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The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of Ultra Sound (US) guided radiofrequency stellate ganglion block (SGB) and radiofrequency Thoracic Paravertebral block (TPVB) comparing to US-guided SGB or TPVB alone on the post-mastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS).
Patients with breast cancer that elect to undergo implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) often require the placement of a surgical drain. Surgical drains are used to manage dead space and prevent seroma formation or accumulation of fluid within the surgical field postoperatively. The most frequently used drain is a Jackson-Pratt (JP) drain, which is limited by poor surgical site coverage and low capacity, leading to inconsistent suction and prolonged time that a drain is left in place. The Interi Drain system is a novel, multi-branched manifold with a proprietary suction system that provides consistent suction and addresses many of the shortcoming of JP drains. The purpose of this study is to compare the Interi system to standard JP drains across outcomes including number of surgical drain sites, complication rates, time to drain removal, time to initiate tissue expansion, total fluid volume drained, and patient satisfaction.
The study is designed as international, prospective, multicenter non-AMG/MPG study in cooperation with EUBREAST e.V. (European Breast Cancer Research Association of Surgical Trialists). Furthermore, it is planned to initiate a registry for postoperative breast seromas.
This study is an interventional type three-group randomized controlled non-drug clinical trial aimed at targeting the acute pain content and anxiety level of aromatherapy arm treatment with a sesame oil and sesame lavender oil mixture performed with Simple Mastectomy (BM) / Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM). It constitutes a total of 66 patients with the power to represent the universe. However, considering the losses that may occur during the study process, it was decided that it would be appropriate to include 90 patients, 36% more than the sample. Individuals receiving arm massage with sesame oil (Group I), individuals performing arm massage with sesame-lavender oil mixture (Group II), and individuals performing arm massage with paraffin oil (Group III) constitute the research groups. After obtaining the informed written consent of the participants who agreed to participate in the study, the randomization list created from the computer-based random numbers table will be used with the block randomization method to assign an equal number of people to all three groups. In the preoperative period, patients will be given an allergic sensitivity (patch) test of the oils to be used in the study to Groups 1 and 2, massage training will be given to all groups with the show-and-have method in the pre-operative period, a massage application brochure and video will be given, and information will be given on how to fill out the follow-up forms. H1: After Simple Mastectomy (BM)/Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM), massage with sesame oil reduces the severity of acute arm pain compared to massage with paraffin oil.H2: After simple mastectomy (BM)/Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM), massage with a sesame-lavender oil mixture reduces the severity of acute arm pain compared to massage with paraffin oil.H3: After Simple Mastectomy (BM)/Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM), massage with sesame oil reduces anxiety levels compared to massage with paraffin oil.H4: After Simple Mastectomy (BM)/Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM), massage with a sesame-lavender oil mixture reduces anxiety levels compared to massage with paraffin oil.H5: After Simple Mastectomy (BM)/Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM), massage with a sesame-lavender oil mixture reduces the severity of acute arm pain compared to massage with sesame oil.H6: After Simple Mastectomy (BM)/Modified Radical Mastectomy (MRM), massage with a sesame-lavender oil mixture reduces anxiety levels compared to massage with sesame oil.
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) has an incidence of 46% in patients after breast cancer surgery, which seriously affects patients' physiological and psychological function, as well as quality of life. Acute pain is an independent risk factor for persistent pain after surgery. Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) provided excellent perioperative analgesia in patients undergoing breast surgery. Dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant of local anesthetics prolongs the duration of peripheral nerve block and decreases the requirements of postoperative analgesia. The investigators hypothesize that, for breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy, ESPB (with a combination of 0.5% ropivacaine 35 ml and dexmedetomidine 1 microgram/kg) can reduce the occurrence of CPSP. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to investigate the impact of ESPB with adjuvant dexmedetomidine on the incidence of CPSP in breast cancer patients after mastectomy. We will also observe the impact of ESPB on long-term survival in these patients.
The purpose of this research study is to measure tissue temperatures and generate a prospective database of participants undergoing mastectomy with or without breast reconstruction at Wake Forest Baptist Hospital (WFBH) in order to enable and facilitate the evaluation of important and novel research questions - and quality improvement (QI) ideas/objectives - that may improve the care of breast surgery patients.
This study will evaluate the use of Brijjit® for wound closure in individuals undergoing bilateral double incision gender affirming mastectomies with a single surgeon (Rachel Bluebond-Langner, MD). The study will be a randomized prospective interventional study utilizing internal controls (one side of chest receives intervention, other serves as control). Primary endpoints will include scar appearance/quality and wound complications
The use of pectoral nerve block (PECSB) is a new technique during modified radical mastectomy MRM. The Serratus anterior Plane (SAP) Block has been proven to be an effective component of multimodal analgesia regimens for a variety of thoracic procedures including MRM. In this study, the investigators will assess and compare the quality of analgesia with ultrasound-guided Serratus plane block and pectoral nerve block in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy MRM.
This study is planned to examine the levels of bodily value, care dependence and psychosocial cohesion-self-notification of patients in the Web Assisted Interactive Nursing Program (WDIHP) designed according to the Self Regulation Model. The mixed method is a research. One of the mixed research methods, the discovery sequenced design, will be used. The research will continue with the quantitative part, starting with the qualitative part. The quantitative part of the research is a randomized controlled experimental trial.
The aim of this study is to evaluate analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided rhomboid plane block or serratus plane block versus Intravenous opioid in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy.