Clinical Trials Logo

Clinical Trial Summary

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a promising, novel, non-invasive therapy for depression. In fact, there is an FDA-approved depression protocol to stimulate the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). Its efficacy and safety have improved significantly with continued research and clinical experience. However, it is not known how to identify potential patients who would benefit most from treatment. The primary goal of this study is to determine if changes in specific electroencephalogram (EEG) parameters after treatment can predict whether patients are responders or non-responders to rTMS. The second objective is to analyze changes in the functional connectivity of specific brain regions in responders compared to non-responders. The hypothesis is that through rTMS treatment, investigators will be able to increase the activity in the frontal region that includes the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Scalp EEG signals will be processed in order to compare EEG brain connectivity and Frontal alpha asymmetry index (FAA) to determine if there are differences before and after the treatment. EEG FAA is usually calculated by subtracting the right-side EEG power estimates from the respective counterpart on the other side. According to literature, depressive patients seem to have comparatively higher left frontal alpha power. Cortical activity is related to a reduced EEG power, which is reflected in depressed subjects. On the other hand, higher alpha power could also be interpreted as inhibition. Investigators will try to delineate changes in resting EEG functional connectivity before and after high-frequency left prefrontal rTMS, by using biomarkers such as: time/frequency connectivity, Alpha asymmetry index, among others. TMS also allows cortical properties, such as excitability, inhibition, oscillatory activity and connectivity to be directly probed within a specific region of the cortex. Other studies suggest that alterations in gamma oscillations in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and neighboring frontal regions are also potential shared biomarkers in psychiatry, highlighting the potential of EEG signals to help identify suitable biomarkers. Given its relative low cost and ease of use, when compared to brain imaging tools such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET), EEG could be added to the clinical study so that precise neurophysiological changes before and after treatments can be assessed.

Clinical Trial Description

rTMS treatment for subjects who are suffering depression and are suitable for rTMS according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria using the FDA MagVenture: MagVita TMS system. This protocol will be conducted following the safety guidelines in order to minimize risk. Dr. Patricia Junquera will be present during the TMS sessions. For this research study investigators are recruiting patients with depression. Two groups will be created: Group 1 = Research-onlyGroup; with 2 sub-group: 1-A= TMS treatment up to 6 weeks and 1-B = SHAM 2 weeks + TMS treatment up to 4 weeks. Group 2 = Treatment + research group, If voluntarily consenting, patients who obtain clinical treatment for depression with TMS at FIU Ambulatory Care Center (ACC) will have EEG, recorded (duration: 20min). Group 1= Sub-Group 1-A and Sub-Group 1-B Sub-Group 1-A = Research intervention: ten patients will receive active rTMS during 6 weeks (30 sessions). EEG will be recorded before rTMS sessions during session 1, 10, and 30. Sub-Group 1-B= Sham and research intervention : Blind-randomized trial 10 sessions of sham-controlled rTMS will be apply to ten patients, after the 2 weeks group 1-B would be incorporated for 4 weeks to the same protocol that group 1-A (Activer TMS). EEG will be acquire before the first session and after session 10 to compare and evaluate the efficacy of rTMS in depression for these two groups during the first two weeks. Group 2 = Clinical Treatment + research group: If voluntarily consenting, patients who obtain clinical treatment for depression with TMS at FIU Ambulatory Care Center (ACC) will have EEG recorded at the beginning of treatment, session 10, session 20, and at the end of the protocol, session 30 (duration: 19 min). Motor Threshold (MT) Determination has two purposes: to determine the location of the hand area of the motor cortex and to determine stimulation level. Once the motor cortex is found, a line is drawn on the patient's individual cap to show the operator where to place the coil when performing the actual depression treatments. The MT determination is performed on the left hemisphere because the subsequent depression treatments are performed over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). When performing rTMS depression treatment, the stimulation level is defined as 120 % of MT Treatments Steps: Initial session with Motor Threshold (MT) determination, followed by 5 treatment sessions per week during a period of normally 2-6 weeks. EEG recordings will be performed using the Xltek EEG (Electroencephalograph) system, designed for quick and convenient hook-up, it will record the brain's spontaneous electrical activity and evoked responses non-invasively from the scalp. Approximately 10-20 minutes of resting-state EEG will be recorded before rTMS sessions during session 1, 10 and 30). Study will be conducted at ACC 145-145-A clinical facility, During treatment sessions, the patient is comfortably seated in the treatment chair with a vacuum pillow around the neck to provide optimal support of the head. The study is of minimal risk with occasional side effects of the test are minor and brief headache from prolonged TMS stimulation. Response and Treatment Protocol in case of Seizure: In case a patient suffers the occurrence of a seizure during an rTMS session, the following steps are undertaken: •If a seizure occurs, testing (TMS) will be postponed at least 1 hour, or until baseline function returns. The significance of this work is to create a new understanding of the therapeutic effect of rTMS in participants with depression, using EEG to assess the lasting effects of the treatment. This can lead us to the creation of a maintenance protocol to prolong the effects of rTMS in this population. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05424224
Study type Observational
Source Florida International University
Contact Malek Adjouadi, PhD
Phone 3053483019
Status Recruiting
Start date January 9, 2023
Completion date September 25, 2025

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Active, not recruiting NCT05777044 - The Effect of Hatha Yoga on Mental Health N/A
Recruiting NCT04977232 - Adjunctive Game Intervention for Anhedonia in MDD Patients N/A
Recruiting NCT04680611 - Severe Asthma, MepolizumaB and Affect: SAMBA Study
Recruiting NCT04043052 - Mobile Technologies and Post-stroke Depression N/A
Completed NCT04512768 - Treating Comorbid Insomnia in Transdiagnostic Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy N/A
Recruiting NCT03207828 - Testing Interventions for Patients With Fibromyalgia and Depression N/A
Completed NCT04617015 - Defining and Treating Depression-related Asthma Early Phase 1
Recruiting NCT06011681 - The Rapid Diagnosis of MCI and Depression in Patients Ages 60 and Over
Completed NCT04476446 - An Expanded Access Protocol for Esketamine Treatment in Participants With Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD) Who do Not Have Other Treatment Alternatives Phase 3
Recruiting NCT02783430 - Evaluation of the Initial Prescription of Ketamine and Milnacipran in Depression in Patients With a Progressive Disease Phase 2/Phase 3
Recruiting NCT05563805 - Exploring Virtual Reality Adventure Training Exergaming N/A
Completed NCT04598165 - Mobile WACh NEO: Mobile Solutions for Neonatal Health and Maternal Support N/A
Completed NCT03457714 - Guided Internet Delivered Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy for Persons With Spinal Cord Injury: A Feasibility Trial
Recruiting NCT05956912 - Implementing Group Metacognitive Therapy in Cardiac Rehabilitation Services (PATHWAY-Beacons)
Completed NCT05588622 - Meru Health Program for Cancer Patients With Depression and Anxiety N/A
Recruiting NCT05234476 - Behavioral Activation Plus Savoring for University Students N/A
Active, not recruiting NCT05006976 - A Naturalistic Trial of Nudging Clinicians in the Norwegian Sickness Absence Clinic. The NSAC Nudge Study N/A
Enrolling by invitation NCT03276585 - Night in Japan Home Sleep Monitoring Study
Completed NCT03167372 - Pilot Comparison of N-of-1 Trials of Light Therapy N/A
Terminated NCT03275571 - HIV, Computerized Depression Therapy & Cognition N/A