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High-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) is a cornerstone for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is often challenging to diagnose AMI in patients with elevated hs-cTnT before a rise or fall of hs-cTnT can be observed. The elevations of hs-cTnT are caused not only by AMI, but also by other cardiac or even non-cardiac diseases. Thresholds above the 99th percentile have been proposed to improve the specificity and to accelerate the rule in of myocardial infarction. This study aimed to find a more accurate cut-off value to rule in AMI in patients with elevated hs-cTnT.
This is a national, multicenter prospective observational study of patients presenting to hospitals in Armenia with STEMI diagnosis. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Determine the rate of in-hospital mortality for the patients with STEMI admitted to the participating hospitals. - Compare short and long-term CV and all-cause mortality and hospitalization. - Determine how professional guidelines are followed in real-world situations.
This study is to explore whether a computed tomography (CT) scan of the heart arteries might improve the care of patients that have presented with a suspected Type 2 myocardial infarction (MI). The Investigators hope to demonstrate that these patients may be the ideal group of patients to benefit from cardiac CT scan imaging by; 1. confirming whether they have any disease in their heart arteries 2. demonstrating the severity of the heart artery disease 3. revealing an alternative cause for their presentation 4. avoiding the need for an invasive heart artery angiogram.
Despite the year-on-year decrease, coronary artery disease (CAD) still remains one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. With advances in technology and our understanding of cardiac disease, we can now treat CAD using minimally invasive interventional techniques. This has revolutionised treatment for and improved the lives of many patients with CAD. Although trials have assessed various therapeutic strategies in various populations, real-world evidence of intervention and medical treatment among patients with CAD is increasingly recognised as an important part of providing safety and efficacy data and improving the care we provide. Regional heart attack services have improved clinical outcomes following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) by facilitating early reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Early discharge after primary PCI is welcomed by patients and increases the efficiency of health care. This data will add to that literature by assessing the characteristics and outcomes of patients with CAD, concentrating on those who are discharged via the early discharge pathway. It will also identify and characterise predictors of outcomes, and improve risk stratification and diagnostic evaluation.
To evaluate the prognostic value of surem TRAF3IP2 levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction
The goal of this clinical trial is to examine in patients with acute coronary syndrome. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Does nurse counseling affect quality of life? - Does nurse counseling affect functional capacity? - Does nurse counseling affect knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about syndromes? Participants will be trained using the training booklet, and nursing counseling will then be provided for six months. If there is a comparison group: Researchers will compare with the control group to see if the nurse counseling has had an effect.
To Study Efficacy and safety oral colchicine 0.6 mg post ST Elevation myocardial infraction (STEMI)
The CT-STEMI study aims to evaluate a comprehensive cardiac computed tomography (CCT) protocol for assessing the risk of heart failure (HF), life-threatening arrhythmias (LTA), and atherothrombotic events following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This multicenter, prospective study has three main objectives: 1. Comparing the diagnostic accuracy of the comprehensive CCT protocol with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), considered the non-invasive gold standard. 2. Determining the prognostic value of CCT in assessing myocardial tissue adverse features related to STEMI. 3. Evaluating the atherosclerotic burden in patients with post-acute STEMI. Two hundred patients will undergo both CCT and CMR in the post-acute phase, and their follow-up will focus on monitoring HF, LTA, and ischemic events. The CT-STEMI study represents the first attempt to assess the potential of CCT in providing a comprehensive risk assessment following STEMI in a large contemporary population. The findings of this study have the potential to revolutionize post-STEMI risk stratification practices.
This study has been added as a sub study to the Simulation Training for Emergency Department Imaging 2 study (ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT05427838). The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) tool called qER 2.0 EU on the performance of readers, including general radiologists, emergency medicine clinicians, and radiographers, in interpreting non-contrast CT head scans. The study aims to evaluate the changes in accuracy, review time, and diagnostic confidence when using the AI tool. It also seeks to provide evidence on the diagnostic performance of the AI tool and its potential to improve efficiency and patient care in the context of the National Health Service (NHS). The study will use a dataset of 150 CT head scans, including both control cases and abnormal cases with specific abnormalities. The results of this study will inform larger follow-up studies in real-life Emergency Department (ED) settings.
This multicenter international prospective cohort study will include patients with AIS with a known or newly diagnosed anticoagulant-naïve AF. All centers will use the same transcranial Doppler machine for one-hour monitoring with bilateral 2-MHz probes within 24 hours of symptom onset. Recordings will be analyzed for MES by a blinded central reader. The primary aim is to determine the proportion of patients with MES and the association of MES with functional outcomes assessed by a modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at 90 days.