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NCT ID: NCT05414786 Recruiting - HIV-1-infection Clinical Trials

A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of eOD-GT8 60mer mRNA Vaccine (mRNA-1644)

Start date: May 26, 2022
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

A Phase 1 Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of eOD-GT8 60mer mRNA Vaccine (mRNA-1644) in HIV-1 Uninfected Adults in Good General Health.

NCT ID: NCT05405400 Recruiting - Depression Clinical Trials

The Sugira Muryango Longitudinal & Spillover Study

Start date: April 20, 2022
Study type: Observational

The Early Childhood version of Sugira Muryango is a family-based, home-visiting intervention targeted at early childhood development and implemented with families living in extreme poverty in three districts of Rwanda. This version of Sugira Muryango was first tested in two small pilot studies and a large cluster randomized trial (CRT) was implemented between February 2018 and September 2019 . Pre- to post-intervention findings demonstrated that Sugira Muryango led to improvements in caregiver behaviors linked to child development and health as well as reductions in violence, which were sustained 12 months after the intervention, at which time improvements in child development were observed. The Research Program on Children and Adversity in the Boston College School of Social Work is led by Dr. Theresa S. Betancourt and will, in partnership with the University of Rwanda, FXB-Rwanda and Laterite, conduct a longitudinal follow-up study to investigate the longer-term outcomes of the Sugira Muryango intervention in families who participated in the CRT. The four-year follow-up will examine the long-term and sustained outcomes of the intervention. In particular, the investigators will look at key indicators of long-term positive outcomes for children such as school readiness and transition to formal schooling. Given the lack of longitudinal research on intervention programs supporting ECD in sub-Saharan Africa, this study will contribute greatly to the body of knowledge on the costs and benefits of investments in ECD and guide policy makers and government leaders on making impactful investments in children, leading to long-term benefits for the population at large. The follow-up study involves two activities: Activity A: Pilot to assess measures performance of newly added measures and field test study protocols. Activity B: Four-year follow-up of families who participated in the CRT of the Sugira Muryango intervention.

NCT ID: NCT05364138 Not yet recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Evaluating Scaleup of an Adapted Breast Cancer Early Diagnosis Program in Rwanda

Start date: June 1, 2022
Study type: Observational

Breast cancer incidence is increasing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and breast cancer mortality is high in these regions largely due to late stage diagnoses. This is true in the low-income East African country of Rwanda, where there are no national protocols in place to guide evaluation and referral of breast symptoms at primary health facilities. This study will use quantitative and qualitative methods to examine implementation of the Women's Cancer Early Detection Program (WCEDP) in order to understand optimal strategies to scale and sustain breast cancer early diagnosis in Rwanda and other limited-resource settings. The WCEDP is an adaptation of a prior intervention in Burera District, which focused on building community awareness of breast symptoms, improving clinicians' clinical breast assessment (CBA) skills, and implementing weekly breast clinics at the primary health care center and hospital levels. The Burera intervention was associated with improvements in health care workers' knowledge and skills, increases in care-seeking and receipt of care by women with breast symptoms, and an increase in early-stage breast cancer diagnoses.

NCT ID: NCT05247853 Recruiting - Cervical Cancer Clinical Trials

HPV Vaccine Effectiveness Study in Rwandan Women Living With HIV

Start date: November 3, 2021
Study type: Observational

Our study will assess and measure population effectiveness of prophylactic HPV vaccine in reducing cervical, anal, and/or oral prevalent and 6-month persistent infections among HPV-vaccinated and 757 HPV-unvaccinated Rwandan WLWH aged 18-26 years. Additional objectives include the quantification & examination of long-term antibody (into young adulthood) responses to HPV vaccination and to validate the performance (e.g., sensitivity and specificity) of a low-cost, POC anti-HPV16 antibody test to determine/confirm HPV vaccination status. The findings for this study will provide necessary evidence regarding the long-term protection afforded by HPV vaccination in WLWH living in SSA, who are at the greatest risk of HPV-related cancers.

NCT ID: NCT05108831 Recruiting - Child Health Clinical Trials

Dynamic CDSA to Manage Sick Children in Rwanda

Start date: December 1, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study aims to reduce morbidity and mortality among children and mitigate antimicrobial resistance using a novel clinical decision support algorithm, enhanced with point-of-care technologies to help health workers in primary health care settings in Rwanda. Furthermore, the tool provides opportunities to improve supervision and mentorship of health workers and enhance syndromic disease surveillance and outbreak detection.

