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Hepatocellular Carcinoma Clinical Trials

Browse current & upcoming clinical research / studies on Hepatocellular Carcinoma. There are a total of 393 clinical trials for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in 37 countries with 34 trials currently in the United States. 137 are either active and/or recruiting patients or have not yet been completed. Click the title of each study to get the complete details on eligibility, location & other facts about the study.

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Definitions
Interventional trials
Determine whether experimental treatments or new ways of using known therapies are safe and effective under controlled environments.
Observational trials
Address health issues in large groups of people or populations in natural settings.
Recruiting
Participants are currently being recruited and enrolled.
Active, not recruiting
Study is ongoing (i.e., patients are being treated or examined), but enrollment has completed.
Not yet recruiting
Participants are not yet being recruited or enrolled.
Enrolling by invitation
Participants are being (or will be) selected from a predetermined population.
Completed
The study has concluded normally; participants are no longer being examined or treated (i.e., last patient's last visit has occurred).
Withdrawn
Study halted prematurely, prior to enrollment of first participant.
Suspended
Recruiting or enrolling participants has halted prematurely but potentially will resume.
Terminated
Recruiting or enrolling participants has halted prematurely and will not resume; participants are no longer being examined or treated.
June 2015 - August 2018
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy, and its incidence is expected to increase in many countries in coming decades. Though prognosis for patients with HCC is generally poor, hepatic resection can be an effective curative treatment, and its indications have been expanding in recent years. Resection can be reasonably safe and effective even for patients with micro- or macrovascular invasion. However, the recurrence rate of HCC is as high as 74% for patients with intermediate and advanced HCC after resection. Microvascular invasion is one of the main risk factors which influence risk of HCC recurrence and patient prognosis after resection. Therefore, adjuvant therapy to prevent tumor recurrence after resection is so important to improve patient prognosis. Nowadays, adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is reported to be effective in reducing early recurrence rate and mortality for patients with HCC with risk factors of recurrence. Sorafenib is a novel drug which is effective for advanced stage HCC. However, the efficacy of adjuvant sorafenib for postoperative HCC is unknown. Therefore, it is interesting to investigate the efficacy of adjuvant sorafenib, and compare its efficacy to TACE, TACE plus sorafenib, or best supportive care for patients with postoperative HCC and microvascular invasion.
Sponsor: Guangxi Medical University
Study type: Interventional
June 2015 - April 2018
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ramucirumab in participants with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and elevated baseline alpha-fetoprotein. Participants will be randomized to ramucirumab or placebo in a 2:1 ratio.
Sponsor: Eli Lilly and Company
Study type: Interventional
May 2015 - June 2018
Despite advances in our understanding of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its diagnosis, the prognosis for patients with HCC remains disheartening, due to a high recurrence rate and frequent intrahepatic metastasis. Various therapies for use after hepatic resection have been reported, but they are associated with adverse side effects or they fail to improve overall survival. Nowadays, adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is recommended as the most effective therapy for postoperative HCC. And the indication is patients with risk factors of recurrence. While more and more prospective studies revealed that radiotherapy is effective for advanced HCC. And the side effects of radiotherapy are controlled. Until now, no prospective or retrospective study compared the efficacy of adjuvant TACE and radiotherapy for postoperative HCC.
Sponsor: Guangxi Medical University
Study type: Interventional
April 2015 -
The current standard treatment for intermediate-stage HCC (BCLC stage B) is transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) alone.The combination of TACE with RFA has also reported to be an effective treatment for HCC. Some prospective studies have shown TACE combined RFA to have better efficacy than any of them alone for early stage HCC (single tuomor =5 cm). However, to the investigators' knowledge, there have not been any prospective studies to assess whether TACE combined sequentially with RFA is more effective than TACE alone for the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC. The investigators hypothesized that the combination of TACE and RFA might result in better patient survival than TACE alone. Thus, the purpose of this study was to prospectively compare the effects of sequential TACE-RFA with TACE alone for the treatment of intermediate-stage HCC. Intermediate-stage HCC in this study was defined as 2-3 intrahepatic lessions, largest tumor size 3-7 cm or 4-10 intrahepatic lessions, largest tumor size =7 cm; ECOG-PS 0;Child-pugh A or B;no tumor thrombus or extrahepatic metastases.
