View clinical trials related to Mastectomy; Lymphedema.Filter by:
Statement of the problem: The problem will be stated in a questionary form: "Which will be more effective endermologie or negative pressure therapy in reducing limb circumference and volume in postmastectomy lymphedema?". Hypothesis: It will be hypothesized that: There is no significant difference between endermologie and negative pressure therapy in reducing circumference and limb volume in post mastectomy lymphedema.
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. Removal of the breast, called "mastectomy", is performed either when there is cancer-or an increased risk of cancer-in the breast. This can result in a lot of pain during the months after surgery. Opioids-"narcotics"-are the most common pain control method provided to patients; but they frequently do not relieve enough pain, have undesirable side effects like vomiting and constipation, and are sometimes misused which can lead to addiction. Mastectomy also frequently results in long-term pain which can interfere with physical and emotional functioning; and the more pain patients have immediately after surgery, the greater the risk of developing long-term pain. Numbing the nerves with local anesthetic can decrease the amount of short- and long-term pain experienced by patients, but even the longest types of these nerve blocks last for hours or days, and not the 1-2 months of pain typically following mastectomy. So, there is reason to believe that if the nerve blocks could be extended so that they last longer than the pain from surgery, short- and long-term pain might be avoided completely without the need for opioids. A prolonged nerve block may be provided by freezing the nerve using a technique called "cryoneurolysis". With cryoneurolysis and ultrasound machines, a small needle-like "probe" may be placed through anesthetized skin and guided to the target nerve to allow freezing. The procedure takes about 5 minutes for each nerve, involves little discomfort, has no side effects, and cannot be misused or become addictive. After 2-3 months, the nerve returns to normal functioning. The investigators have completed a small study suggesting that a single cryoneurolysis treatment may provide potent pain relief after mastectomy. The ultimate objectives of the proposed research study are to determine if temporarily freezing the nerves that go to the breast will decrease short-term pain, opioid use, physical and emotional dysfunction, and long-term pain following mastectomy when added to current and customary postoperative analgesics. The current project is a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, triple-masked (investigators, participants, statisticians), sham/placebo-controlled, parallel-arm, human-subjects, post-market clinical trial to determine if cryoneurolysis is an effective non-opioid treatment for pain following mastectomy.
This study was performed to analyze the postoperative analgesic effects of the paravertebral block (PVB) and Mid-Point Transverse Process Pleura (MTP) block after a unilateral mastectomy surgery. This study included 64 women aged 18-65 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists score I-III, who were scheduled for unilateral simple mastectomy operation due to breast cancer. Patients were randomly assigned to Group 1 (Patients undergoing PVB) or Group 2 (Patients undergoing MTP block) for a ratio of 1:1, including 32 patients each, using a computer-generated table of random numbers and concealed sealed opaque envelopes. Patients were placed in the prone position. The linear ultrasound probe was fixed to the T3-T4 vertebra level. The skin and subcutaneous tissue were anaesthetized with 2% lidocaine, then 22 gauge 100 mm needle was led in a cranial-cephalic direction to the paravertebral gap. Trapezius, rhomboid, erector spinae muscles were crossed by seeing the tip of the needle. Transverse processes were reached and the intercostal muscles were passed. When the needle reached the paravertebral level in Group 1, and the midpoint level between the transverse process and pleura in Group 2, it was observed that there was no blood or air by aspiration. Then, the needle location was confirmed with 0.5-1 mL of saline, and a 20 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine was applied. Thirty minutes after block application, the sensorial block level was evaluated by pinprick test at the midclavicular line, and the blocked dermatome area was recorded as front and back. Complications developed during the process (such as hypotension, vascular injury, local anaesthetic toxicity) were recorded.Routine general anesthesia protocol was performed to all patients.At the end of the surgery, neuromuscular block antagonization was performed with 4 mg/kg sugammadex. All of the patients were extubated and taken to the postanesthetic care unit (PACU). In the PACU, a patient-controlled analgesia device (PCA) containing fentanyl was administered. Time to the first request for analgesia, postoperative fentanyl consumption, and VAS score values at rest and in motion at postoperative 1, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 hours, the duration of block implementation and the duration of surgery were recorded.
PURPOSE: to assess the efficacy of Qigong exercise on microcirculation in postmastectomy lymphedema patient. BACKGROUND: Qigong is a mind-body integrative exercise originating from traditional Chinese medicine and is used to improve health and energy levels through regular training, yet its effects are not empirically assessed. Qigong may be a potentially beneficial exercise for survivors of breast cancer and could be used to regulate upper limb blood flow and decrease lymphedema. There is lack in knowledge and information in published studies about the efficacy of Qigong exercise on microcirculation in postmastectomy lymphedema patient. So, this study will be designed to provide a guideline about the efficacy of Qigong exercise on microcirculation in postmastectomy lymphedema patient. HYPOTHESES: It will be hypothesized that: It was hypothesized that Qigong exercise has no or limited effect in microcirculation in postmastectomy lymphedema patient. RESEARCH QUESTION: Does Qigong exercise an effect on microcirculation in postmastectomy lymphedema patient?
ABSTRACT Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women, with more than a million new cases annually. One of the most frequent surgical and post-actinic sequelae and well known is postmastectomy lymphedema. The axillary web syndrome is another sequel that limits the functionality of the patient and delays the protocol times of application of treatments cancer, and in many cases this sequela is misdiagnosed. This surgical sequelusually disappears spontaneously after the third month of appearance, but this implies a long period of discomfort and limitations for the user, at the same time that it may delay the application of Radiotherapy within the indicated protocol deadlines (due to the need for a body posture with abduction and flexion of the affected upper limb for its application and with the lymphatic thrombus is impossible to get). With the present quasi-experimental study, the investigator intend to show that the application of Kinesitherapy and stretching from the beginning of the appearance of the cord, in a controlled and scheduled way by the physiotherapist, it is possible to reduce the time in which the lymphatic thrombus is present, and therefore, recover functionality, mobility, reduce pain and be able to apply the patients´ treatments within of the established deadlines. The investigator intend to apply this therapy in the intervention group and compare thrombus evolution times with the control group.
