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Sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, laparoscopic gastric banding, and bioenteric intragastric balloon insertion are common types of bariatric surgeries. These treatment strategies have diverted outcomes in body weight loss, metabolic diseases control, surgical complications, and life quality improvement. Thus, shared decision making (SDM) is necessary to aid patients to choose an appropriate treatment that suits thier needs. We have developed a decision aids (DAs) and plan to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate its impact on obese patients. The measurements include a battery of interview-based questionnaires and evaluations of decision regret and knowledge improvement. We expect the DAs would benefit the intervention group in the aspects of knowledge, communication and anxiety status during and after their treatment sessions.
Due to anatomical and physiological changes caused by the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) bariatric surgery, drug bioavailability after the surgery can be altered. Therefore, post-operative dose adjustment in these patients can be required. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery on drug pharmacokinetics and cytochrome P450 (CYP) mediated metabolism using a cocktail of nine CYP probe drugs. The cocktail covers nine main CYP enzymes: melatonin (CYP1A2), nicotine (CYP2A6), bupropion (CYP2B6), repaglinide (CYP2C8), losartan (CYP2C9), omeprazole (CYP2C19/CYP3A4), dextromethorphan (CYP2D6), chlorzoxazone (CYP2E1), midazolam (CYP3A4). The changes in pharmacokinetic parameters of the drugs as well as modulation of the activity of CYPs are evaluated before and one year after LRYGB. In the study, the patients administering drug cocktail before surgery and 1 year after LRYGB are served as their own controls.
Despite the wide range of studies concerning the positive effects of bariatric surgery on metabolic state of morbid obese patient, it is necessary to further investigate the specific role of the "sleeve-gastrectomy" intervention, going not only to research results in terms of safety or efficacy on the treatment of comorbidities, but also aimed to understand whether the improvement of metabolic and cardiovascular parameters is due to total weight loss or rather to visceral fat loss, and how much of this improvement is attributable to changes in inflammatory status. The primary endpoint of the study is to evaluate the effect of sleeve-gastrectomy on metabolic parameters (glyco-lipidic assessment, vitamins), bone-remodelling parameters (vitamin D, parathormone) and cardiovascular parameters (blood pressure, flow-mediated dilation, indexed left ventricular mass, inter-ventricular septum, carotid intima-media thickness) in a large obese population on the basis of total weight loss (TWL), variation of visceral fat area (VFA), variation of peri-renal fat thickness and insulin resistance index ("Homeostasis Model Assessment-insulin resistance" - HOMA). In addition the investigators set themselves the objective of assessing whether the presence of comorbidities (diabetes and hypertension) can influence the effects of the intervention on the above parameters, and whether the levels of the NETs and of adipokines such as chemerin in the pre- and post-intervention can correlate with the metabolic-vascular dysfunction, and play a role in its eventual improvement.
Retrospective study with patients submitted to bariatric surgery between 2013 and 2016 at a single Institution. The objective was to analyze the incidence and causes of unexpected intraoperative findings and complications, change in surgical plan, extra surgeries and procedure interruption. All operative information was collected prospectively and aimed to describe any of the previous situations. Secondarily, a morbidity analysis was performed, correlating intraoperative complications with postoperative complications and length of stay.
Peripheral venous access is a prerequisite for anesthesiological for surgical patients.It is often difficult to establish and potentially painful in obese patients (Body mass Index > 35). AV300 uses near infrared laser light to improve visibility of peripheral veins and could help cannulating them. The aim of this study was to examine if use of Accuvein(®) AV300 vein viewer could facilitate venous cannulation in obese patients (surgical and obstetric).
The aims of the study are to perform psychological intervention using EMDR Therapy (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy) in the preoperative period, evaluate the personality of each patient through the PFB test (Personality Factor Battery Test) at different times, compare the results obtained in the PFB test at different times of application and verify the existence of changes in the five major Personality Factors: Neuroticism, Extroversion, Socialization, Realization and Openness.
Endoscopic gastric tubulization is currently proposed in the Digestive Surgery Department of the Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Strasbourg, France, to adult patients with morbid obesity. The procedure is performed using the CE marked endoscopic suture device Overstitch (Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, Tx. USA). It is standard practice since October 2016. The objective of this study is to prospectively collect data of patients who underwent an endoscopic gastric tubulization, from last visit before procedure to 2 years after procedure. These data are usually collected during medical consultations and will enable the evaluation of weight loss, quality of life and comorbidities improvement, reproducibility and durability of the technique.
The investigators are studying the use of a two-week very low calorie diet (VLCD) in obese general surgery patients in a randomized single-blinded trial. The investigators hypothesize that the VLCD will positively impact the perceived surgical difficulty, operative time, hospital length of stay and 30-day complications. Additionally, the investigators anticipate reduced perioperative blood glucose levels and a reduced need for perioperative insulin administration.
Changes to gastric pH, gastric emptying time, gastrointestinal transit-time or the pre-systemic metabolizing effect of enzymes secreted in the mucosa may all alter the pharmacokinetics of medicines. These factors are potentially influenced by bariatric surgery. Little is so far known about how gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy impacts the biological availability of medication. In this study the pharmacokinetic effects of bariatric surgery on paracetamol are investigated.
The primary objective of this study is to assess efficacy of intragastric balloon for weight loss in obese patients who also concurrently have NASH.