There are about 6250 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Australia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This is an open-label, dose escalation, first-in-human study of HLX20, an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody, in patients with metastatic or recurrent solid tumors who have failed standard therapy.
The PROTECT-ICD trial is a physician-led, multi-centre randomised controlled trial targeting prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients who have poor cardiac function following a myocardial infarct (MI). The trial aims to assess the role of electrophysiology study (EPS) in guiding implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation, in patients early following MI (first 40 days). The secondary aim is to assess the utility of cardiac MRI (CMR) in analysing cardiac function and viability as well as predicting inducible and spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmia when performed early post MI. Following a MI patients are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). The risk is highest in the first 40 days; however, current guidelines exclude patients from receiving an ICD during this time. This limitation is based largely on a single study, The Defibrillator in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (DINAMIT), which failed to demonstrate a benefit of early ICD implantation. However, this study was underpowered and used non-invasive tests to identify patients at high risk. EPS identifies patients with the substrate for re-entrant tachyarrhythmia, and has been found in multiple studies to predict patients at risk of SCD. Contrast-enhanced CMR is a non-invasive test without radiation exposure which can be used to assess left ventricular function. In addition, it provides information on myocardial viability, scar size and tissue heterogeneity. It has an emerging role as a predictor of mortality and spontaneous ventricular arrhythmia in patients with a previous MI. A total of 1,058 patients who are at high risk of SCD based on poor cardiac function (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%) following a ST-elevation or non-STE myocardial infarct will be enrolled in the trial. Patients will be randomised 1:1 to either the intervention or control arm. In the intervention arm all patients undergo early EPS. Patients with a positive study (inducible ventricular tachycardia cycle length ≥200ms) receive an ICD, while patients with a negative study (inducible ventricular fibrillation or no inducible VT) are discharged without an ICD, regardless of the LVEF. In the control arm patients are treated according to standard local practice. This involves early discharge and repeat assessment of cardiac function after 40 days or after 90 days following revascularisation (PCI or CABG). ICD implantation after 40 days according to current guidelines (LVEF≤30%, or ≤35% with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II/III symptoms) could be considered, if part of local standard practice, however the ICD is not funded by the trial. A proportion of trial patients from both the intervention and control arms at >48 hours following MI will undergo CMR to enable correlation with (1) inducible VT at EPS and (2) SCD and non-fatal arrhythmia on follow up. It will be used to simultaneously assess left ventricular function, ventricular strain, myocardial infarction size, and peri-infarction injury. The size of the infarct core, infarct gray zone (as a measure of tissue heterogeneity) and total infarct size will be quantified for each patient. All patients will be followed for 2 years with a combined primary endpoint of non-fatal arrhythmia and SCD. Non-fatal arrhythmia includes resuscitated cardiac arrest, sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) in participants without an ICD. Secondary endpoints will include all-cause mortality, non-sudden cardiovascular death, non-fatal repeat MI, heart failure and inappropriate ICD denial. Secondary endpoints for CMR correlation will include (1) the presence or absence of inducible VT at EP study, and (2) combined endpoint of appropriate ICD activation or SCD at follow up. It is anticipated that the intervention arm will reduce the primary endpoint as a result of prevention of a) early sudden cardiac deaths/cardiac arrest, and b) sudden cardiac death/cardiac arrest in patients with a LVEF of 31-40%. It is expected that the 2-year primary endpoint rate will be reduced from 6.7% in the control arm to 2.8% in the intervention arm with a relative risk reduction (RRR) of 68%. A two-group chi-squared test with a 0.05 two-sided significance level will have 80% power to detect the difference between a Group 1 proportion of 0.028 experiencing the primary endpoint and a Group 2 proportion of 0.067 experiencing the primary endpoint when the sample size in each group is 470. Assuming 1% crossover and 10% loss to follow up the required sample size is 1,058 (n=529 patients per arm). To test the hypothesis that tissue heterogeneity at CMR predicts both inducible and spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmias will require a sample size of 400 patients to undergo CMR. It is anticipated that the use of EPS will select a group of patients who will benefit from an ICD soon after a MI. This has the potential to change clinical guidelines and save a large number of lives.
