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Background: In non-invasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), oxygen pulse (O2P) is defined as oxygen uptake divided by heart rate and is equal to the product of stroke volume and oxygen extraction by cells. As per, the O2P indicates the capability of oxygen consumption of whole body tissues and cells per heart beat. During exercise, the O2P changes can be deemed as the stroke volume changes as the oxygen extraction by muscle cells are normal. Hence, CPET-O2P can be non-invasively and continuously used to monitor the stroke volume changes during exercise. O2P value (i.e., % of predicted) is related to the severity and prognosis of heart failure and to the severity of constraint of the heart caused by exercise-induced hyperinflation or air trapping in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, O2P plateau pattern is not uncommonly encountered in the daily practice. Hypothesis and aims: O2P patterns during incremental exercise are seldom investigated although they have been hypothesized that the plateau or decreasing patterns are related to myocardial failure or ischemia. In this proposal, the O2P patterns are to be thoroughly investigated: (1) the patterns in norms, patients with heart failure and COPD, (2) the relationship between the O2P pattern and cardiac function and/or myocardial ischemia in patients with heart failure and COPD. As yet there are no relative reports on the O2P pattern and its possible mechanisms in the literature, the results of the proposal might tremendously impact the interpretation strategy of CPET reports. Methods: Multidisciplinary, prospective, comparative cross-sectional study is designed. Subjects aged from 40-85 years with the BMI of 18-28kg/m2 are to be enrolled: sample sizes of the norms, heart failure and COPD groups are 10, 20, and 20, respectively, equally distributed in two years. The definitions of COPD and heart failure with NYHA class I-III are according to the GOLD and ESC guidelines, respectively。All the three groups undergo CPET-NIRS, echocardiography, and the first pass and myocardial perfusion studies using Tc-99. The primary measurements are the O2P patterns and the cardiac function measured with echocardiography, the first pass and myocardial perfusion studies and air trapping in the lungs.。 Statistical analysis: For normal continuous data, t-test or ANOVA is used. For non-normal data, the Mann-Whitney test is used. The chi-square test or Fisher's exact test is used to compare the proportion of categorical variables between the two groups. A p value of less than .05 is considered to be statistically significant. Statistical procedures are performed using the SAS software package version 9.3.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05189301
Study type Observational
Source Chung Shan Medical University
Status Completed
Start date January 1, 2019
Completion date May 27, 2021

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