical stress due to the slow-down of the bone turnover after 35 years old. Osteoporosis is a silent disease combining a decrease in bone mass (quantity) and an impaired bone microarchitecture (quality) leading to an increased risk of fracture. Bone microarchitecture is an important element to be taken into account in assessing the bone properties, as demonstrated by numerous ex vivo studies. Bone densitometry only identifies 50% of osteoporotic fractures. The other half of the fractures appears in osteopenic women. The measurement of bone mineral density is too limited to assess risk of fracture. Bone microarchitecture can be assessed through a peripheral quantitative computed tomography scan (computed tomography peripherical - pQCT). The microarchitecture data allow the calculation of bone strength index (BSI) and stress strength index (SSI) highly predictive of fracture risk. These qualitative determinants of bone fragility are the most relevant to evaluate effect of physical activity over a short period compared with bone mineral content and density, which requires several months of constraints. Biochemical markers of bone turnover, specifically those of bone resorption, are predictive of the risk of osteoporotic fracture. Physical activity can reduce the risk of fracture up to 20-35% via direct effects on bone strength, at any age. However, response of bone varies with modalities of exercise. Repeated exercise produces greater bone adaptations than a single bout. Moreover, it has been well demonstrated since 1970 that bone responds to a dynamic stimulation, but not a static stimulation, with a dose response relationship. It has been confirmed in premenopausal women. The effect of physical activity on microarchitectural bone parameters (porosity and density of cortical and trabecular) has not been investigated in primary prevention. This original study would highlight the effect of short-term specific physical activity on the prevention of bone fragility (qualitative) observed with age in premenopausal women. The main hypothesis is that a spa residential program including physical activity will have greater benefits on bone cortical porosity than a spa residential program alone or physical activity alone, in premenopausal women.
The St JOSEPH'S HOSPITAL set up a fracture liaison service for osteopotic fracture. A specific nurse screens eligible patient admitted in emergency yard and call them to propose a bone densitometry and a medical coverage.. The aim of the study is to evaluate this new organisation
Vertebroplasty in the symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral fracture has become increasingly popular. However, there have been some limitations in restoring the height of the collapsed vertebrae and in preventing the leaking of cement. In the severely collapsed vertebrae of more than two thirds of their original height, vertebroplasty is regarded as a contraindication. We tried postural reduction using a soft pillow under the compressed level. This study was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of the combination of postural reduction and vertebroplasty for re-expansion and stabilization of the osteoporotic vertebral fractures. single level vertebral compression fracture were treated with postural reduction followed by vertebroplasty. We analyzed the degree of re-expansion according to the onset duration.
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem. Its screening and its treatment remain largely insufficient while therapies have demonstrated their effectiveness. In the event of a severe fracture, the update of the 2016/2017 recommendations, prepared by the Research and Information Group on Osteoporosis and the French Rheumatology Society, concerning osteoporosis recommends a specific treatment with bisphosphonates as first-line treatment, without bone densitometry, regardless of age. The frequency of prescribing anti-osteoporotic treatment as an outpatient after a fracture of the upper extremity of the femur is very low (2% to 21% according to the studies). The main factors associated with non-prescription found are co-morbidities (charlson score> 6), dementia, obesity (BMI> 30), chronic alcoholism, male sex, polypharmacy> 4, age. Conversely, the factors associated with prescribing are recurrent falls (> 2 / year), a history of osteoporotic fracture, an Iso Resource Group> 3, female sex, and corticosteroid therapy.
Aims: To compare clinical outcomes for patients under FLS or usual care at the NTUH MH and BB. Method: Four hundred subjects with new hip fracture or newly identified vertebral fracture are randomly assigned into FLS and usual care (UC). FLS subjects received osteoporosis-related assessments, treatments, consultations on diet, medications, exercise, fall preventions given mainly by care managers with followed up telephone call at 4, 8, 12, 18, 24 months then annually for up to 10 years. Physicians manage UC subjects at their own plans without pre-specified protocols as FLS subjects. Care managers will perform baseline assessments and follow them by telephone annually for up to 10 years. Major outcomes include bone mineral density assessment rate, calcium, vitamin D, and osteoporosis medication initiation and adherence rate, fall and fracture incidences, mortality, and healthcare resource utilizations.
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is the second most frequent neurodegenerative disease. Its association with osteroporosis and fragility fracture is now clearly demonstrated, but the determinants of this osteoporosis are yet to be explained. Our aim was to study factors associated with volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and bone microstructure at the tibia and radius in IPD.
BACKGROUND Recent evidence has been published about the effectiveness for the secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures (OF) of the hospital-based fracture liaison services. AIM To assess the effectiveness of a primary care based intervention in the secondary prevention of OF. METHODOLOGY Prospective study of random clusters, defined at the primary-care trust (PCT) level. Total study follow-up 3 years. Sample size 1800 patients. DESCRIPTION To launch a defined strategy for the identification of OF. To carry out a primary care based intervention about lifestyle, diet and drug prescription, if needed, with an intensive follow-up in the intervention PCT vs treatment as usual in the control branch. ANALYSIS As the outcome are the new OF, a survival analysis will be done. Risk factors will be analyzed through Cox proportional hazard regression model stratified by age groups. Outcomes : - new OF ratio in intervention vs control areas. - maintenance of the adherence to the pharmacological and non pharmacological interventions proposed - assessment of cost-effectivity of the intervention
In the proposed trial the investigators will recruit women and men >65 years of age with acute osteoporosis-related pelvic fractures and address 3 specific aims over 3 months of treatment in a placebo controlled double blind study to determine if standard care and teriparatide 20 mcg/day versus placebo for pelvic fractures: 1. Results in earlier evidence of cortical bridging on routine radiographs followed by confirmatory Focus CT, a novel method to reduce radiation exposure from CT scans (primary outcome). 2. Leads to a faster reduction in pain as assessed by both the Numeric Rating Scale and a reduction in the use of narcotics (secondary outcome). 3. Leads more rapidly to improved functional outcome using a short physical performance battery to assess lower extremity function (secondary outcome).
Evaluate the support of osteoporosis in women over 50 years with severe osteoporotic fractures (hip, vertebral, rib, Humeral, pelvic fractures) in the Nîmes University Hospital taking prediction of treatment of osteoporosis as criterion.
This study aims to create a database of patients with stable and chronic heart failure with comprehensive assessment of bone, skeletal and vascular status. RoC-HF will facilitate cross-sectional and, eventually, longitudinal mechanistic epidemiological analyses to disentangle the role of the bone- vascular axis in chronic heart failure. Blood and urine samples will be stored to facilitate future biomarker analyses.