View clinical trials related to Depression, Postpartum.Filter by:
This protocol will test the hypothesis that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is effective in reducing depressive and anxiety symptoms during the perinatal and postpartum periods. Participants should expect their participation in the study to last 9-12 months.
Preterm birth is a serious public health issue, affecting 10% of all births in the US alone. Three quarters of these infants are born between 34 0/7 and 36 6⁄7 weeks' gestation or late-preterm (LP). Mothers of LP infants are at increased risk for postpartum stress, depression and mother-infant interaction problems posing significant risks for infant development. Our proposed project will advance the fields of maternal and child health by examining the impact of the Newborn Behavioral Observations Family Wellness (NBO-FW), a dyadic, two generational intervention targeting maternal wellbeing and early mother-infant relations in families of LP born infants. The NBO-FW is a 12week preventative intervention aimed at promoting maternal mental health and positive parenting. It is based on the highly successful NBO intervention developed by our team and applied across five continents, but with important new elements targeting maternal mental health and the needs of high-risk LP infants and their families. Participants will consist of 200 first-time mothers and their LP infants (100 intervention and 100 control dyads) born at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), an urban teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School and the largest maternity care provider in Boston. Data will be collected at three time points: during the birth hospitalization, at a follow-up visit at 4-6 weeks corrected gestational age, and at a further visit 10-12 weeks after birth. Outcomes will include standardized measures of maternal stress, depression, parenting confidence, and observed mother-infant interaction. Information about infant health care practices and maternal/infant health will also be recorded. We hypothesize that, compared to mothers in the care as usual control group, first-time mothers of LP infants who receive the NBO-FW will demonstrate a) lower levels of stress and depression, b) greater parenting confidence, c) higher quality interactions with their infants (e.g., positive affect, sensitivity, responsiveness, emotional connection); and (d) engage in more optimal infant health care practices.
The study is a pilot randomized control trial of a validated intervention, Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) adapted for pregnancy, developed to reduce risk for postpartum depression. This study examines emotion regulation as a potential mechanism of action, at both the behavioral and neurobiological level, that carries forward to the postpartum period. A secondary mechanism of action to be explored is cognitive control. This study will also consider other potential influences on treatment response and psychiatric outcomes, including perinatal stress and depressive symptoms. The study population is pregnant women age 21-45.
Mental health symptoms - especially depression and anxiety - are very common in new parents, affecting close to 20% of mothers and at least 10% of fathers. When such symptoms progress to severe levels, they can be more difficult to treat. Early identification of symptoms and prompt treatment are ideal. Despite broad awareness that mental health symptoms in new parents are common, few systems are in place to automatically assess and monitor such symptoms. Evidence-based symptom surveys that can identify parents at risk for postpartum mental health disorders exist, and effective medication and non-medication treatment options are available. Yet, most primary care settings do not have systems in place to ensure that parents with mental health problems (and especially fathers) are identified and treated. This study will use a digital application with a customized website, electronic medical record and email integration to engage parents in assessing their mental health symptoms within weeks of the birth of their new baby. Electronic symptom surveys, sent on behalf of the family doctor, will be used to support proactive, personalized postpartum mental healthcare (P3MH). Responses will be used to enable a tailored care plan for the patient, including advice about options for referrals, treatment, and local community-based psycho-educational and/or social supports. This eHealth intervention includes a web-based application for parents and seamless integration in the EMR, so that when the family doctor sees the patient in clinic, relevant information is ready to be discussed. In this study, a co-design process will be carried with patients and health professionals to refine this eHealth intervention, and determine the usability, user experience, and perceived value of this process in terms of whether it enables mental health symptoms to be caught early and managed in the best way possible for each parent. The procedures will also be piloted for a future large-scale evaluation.
