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A Phase I/II, Open Label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Autologous Cytokine-Induced Killer (CIK) Cell for Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) after Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE), Percutaneous Ethanol Injection Therapy (PEIT) or RadioFrequency Ablation (RFA) Therapy.
This clinical trial is a prospective, randomized, controlled and multicenter study.And the trial is going to enroll better control intrahepatic tumors for hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) patients who meet the inclusion criterion.The patients were divided into two groups, the group A by TACE and the other group B by external- beam radiotherapy(EBRT) after 2 times TACE. Then the therapeutic effects and toxicities of TACE and EBRT are evaluated during the follow-up period. The study design plans to enroll 300 patients, and each group includes 150 cases.
The aim of the present study is to validate the uptake of novel, positron emitting radiotracer, 68Gallium Citrate in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). The investigators also aim to evaluate the sensitivity of 68Gallium (68Ga)-citrate positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the identification of intrahepatic HCC lesions in comparison with existing modalities: computed tomography (CT) alone and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The investigators expect that 68Ga-citrate PET/CT will offer a sensitive functional imaging modality for identification of HCC lesions in the liver. The investigators intend to use the results of this preliminary study to fuel further studies in the utility of 68Ga-citrate PET/CT for HCC treatment monitoring.
It is an open,randomized,controlled study, and the purpose of this study is to observe and evaluate the efficacy and safety of Apatinib combined with Capecitabine in the treatment of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.
Primary liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the 7th most common cancer in humans; 9th in women (figures from the Association for Research against Cancer ARC). This cancer is a major public health problem on a global scale. Patients, whose diagnosis is often late, are at advanced stages of the pathology, even those who benefit from locoregional treatments have a poor prognosis and suffer from a lack of curative therapeutic strategies. CHC is highly refractory to cytotoxic chemotherapy and so far the response rates to conventional systemic chemotherapy has provided a clinical benefit where survival was prolonged by more than 25% in patients with advanced CHC. Further efforts are needed to effectively manage HCC. Knowledge of the mechanisms regulating proliferation and inhibiting the sensitivity of transformed cells to apoptosis is the key to the development of more effective therapeutic strategies. Several new therapies, called targeted therapies, are tested in clinical trials. Currently, the most effective molecular agent for targeting the Raf pathway is sorafenib capable of also inhibiting tyrosine kinases of VEGFR and PDGFR. Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, decreases the proliferation of tumor cells in vitro that inhibit the activity of targets present in tumor cells (CRAF, BRAF, V600E BRAF, c-KIT, and FLT-3) and tumor vascularization VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, and PDGFR-beta). Despite the real benefit of this treatment, its efficacy (three months of overall survival) and its indication remain limited to Child-Pugh A, WHO 0-2 patients in whom curative treatment is contraindicated. In addition, several patients have resistance to Sorafenib and thus find themselves in therapeutic failure, thus limiting the therapeutic choice for these patients. Resistance to treatment with Sorafenib limits the therapeutic choice. The mechanisms responsible for this resistance remain to be elucidated. Drug resistance proteins, MDR Multi-Drug Resistance, is a family of molecules whose expression increases in the cancer cell and ensures the repression of chemotherapy molecules outside the target cancer cell. This family includes the proteins ABCG2, MDR and MRP1. Our in vitro studies show that treatment of CHC Huh-7 cells with Sorafenib (10 mM) induces the specific expression of the transcripts of the MRP-1 protein without any effect on the expression of the ABCG2 and MDR protein. In addition, sorafenib has an effect on the expression of hepatocyte SLAMF3 receptor transcripts, a receptor recently identified in hepatocyte tissue. Indeed, it has been shown that the expression of SLAMF3 is lowered in the cancerous tissue compared to the healthy tissue and that the reintroduction of a strong expression in the cancer cell inhibits its proliferation by inhibiting the MAPK Erk pathway, Cancer cells to apoptosis and inhibits the uptake of tumor masses in the Nude mouse (I. Marcq, et al., 2013).
Presence of microvascular invasion can be estimated preoperatively, by some clinical imaging features such as patient characteristics, serum biomarkers and radiological features. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) are routine preoperative conventional examinations for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients in China. Combining features of CEUS, CECT and clinical factors may improve preoperative MVI assessment. The purpose of this study is to construct a nomogram for preoperative MVI risk estimation with these possible factors.
This is an open-label multi-center trial designed to evaluate the efficacy as well as the safety of combining pembrolizumab with Yttrium-90 (Y90) radioembolization in subjects with poor prognosis (high risk) HCC not eligible for liver transplant or surgical resection with well compensated liver function. Treatment will consist of pembrolizumab 200mg IV every 3 weeks in conjunction with Y90 radioembolization performed one week after the first dose of pembrolizumab. If bilobar disease is present, a second Y90 radioembolization will be performed no later than 4 weeks after the first procedure to the contralateral hepatic lobe.
Invariant Natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a unique subset of lymphocytes that express homogeneous TCR recognizing KRN7000 which was up-regulated by many kinds of cancer cells. PD-1+CD8+T cells of patients with advanced tumor are most likely tumor-specified. Our hypothesis is that immunotherapy strategy of infusion of iNKT cells and PD-1+CD8+T cells may decrease the tumor burden and improve overall survival. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of treatment of patients with advanced solid tumor by infusing of iNKT cells and PD-1+CD8+T cells.
The effect of anti-tumor treatment is not satisfying in HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC) for reasons that HBV-HCC carries highly heterogeneous antigens to facilitate cancer cells escaping from immune surveillance and constructs an immunosuppressive microenvironment. Correspondingly, dendritic cells activated by HBV antigen peptides and HepG2 cell protein lysate can efficiently present T cells with antigens of HCC to sensitize their antitumor properties meanwhile cyclophosphamide(CY) can effectively improve the microenvironment of immunity. Therefore, we put forward a new scientific therapy called "Activated Dendritic-cells Combined Cyclophosphamide" (ADCC) combining with TACE for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma to prolong their survival time.
The goal of this clinical trial is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of anti-GPC3 scFv-41BB-CD3ζ-tEGFR chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T (CAR-T) cells in treating patients with GPC3-positive advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).