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To Evaluate the Pharmacodynamic Equivalence of Albuterol Sulfate Inhalation Aerosol, eq 90 mcg base (Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Limited) to PROAIR® HFA (albuterol sulfate) Inhalation Aerosol, eq 90 mcg base (Teva Respiratory, LLC) in Subjects With Stable, Mild Asthma
The investigators propose a home hospital model of care that substitutes for treatment in an acute care hospital. Limited studies of the home hospital model have demonstrated that a sizeable proportion of acute care can be delivered in the home with equal quality and safety, reduced cost, and improved patient experience.
This project seeks to develop and pilot test the pediatric ASTHMA-Educator mobile application.
Through this study, the investigators developed the ASTHMA-Educator mobile application, and evaluated its use among adult asthma patients at Montefiore.
Financial incentives have been suggested as a possible means for increasing adherence to asthma medications. This study will evaluate an incentive strategy (daily small reward for adherence) in maintaining high levels of adherence as tracked by adherence sensors in adolescents with asthma.
This project uses community health workers (CHW) or lay health educators to implement asthma interventions that have been proven to work in the primary care setting and in schools. The objective is to integrate the home, school, healthcare system, and community for 600 school-aged asthmatic children in West Philadelphia through use of CHWs. The children enrolled in the study will be randomized to one of four groups including: primary care CHW, school CHW, primary care and school CHW or the control group (no CHW).
Purpose: The primary objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of anakinra as a rescue treatment for allergic airway inflammation. Utilizing an inhaled allergen challenge model, the investigators will determine the effectiveness of a single 1 mg/kg dose of anakinra administered after inhaled allergen challenge for mitigating features of airway inflammation. Participants: 12 mild allergic asthmatics sensitized to Dermatophagoides farinae (D. farinae) Procedures (methods): Eligible subjects will participate in a double blind cross-over study. Following randomization to the placebo or anakinra treatment group, subjects will undergo inhalation of D. farinae, and their early and late phase asthmatic responses will be measured. Subjects will undergo induced sputum sampling, methacholine challenge, and mucociliary clearance measures. After completion of period 1, subjects will cross over to the alternate study arm.
Purpose: The primary objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of anakinra as a rescue treatment for allergic airway inflammation. Utilizing an inhaled allergen challenge model, the investigators will determine the effectiveness of a single 1 mg/kg dose of anakinra administered after inhaled allergen challenge for mitigating features of airway inflammation. Participants: 25 mild allergic asthmatics sensitized to Dermatophagoides farinae (D. farinae) Procedures (methods): 12 eligible subjects of 25 volunteers will participate in a double blind cross-over study. Following randomization to the placebo or anakinra treatment group, subjects will undergo inhalation of D. farinae, and their early and late phase asthmatic responses will be measured. Subjects will undergo induced sputum sampling, methacholine challenge, and mucociliary clearance measures. After completion of period 1, subjects will cross over to the alternate study arm.
Asthma is a common lung condition that causes long term breathing difficulties. There is currently no cure for asthma but the use of simple inhaler treatments can keep the symptoms under control. If asthma symptoms get worse this can lead to an asthma attack which can be life-threatening. It has been shown that most of the deaths related to asthma are preventable if asthma is managed using the correct treatment plan however a significant proportion of patients are not using the right inhalers or not using them properly and do not know how to manage their asthma if it gets worse. There is currently an unmet need to develop tools that can help improve asthma care, identify high risk patients, closely monitor their asthma control in 'real time' and intervene to optimise treatment to prevent asthma attacks. Both patients and indeed, the current British Thoracic Society (BTS) asthma guidelines recognise that technology has the potential to be used to improve asthma care and could lead to reductions in National Health Service (NHS) services use and improvements in symptoms. Patients with better controlled asthma are less likely to be admitted to hospital and more likely to have an improved quality of life. This study aims to evaluate the delivery of an asthma service using an online doctor providing remote consultations paired with a self-management asthma app. The patients will use the app to input and track their symptoms, which will be monitored by a doctor remotely who can provide advice, optimise medications and intervene in a timely manner to prevent an asthma attack. The service is interactive, so the patient and doctor can communicate with one another 7 days a week by completing a consultation or sending messages via the online doctor portal or speaking on the telephone. The app will relay information about environmental triggers to the patient to help prevent the patient's asthma getting worse. The service will provide a new and potentially more convenient way of delivering routine appointments to reduce the numbers that do not attend. The patients will be able to watch educational videos stored on the app about asthma to potentially improve understanding of their condition. Digital training in inhaler technique will be supported with face to face support from pharmacists. The goals are to increase adherence to and correct use of medication, help patients self-manage dynamically to reduce their risk of an asthma attack (with solutions personalised to an individual's triggers) and equip healthcare professionals with the data to identify those people at higher risk of an attack. This is a before-and-after open interventional study, which means participants' asthma control will be compared before and after using the digital asthma management service. It is not a randomised study and participants will be given the choice of using a digital service. It is a single-centre study which will take place within one Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) in Hampshire (UK), across at least two GP surgeries. It is anticipated that approximately 80 patients will be recruited. Patients will be provided with this digital asthma service for a period of 6 months of 2018 and outcomes will be measured using a combination of questionnaires (quality of life, patient satisfaction, level of activation) and quantitative measures such as Forced Expired Volume over 1 second (FEV1)(measure of airway obstruction), Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FENO) (measure of airway inflammation) and Asthma Control Test Scores (measure of symptom control). Feedback from NHS professionals hosting the study and online doctors will also be sought. A Health economic model will be generated comparing the digitally enhanced model versus usual care. The main outcome of this study is looking at whether this new model of service delivery can provide an improvement in asthma control test scores.
The goal of this study is to compare ten current and readily available FDA approved allergy skin prick devices to determine the most sensitive and specific product and methods used for the diagnosis of allergic disease. The primary outcome will be to determine the analytical sensitivity and specificity of all ten skin prick devices by measuring wheal and flare response to histamine and control diluent in 1mm increments. Secondary outcomes include comparison of skin prick technique, optimum histamine concentration, patient comfort, reproducibility, and the comparability of high-resolution digital images.