View clinical trials related to Hepatocellular Carcinoma.Filter by:
To compare the impact on survival of neo-adjuvant TAI for patients with HCC and PVTT who underwent hepatectomy.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common form of liver cancer and its incidence is increasing including in regions where hepatitis infection rates are low. This trend may be the result of increases in 'unhealthy lifestyle' factors. The main aim of this study is to identify metabolic signatures associated with healthy lifestyle behaviours and to relate these signatures to risk of developing HCC to investigate whether the metabolites were of predictive utility for HCC beyond data procured from questionnaires. To address this question, we exploited data from a large European cohort (EPIC) which includes detailed questionnaire-based data as well as metabolomic data.
Clinical study to evaluate safety and pharmacokinetics (primary objectives) and efficacy (secondary objective) of ET1402L1-CART-cells in patients with AFP+ HCC
Chronic liver disease including cirrhosis is one of the most important factors in the multi-step progression of hepatocarcinogenesis, from benign regenerative nodules to early hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and finally to overt HCCs. Early diagnosis of HCC, differentiation from benign hepatocellular nodules, and surgical resection of the tumor or transplantation of the liver provide the best chance for long-term survival. Several studies have evaluated MRI enhanced with superparamagnetic iron oxide, gadolinium-based contrast material, or both, for the detection and differential diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions. However, the differentiation of HCC from benign and or borderline hepatocellular nodules remains difficult, particularly in patients with cirrhosis, because of the architectural distortion of liver parenchyma and the development of cirrhotic nodules, ranging from benign regenerative nodules to overt HCC, with overlapping imaging features. Recently, gadoxetic acid (gadoliniumethoxybezyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid; Primovist®, Bayer Health Care Pharmaceuticals), a gadolinium-based paramagnetic contrast agent that produces both dynamic and liver-specific hepatobiliary MRI studies has gained widespread use. Some studies have showed that gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI allows the accurate detection and characterization of HCC. Investigators plan to assess this in particular as it is a question of great relevance. Execution of well conducted prospective studies will also clarify inclusion of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI as the technique of choice in evaluation of patients at risk for HCC.
Randomized study of stereotactic body radiation therapyRANDOMIZED STUDY OF STER (SBRT) versus transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hepatocellular carcinoma represents the commonest primary cancer of the liver.serum lactate dehydrogenase is an indirect marker of tumor hypoxia,angioneogenesis and worse prognosis.
The purpose of this study is to compare radiation treatment plans that are designed for patients with liver cancer. One treatment plan will be created using routine procedures and scans normally performed for radiation treatment planning. The other treatment plan will be created using routine procedures with the addition of two imaging scans; a HIDA (Hepatobiliary Iminodiacetic Acid) scan and an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan. This study will evaluate if adding these imaging scans to treatment planning can reduce the amount of radiation to healthy liver tissue during treatment.
The aim of this study is to elucidate the utility of the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab in preventing the recurrence of HCC when administered before and after curative surgery or ablation.
Comparison of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) and repeated transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)as a Local Salvage Treatment after first incomplete TACE
Portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT) is a common complication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PVTT has a profound adverse effect on prognosis, with a very short median survival time (2-4 months). The presence of PVTT also limits treatment options, such as liver transplantation and curative resection. Although the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer group recommended sorafenib as a standard therapy for advanced-stage HCC, the optimal treatment for HCC with PVTT remains largely controversial. Some studies have reported a survival benefit in patients with PVTT who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), even in patients with main portal vein (MPV) tumor thrombus. Iodine-125 brachytherapy had also showed promising efficacy as a new method for unresectable HCC with PVTT. Results of our previous study indicated that TACE combined with Iodine-125 seeds implantation might be a good choice for selected patients with PVTT. Thus, we conduct this study to farther evaluate the effect of TACE combined with Iodine-125 seeds implantation for HCC with PVTT. 270 patients with HCC and PVTT will be included and randomized to two group: group 1, patients received TACE combined with Iodine-125 seeds implantation; group 2, patients received TACE alone. TACE and Iodine-125 seeds implantation will be performed with a standardized procedure. Iodine-125 seeds implantation into PVTT (guided by CT) will be conducted 7 days after TACE. All patients revisit our institutions for follow-up examinations including contrast enhanced CT/MRI and laboratory tests every 4-6 weeks after the first treatment. Patients who have a tumor response rating of complete response will be required to revisit 3 months interval. At each visit, TACE or Iodine-125 seeds implantation is repeated if the following criteria are reached: 1) images indicating viable intrahepatic tumor tissue or PVTT; 2) Child-Pugh class A or B, and no contraindication to TACE and Iodine-125 seeds implantation. The primary end point of this study is overall survival. The secondary end points are time to tumor progression, disease control rate, duration of portal patency and adverse events. All adverse events are graded in accordance with Common Toxicity Criteria Adverse Events Version (CTCAE) 4.03.