The long-term goal of this study is to validate a simple and inexpensive intervention to reduce the incidence and impact of Postpartum Depression (PPD). The central hypothesis is that enhancing social support of new mothers specifically via an organized peer get-together will decrease rates of postpartum depression. The rationale for the proposed research is that even though PPD is common and risk factors for developing PPD are known, simple and inexpensive interventions to prevent PPD need to be studied. Postpartum mothers will be recruited for the study and randomized into control versus intervention group. The intervention group will be placed in a peer discussion group. Incidence of PPD will be tracked.
Breastfeeding has various benefits for the mother and infant. It has the capability of reducing the risk of short term and long term problems for the infant, such as gastroenteritis, respiratory infections, type II diabetes and obesity, and of providing benefits for neurodevelopment. Breast milk offers even greater benefits for preterm infants. Some of the advantages of breastfeeding are related to the constituents of breast milk such as the macronutrients and bioactive factors, the hormones associated with breastfeeding such as oxytocin, and the behavioural aspects of breastfeeding (maternal sensitivity to infant cues). Despite these advantages, breastfeeding rates are below target levels mainly due to the challenges that women face that hinder breastfeeding success. Interventions aimed at improving policies, practices, and maternal support have been developed. However, other interventions that target specific modifiable barriers to breastfeeding can be useful. The aim of this study is to investigate a simple support intervention for breastfeeding mothers of late preterm infants on maternal stress reduction and infant weight gain. The investigators also aim to study the potential mechanisms by which this effect could be achieved (breast milk composition and volume, mother and infant behaviour).
the target of the research is development of a predictive tool for early identification of women which are at higher risk for development of postpartum depression. the evaluating tools include self portraits and questionnaire during the third trimester of pregnancy. The suggested research aims to evaluate if and how it would be possible to predict the potential for postpartum mood swing disorders in pregnant women while in the third trimester. The later to prevent the mother from enduring such a detrimental experience, which influences the child development, the family as well as the mother's intimate relationship. The aim is to identify indicators to predict such potential, using questionnaires and self-portraits during pregnancy, to allow early intervention and treatment. Early diagnosis and quick treatment of pregnant women or post-partum mothers will allow them a higher level of functioning and may even prevent eventually infant neurological and developmental delays and hardships.
Perinatal (around the time of birth) mental health disorders are common difficulties of pregnancy. Perinatal depression is made up of major and minor depressive events during pregnancy and the first 12 months after delivery. It is estimated that 11%-19% of mothers suffer from perinatal depression. However, rates may be significantly higher among some subpopulations. Left untreated, post partum depression (PPD) is linked with several significant negative health impacts on the mother, her infant, and their families. PPD is linked with lower quality maternal-child relationship, and this change in emotional attachment can lead to physiologic changes and poorer cognitive outcomes in the infant. The purpose of this study is to determine the maternal mental health effect of postpartum depression screening and intervention during infants' short term hospitalizations. The study is also aiming to define effects of PPD short term hospitalization interventions on maternal PPD follow up and child health based on well child care (WCC), emergency department (ED) visits, hospital readmissions, and parent's feelings on child's health.
It is recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Obstetric Practice that all obstetricians screen each women for postpartum depression and anxiety with a validated instrument. Although much effort is made, the contributing factors still lack in the literature due to its multi-factorial nature and complexity. In addition, the effects of prenatal education classes remain understudied. Therefore, this study aims to demonstrate the prevalence, characteristics and contributing factors of the postpartum depression. In addition, the change in prevalence and characteristics of the postpartum depression among women who had prenatal classes and not will also be assessed.
After the child birth most women experience major health issues such as depression, severe fatigue, back pain, perineal pain, mastitis, urinary or faecal incontinence, sexual problems and relationship problems with partners. That all lead to poorer emotional and mental health and factors contributing isolation, exhaustion and physical health problems. 'Sava Mahina (6-week period) is a traditional practice for postpartum women in India, which include special diet, lifestyle and supportive care. The current multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to evaluate outcomes of Indian postpartum care on women.