Clinical Trials Logo

Filter by:
NCT ID: NCT03184948 Active, not recruiting - Jaundice, Neonatal Clinical Trials

Understanding Neonatal Jaundice in Rwanda

Start date: May 29, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study exploits the distribution of low-cost high-quality phototherapy devices (Brilliance by D-Rev) to public hospitals in Rwanda to assess whether the provision of improved technology improves health care for infant jaundice. Specifically, the investigators are interested in measuring whether the provision of an additional high-quality phototherapy device, a known effective treatment for jaundice, successfully translates into improved care of neonatal jaundice in Rwanda where the burden of jaundice is particularly high.

NCT ID: NCT03154177 Enrolling by invitation - Preterm Birth Clinical Trials

Group Antenatal/Postnatal Care in Rwanda

PTBi Rwanda
Start date: May 15, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The focus of this work is to improve antenatal care (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC) at the health center level in five districts in Rwanda (Bugesera, Burera, Nyamasheke, Nyarugenge, and Rubavu). 36 health centers in these districts are included in this cluster randomized control trial (RCT) of group ANC and PNC care to measure this alternative model's effects on gestational age at birth, survival of preterm and low birth weight infants at 42 days of life, and ANC and PNC coverage. To improve antenatal assessment of gestational age, nurses will be trained in obstetric ultrasound at 18 health centers. These facilities will also incorporate pregnancy testing with urine dipstick to be performed by community health workers in charge of maternal health to facilitate early entry into ANC. This trial will test the hypothesis that women who participate in this alternative model of group ANC will experience increased gestational age at birth, as compared to women who receive standard focused ANC. This study is a collaboration with the University of Rwanda, the Rwandan Ministry of Health (MOH), the Rwanda Biomedical Center, and UCSF. The group care model used in this study is Rwanda-specific model developed by a Rwandan technical working group. The model includes an individual clinical visit for the first antenatal visit, followed by three group visits spaced about 8 weeks apart throughout pregnancy and a postnatal group visit at approximately 6 weeks after birth. Women will be grouped into stable groups of approximately 8-12 women with similar due dates. A community health worker (CHW) and a health center nurse will work together as co-facilitators to lead each of the groups. Each group visit includes clinical assessment, education, and treatments as appropriate for the women who attend. The model is founded on facilitative leadership of the groups, in which the co-facilitators allow women's experiences and interests to drive the content and women are encouraged to help one another cope with obstacles to optimal health. Facilitators will be supported by master trainers who will visit health centers to observe group sessions and offer supportive feedback. Data collected in this trial will include measures of the satisfaction of both women and providers with the group care, content of care differences between standard and group care, and perinatal outcomes such as gestational age at delivery and 42-day preterm and low birth weight infant survival.

NCT ID: NCT03067519 Completed - Clinical trials for Elective Surgical Procedures

Fast Track Surgery for Abdominal Surgery in Rwanda

Start date: October 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Fast Track Surgery (FTS) was started in colorectal surgery, but was later applied to other surgical fields. Core elements include epidural or regional anaesthesia, perioperative fluid management, minimally invasive surgical techniques, pain control, and early mobilization and feeding. Beneficial effects of FTS include reduced costs, early hospital discharge, and increased availability of hospital beds.The main aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of FTS in the Rwandan surgical setting and to demonstrate the benefits of FTS. it is study comparing the management of surgical patients using traditional management and fast track surgery. the study was done on patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery only

NCT ID: NCT03045809 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Urinary Tract Infections

Women's Improvement of Sexual Health (WISH) Demonstration Project

WISH
Start date: July 5, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The current standard of care for urogenital infections in Rwanda is syndromic management. Many urogenital infections are asymptomatic and therefore completely missed, and the management of vaginal discharge syndrome is known to be suboptimal. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether it is feasible to improve urogenital infection care in high risk women in Kigali, Rwanda, using point of care (POC) diagnostic testing for HIV, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and bacterial vaginosis (BV) in all women; POC testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and syphilis in pregnant women and women assessed to be at high risk for these infections using a risk scoring questionnaire; and management of vaginal candidiasis, urinary tract infection (UTI), genital ulcers/inguinal bubos, and lower abdominal pain in women reporting relevant symptoms. The secondary objectives of this study are 1) to evaluate the performance and 2) cost effectiveness of the POC tests for CT/NG, TV and BV; and 3) to obtain the opinions of Rwandan stakeholders.