This study is conducted to evaluate the performance of a rapid, point-of-care in vitro diagnostic device (Sinu-Test™) for the qualitative detection of the three most common pathogens responsible for causing bacterial sinusitis.
This is a Phase II, multicenter, open-label, randomized study to compare the efficacy of venetoclax in combination with fulvestrant compared with fulvestrant alone in women with ER+, HER2-negative, inoperable, locally advanced or MBC who experienced disease recurrence or progression during or after treatment with CDK4/6i therapy for at least 8 weeks.
The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate digitally supported skin self-examination compared to usual care in people treated for localised melanoma. Patients may be eligible to join this study if they are aged 18 years or above, have been treated for stage 0/I/II melanoma and are attending regular melanoma surveillance follow-ups at the Melanoma Institute Australia (MIA), Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPAH) or the Newcastle Skin Check Clinic. People who are found to be eligible and who consent to participate will be randomised (allocated by chance) to the intervention or usual care in a 1:1 ratio. Usual care group will receive an educational booklet on early melanoma and the usual number of routine clinic visits. In addition to usual care, participants allocated to the intervention group will be required to download a skin checker App to their smartphone and will use a mobile dermatoscope to perform total body skin self-examinations every 2 months for 12 months in total. Email and SMS reminders will also be sent every two months to participants in the intervention group. Participants will be documented on how well they are able to perform a self skin examination, their levels of melanoma-related anxiety, the number of skin lesions biopsied or removed, and the costs of follow-up to the participant and to the healthcare system. Frequent follow-up of localised melanoma is time and resource intensive, and has not shown improved outcomes. This pilot study will provide evidence on which model is best for follow-up care after treatment for localised melanoma.
Adalimumab is an immunosuppressive drug that belongs to the family of anti-TNF agents. It contains a monoclonal antibody produced by biotechnology. It is designed to bind to tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a substance that is involved in several auto-immune processes. By binding to TNF, adalimumab blocks its activity, reducing the severity of various chronic inflammatory diseases including Rheumatoid Arthritis, Plaque Psoriasis and others. Often, the high cost of biologic products may preclude access to the treatment to a big portion of the population worldwide. A biosimilar product that provides comparable safety and efficacy at more affordable cost would fulfill a broader medical need. Humira has been available on the market for several years. Recently, a higher concentration (100 mg/mL) formulation has been introduced in major markets. Alvotech is developing AVT02, that is a proposed biosimilar of adalimumab containing high concentration (100 mg/mL) of active ingredient. The objective of this clinical trial is to assess the similarity of AVT02 (100 mg/mL) with Humira (100 mg/mL), in terms of tolerability, safety (including immunogenicity) and compare the pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers.
This first-in-human, Phase 1, single-center study will evaluate single ascending doses (SAD) and multiple ascending doses (MAD) of RTA 1701 conducted in 2 parts. Part 1 (SAD) of this study will be conducted in approximately 56 healthy participants in up to 7 groups. Each group will consist of up to 8 participants who will be randomized in a 3:1 ratio to receive a single dose of RTA 1701 or placebo, respectively. Safety, tolerability, and available pharmacokinetics in each group will be assessed by the Safety Monitoring Committee prior to dose escalation. Part 2 (MAD) of this study will be conducted in approximately 30 healthy participants in up to 3 groups and will commence after safety data for the highest dose in the SAD phase has been evaluated. Each group will consist of up to 10 participants who will be randomized in a 4:1 ratio to receive 14 daily doses of RTA 1701 or placebo, respectively. Safety, tolerability, and available pharmacokinetics will be assessed in each dosing group prior to dose escalation
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of an oral solution of CDX-6114 when administered as a single dose in healthy volunteers.
This is a clinical evaluation to assess the safety and performance of the Zenflow Spring System when used as intended to relieve symptoms of obstructive Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
Study of Multiple Doses of PRS-060 Administered by Oral Inhalation in Subjects with Mild Asthma