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The researchers will conduct a study for avoiding the metabolic syndrome in morbid obese patients. Thus, the aim of the present will be determine the effects of a resistance training programme (RT) in preventing or attenuating metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with morbid obesity. A second aim will be report the prevalence of non-responders in terms of improvements in MetS markers and other co-variables considered.
In this study to planned to research the efficacy of low-flow anesthesia on patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy due to morbid obesity on respiratory functions after surgery by examining FEV1 and FVC values and FEV1/FVC ratio.
This study evaluates whether adding home-based resistance training to a multidisciplinary specialist weight management service can promote weight loss and improve physical function, strength, power and quality of life in adults with severe obesity. The study also investigated whether performing resistance exercises as fast as possible can yield further improvements in physical function compared with traditional slow-speed resistance training. All recruited participants completed a 3-month home-based resistance training programme with behavioural support; half of the participants performed resistance exercises in a slow and controlled manner, whereas the other half performed resistance exercises with maximal intentional velocity.
The primary objective is to measure the impact of this treatment for patients with obesity of class I, or class II without co-morbidity, assessed by excess weight loss (EWL)>25%. The secondary objectives are to measure total body weight loss >5%, BMI reduction, tolerance, complications related to this technique in this indication. This study is a prospective, pilot, bi-center safety and efficacy study. 30 patients will be enrolled between APHM, Marseille et CHU L'Archet Nice
This is a 12 month prospective observational cohort study of the outpatient protein-sparing modified fast diet for children with severe obesity and serious comorbid condition(s). The study will enroll 30 Center for Healthy Weight and Nutrition patients aged 11-19 years who have been placed on a protein sparing modified fast as part of their treatment plan. The study-specific procedures consist of questionnaires/interviews on diet and PA behaviors, adherence and self-efficacy measures, data abstraction from the chart and tracking of activity using a Fitbit.
The main aim of this study was to examine whether introducing a work intervention into a traditional lifestyle rehabilitation program for persons with BMI above 30, would affect the participants' ability to work and their lifestyle change. The investigators wanted to find out how the participants experienced their health, workability and work capacity, quality of life, diet and self-efficacy before and during the intervention
To investigate the metabolic effects of a low carbohydrate versus energy-matched standard diet in morbidly obese individuals with prediabetes awaiting bariatric surgery.
The study is aimed - To quantify the change of adipose tissues, triglyceride in liver and pancreas and cholesterol after lifestyle intervention or bariatric surgery. - To test the hypothesis that Brown fat is an independent biomarker for the development of Non Alcoholic Fat Liver Disease (NAFLD) - To study the association among Brown fat, NAFLD and obesity.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver is a common clinical and histological condition associated with metabolic syndrome in patients with and without excess body weight. It represents the most common cause of liver disease in the western world and it is characterized by an excess accumulation of fatty vacuole within hepatocytes. Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and then into cirrhosis and its complications. The prevalence of hepatic steatosis goes from 16 to 31% in the general population, from 50 to 80% in the obese population and up to 96% in morbidly obese patients. As the majority of obese individuals have NAFLD, non-invasive and widely applicable screening tools for the assessment of liver fibrosis and steatosis are needed. The detection in early stages is the main predictive factor of the long-term outcome. Liver biopsy has traditionally been the gold standard for the assessment of patients with NAFLD, although the well-known limitations. Among the non-invasive tools available in the market, the FibroScan® (Echosens™, Paris, France) has been shown to be a useful tool for diagnosing fibrosis and steatosis in patients with suspected NAFLD. The FibroScan® is an ultrasound-based vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE™) device dedicated to liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP). Several clinical studies have shown the benefit of measuring hepatic stiffness with the FibroScan® in overweight/moderately obese persons. The ability to identify significant fibrosis and cirrhosis has been demonstrated in normal and overweight patients affected with chronic hepatitis B and C, biliary diseases, alcohol related liver disease and NAFLD. However, subcutaneous fat attenuates the transmission of shear waves into the liver and the ultrasonic signals used to measure their speed of propagation. When scanning morbidly obese patients (BMI≥35 kg/m²) with the XL+ probe, unreliable results occur mainly due to obesity. Therefore, the XL probe has been enabled to expand the applicability of the FibroScan® but, the realization of the XL+ examination is still very difficult in the case of morbidly obese patients. This is why to reduce this failure rate, Echosens has worked on developing the XXL probe specifically for measuring the LSM in morbidly obese patients.
The primary objective of this trial is to assess device function and safety, with secondary objectives including the feasibility.