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This 2-panel study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and corrected QT interval (QTc) effect of MK-8189 in healthy participants (Panel A) and in participants with schizophrenia (Panel B).
Background and study aims Psychosis and schizophrenia are common and costly mental health problems. Psychosis is the name given to a group of mental conditions in which cause people to perceive or interpret things differently from those around them. One of the most common causes of psychosis is schizophrenia, a condition that causes a range of psychological symptoms, including hallucinations (hearing and/or seeing things) and delusions (believing something that is not true). One of the main treatment options for psychosis and schizophrenia is long-term treatment with antipsychotic medication, but many patients still find life difficult. Antipsychotic drugs can also have dangerous and unpleasant side effects. Finding alternatives to long-term drug treatment is a priority for patients and services. This study is testing the effects of gradually reducing antipsychotic medication in people with schizophrenia, psychosis or similar conditions in order to see if it can help improve day-to-day functioning and how it affects their chance of suffering a relapse (worsening of their condition).
About 1 in 100 people will experience an episode of psychosis. Some people will only experience one 'psychotic episode' and about a quarter of people make a full recovery. Others will have recurring periods of problems ('relapses'), perhaps at times of particular stress. As people often find psychosis distressing, this study looks at ways to help them stay well in the future. There is growing evidence that 'early signs' interventions can prevent relapses of psychosis. Early signs are things that might happen when people start to become unwell. For example some people start to sleep badly when they are becoming unwell. Most people with psychosis can identify early signs emerging in the weeks before relapse. In early signs interventions, service users are taught to recognise early signs that their mental health may be deteriorating so that they can take action to avoid becoming unwell. Although early signs interventions show promise, the investigators suggest that they can be improved by more accurate assessment of relapse risk. This might be achieved by monitoring 'basic symptoms' in addition to conventional early signs of relapse. Basic symptoms are subtle, subclinical disturbances in one's experience of oneself and the world. Typical basic symptoms include: changes in perceptions, such as increased vividness of colour vision; impaired tolerance to certain stressors; difficulty finding or understanding common words. In this study the investigators want to design and test a mobile phone app to help monitor basic symptoms. They hope that the app might help service users to stay well in the future. During the study the investigators will ask participants to use the app once a week for 6 months. At the end of the study they will interview them about their experiences of using the phone app and participating in the study.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of ASP4345 on cognitive impairment compared to placebo using change from baseline in MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) neurocognitive composite score (excluding social cognition domain). The primary estimand will use a Hypothetical Strategy and compare participants as though the participant had continued on the assigned treatment and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of ASP4345 compared to placebo. This study will also evaluate the effects of ASP4345 compared to placebo on functional capacity using the University of California San Diego Performance-based Skills Assessment-2 Extended Range (UPSA-2-ER) total score and evaluate the pharmacokinetic profile of ASP4345 and its metabolites, if necessary.
This study investigates the effects of using a smartphone app to support shared decision making (SDM) for people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders in an outpatient treatment setting. Patients are randomized to specialized early intervention treatment with the Momentum app or without the app. The primary objective is to investigate the effect of the app on patient activation 6 months after baseline. Secondary outcomes are positive and negative symptoms, level of functioning; working alliance; self-efficacy; treatment satisfaction; hope; level of SDM; and perceived efficacy in patient-provider interaction. Explorative outcomes are self-perceived usefulness of the Momentum app.
Background There has been much interest in the relationship between the types of gut microbiota and the development of obesity in recent years. It has been reported that the proportions of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes differ between obese and normal weight human subjects. Human intestinal microbiota compositions have been found to be associated with long-term dietary habits and lifestyle. However, an increasing number of researches show that intestinal microbiota composition may be affected after short-term diet intervention. Importantly, obesity and metabolic problems play important roles in morbidity and mortality of schizophrenia patients. Human intestinal microbiota compositions related with obesity may impact the heath of this population. Therefore, we searched current advances about the connection of obesity, intestinal microbiota compositions, and diet in schizophrenia to conduct a clinical research focus on the effect of high fiber diet on the intestinal microbiota of schizophrenia patients with central obesity. Method We will investigate in a 4-week intervention whether consumption of dietary fiber supplement(Inulin) affect the microbiota composition in schizophrenia inpatients with central obesity. Fecal samples from participants before and after the intervention will be processed for the microbiota analysis.
The study was a 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Berberine (300 mg，three times a day), as an adjuvant therapy has been used on the basis of the Second-generation antipsychotics（SGAs） monotherapy. All participants were randomly divided into two groups.Any SGA + berberine (BBR) or any SGA +placebo.Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) has been used for psychiatric symptoms.The treatment Emergent Symptom Scale(TESS) has been used for evaluate adverse effects.Glucose and lipid profile, inflammatory factors，adiponectin，leptin were obtained at 0, 4,8 weeks.
This is a randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind clinical trial. The investigators aim to examine the safety and efficacy of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for the treatment of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in patients with schizophrenia who are not taking antipsychotic medication. The investigators employ a novel, accelerated protocol with only four sessions of low-frequency rTMS in one day. The effects of this accelerated protocol will be compared to the sham stimulation. Additionally, the investigators will examine the effects of rTMS on a neurophysiological level by evaluating mechanism of action in the temporo-parietal lobe by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging.
The overall objective of this project is to identify the neural signature of the impaired ability to relate socially seen in individuals with schizophrenia. A hypothesized path from the neural processes of social cognition, to social cognition assessed behaviorally, to real-life social interactions is examined. Secondary aims are to compare electrophysiological measures of high vs low level social cognition; to develop assessment methods of real-life behavior; and to increase the ecological validity of schizophrenia research. Much research within the field is devoid of personal meaning and interpersonal context. This project's use of personalized assessment allows for an ecologically valid approach to the social deficits of schizophrenia.
The effects of the ECT in schizophrenia ultra-resistant were studied in short times (4-6 months in most studies with follow-up). The literature identified a high relapse rate of 32% in the weeks to months after ECT discontinuation. The use of the ECT in the prevention of the relapse is partially known. In an empirical way, experts recommend protocols of prevention of the relapse going from 6 to 12 months. Nevertheless, the profit of a long cure (12 months) compared with a short cure (6 months) was never determined. Therefore, the investigators decided to lead a prospective randomized controlled study in order to compare the response rates between the two strategies of clozapine and ECT combinations applied to URS patients. The treatment consisted either in a short therapy of six months or a longer course of therapy of twelve months. To the investigators' knowledge, it is the first study which compares two ECT strategies (both the short duration and the longer one) for the treatment of URS patients.