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Clinical Trial Summary

The aim of this study is to determine the effects of liver transplantation and standard immunosuppression on body composition in patients with compensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.

Clinical Trial Description

The combination of hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic liver disease represents a dual impact on overall metabolism. The major risk factors for chronic liver disease related-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) include nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), alcoholic liver disease and hepatitis C virus (HCV), among other etiologies of chronic liver injury. Of particular interest is how the changing landscape of liver disease impacts the care of patients in the peritransplant period. Numerous recent studies have reported that NASH-related cirrhosis is the most rapidly growing indication for liver transplantation (LT) in the Western world. NAFLD related HCC is already a leading indication in women. The impact of NAFLD on public health and mortality is substantial: incident decompensated cirrhosis due to NAFLD is predicted to increase by 168%, from 39,230 cases annually in 2015 to 105,430 cases in 2030. The corresponding burden of NAFLD cirrhosis on liver transplantation (LT) is expected to increase by 59%. Finally, 3% per year of cirrhotic patients because of NAFLD, develop HCC and noncirrhotic NAFLD-HCC continues to be an area of investigation. Since NAFLD is becoming one of the most frequent causes of cirrhosis, HCC, and liver transplantation worldwide, it is crucial to identify changes in the peritransplant period that are associated with adverse muscle health and unfavorable metabolic status in the context of all chronic liver diseases. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05184283
Study type Observational
Source Columbia University
Contact Julia Wattacheril, MD
Phone 212-305-0660
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Start date January 2022
Completion date September 2025

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