NCT ID: NCT03031431 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Hypothermia Neonatal

Electricity-free Infant Warmer for Newborn Thermoregulation in Rwanda

Start date: July 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Hypothermia contributes to a significant portion of neonatal deaths. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a safe and effective method of warming; however, it is not always feasible, and not possible in settings such as resuscitation or clinical instability. Electric warmers are the standard of care in developed countries, but are extremely costly, complicated with risk of causing both hypo and hyperthermia with misuse, and often not feasible in settings without stable electricity. Through a multi-institutional collaboration, the investigators have developed an electricity-free infant warmer. After laboratory based prototype testing for safety and efficacy, the investigators aim to study the supervised use of the warmer under routine implementation conditions in a resource-limited setting.

NCT ID: NCT02964091 Recruiting - Chronic Hepatitis C Clinical Trials

Simplifying Hepatitis C Antiviral Therapy in Rwanda for Elsewhere in the Developing World

SHARED
Start date: October 2016
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of a medication, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), used to treat individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Rwandan adults. A sub-cohort of participants will have limited laboratory monitoring to determine the minimum laboratory tests necessary.

NCT ID: NCT02944682 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Infant, Low Birth Weight

Household Air Pollution and Health: A Multi-country LPG Intervention Trial

Start date: September 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is a randomized controlled trial of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stove and fuel distribution in 3,200 households in four countries (India, Guatemala, Peru, and Rwanda). Following a common protocol, each intervention site will recruit 800 pregnant women (aged 18-34 years, <20 weeks gestation), and will randomly assign half their households to receive LPG stoves and a 30-month supply of LPG. Controls will receive the same cookstoves and LPG supply at the end of the study. The mother will be followed along with her child until the child is 2 years old. The researchers estimate that 25% of households will have a second, non-pregnant older adult woman (aged 35-64 years) who will also be enrolled at baseline and followed during the 30-month follow-up period. To optimize intervention use, the researchers will implement behavior change strategies informed by previous experiences and formative research in Year 1. This study will assess cookstove use, conduct repeated personal exposure assessments of household air pollution, and collect dried blood spots and urinary samples for biomarker analysis and biospecimen storage. The primary outcomes are low birthweight, pneumonia incidence, and linear growth in the child, and blood pressure in the older adult woman. Secondary outcomes include preterm birth and gross motor development in the child, maternal blood pressure during pregnancy, and endothelial function, respiratory impairment, carcinogenic metabolites, and quality of life in the older adult woman.

NCT ID: NCT02935686 Recruiting - Healthy Clinical Trials

A Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity Study of 2 Different Regimens of Tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV Prime Followed by Boost With Tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV Along With Either Clade C gp140 Plus Adjuvant OR With a Combination of Mosaic and Clade C gp140 Plus Adjuvant in Healthy HIV Uninfected Adults

IPCAVD-012
Start date: March 31, 2017
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The primary purpose of this study is to assess safety/tolerability of the different vaccine regimens and to assess envelope (Env)-binding antibody (Ab) responses of the 2 different vaccine regimens.

NCT ID: NCT02788045 Recruiting - Healthy Clinical Trials

Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity Study of Different Vaccine Regimens of Trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV or Tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV Along With Clade C Glycoprotein (gp)140 in Healthy Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-Uninfected Adults

Start date: July 8, 2016
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety/tolerability of the 2 different vaccine regimens of priming with trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV and boosting with trivalent Ad26.Mos.HIV and Clade C gp140 plus adjuvant or priming with tetravalent Ad26.Mos4.HIV and boosting with Ad26.Mos4.HIV and Clade C glycoprotein (gp)140 plus adjuvant. Immune responses of the different vaccine schedules will be assessed.

NCT ID: NCT02603250 Completed - Anemia Clinical Trials

Evaluation of Hemoglobin Measurement Tools for Child Anemia Screening in Rwanda

Start date: September 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of a noninvasive Hb device (Pronto® with DCI-mini™ sensors) as an accurate method for measuring Hb levels among children between 6 and 59 months against the standard reference hematology analyzer. The secondary purpose is to evaluate the accuracy of two HemoCue® Hb 201+ capillary blood collection methods against the standard reference hematology analyzer. The study hypothesizes that the Pronto® with DCI-mini™ sensor will approximate Hb values within ±1.0 g/dL and secondly, it will correctly classify participants as anemic or not anemic with less than 31% disagreement when compared to the standard reference hematology analyzer among children 6 to 59 months of age. Additionally, the two different HemoCue® Hb 201+ capillary blood collection methodologies will both approximate Hb values within ±1.0 g/dL and secondly, it will correctly classify participants as anemic or not anemic with less than 35% disagreement when compared to the standard reference hematology analyzer among children 6 to 59 months of age.