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Clinical Trial Summary

This study is the early detection of prostate cancer by analysing circulating bloodbased biomarkers. Based on our latest developments, we primarily aim to assess the validity of CTCs (circulating tumour cells) and tumour cell products circulating in blood (DNA, exosomes) for early PCa (Prostate cancer) detection. In the first discovery period, the investigators will assess which Liquid biopsy marker will provide the best discrimination between the patients with histologically proven PCa and age-matched noncancer controls. Further subset analysis with special emphasis on the identification of high risk PCa patients with aggressive tumours as defined by a Gleason score ("gold standard") of 8 or higher (ISUP 4 and higher), will be performed. The resulting biomarker candidates will then be further explored in the subsequent training and validation study (years 2 and 3) in order to obtain the single blood test or combination of tests with the highest sensitivity and specificity for detection of early PCa and/or high-risk PCa. The investigators will also compare these new biomarkers with recently FDA cleared CE-IVD assays for early detection of prostate cancer, based on classic peripheral tumour markers, such as Prostate Health Index (PHI) and PCA3. Follow up evaluations will be initiated to assess the prognostic relevance of the candidate biomarkers determined in this project. Here, the investigators will set up the data management system including all relevant information on the tissues collected and the results of the analyses as well as the clinical data of the patients investigated in this study.

Clinical Trial Description

In this preclinical validation study patients suspicious of prostate cancer who will undergo initial prostate biopsy are going to be asked for blood samples during a routine visit. Each patient will have had an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) as part of the care before performing the biopsy. The investigators will draw a total of 49 ml peripheral blood from consented patients before the initial diagnostic biopsy is taken. Within this project, validation of liquid biopsy assays for early detection of prostate cancer patients is the primary goal. In order to determine CTC numbers, 21 ml of blood will be subjected to either CTC-Capture, and 28 ml for the EPIDROP analysis according to standard protocol (For analysis of circulating blood products plasma, analysis of tumor specific mutations or promotor methylation, analysis of extracellular vesicles and microRNA). The investigators will also analyze the Prostate Health Index marker from the additional EDTA tube (7 ml). The investigators will assess whether CTC counts and/or detection of tumor specific blood products will provide discrimination between the men with histologically proven prostate cancer and agematched non-cancer controls as well as identification of high-risk PCa patients. Furthermore, the investigators will compare results from tested liquid biopsy assay with current standard of early prostate cancer detection using both serum PSA and digital rectal examination, MRImp and PSA density. The discovery phase is a non-blind study on 70 subjects with elevated PSA, and 50 negative controls (Healthy patients no suspicion of prostate cancer; PSA<2.5). The 70 patients are patients with suspected prostate cancer and will undergo prostate biopsy. The samples will be tested for the 3 biomarkers (CTCs, cfDNA, exosome). The validation study is a non-blind study on 167 subjects with elevated PSA and designated for a biopsy (this biopsy may be positive (presence of cancer) or negative (no cancer revealed by the biopsy)), and 33 negative controls. The samples will be tested with the best biomarkers or biomarker combination selected in the discovery phase. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04556916
Study type Interventional
Source University Hospital, Montpellier
Phone +33 4 11 75 99 31
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date February 19, 2021
Completion date September 15, 2033

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