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This is an observational and cross-sectional study on the height loss, kyphosis indicators, bone mineral density and vertebral fractures in Chinese postmenopausal women
Effects of abaloparatide on bone formation and resorption in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
Vertebral body fractures are a major health care problem in all countries with incidence 1.4%. They are a common cause of severe debilitating pain, with consequent deteriorated quality of life, physical function and psychosocial performance. Surgery is indicated in patients with vertebral body fracture, and concurrent spinal instability or neurologic deficit. The cornerstone of management for vertebral body fractures without neurological impairment is medical therapy, which include analgesics, bed rest, orthoses and rehabilitation. In the majority of patients such treatment modalities are effective. However, conservative management measures are not indicated for every type of fracture. For example, in older patients with vertebral fractures and cardio-respiratory disease it is not possible to prescribe bedrest for long period. Moreover, sometimes anti-inflammatory drugs are poorly tolerated by older patients, and bed rest can lead to further demineralization of the vertebrae, predisposing to future fractures. Percutaneous minimally invasive vertebral augmentation methods for cement application into the vertebral body are a useful tool for the management of symptomatic fractures without neurological impairment when conventional measures of treatment can not be adopted. Two different percutaneous minimally invasive vertebral augmentation methods for cement application into the vertebral body for the management of symptomatic vertebral body fractures without neurological impairment have been developed, namely vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty have gained wide acceptance worldwide to manage patients without neurological impairment suffering from unmanageable pain caused by vertebral body fractures. Both procedures depend on mechanical stabilization of the fracture produced by cement injection into the fractured vertebral body. Cement augmentation of the vertebral body by vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty was originally introduced for osteoporotic compression fractures, but surgeons have now applied these techniques as a method of enhancing anterior column support while avoiding the morbidity and complications associated with anterior approaches. The mainstay of the controversy between kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are height restoration, whether or not this height restoration is clinically significant, and the risks related to height restoration.
Within the Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint-Joseph (GHPSJ), a reinforced medical care of osteoporosis ('Fracture Liaison service') was organized for osteoporotic fractured patients. The evaluation of benefits of this program through a randomized study showed an improvement in diagnostic tests performed (bone densitometry) and antiosteoporotic treatment initiated (OPTIPOST study, being published in BMJ). However, of 323 patients included, 91 presented a new fracture within 12 months. Among them, 40/126 patients (31.7%) were in the reinforced medical care arm. This result clearly demonstrates the need for a specific medical care program for patients with osteoporotic fracture falling regularly.
Osteoporosis is an increasing public health problem. Involution of bone mass in women is due to a reduction in sensitivity of the bone to the mechanical stress due to the slow-down of the bone turnover after 35 years old. Osteoporosis is a silent disease combining a decrease in bone mass (quantity) and an impaired bone microarchitecture (quality) leading to an increased risk of fracture. Bone microarchitecture is an important element to be taken into account in assessing the bone properties, as demonstrated by numerous ex vivo studies. Bone densitometry only identifies 50% of osteoporotic fractures. The other half of the fractures appears in osteopenic women. The measurement of bone mineral density is too limited to assess risk of fracture. Bone microarchitecture can be assessed through a peripheral quantitative computed tomography scan (computed tomography peripherical - pQCT). The microarchitecture data allow the calculation of bone strength index (BSI) and stress strength index (SSI) highly predictive of fracture risk. These qualitative determinants of bone fragility are the most relevant to evaluate effect of physical activity over a short period compared with bone mineral content and density, which requires several months of constraints. Biochemical markers of bone turnover, specifically those of bone resorption, are predictive of the risk of osteoporotic fracture. Physical activity can reduce the risk of fracture up to 20-35% via direct effects on bone strength, at any age. However, response of bone varies with modalities of exercise. Repeated exercise produces greater bone adaptations than a single bout. Moreover, it has been well demonstrated since 1970 that bone responds to a dynamic stimulation, but not a static stimulation, with a dose response relationship. It has been confirmed in premenopausal women. The effect of physical activity on microarchitectural bone parameters (porosity and density of cortical and trabecular) has not been investigated in primary prevention. This original study would highlight the effect of short-term specific physical activity on the prevention of bone fragility (qualitative) observed with age in premenopausal women. The main hypothesis is that a spa residential program including physical activity will have greater benefits on bone cortical porosity than a spa residential program alone or physical activity alone, in premenopausal women.
The St JOSEPH'S HOSPITAL set up a fracture liaison service for osteopotic fracture. A specific nurse screens eligible patient admitted in emergency yard and call them to propose a bone densitometry and a medical coverage.. The aim of the study is to evaluate this new organisation
Vertebroplasty in the symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral fracture has become increasingly popular. However, there have been some limitations in restoring the height of the collapsed vertebrae and in preventing the leaking of cement. In the severely collapsed vertebrae of more than two thirds of their original height, vertebroplasty is regarded as a contraindication. We tried postural reduction using a soft pillow under the compressed level. This study was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of the combination of postural reduction and vertebroplasty for re-expansion and stabilization of the osteoporotic vertebral fractures. single level vertebral compression fracture were treated with postural reduction followed by vertebroplasty. We analyzed the degree of re-expansion according to the onset duration.
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem. Its screening and its treatment remain largely insufficient while therapies have demonstrated their effectiveness. In the event of a severe fracture, the update of the 2016/2017 recommendations, prepared by the Research and Information Group on Osteoporosis and the French Rheumatology Society, concerning osteoporosis recommends a specific treatment with bisphosphonates as first-line treatment, without bone densitometry, regardless of age. The frequency of prescribing anti-osteoporotic treatment as an outpatient after a fracture of the upper extremity of the femur is very low (2% to 21% according to the studies). The main factors associated with non-prescription found are co-morbidities (charlson score> 6), dementia, obesity (BMI> 30), chronic alcoholism, male sex, polypharmacy> 4, age. Conversely, the factors associated with prescribing are recurrent falls (> 2 / year), a history of osteoporotic fracture, an Iso Resource Group> 3, female sex, and corticosteroid therapy.
Aims: To compare clinical outcomes for patients under FLS or usual care at the NTUH MH and BB. Method: Four hundred subjects with new hip fracture or newly identified vertebral fracture are randomly assigned into FLS and usual care (UC). FLS subjects received osteoporosis-related assessments, treatments, consultations on diet, medications, exercise, fall preventions given mainly by care managers with followed up telephone call at 4, 8, 12, 18, 24 months then annually for up to 10 years. Physicians manage UC subjects at their own plans without pre-specified protocols as FLS subjects. Care managers will perform baseline assessments and follow them by telephone annually for up to 10 years. Major outcomes include bone mineral density assessment rate, calcium, vitamin D, and osteoporosis medication initiation and adherence rate, fall and fracture incidences, mortality, and healthcare resource utilizations.
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is the second most frequent neurodegenerative disease. Its association with osteroporosis and fragility fracture is now clearly demonstrated, but the determinants of this osteoporosis are yet to be explained. Our aim was to study factors associated with volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and bone microstructure at the tibia and radius in IPD.