NCT ID: NCT05063487 Recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

Evaluation of HIV-1 Recent Infection Testing in Rwanda

Start date: July 29, 2021
Study type: Observational

The study is a longitudinal, observational cohort study of people who are newly-diagnosed with HIV who consent to recency testing and participate in index testing services, and their disclosed contacts. The study will evaluate the impact of recency testing on HIV positive yield of index testing among the contacts of newly diagnosed people living with HIV and the incidence of adverse events or social harm as a result of returning recency results among newly diagnosed people living with HIV.

NCT ID: NCT05056545 Not yet recruiting - Family Planning Clinical Trials

Postpartum Family Planning Program in Rwanda

Start date: June 30, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This trial wants to address high unmet need for postpartum family planning (PPFP) in Rwanda. A previous pilot study tested the intervention (informed by formative work with couples/clients, clinic providers, champions, and community health workers), which significantly increased the use of PPFP in government clinics. This study now proposes to use an implementation science framework to test the hypothesis that the proposed PPFP intervention is adaptable to large-scale implementation, cost-effective, and sustainable. This PPFP could dramatically reduce unintended pregnancy and abortion and improve birth spacing and maternal and newborn health.

NCT ID: NCT04940039 Recruiting - Schizophrenia Clinical Trials

A Study to Assess the Treatment of Schizophrenia With Paliperidone Palmitate in Rwandan Healthcare Settings

Start date: July 22, 2021
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of treatment with long-acting injectable (LAI) paliperidone (paliperidone palmitate 1-month [PP1M] and 3-month [PP3M] formulations) in terms of clinical outcomes in participants with schizophrenia in Rwandan real-world healthcare settings.

NCT ID: NCT04932239 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for First Aid Education for Road Traffic Crashes

Effectiveness of Road Traffic Crashes First-aid Education Among Commercial Motorcyclists in Kigali-City, Rwanda

Start date: July 15, 2021
Phase: Early Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

Prehospital management after road traffic crashes(RTC) is a predicting factor to patient outcomes especially in Low-Income Countries where emergency medical services are lacking. This may explain the high mortality related to RTC in Rwanda for instance, where the delay to reach the hospital of these victims was found as an independent factor to death . For that reason, this study hypothesizes that the training of non -professionals as commercial motorcyclists could help to reduce trauma-related mortality and morbidity in Rwanda. The protocol general objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of road traffic crashes first -aid education on knowledge, attitudes, and practice among commercial motorcyclists in Kigali-City, Rwanda. Hypotheses are: 1. There is a difference in the baseline level of knowledge, attitudes, and practice on road crashes' first aid between the intervention and control groups of commercial motorcyclists. 2. There is a relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge, attitudes, and practice' levels on first aid among commercial motorcyclists. 3. There is a relationship between the education intervention and Knowledge, attitudes, and practice' level on first aid among commercial motorcyclists

NCT ID: NCT04912414 Completed - Patient Engagement Clinical Trials

Brief Family Therapy (BFT) for the Treatment of Psychosomatic Symptoms in Rwanda

Start date: March 1, 2020
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Mental health is fundamental part of the human being worldwide taken as the driver of all daily activities of the people. Psychosomatic disorders are the psychological diseases that are the burden in mental health worldwide. These diseases characterized by the medically unexplained symptomatology (MUS) are considered as a comprehensive, interdisciplinary framework for assessment of psychological factors affecting individual vulnerability, as well as course and outcome of illness; biopsychosocial consideration of patient care in clinical practice; specialist interventions to integrate psychological therapies in the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of medical disease. This psychosomatic symptomatology is highly prevalent in developing countries. Prior studies stated that Brief family therapy (BFT) is an effective for MUS. Some possible reasons could be solving conflicts and interpersonal problems by means of training certain skills such as problem solving, developing relationships with others, effective coping, assertiveness and positive thinking. This quasi-experimental design investigates whether BFT can reduce psychosomatic symptoms in Kibungo referral hospital of Eastern Province, Rwanda. Experimental group enroll 60 patients who will be followed up during 2 months. Control group enroll 60 patients. Participants from experimental group will attend 8 sessions of BFT. Statistical analyses will be performed using the SPSS software version 22. As recommended by the declaration of Helsinki, confidentiality and voluntariness were ensured. Informed consents were obtained from the participants. Paired-samples t-test will be used for assessing the means differences between two groups before and after the BFT. 95% of confidence intervals and 5% of statistical significance are applied. In the baseline, sociodemographic questionnaire and psychometric tools will be provided. The psychometric tools will be used in the baseline and at the end of BFT sessions.