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Clinical Trial Summary

Current literature on prehabilitation is broad and heterogenous. Ploussard et al initiated a multimodal one-day prehabilitation program in patients before robotic radical prostatectomy involving urology nurses, anaesthetic nurses, oncology nurse specialists, anesthesiologists, dieticians, physiotherapists etc, and observed significant improvement in terms of reduction in length of stay, blood loss, and operative time, and an increase in the proportion of ambulant surgery. Santa Mina et al observed that patients following a home-based moderate-intensity exercise prehabilitation program prior to radical prostatectomy were more fit i.e have a greater score on the 6 minutes' walk test, four weeks postoperatively compared to a control group. Regrettably, this study couldn't demonstrate a difference in length of stay or complication rate. To date, evidence for efficacy of prehabilitation in gynaecological cancer patients is limited. Several reviews and a meta-analysis indicate that the level of evidence suggesting that prehabilitation may improve postoperative outcomes is low. Moreover, there is a wide variability in applied preoperative prehabilitation programs i.e, with a uni- or multimodal approach, home-based or supervised, differences in intensity and a variety of outcomes. Therefore, there is a need for randomized controlled trials with low risk of bias and clearly defined outcome parameters to clarify the potential benefit of prehabilitation for patients Hence, the primary goal of this randomized pilot study is to determine the feasibility of the implementation of a multimodal prehabilitation program in patients undergoing robotic oncologic urological or gynaecological surgery in a Belgian tertiary center in terms of protocol adherence and recruitment rate.


Clinical Trial Description

The main elements of established enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) include a minimally invasive surgical approach when feasible, locoregional analgesia, limited use and duration of drains, minimized blood loss and perioperative fluid administration, early oral re-nutrition, respiratory physiotherapy, and early mobilization. These pathways have demonstrated to be beneficial in the oncological surgery field by reducing hospitalization costs and peri-operative complications, while maintaining suitable oncological and functional outcomes. It has to be emphasized that patients who are active and well-functioning prior to surgery, have fewer complications, recuperate faster, and experience better recovery compared to their less fit counterparts. Recently, prehabilitation as a strategy to begin the rehabilitation process before surgery gains more interest. Although there is no single definition of prehabilitation available, this intervention aims to actively prepare patients before surgery through exercise, nutritional support, psycho-cognitive training or a combination thereof. Current literature on prehabilitation is broad and heterogenous. Ploussard et al initiated a multimodal one-day prehabilitation program in patients before robotic radical prostatectomy involving urology nurses, anaesthetic nurses, oncology nurse specialists, anesthesiologists, dieticians, physiotherapists etc, and observed significant improvement in terms of reduction in length of stay, blood loss, and operative time, and an increase in the proportion of ambulant surgery. Santa Mina et al observed that patients following a home-based moderate-intensity exercise prehabilitation program prior to radical prostatectomy were more fit i.e have a greater score on the 6 minutes' walk test, four weeks postoperatively compared to a control group. Regrettably, this study couldn't demonstrate a difference in length of stay or complication rate. To date, evidence for efficacy of prehabilitation in gynaecological cancer patients is limited. Several reviews and a meta-analysis indicate that the level of evidence suggesting that prehabilitation may improve postoperative outcomes is low. Moreover, there is a wide variability in applied preoperative prehabilitation programs i.e, with a uni- or multimodal approach, home-based or supervised, differences in intensity and a variety of outcomes. Therefore, there is a need for randomized controlled trials with low risk of bias and clearly defined outcome parameters to clarify the potential benefit of prehabilitation for patients Hence, the primary goal of this randomized pilot study is to determine the feasibility of the implementation of a multimodal prehabilitation program in patients undergoing robotic oncologic urological or gynaecological surgery in a Belgian tertiary center in terms of protocol adherence and recruitment rate. Study design This is an observer-blind, randomized controlled, superiority trial. All participants will receive standardized perioperative care according to established ERAS protocols (main elements include a minimally invasive surgical approach when feasible, locoregional analgesia, limited use and duration of drains, minimized blood loss and perioperative fluid administration, early oral re-nutrition, respiratory physiotherapy, and early mobilization). The standard preoperative pathway includes risk assessment, medication management and perioperative blood management. Randomization Patients will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either of the two study groups: an intervention group undergoing the prehabilitation program and a control group. A block randomization of 4, stratified per type of surgery, will be performed using a computer-generated random allocation sequence, created by the study statistician. Allocation numbers will be sealed in opaque envelopes, which will be opened in sequence by an unblinded member of the study team after enrollment of a patient into the study. The randomization list will remain with the study statistician for the whole duration of the study. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05671094
Study type Interventional
Source Jessa Hospital
Contact bjorn stessel, MD, PhD
Phone 003211222107
Email bjorn.stessel@jessazh.be
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 2, 2023
Completion date December 31, 2024

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