Sponsor: Sun Yat-sen University
Study type: Interventional
April 2015 - April 2017
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Partial hepatectomy and liver transplantation are considered to be standard curative therapies for HCC. When surgery is not possible, percutaneous ablation is usually considered to be alternative treatments for HCC. Recurrence is the most frequent serious adverse event observed during the follow-up of HCC patients treated for cure. Repeat hepatectomy is an effective treatment for HCC recurrence, with a 5-year survival rate of 19.4 to 56%. Unfortunately, repeat hepatectomy can be performed only in a small proportion of patients with HCC recurrence (10.4 to 31%), either because of the poor functional liver reserve or because of widespread recurrence. Radiofrequency ablation has been considered to be one of the most effective percutaneous ablations for early-stage HCC in patients with or without surgical prospects. Studies using RFA to treat HCC recurrence after hepatectomy have reported a 3-year survival rate of 62% to 68%, which is comparable to those achieved by surgery. RFA is particularly suitable to treat HCC recurrence after hepatectomy because these tumors are usually detected when they are small, and because RFA causes the least deterioration of liver function in the patients. However, according to our previous study, investigators found the recurrent rate after RFA was higher than 60%. Systemic chemotherapy is considered to be one of the main treatments for malignant tumors. HCC is known to be highly refractory to conventional systemic chemotherapy because of its heterogeneity and multiple etiologies. Before the advent of the molecular-targeted agent sorafenib, which has subsequently become the standard of care, no standard systemic drug or treatment regimen had shown an obvious survival benefit in HCC. Nowadays, there is no systemic chemotherapy regimen had been definitively recommended as the standard for treating HCC. Clinical activity of several regimens containing oxaliplatin (OXA) in advanced HCC had been demonstrated in phase II studies. In a phase II study of the FOLFOX4 (infusional fluorouracil [FU], leucovorin[LV], and OXA) regimen in Chinese patients with HCC, median overall survival (OS) was 12.4 months, mean time to progression was 2.0 months, and the response rate (RR) was 18.2%. The safety profile was acceptable. Recently, the results of a phase ? randomize study showed that FOLFOX4 served as palliative chemotherapy can induce higher overall survival, progression-free survival and response rate comparing to doxorubicin in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma from Asia. The safety data was also acceptable. Therefore, investigators considered RFA to be an effective treatment for HCC recurrence after curative treatment. So our hypothesis is that RFA combined with FOLFOX4 can reduce high recurrence rate after RFA for recurrent HCC after hepatectomy. The aim of this open-lable, single prospective study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RFA combined with FOLFOX4 systemic chemotherapy for recurrent HCC after partial hepatectomy.
Sponsor: Sun Yat-sen University
Study type: Interventional
April 2015 - December 2016
This study is a trial of dexanabinol in patients with advanced tumours. The purposes of the protocol are to study different doses of the study drug to determine the maximum safe dose of the drug given in combination with standard chemotherapies and to further understand the safety of the study drug and to measure any reduction in size of patients' cancer tumour(s). Dexanabinol is a synthetic cannabinoid which has previously undergone clinical trials for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and in subjects undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Currently dexanabinol is under investigation for potential anti-tumour activity in patients with advanced tumours.
Sponsor: e-Therapeutics PLC
Study type: Interventional
April 2015 - May 2020
A large proportion of Asian patients with HCC present with locally advanced or metastatic disease,at which point they are ineligible for curative treatments.Oxaliplatin plus fluorouracil/leucovorin intravenous infusion was proved effective in prolonging progression-free survival(PFS) than doxorubicin as palliative chemotherapy in patients with advanced HCC from Asia. Besides, hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC)is a widely used method for primary or metastasis liver tumor with high local tumor response. To our knowledge, there have not been any prospective studies to assess the safety and effecacy of HAIC using oxaliplatin plus fluorouracil/leucovorin for patients with locally advanced HCC.Thus,the purpose of this phase 2 study was to assess the safety and effecacy of HAIC using oxaliplatin plus fluorouracil/leucovorin for patients with locally advanced HCC.
Sponsor: Sun Yat-sen University
Study type: Expanded Access
April 2015 - December 2018
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite the recent advances in the treatment of HCC, the prognosis of HCC is still poor even after curative treatment. Performance status has shown to be associated with long-term survival and prognosis in patients with HCC, and it is one of the important factors in the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system. Recently, the researches on health-related quality of life (HRQL) of cancer patients have been progressed. The most widely used surveys to assess HRQL of cancer patients are Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Generic (FACT-G) and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire (QLQ)-C30. Since those two are mainly about cancers in general, HCC specific surveys were developed. The FACT-Hep questionnaire has 45-items specifically focusing on patients with hepatobiliary cancers. EORTC QLQ-hepatocellular carcinoma 18 (HCC 18) is an 18-item questionnaire designed to be used along with the EORTC QLQ-C30 for patients with HCC. An 18-item National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-FACT Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Symptom Index (NFHSI-18) is a specific questionnaire for advanced hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers. However, there is no consensus whether it would be appropriate to adopt HRQL as a prognostic variable in HCC staging system. Moreover, there is limited information available about the impact of patients' HRQL on long-term outcome in patients with HCC. Thus, in this study, the researchers will investigate whether HRQL can be an important factor in HCC staging system by testing the reliability and clinical validity of FACT-Hep, EORTC QLQ-HCC18, and NFHSI-18. Second, the investigators will evaluate the relation of HRQL with treatment efficacy, recurrence and survival outcome. Lastly, the investigators will suggest the suitable questionnaire module for patients with HCC.
Sponsor: Asan Medical Center
Study type: Observational
March 2015 - December 2017
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading death cancer in the world. It is important to explore a safe and effective therapy for early-stage HCC. Previous studies reported that radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has higher efficacy and is associated with fewer complications and shorter hospital stays than hepatic resection (HR) for early-stage HCC. However, meta-analysis and systematic review found that RFA is associated with higher recurrence rate and lower long-term overall survival.
Sponsor: Guangxi Medical University
Study type: Interventional
March 2015 - March 2017
The purpose of this study is to determine whether autologous T cells bearing chimeric antigen receptor that can specifically recognize glypican-3 (GPC3) is safe and effective for patients with relapsed or refractory hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Sponsor: RenJi Hospital
Study type: Interventional
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