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INTRODUCTION: About 6-8% of patients undergoing PCI have an indication for long-term oral anticoagulants (OACs) due to various conditions such as atrial fibrillation (AF), mechanical heart valves, or venous thromboembolism. The addition of single or double antiplatelet therapy to OACs therapy results in an increase in bleeding complications (1-4). The standard of care of management in this patients, indicated by 2017 ESC focused update on dual antiplatelet therapy in coronary artery disease (5), recommends the use of a triple therapy (Aspirin, clopidogrel and OAC) for 1-6 months (depending on the ischemic and hemorrhagic risk), then continue with double therapy only up to twelve month (Aspirin or clopidogrel and OAC) and after twelve months continue with the OAC only; the use of prasugrel or ticagrelor as part of triple therapy should be avoided (6). Only RELY study enrolled a small number of patients, less than one thousand, treated with dabigatran plus DAPT. Moreover, In the recent RCTs (WOEST(7), PIONEER AF-PCI study(8) and REDUAL-PCI(9)) only the double therapy (Aspirin or Clopidogrel/ticagrelor and DOAC) against triple therapy with warfarin was tested; and furthermore patients enrolled in RCTs represent only a small and not always representative sample of people treated in everyday clinical practice, who report a large burden of comorbidities and an older age. Randomized head to head comparison of warfarin and DOACs life-long (over 12 months from the PCI) have not been performed yet with clinical events as end points. AIMS: Aim of the present study is to describe the contemporary management of patients who underwent a PCI and have an indication to OAC for AF evaluating the different types of combination therapies used (triple therapy with warfarin or with DOAC, single anti-platelet therapy plus warfarin or DOAC) and their management in the first year after a PCI in a "real-life" setting. Secondary we would also evaluate the safety (in term of bleedings) and the efficacy (in term of ischemic and cardioembolic events) of the use of the different combination of single or double antiplatelet with OACs, in patients with coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicenter study including patients presenting with coronary artery disease (acute or stable setting) undergoing to PCI, in single or double antiplatelet therapy (aspirin, clopidogrel, ticagrelor, prasugrel, aspirin and clopidogrel, aspirin and ticagrelor, aspirin and prasugrel) with an indication to anticoagulant therapy (warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, edoxaban). The different groups will be compared with a propensity score analysis with matching. Primary (efficacy) end-points: - A composite end points including death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, revascularization stroke (MACE). - A composite end points including death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, revascularization, stroke and BARC [Bleedings according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium] 2,3,5 (7,8): all events mutually exclusive (NACE). Secondary end-points: Individual components of NACE; Cardiac death; Stroke; Target vessel revascularization (TVR) and non TVR and the number of the revascularization.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety and efficacy of collecting and infusing autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) in newborn infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and transposition of great arteries (TGA). Rationale: Neonates with HLHS and TGA have significant brain injury as demonstrated by peri-surgical MRI. Moreover, there a substantial tendency to suffer from chronic cardiac condition as low cardiac output state and valvular insufficiency. Treatment of neonates after hypoxic ischemic injury at birth with autologous UCB was shown to safe and improved developmental outcome. The effect of UCB is most likely achieved by reduction of free radicals injury and pro-inflammatory and apoptotic process. Hypothesis: Treatment with UCB immediately after the first cardiac surgey, with in the first week life will reduce the brain injury demonstrated by MRI and reduce the choronic cardiac problems
The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding dietary pulses. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from prospective cohort studies of the association between dietary pulses/legumes and cardiometabolic disease outcomes (incident cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and overweight/obesity).
In Singapore, hypertension is very common in the adult population. Hypertensive heart disease is a leading cause of heart failure and cardiovascular death. Current management relies primarily on achieving blood pressure targets. However, the optimal blood pressure goals are controversial and there are inherent difficulties in measuring blood pressure using external devices applied to peripheral arteries. As a result of (usually longstanding) hypertension, the heart thickens (i.e. hypertrophies) to maintain function. Ultimately, HF may occur due to long standing energy deficits, muscle injury/death and diffuse interstitial fibrosis (heart muscle scarring). In an ongoing study (REMODEL, ClinicalTrial.gov Identifier NCT02670031), we have been able to undertake preliminary analyses with respect to factors associated with the development of fibrosis. In this randomize controlled trial, we will be examining a novel therapy that has the potential to induce regression cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis.
