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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the lethal human cancers worldwide and its incidence matches mortality, reflecting the poor prognosis of this disease. The surgical resection rate of HCC is low, and the prognosis is poor. Although transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the main treatment for HCC patients who are not candidates for surgical resection, it is not considered a curative procedure. For HCC, poor TACE efficacy or TACE failure may be related to tumor angiogenesis of the residual disease. Among the many regulatory factors in tumor angiogenesis, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play vital roles in this process. Sorafenib is the first systemic treatment drug, which has been approved by the FDA for advanced HCC. In order to find an new VEGFR-inhibitor with better effect and lower toxicity, Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd. developed Apatinib, a high-performance VEGFR-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Apatinib plays anti angiogenic effect in the treatment of malignant tumor mainly through inhibition of VEGFR-2, in vivo and in vitro experiments showed good tumor growth inhibitory activity on glioma, this study aims to further verify the efficacy and safety of Apatinib for first-line treatment failure hepatocellular carcinoma patients, the primary endpoint is time to progression(TTP).
The study will recruit 150 patients with HCV related HCC ,after HCC treatment the patients will undergo treatment with different regimens of DAAs.
To study if the addition of HAIC following complete removal of early stage liver cancer of HCC will prevent or delay the recurrence of the disease. Half of the participant will receive two cycles of the HAIC after the hepatectomy, while the other half will return to the baseline surveillance schedule.
This study is being carried out to assess the best dose of a new drug, called tefinostat, in treating liver cancer. Tefinostat is a new drug that blocks enzymes called histone deacetylases (pronounced dee-as-et-isle-azes). Cells need these enzymes to grow and divide. Blocking them may stop cancer growing. Drugs that block these enzymes are called histone deacetylase inhibitors or 'HDAC inhibitors'. Tefinostat has never been given to patients with liver cancer before so we don't know which dose is best at treating liver cancer. To find this out we will be testing one dose and if that is safe we will then test a higher dose and so on. Eventually we will find the best dose; we do not know when this will be. When we find the best dose we will treat another 39 patients with this dose. The aim of this study is to find the best dose of tefinostat without causing side effects. We will be looking closely at any side effects you might experience from this treatment.
We propose a radiomics approach to identify prognostic biomarkers of HCC and provide patients with some reasonable advice for their therapies.
The role of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) as the standard therapy for intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is being challenged by increasing studies which showed that liver resection (LR) is a safe and feasible procedure with better survival outcomes than TACE does. In light of this, the investigators have constructed a Markov model to simulate comparing LR and TACE in the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC. The results suggested that LR may provide survival benefit over TACE for the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC in cirrhotic patients. However, validating the simulated result by a study with higher quality (e.g. prospective clinical trial) would be of great value in providing a more convincing finding. Therefore, based on the established Markov model, the investigators aimed to prospectively compare the treatment efficacy and safety of LR with TACE for consecutive patients with intermediate-stage HCC.
The main objective of the project is to bring the existing radio frequency ablation (RFA) model for liver cancer treatment (Project IMPPACT, Grant No. 223877, completed in February 2012) into clinical practice. Therefore the project will pursue the following objectives: i) to prove and refine the RFA model in a small clinical study; ii) to develop the model into a real-time patient specific RFA planning and support system for Interventional Radiologists (IR) under special consideration of their clinical workflow needs; iii) to establish a corresponding training procedure for IR's; iv) to evaluate the clinical practicality and benefit of the model for use in the routine workflow in a user survey and expert forum.
The purpose of this study is to compare the therapeutic outcomes and safety of the study patients who received radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using separable clustered electrodes with those of a matched historical control group who had received RFA using multiple internally-cooled electrodes.
The purpose of this multicenter registry is to gather the safety, efficacy and survival data in advanced HCC patients treated with HepaSphere in China in order to evaluate the application of HepaSphere deTACE in treating advanced HCC patients
It has been shown previously that gene expression profiling signature (a set of dysregulated genes) can be used for molecular classification, diagnosis, and prognosis of several types of cancers. In This study the hypothesise that resistant tumor may be due to genetic mutations and/or other alternative pathways that could be the reason to overcome the Sorafenib and still proliferate. Primary objectives To evaluate the primary and secondary potential mechanisms by which HCC patients on Sorafenib treatment would be resistant to therapy and also identify the favorable genetic makeup of patients responding to treatment. Measures of primary outcome: - cDNA microarray analysis on the MAP kinase pathway. - mRNA quantification of genetic expression (RT-PCR) for identification of upregulated genes, and confirmed by corresponding proteomic testing (by Mass Spectroscopy) in the serum for potential serum markers. Secondary Objectives Progression free survival: Time to disease progression in patients in Saudi Arabia with HCC receiving Sorafenib: [defined as time, in weeks, from the baseline visit to progression of the disease or death from any cause] will be diagnosed using the RECIST criteria based on a trimestrial abdominal CT evaluation. - Survival rates and Predictors of survival: - Survival defined as the time from baseline visit to death from any cause [in weeks]. - Variables identified in multivariate regression analysis from overall treated patients independently associated with survival till study completion or death. Justification and Value to the Kingdom Sorafenib in the treatment of advanced HCC is a recent development. Since the only current effective treatment for advanced HCC is resection or transplantation and the list for these procedures are ever-growing due to the confounding effect of the lack of infrastructure in the Kingdom, selecting treatment for patients who are more likely to respond to Sorafenib treatment The Long-Term Comprehensive National Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation will help to reduce costs of managing HCC. Among Saudi Arabia population, there are a unique set of patients here (e.g. non-alcohol related HCC, genotype 4 HCV patients and genotype D HBV patients, high percentage of obese patients i.e. NASH) which is different from other parts of the world. There is increasing incidence of HCC in Saudi Arabia. Due to available expertise in management of HCC patients in the participating institutions in the study, this project will represent a bridge for the transfer of technology so that our research staff and doctors will have more expertise in carrying out these techniques independently. This study will also run in parallel to the on-going initiative to start a HCC biobanking establishment which will provide the samples needed to carry out our genetic studies in future. Finally, since the use of Sorafenib (at present, the only approved treatment for advanced HCC) in the treatment of advanced HCC is a new field, the findings of our study will have important implications in the management of HCC, both locally and internationally. HCC is the third most common cancer in Saudi Arabia. In 2001, HCC was the second most common cancer affecting Saudi males and the eighth most common cancer affecting females. Most of patients (90%) present at a more advanced stage when symptoms prevail. Given the high prevalence of HCC in the Kingdom, it is pertinent to study why some patients are resistant to Sorafenib compared to others. Elucidation of the differences in mechanisms among responders and non-responders to Sorafenib therapy will enable physicians to make better decisions in terms of treating Saudi HCC patients.