The purpose of this study is to describe how women with BRCA1/2 mutations react to genetic risk modifier testing, and to examine how they make decisions about their healthcare.
To evaluate whether a serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) is more effective than a local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) with an equal dose and same anesthetic performed by the surgeon, as an adjuvant to treat postoperative pain after unilateral mastectomy.
Breast cancer is the leading female cancer in metropolitan France in terms of incidence and death. Among the therapeutic arsenal for the treatment of these cancers, surgery plays a very important role and even if a conservative treatment is possible in the majority of cases, there is still an indication for mastectomy in about 30% of cases. Currently, only 30% of women who have undergone a mastectomy choose reconstruction. The primary objective of breast reconstruction from a surgical point of view is to leave as few aesthetic and functional after-effects as possible while meeting the personal wishes of each woman according to her morphological, tissue and vascular characteristics. There are currently 2 major surgical procedures for breast reconstruction: breast implant reconstructions and autologous reconstructions. Breast reconstruction by prosthesis is the simplest and most widely used technique but, the controversies concerning implants with the PIP breast prostheses scandal in 2010 and more recently the anaplastic lymphoma scandal have tarnished the image of this type of reconstruction. Alternatives to breast implants have been developed: autologous reconstructions using first pedicled tissue flaps, then free flaps, techniques that allow a more natural, more satisfactory aesthetic result with an evolution that follows the patient's own morphology but requiring specific training in microsurgery and not without postoperative complications. Since 1999, the investigators have witnessed the evolution of another autologous technique, that of lipomodulin. Initially used to improve the results of reconstructions and the aesthetic sequelae of conservative treatments, it is now used as an exclusive reconstruction technique. Easily reproducible and offering several advantages, reconstruction by exclusive lipomodulin is increasingly appreciated by patients. However, this increasingly practiced technique presents specific problems and this is what the investigators want to evaluate in this study. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the practices within our establishment regarding breast reconstruction by exclusive lipomodulin in terms of feasibility. The secondary objectives are the evaluation of the cosmetic result and the quality of life of these patients after this type of reconstruction.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of inertial rehabilitation on: shoulder flexors, extensors and shoulder abductors and adductors strength, breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) and quality of life in women after mastectomy. Twenty-four women after mastectomy were randomized to a training (T; n = 12) or control group (C; n = 12). The T group performed inertial training twice a week for 6 weeks using a Cyklotren inertial device. Each training session included warm-up and 4 sets of shoulder ﬂexors, extensors, abductors, and adductors, with the right and left arms worked. The training loads for all exercises was equal 5 kg. Before and after training the maximum force of trained muscles was tested under training conditions. Body composition, BCRL, disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) were also evaluated. Inertial rehabilitation caused significant improvement in strength in all tested muscles in T whereas changes in C were insignificant. Quality of life evaluated by DASH score decreased significantly in T and and did not change in C. Moreover, BCRL and body composition did not change significantly following intervention in both groups. Inertial exercises can be useful rehabilitation method in women treated for breast cancer.
This novel study will assess the feasibility and outcomes of same-day discharge following mastectomy with implant-based pre-pectoral reconstruction. This contrasts the current standard practice of admitting patients to the hospital as an inpatient for at least one night postoperatively. With the advent of pre-pectoral implant-based reconstructive techniques as opposed to the historical retro-pectoral breast reconstruction, patients experience significantly less post-operative pain, shorter recovery time, and improved mobility all of which support that patients lacking comorbidities are likely to meet discharge criteria the same day as surgery. Furthermore, advances in opioid sparing anesthesia and the Enhanced Recovery After Anesthesia protocol, has dramatically reduced pain scores and narcotic requirements after surgery at our institution. "Same day discharge" may reduce healthcare costs, decreases the risk of hospital-acquired infections and can increase patient satisfaction. Potential risks associated with same day discharge include readmissions, infections, limitations to pain management and other complications. The study will be conducted at MedStar System Hospitals and the population will be patients receiving pre-pectoral breast reconstruction following mastectomy that consent to the study. The project will be conducted as a prospective study where a carefully selected group of women without comorbidities undergoing mastectomy and pre-pectoral implant-based reconstruction will be offered same day discharge, educated about postoperative care preoperatively, be evaluated in the PACU and if they meet discharge criteria, will go home the same day as surgery. Those women who do not meet discharge criteria will stay overnight and be followed for outcomes, as well, as a comparison group. The primary endpoint for this study is patient satisfaction. Secondary outcomes include pain, complications including infection, hematomas, return to emergency room or urgent care, opiate equivalent use, and whether a patient would recommend same day discharge to others. Statistical analysis using means, 95% CI, frequency counts, descriptive statistics, fisher exact test and independent t-tests will evaluate differences between the same day discharge and admitted groups. Please see section 6 in the IRB protocol for more detail. We hypothesize that same day discharge provides acceptable patient satisfaction, pain control, complication rates with similar opiate equivalent use in comparison with overnight admission. Overall, we think this group will demonstrate positive outcomes on its own in these categories. We also believe that this study will demonstrate patients with same day discharge will recommend it to other women undergoing mastectomy.