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit and can be secondary to prematurity or congenital heart disease (CHD). PDA is the most common cardiovascular abnormality in preterm infants, and is seen in 55% of infants born at 28 weeks, and 1000 grams or less. In addition to producing heart failure and prolonged respiratory distress or ventilator dependence, PDA has been implicated in development of broncho-pulmonary dysplasia, interventricular hemorrhage, cerebral ischemia, and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In an Israeli population study 5.6% of all very low birth weight infants (VLBW) were diagnosed with NEC, and 9.4% of VLBW infants with PDA were found to have NEC. In a retrospective analysis of neonates with CHD exposed to Prostaglandin E found that the odds of developing NEC increased in infants with single ventricle physiology, especially hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The proposed pathophysiological explanation of NEC and PDA is a result of "diastolic steal" where blood flows in reverse from the mesenteric arteries back into the aorta leading to compromised diastolic blood flow and intestinal hypo-perfusion. Prior studies have demonstrated that infants with a hemodynamically significant PDA have decreased diastolic flow velocity of the mesenteric and renal arteries when measured by Doppler ultrasound, and an attenuated intestinal blood flow response to feedings in the post prandial period compared to infants without PDA. Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) has also been used to assess regional oxygen saturations (rSO2) in tissues such as the brain, kidney and mesentery in premature infants with PDA. These studies demonstrated lower baseline oxygenation of these tissues in infants with hemodynamically significant PDA. These prior NIRS studies evaluated babies with a median gestational age at the time of study of 10 days or less. It is unknown if this alteration in saturations will persist in extubated neonates with PDA at 12 or more days of life on full enteral feedings. In the present study the investigators hypothesize that infants with a PDA, whether secondary to prematurity or ductal dependent CHD, will have decreased splanchnic and renal perfusion and rSO2 renal/splanchnic measurements will be decreased during times of increased metabolic demand such as enteral gavage feeding. To test this hypothesis the investigators have designed a prospective observational study utilizing NIRS to record regional saturations at baseline, during feedings, and after feedings for 48 hours.
Rheumatic heart disease remains a major health problem in developing countries. It is the most important sequel of rheumatic fever and occurs in about 30% of patients with rheumatic fever.Rheumatic heart disease presents with different degrees of pancarditis and associated valve failure. Involvement of the mitral leaflets can cause mitral regurgitation (MR) or stenosis and eventually can lead to heart failure. Mitral repair or replacement is therefore recommended before left ventricular (LV) dysfunction develops. Study Objectives/Specific Aims Overall Goal: To determine the benefit the patient with pulmonary hypertension will get from mitral valve replacement as regard function improvement and remodeling of the right ventricle. - Objective1: Identify risk factors that are predictive of outcomes.(Type and severity of Mitral valve pathology , severity of pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid regurge, preoperative RV dysfunction) - Objective2: Determine the value of management strategies (Mitral valve replacement in pulmonary hypertension i.e. : decrease RV pressure overload and enhance RV remodeling) - Objective3: Assessment of the outcomes clinically & Echocardiographically : postoperative results during hospital stay and follow up (short term up to 3 months).
An observational study of physical activity patterns in 150 older adults with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED)
Conventionnal cadiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the reference to assess changes in right heart flow and pulmonary artery hemodynamics in patients with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot. 4D Flow CMR Imaging is a new imaging modality able to assess all of these parameters faster (8 min vs 30 min) and more comfortably. The aim of this study is to compare conventionnal CMR and 4D Flow CMR for the assessment of these parameters (ventricular volume, ventricular systolic function, and regurgitation of the pulmonary pathway).
The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, a dietary pattern that emphasizes fruits and vegetables, low-fat or non-fat dairy, limiting saturated fat intake and usually also recommends limiting sodium intake. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials of the relationship between the DASH dietary pattern and cardiometabolic risk.
This study will investigate the effects of curcumin on the structure/function of the body by investigating whether targeted improvement of intestinal barrier function by supplementation with oral curcumin will result in attenuation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation and/or intestinal inflammation.