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The overarching goal of this project is to determine whether the effect of gut microbiota on human metabolism might be mediated by short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and whether the SCFA might modulate lipid metabolism.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether an intervention targeting healthy habit development reduces the risk and prevalence of obesity in low-income mothers and children. The study intends to evaluate whether the intervention, delivered in the context of home visitation services for low-income families, reduces weight gain and risk factors associated with parent and childhood obesity compared to those receiving standard home visitation services.
The Wellness Champions for Change (WCC) study aims to reduce pediatric obesity among students who attend schools in Maryland by training teacher and student-led wellness teams to increase opportunities for physical activity and healthy eating at school. The study uses a cluster randomized design to allocate 6 schools (3 elementary, 3 middle) in 5 school systems to one of 3 arms: "A" (teacher and student training), "B" (teacher training only), and "C") (delayed teacher training/control). Approximately 36 3rd/6th graders and their caregivers ("evaluation cohort"), 15 4th/7th graders ("student leaders"), and 20 teachers from each school will be recruited in the spring before the intervention. All schools will identify a teacher "Wellness Champion" who will coordinate intervention activities. In "A" and "B" schools, wellness champions will attend a training to learn how to build a wellness team and create more opportunities for students to make healthy choices. In "A" schools, student leaders ("Student Wellness Champions") will meet weekly during lunch with a health educator to receive training as peer leaders and help the Wellness Champion with wellness initiatives. Student leaders in "B" and "C" schools will receive a monthly general Adolescent Health Curriculum. To assess the impact of the teacher and student-led interventions, the evaluation cohort will be followed for 2.5 years, with measures including: anthropometry (height/weight), 7-day accelerometry (physical activity), and validated questionnaires to assess healthy eating. Student leaders will be followed for 1.5 years to assess the impact of their participation, with measures including: anthropometry, 7-day accelerometry, validated questionnaires to assess healthy eating, and validated questionnaires and focus groups to assess leadership/advocacy skills. Teachers will complete validated questionnaires to investigate their perceptions of the school environment, classroom practices, and role modeling skills. Prior to data collection and analysis, participants will be assigned an identification number, and all documents linking participant information to identification numbers will be locked/ password-protected.
This study investigates the effect of a low energy-density dietary prescription as compared to MyPlate recommendations in preschool children at risk for obesity.
Pediatric obesity has been increasing in prevalence, but concerns have been raised around the world because no treatment has been found. Recently, however, research on gut microbiome has begun to become a new alternative. It has been shown that changes in the microbiome in adults may induce obesity. However, the results on children are still scarce. Unlike adults, children have few external factors such as alcohol, tobacco, stress, and cancer, making them suitable for obesity-related gut microbiome studies. The investigators will use Illumina MiSeq platform for 16s rRNA metagenomics profiling in children. In this study, the investigators aimed to analyze the relationship between pediatric obesity, gut microbiome profile, blood biomarkers relevant to metabolic syndrome, and nutrient intake data.
The QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth (QUALITY) Cohort study is a unique and comprehensive longitudinal study of 630 Caucasian children and their parents that was designed to investigate the natural history and determinants of childhood obesity and its cardiometabolic consequences.
The purpose of this clinical trial is to identify the most effective strategy for intervention to change behaviors and affect weight status in obese children 2-5 years of age within the context of early childhood education centers.
Neonates delivered by scheduled Cesarean Section will be randomized to receive vaginal seeding (exposing the infant to Mother's vaginal flora) or sham. Infants will be followed for three years to examine health outcomes including microbiome development, immune development, metabolic outcomes, and any adverse events.
Myoinositol (MI) and D-chiro inositol (DCI) are isomeric forms of inositol that were found to have insulin-like properties, acting as second messengers in the insulin intracellular pathway; both of these molecules are involved in the increasing insulin sensitivity of different tissues to improve metabolic and ovulatory functions. Myoinositol is the predominant form that can be found in nature and food. Inositol has been mainly used as a supplement in treating several pathologies such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and gestational diabetes (GDM). In the case of GDM, a condition defined as a glucose impairment first detected in pregnancy, a preventive role of inositol for GDM onset was recognized. In addition, inositol has been studied as a therapeutic option for the treatment of GDM and T2DM. The main effect of inositol is decreasing the level of insulin resistance. Consequently, a potential role of inositol as a treatment option could be hypothesized for other conditions typically characterized by insulin resistance like metabolic syndrome and obesity. Zinc also plays an important role in insulin action and carbohydrate metabolism. It may also have a protective role in the prevention of atherogenesis. Several human studies have demonstrated that Zinc supplementation reduces total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, in addition to increasing the HDL cholesterol levels. Studies have shown that diabetes is accompanied by hypozincemia and high levels of Zinc in urine. In addition Zinc is also an integral part of key anti-oxidant enzymes and Zinc deficiency impairs their synthesis, resulting in increased oxidative stress. A supplementation with Myo-Inositol and Zinc could represent a valid strategy in paediatric obesity in addiction to a standard approach. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the supplementation of Myo-inositol and Zinc in the treatment of paediatric obesity.
This study is investigating the impact of a skills training program in stimulus control of meals and snacks on zBMI. Participants will be randomized to a standard family-based obesity treatment intervention with education on child health or a standard family-based obesity treatment intervention with experiential learning about meal stimulus control strategies.