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Nordic walking is currently offered by a number of health care practitioners as a form of exercise therapy for older adults at risk of fracture. These include older individuals with osteoporosis, previous vertebral fracture, or hyperkyphosis. To the investigators knowledge, this practice is not evidence-based and thus potentially problematic as benefits and safety of Nordic walking for individuals with osteoporosis, fractures, or hyperkyphosis are unknown. The proposed study will answer the following principal question: Does Nordic walking improve mobility, physical function, posture, and quality of life for ambulant community dwelling individuals who have osteoporosis, a history of osteoporotic fracture, or hyperkyphosis? Participants will be randomized into either the Nordic walking intervention group, or the waiting-list control group. Participants will initially train 3 times per week for 3 months, led by peer- and/or student-instructors. The Nordic walking training will depend on the participant's skill and comfort level and will consist of walking with poles over a distance set individually for each participant. The control group will receive the same 3-month Nordic walking intervention after their control follow-up measurements are completed.
BACKGROUND In the context of a progressively aging population, monitoring the status of Vascular Calcifications (VC) and Vertebral Fractures (VF) over time would be of primary importance, as VC and VF are recognized to be hallmarks of severe cardiovascular events (hospitalization and/or death) and hip fractures respectively, and VF represent an under-diagnosed cause of progressive disability and pain on its own. Moreover, there is an acknowledged relationships between VC and VF. However, data about the emergence/progression of VC and the emergence/worsening of VF over time are lacking. This is likely due to the absence of monitoring instruments for VC and VF that are both precise and easily accessible/applicable. OBJECTIVE This study aims to define the observer variability of a new software developed by the study sponsor and collaborators, called Calcify2D. Calcify2D offers physicians a computer-assisted procedure to simultaneously score vascular calcifications at the abdominal aorta and lumbar vertebral fractures (according to Quantitative Vertebral Morphometry principles) based on a latero-lateral thoracolumbar spine radiography. Secondary aims are the validation of the scores obtained from latero-lateral thoracolumbar spine radiography with more invasive and/or costly gold-standard imaging modalities (Computed Tomography for VC, Magnetic Resonance for VF) that may have been acquired near-simultaneously to radiographs on the patients enrolled for the study. STUDY DESIGN Not-for-profit monocentric observational study to be conducted on the diagnostic images of the thoracolumbar spine already collected at Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli (IOR) within a previous interventional study. Scoring of VC and VF will be performed by four clinicians from four relevant specialties, chosen among those who may often see VC and VF and are already familiar with the traditional scoring systems for both VC and VF (one radiologist and one spine orthopaedics from IOR, one nephrologist from the National Research Council and one internist from University of Padua). Each clinician will assess all radiographs to score VC and QVM, both via computer assisted procedures and via traditional visual inspection. To avoid bias, an interval of at least one week will be left between the computer assisted and visual scoring. To define intra-observer variability (i.e. repeatability), the whole dataset will be re-assessed three times.
This study aimed to compare teriparatide treatments and PVPs, focusing on its effects on life qualities and effect/coast ratio and evaluate which method is better for patients.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of carrying out early vertebroplasty procedure, compared to the standard conservative treatment (corset), in order to prevent residual deformations that could occur in complications of vertebral fractures that are medically treated using a corset. This is a monocentric, randomized, parallel group, prospective and open-label study.
3-year PET-MRI follow-up after vertebral balloon kyphoplasty aiming to investigate cement incorporation.
Background: Back pain and osteoporosis with vertebral fractures are common conditions in elderly women and significantly affect their quality of life. A common complication of osteoporosis are vertebral fractures. Treatment with bone-specific drugs does often not help the pain condition caused by the vertebral fractures even when the progress of the disease has decreased. Vertebral fractures often result in deformation of the spine and poorer quality of life of the individual. The spinal kyphosis also affects the lung function and the effect of the kyphosis itself is severe. Alternative treatments of back pain may lead to reduced drug demand for pain. Physical activity is one of the most important factors that regulates bone mass and can also affect balance and fall risk positively. The back orthosis that we intend to use in the treatment study has been shown in some previous scientific studies to strengthen the muscles in the back and also decrease the pain. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of treatment of back pain in elderly women with an activating functional orthosis versus treatment with a group of physiotherapeutic tools and a control group for a six-month treatment period and follow-up after 12 months from the start of study. The aim was also to study elderly women with osteoporosis and back pain in a follow-up study of a cohort of women at high risk of osteoporotic fractures, with focus on back pain, functional capacity and quality of life. The aim was to study the effect of treatment with activating functional orthosis versus physiotherapeutic treatment in a group and a control group without treatment. The main outcomes will be the experienced perceived back pain and back extensor strength. Additional outcomes will be quality of life, balance, lung function and kyphosis. Biochemical markers for pain will be measured in the RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial). Significance: Evaluation of alternative treatment methods such as exercise by a physiotherapist and treatment with a functional orthosis will give new additional treatment options for our patients. An activating functional orthosis could reduce the use of analgesics and increase the quality of life of the affected women.
We are studying how spine movement changes with age, and when people have vertebral fractures (cracks in the bones of the spine) or hyperkyphosis (a forward stooped posture).
To validate the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in acute thoracolumbar vertebral fractures with simple anterior spinal column injury.
The main aim is to assess the effectiveness of introducing a standardized intervention program for treatment of patients with a fragility fracture as measured by changes in the fracture rates and the mortality.
Vertebroplasty itself is challenged regarding its clinical efficacy. While two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with substantial methodological problems have led to an intense discussion another RCT with larger case numbers, more representative inclusion criteria and a more consistent and sound methodology has revealed results that mirror the investigators' own clinical experience. In their daily practice, the investigators have further advanced their treatment concept and routinely apply prophylactic augmentations with VP using an algorithm. Biomechanical studies support their approach, but clinical studies are rare so far. Prophylactic augmentation with balloon kyphoplasty has not shown convincing effects in a small pilot study. Given the above mentioned methodological and clinical disputes and the call for high-evidence studies about VP, the investigators aim at generating a reliable sample size calculation and preliminary results for a future multicenter RCT about prophylactic adjacent level augmentation with VP in single level osteoporotic compression fractures.