Clinical Trials Logo

Filter by:
NCT ID: NCT03508349 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Malaria in Pregnancy

Routine Antenatal Care Versus Screening and Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy in Rwanda

Start date: September 5, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The main aim of this study is to test the primary hypothesis that the addition of intermittent screening and treatment of malaria in pregnant women (ISTp) who receive routine antenatal care (ANC) in health facilities in high malaria transmission areas in Rwanda will reduce malaria prevalence among pregnant women when compared to routine antenatal cares services alone.

NCT ID: NCT03455647 Enrolling by invitation - Clinical trials for Inadequate Child Growth

Enhancing Milk Consumption for Improved Nutrition in Rwanda

Start date: April 23, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is a mixed-methods cluster-randomized controlled trial in Rwanda designed to measure the impact of a dairy asset transfer program with or without nutrition education promoting the home consumption of dairy milk and other animal source foods.

NCT ID: NCT03455127 Completed - Child Development Clinical Trials

Alliance for Family Strengthening: Improved Early Childhood Development in Rwanda

FSI-ECD
Start date: March 10, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Preliminary pilot testing of the home-based FSI-ECD intervention as delivered by community based lay workers.

NCT ID: NCT03367637 Not yet recruiting - Cancer Pain Clinical Trials

A Novel mHealth Approach to Assess and Manage Palliative Care Needs for Cancer Patients in Kigali

Start date: October 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problem associated with life-threatening illness such as cancer, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and treatment of pain and other physical and psychosocial problems. Despite the rising incidence of cancer, the availability of comprehensive palliative care services across Sub Saharan Africa is extremely limited. The current study will test the efficacy of the newly developed smart phone based symptom evaluation app (application), in improving the management of the palliative care needs of patients with advanced cancer in Rwanda. RPCHO is the Rwanda Palliative Care and Hospice Organization that provides palliative care services to advanced cancer patients in Rwanda. About 80 patients enrolled under the RPCHO will be enrolled in the current study. Those who agree to take part in the study will be randomly assigned to either a standard care group or intervention group. Patients in both the arms will continue to receive the standard palliative care currently provided at the RPCHO. Additionally, patients in the intervention group will receive new smart-phone application based alerts, bi-weekly, on their mobile phone to fill out the short symptom assessment form. In addition, patients will also be able to complete a symptom assessment at any time they feel that their symptoms are poorly controlled or getting worse. The team at RPCHO will have desktop based dashboard where they will be able to track all patient's information. This will assist them in early identification and response to any worsening symptoms. Patients enrolled in both standard arm and intervention arm, will be asked to make three visits at the RPCHO at baseline, at 6 weeks, at 3 months. During this visits the RPCHO research staff will conduct their physical and psychological assessment. We hope to find significant improvement in pain score, other symptoms and quality of life, as measured by standard validated scores, for patients enrolled under the intervention arm (using the smart phone app) as compared to standard care arm at 6 weeks and at 3 months. Thus we hope to demonstrate that the new smartphone-based app can be successfully used for both the assessment and management of pain and other symptoms and providing palliative care services for advanced cancer patients in low and middle income countries.

NCT ID: NCT03311399 Enrolling by invitation - Clinical trials for Surgical Site Infection

Using mHealth Technology to Identify and Refer Surgical Site Infections in Rwanda

Start date: March 15, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The present study aims to examine whether or not the use of mobile Health (mHealth) by community health workers (CHWs) can improve the identification of surgical site infection (SSI) and a timely return to care among patients who undergo cesarean-section surgery at a rural hospital in Rwanda.

NCT ID: NCT03303963 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

DIAgnostics for Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in Africa

DIAMA
Start date: May 4, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.

NCT ID: NCT03184948 Active, not recruiting - Jaundice, Neonatal Clinical Trials

Understanding Neonatal Jaundice in Rwanda

Start date: May 29, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study exploits the distribution of low-cost high-quality phototherapy devices (Brilliance by D-Rev) to public hospitals in Rwanda to assess whether the provision of improved technology improves health care for infant jaundice. Specifically, the investigators are interested in measuring whether the provision of an additional high-quality phototherapy device, a known effective treatment for jaundice, successfully translates into improved care of neonatal jaundice in Rwanda where the burden of jaundice is particularly high.

