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Clinical Trial Summary

Patients with heart attack or heart injury are tested (angiogram) for blockages in their arteries. Many patients develop heart problems caused by damage to small (microvascular) blood vessels. These issues are also relevant to patients with coronarvirus-19 disease (COVID-19). Eplerenone reduces blood vessel injury and is used to treat heart failure. Aim: to test the use of eplerenone in patients with heart attack/heart injury who have small vessel disease, including patients with COVID-19 Patients referred to the Golden Jubilee hospital with a suspected heart attack heart / injury will be invited to participate into a registry-based clinical trial. Screening, enrolment and verbal, informed consent will be obtained during the angiogram then written consent on the ward. Small vessel disease will be assessed using a 'diagnostic' guidewire during the standard angiogram. People with small vessel problems will be allocated to a clinical trial of usual care or eplerenone. Coronary microvascular dysfunction is defined as an index of microvascular resistance ≥25. Coronary flow reserve (CFR abnormal <2.0) and resistance reserve ratio (RRR abnormal <2.0), measured simultaneously with IMR, are predefined parameters of interest. Patients will be allocated into one of the 3 groups: - Group 1: Patients without coronary microvascular dysfunction. No eplerenone - Group 2: Patient with coronary microvascular dysfunction. Usual care, no eplerenone. - Group 3: Small vessels abnormal. Eplerenone tablets. The primary outcome for the trial will be reduced heart injury (biomarkers) in patients with microvascular disease. We will also test heart function (MRI scan) at enrolment and at six months. All patients (Groups 1, 2 and 3) will have an angiogram. Standard blood tests will be collected during the hospital stay, and then again at 1 and 6 months. Other outcomes include questionnaires (health status). We will gather information on longer-term health outcomes (hospitalisation, death) using confidential electronic record linkage. We will ask for permission to store blood samples for future research. The research will improve scientific knowledge about eplerenone therapy in this patient group. The study will create a repository of clinical samples and images which will provide vital data for studies of COVID-19.

Clinical Trial Description

Background: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) involves vascular dysfunction, prognosis is impaired and specific treatments are lacking. Mineralocorticoid antagonist (MRA) therapy attenuates left ventricular remodelling in patients with acute MI without heart failure e.g. REMINDER trial. Stratified medicine is defined by the Medical Research Council Framework (2015) as the identification of key sub-groups of patients within a heterogeneous population; these being distinguishable groups with differing mechanisms of disease, or particular responses to treatments. Stratification can be used to improve mechanistic understanding of disease processes and enable: the identification of new targets for treatments; the development of biomarkers for disease risk, diagnosis, progression and response to treatment; and treatments to be tested and applied in the most appropriate patient groups. Objective: To implement stratified medicine in MINOCA. Hypothesis: In MINOCA, early risk stratification by coronary microvascular dysfunction (index of microvascular resistance (IMR) ≥25) coupled with cardio-protective MRA therapy using eplerenone limits myocardial damage reflected by changes in N-terminal (NT)-pro hormone BNP (NT-proBNP). Aim: To undertake a developmental clinical study, clarify evidence-gaps and provide training in academic cardiology. Prospective randomized open, blinded end-point (PROBE) design: Step-1: Screening in during coronary angiography of patients with acute myocardial infarction including MINOCA without heart failure or left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%; Step-2: Guidewire-based measurement of microvascular resistance (culprit artery or if unknown, the left anterior descending coronary artery. Registry population, n=300); Step-3: Stratify subgroup with -increased vascular risk (IMR≥25) (Trial, n=150 eligible for MRA, informed consent); Step-4: Randomise this higher-risk group: eplerenone 25-50 mg daily for 6 months or standard care. Coronary physiology parameters including coronary flow reserve (CFR abnormal <2.0), the resistance reserve ratio (RRR abnormal <2.0) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure will be prospectively measured. Outcomes: Primary: within-subject change in NT-proBNP by group; Secondary: left ventricular ejection fraction; left ventricular volumes; patient reported outcome measures (PROMS). Value: Evidence-synthesis on stratified medicine for MINOCA. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05198791
Study type Interventional
Source NHS National Waiting Times Centre Board
Contact Colin Berry, PhD
Phone 01413303325
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 2
Start date February 4, 2022
Completion date July 31, 2026

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