View clinical trials related to Ulcerative Colitis.Filter by:
A new subcutaneous infliximab formulation is being developed by Celltrion, Inc. as an alternative to the intravenous regimen where subcutaneous infliximab injection typically takes less than 2 minutes. The availability of a subcutaneous formulation of infliximab would increase the treatment options available to patients, particularly those wishing to self-administer their therapy [Jackisch et al. 2014]. This Phase 1 randomized, open-label, multicenter, parallel-group study is designed to evaluate efficacy, pharmacokinetics and safety between CT-P13 SC and CT-P13 IV in patients with active CD or active UC.
The main objective of this project is to demonstrate the utility of a biomarker of efficacy for the biologics, adalimumab or vedolizumab, in Ulcerative colitis (UC) by coupling vedolizumab to a fluorescent component, FITC (Fluorescein isothiocyanate) , and adalimumab to rhodamine. This project should allow the development of a biomarker of therapeutic efficacy for vedolizumab and adalimumab that can be used in a single time-frame in vivo in humans, while respecting manufacturing standards and Good manufacturing procedures.
This study monitors the efficacy and safety of Golimumab in maintaining deep remission and quality of life in Ulcerative Colitis patients in deep prolonged remission with Infliximab. Patients will be followed up for one year and they will be assessed with biochemical tests (C-Reactive Protein , Full Blood Count , Faecal Calprotectin),endoscopic evaluation (MAYO Score) and finally histologically.
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a relapsing chronic intestinal inflammation with no existing cure, that affects over 300 per 100.000 Canadians, the highest prevalence in the world. This disease leads to a significant economic burden due to frequent hospitalizations, continuous use of expensive medications to prevent flares, work losses. It also has a significant impact on the quality of life, a risk of colectomy and development of colorectal carcinoma. The standard drug therapies are expensive and potentially toxic, and mostly directed against the chronic inflammatory process. Relatively little is known about the pathogenesis of UC. One of the hypotheses is that UC is the result of a dysbiosis between disease-inducing and protective intestinal bacteria in a genetically susceptible host. Non-digestible dietary carbohydrates (NDC) stimulate the growth of protective endogenous intestinal bacteria which ferment them into short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), some of the latter with natural anti-inflammatory properties, and are called prebiotics. NDC are very inexpensive versus the standard drugs for UC and are easier to administer than probiotics. The investigator was the first to report that oral intake of NDC, the dietary β-fructans inulin plus fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), reduced colitis in a genetically-induced rat colitis model. Both inulin and FOS reduced colitis, each NDC modifying specific luminal microbiota. A small trial with the same mixture of NDC in patients with active UC relapsing on oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) showed a dose-dependent clinical response, confirming the transnational potential of this NDC mixture. The investigators propose a randomized placebo-controlled trial to assess if inulin plus FOS can also prevent such relapses in UC patients with inactive disease on stable maintenance drugs. Primary hypothesis is that inulin plus FOS is effective adjunct therapy to standard drugs for maintaining clinical remission. The second hypothesis is that the colonic microflora and its metabolic function, altered by inulin plus FOS, or not, mediate protection or relapse in UC. The longitudinal design of this maintenance prevention study and by serially collecting colon biopsies, stool, serum and urine within the same patient before a relapse (inflammation) occurs, would enable to identify unique changes in the intestinal microbiota, their metabolic functions and also assess effects on host-immune response that are associated with remission or before a relapse occurs during treatment with beta-fructans, or not.
The primary purpose of this study is to determine if single and multiple doses of BMS-986184 are safe and well tolerated in healthy male and female subjects. The primary purpose of the proof of mechanism study is to determine safety and efficacy in patients with ulcerative colitis.
Vedolizumab (VDZ) is a humanized immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody acting against α4β7 integrin which modulates lymphocyte trafficking in the gut. Results from the adult GEMINI-1 and GEMINI-2 trials demonstrated clinical efficacy in induction and maintenance of remission in both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), respectively. Recent real life cohorts in adults support the effectiveness of VDZ in inducing and maintaining remission, both in CD and UC. In pediatrics, there are very limited data on the use of VDZ besides two retrospective case series. Data on immunogenicity and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of VDZ is conflicting in adults and practically non-existent in children. The investigators aim to prospectively explore the real life short and longer term outcomes of VDZ in pediatric IBD (including growth) and to develop a prediction model for treatment success based on VDZ trough levels and other clinical and laboratory variables.
Molecular imaging with infliximab antibody with FITC has the potential to predict therapeutic responses to infliximab antibody and can be used for personalized medicine in ulcerative colitis.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Phosphatidylcholine (LT-02) add on treatment is effective and safe for the induction of remission in ulcerative colitis patients refractory to standard treatment with mesalamine
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the development of anti-drug antibody to biosimilar CT-P13 and to assess the change of drug concentration for 1 year in patients with moderately to severe inflammatory bowel disease.
Colitis is inflammation of the large bowel and it is often caused by conditions known as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. In these conditions, the body has an exaggerated inflammatory response against the bowel - the body attacks the bowel. Patients who have had colitis affecting most of the large bowel for more than 8 years are at increased risk of cancer of the large bowel. In view of this, many national gastroenterology organisations have recommended that such patients have regular colonoscopies to detect pre-cancerous areas and even early cancer in the large bowel. Early detection of such areas, will lead to early treatment thereby reducing the risk of developing significant large bowel cancer. These regular colonoscopies are known as surveillance colonoscopies. Official international guidelines for surveillance in patients with ulcerative and Crohn's colitis advise to take 4 random samples of large bowel tissue (biopsies) every 10 centimeters and of any suspicious areas. Recent studies have shown that spraying dye such as indigo carmine (a type of food dye) helps highlight abnormal areas that could harbor pre-cancerous cells. This technique is time-consuming, and tedious. There are no set standards of what is considered a satisfactorily completed dye spray colonoscopy. The uptake of this technique in the UK has not been uniform. Therefore virtual chromoendoscopy has been studied as an alternative method to improve the detection of pre-cancerous tissue in patients with longstanding colitis.