NCT ID: NCT03154177 Enrolling by invitation - Preterm Birth Clinical Trials

Group Antenatal/Postnatal Care in Rwanda

PTBi Rwanda
Start date: May 15, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The focus of this work is to improve antenatal care (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC) at the health center level in five districts in Rwanda (Bugesera, Burera, Nyamasheke, Nyarugenge, and Rubavu). 36 health centers in these districts are included in this cluster randomized control trial (RCT) of group ANC and PNC care to measure this alternative model's effects on gestational age at birth, survival of preterm and low birth weight infants at 42 days of life, and ANC and PNC coverage. To improve antenatal assessment of gestational age, nurses will be trained in obstetric ultrasound at 18 health centers. These facilities will also incorporate pregnancy testing with urine dipstick to be performed by community health workers in charge of maternal health to facilitate early entry into ANC. This trial will test the hypothesis that women who participate in this alternative model of group ANC will experience increased gestational age at birth, as compared to women who receive standard focused ANC. This study is a collaboration with the University of Rwanda, the Rwandan Ministry of Health (MOH), the Rwanda Biomedical Center, and UCSF. The group care model used in this study is Rwanda-specific model developed by a Rwandan technical working group. The model includes an individual clinical visit for the first antenatal visit, followed by three group visits spaced about 8 weeks apart throughout pregnancy and a postnatal group visit at approximately 6 weeks after birth. Women will be grouped into stable groups of approximately 8-12 women with similar due dates. A community health worker (CHW) and a health center nurse will work together as co-facilitators to lead each of the groups. Each group visit includes clinical assessment, education, and treatments as appropriate for the women who attend. The model is founded on facilitative leadership of the groups, in which the co-facilitators allow women's experiences and interests to drive the content and women are encouraged to help one another cope with obstacles to optimal health. Facilitators will be supported by master trainers who will visit health centers to observe group sessions and offer supportive feedback. Data collected in this trial will include measures of the satisfaction of both women and providers with the group care, content of care differences between standard and group care, and perinatal outcomes such as gestational age at delivery and 42-day preterm and low birth weight infant survival.

NCT ID: NCT03067519 Completed - Clinical trials for Elective Surgical Procedures

Fast Track Surgery for Abdominal Surgery in Rwanda

Start date: October 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Fast Track Surgery (FTS) was started in colorectal surgery, but was later applied to other surgical fields. Core elements include epidural or regional anaesthesia, perioperative fluid management, minimally invasive surgical techniques, pain control, and early mobilization and feeding. Beneficial effects of FTS include reduced costs, early hospital discharge, and increased availability of hospital beds.The main aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of FTS in the Rwandan surgical setting and to demonstrate the benefits of FTS. it is study comparing the management of surgical patients using traditional management and fast track surgery. the study was done on patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery only

NCT ID: NCT03045809 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Urinary Tract Infections

Women's Improvement of Sexual Health (WISH) Demonstration Project

WISH
Start date: July 5, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The current standard of care for urogenital infections in Rwanda is syndromic management. Many urogenital infections are asymptomatic and therefore completely missed, and the management of vaginal discharge syndrome is known to be suboptimal. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether it is feasible to improve urogenital infection care in high risk women in Kigali, Rwanda, using point of care (POC) diagnostic testing for HIV, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and bacterial vaginosis (BV) in all women; POC testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and syphilis in pregnant women and women assessed to be at high risk for these infections using a risk scoring questionnaire; and management of vaginal candidiasis, urinary tract infection (UTI), genital ulcers/inguinal bubos, and lower abdominal pain in women reporting relevant symptoms. The secondary objectives of this study are 1) to evaluate the performance and 2) cost effectiveness of the POC tests for CT/NG, TV and BV; and 3) to obtain the opinions of Rwandan stakeholders.