There are about 19606 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in France. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Study the change of retrofoveolar choroidal thickness measured by optical coherence tomography during aerobic exercise inducing an increase in systolic blood pressure in healthy subjects.Ten healthy participants will perform an exercise (riding a bicycle ergometer) and will be examined with EDI-OCT. Each participant will be scanned before exercise, during the exercise and afterwards at 0 and 5 min. Each OCT measurement will be coupled to the arterial blood pressure evaluation.
The role of head posture has been demonstrated in patient with dentofacial deformities. However, the relationship between body posture and jaw disorders is unclear. Moreover, patients with obstructive sleep apnea have the same anatomical abnormalities than patients with dentofacial deformities. The aim of this study is to evaluate, firstly, nocturnal sleeping disorders among patients with jaw disorders. Secondly, the investigators aim to evaluate the interaction between body posture, breathing and dentofacial deformities. A polygraphy will be performed on patient with dentofacial deformities before and after correcting jaw surgery. A postural evaluation will be done using EOS imaging system and a force plate
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI), especially among young women. Up to 75% of C. trachomatis infected women are asymptomatic. If untreated, C. trachomatis infection can cause sequelae such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor infertility. C. trachomatis can also cause anorectal infections, which are typically asymptomatic. Among women with urogenital chlamydial infection, around 36-91% also had concurrent anorectal chlamydial. Notably, there was no association with anal intercourse in the studies that reported it. However, guidelines do not recommend routine anorectal testing, but restricted testing in people who are in high-risk groups, report anal sexual behavior, or have anal symptoms, i.e., on selective indications. This is in contrast to urogenital testing, which is a routine procedure in STI care services. The anal transmission of C. trachomatis in women may occur by autoinoculation from the vagina due to the close proximity of the vagina and the anus. C. trachomatis could lead to a persistent infection in the lower gastrointestinal tract, suggesting the potential role of autoinoculation of cervical chlamydial infection from the rectal site. Such (repeat) urogenital infections could lead to reproductive tract morbidity. Recommended treatments for C. trachomatis infections are a single 1g dose of azithromycin or 100mg of doxycycline 2 times a day for 7 days. Although these two regimens are equivalent for urogenital infection, no study has compared the effectiveness of these two treatments on anorectal infection. If rectal C. trachomatis is a hidden reservoir influencing transmission rates, and considering the potential complications of cervical infections, providing further evidence of the need for effective rectal treatments among women is highly relevant.
In hospitals, the improvement of working conditions is often considered secondarily to patient satisfaction. Previous studies, showing statistically significant relationships, suggested the impact of hospital departments' organization (staff / patient ratio, bed distribution, caregiver's assignment), of the work environment, and the working conditions on the infectious risk at the hospital departments. In addition, organizational hospital constraints and the organization of care could equally have a major impact on the physical and psychological health of care workers (stress, fatigue, job satisfaction). To date, available data suggest that determinants of occupational stress and fatigue are multifactorial. This research aims to develop an interdisciplinary approach to link two phenomena that are often studied independently while they are closely intertwined: working conditions and infectious risk in hospitals departments. Their main objective is to study the relationship between stress and caregiver fatigue at the work, organizational determinants and infectious risk for patients (healthcare-associated infections: HAIs) and for caregivers (blood exposure accidents: BEAs). The secondary objective is to analyze how the individual characteristics of the staff, the characteristics of their employment, and the overall organization in the hospital departments where they work interact to explain their physical and psychological state of health, on the one hand, and their behavior face to work (absenteeism, turnover and hand hygiene) on the other hand. The ultimate goal of this research is to be able to propose organizational strategies aimed at both reducing the probability of occurrence of healthcare-associated infections and preventing occupational risks for caregivers.
External Ventricular Deviation (EDV) is a medical device that provides transient and controlled external drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This device can also monitor intracranial pressure (ICP). SEV is an emergency measure indicated for acute hydrocephalus and / or intracranial hypertension (HTIC). Weaning from a DVE should be considered as soon as possible from the moment the patient's clinical condition allows it. There is no consensus on how to wean SEVs. The main objective of this study is to evaluate inter and intraobserver reproducibility of the measurement of the 3rd ventricle size by ultrasound in patients receiving a DVE withdrawal test.
The percentage of malignant prostate tumors detected very early is constantly increasing and the number of well differentiated tumors, with small volume and low risk of progression increases. When a tumor of this type is identified, radical prostatectomy remains the reference treatment, but this treatment is not without side effects. Active surveillance is a strategy which aims at detecting an early development of the cancerous disease in order to propose curative treatment in a timely manner and thus improve specific survival. Patients are therefore re-evaluated each year by rectal examination, PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) assay. Active surveillance remains difficult to manage psychologically for both the patient and the practitioner, because of the lack of treatment on the one hand and a rate of non-curable cancers close to 50% when signs of progression trigger a radical treatment. The aim of the focal treatment HIFU (High Intensity Focused Ultrasound) is to destroy the cancer without causing side effects in contrast to radical treatments. It is in this sense that it is positioned both as an alternative to radical surgery and as an alternative to active surveillance.
More and more studies aim to improve neurocognitive functioning in alcohol use disorder, but very few studies have focused on training-inhibitory-control efficacy on alcohol intake. Our program relies on a comprehensive model of addiction considering inhibition deficit as the hallmark of addiction. Our program proposes inhibition training on a task which does not refer to alcohol, combined with a debriefing promoting transferability of the enhanced skill and psychoeducation. In this perspective of aiming to retrain deficits involved in addiction in itself and not only due to alcohol toxicity. We propose an add-on single-blinded randomized controlled trial, in alcohol use disorder, assessing the efficacy of a computerized cognitive training program targeting inhibition as compared to treatment as usual.
Auditory brainstem response testing is necessary in children who are not able to be tested by classical audiogram, because of their age or an associated retarded psycho-motor development or behavioral and cognitive troubles. This test needs a perfect immobility of the child, ideally being asleep. This situation is sometimes impossible to achieve in non-cooperative children. Currently, in the Pediatric Hospital of Nice, the investigators have to do a general anesthesia to perform quality auditory response tests in this kind of patients. The alternative to a general anesthesia would be a reliable sedative drug, allowing the performance of this diagnostic exam without the need of a hospitalization. Dexmedetomidine is a sedative drug with an action on the α2 adrenergic receptors. It causes a rapid sedation, similar to the natural sleep and with minimal secondary effects. The possibility of an intranasal administration, avoids the pain and discomfort of a venous access insertion.
Antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents may lead to various cardio-vascular adverse reactions. This study investigates reports of cardio-vascular toxicities for treatment including Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification L (antineoplastic agents, endocrine therapy, immunostimulants, and immunosuppressants drugs) in the World Health Organization's (WHO) global database of individual safety case reports (VigiBase).
This study is a prospective observational study which aim to evaluate the feasibility of a total and systematic home respiratory rehabilitation training program in patients who will undergo thoracic surgery, and otherwise tend to define failure reasons.