There are about 66 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Rwanda. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problem associated with life-threatening illness such as cancer, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and treatment of pain and other physical and psychosocial problems. Despite the rising incidence of cancer, the availability of comprehensive palliative care services across Sub Saharan Africa is extremely limited. The current study will test the efficacy of the newly developed smart phone based symptom evaluation app (application), in improving the management of the palliative care needs of patients with advanced cancer in Rwanda. RPCHO is the Rwanda Palliative Care and Hospice Organization that provides palliative care services to advanced cancer patients in Rwanda. About 80 patients enrolled under the RPCHO will be enrolled in the current study. Those who agree to take part in the study will be randomly assigned to either a standard care group or intervention group. Patients in both the arms will continue to receive the standard palliative care currently provided at the RPCHO. Additionally, patients in the intervention group will receive new smart-phone application based alerts, bi-weekly, on their mobile phone to fill out the short symptom assessment form. In addition, patients will also be able to complete a symptom assessment at any time they feel that their symptoms are poorly controlled or getting worse. The team at RPCHO will have desktop based dashboard where they will be able to track all patient's information. This will assist them in early identification and response to any worsening symptoms. Patients enrolled in both standard arm and intervention arm, will be asked to make three visits at the RPCHO at baseline, at 6 weeks, at 3 months. During this visits the RPCHO research staff will conduct their physical and psychological assessment. We hope to find significant improvement in pain score, other symptoms and quality of life, as measured by standard validated scores, for patients enrolled under the intervention arm (using the smart phone app) as compared to standard care arm at 6 weeks and at 3 months. Thus we hope to demonstrate that the new smartphone-based app can be successfully used for both the assessment and management of pain and other symptoms and providing palliative care services for advanced cancer patients in low and middle income countries.
The present study aims to examine whether or not the use of mobile Health (mHealth) by community health workers (CHWs) can improve the identification of surgical site infection (SSI) and a timely return to care among patients who undergo cesarean-section surgery at a rural hospital in Rwanda.
Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.
This study exploits the distribution of low-cost high-quality phototherapy devices (Brilliance by D-Rev) to public hospitals in Rwanda to assess whether the provision of improved technology improves health care for infant jaundice. Specifically, the investigators are interested in measuring whether the provision of an additional high-quality phototherapy device, a known effective treatment for jaundice, successfully translates into improved care of neonatal jaundice in Rwanda where the burden of jaundice is particularly high.
The focus of this work is to improve antenatal care (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC) at the health center level in five districts in Rwanda (Bugesera, Burera, Nyamasheke, Nyarugenge, and Rubavu). 36 health centers in these districts are included in this cluster randomized control trial (RCT) of group ANC and PNC care to measure this alternative model's effects on gestational age at birth, survival of preterm and low birth weight infants at 42 days of life, and ANC and PNC coverage. To improve antenatal assessment of gestational age, nurses will be trained in obstetric ultrasound at 18 health centers. These facilities will also incorporate pregnancy testing with urine dipstick to be performed by community health workers in charge of maternal health to facilitate early entry into ANC. This trial will test the hypothesis that women who participate in this alternative model of group ANC will experience increased gestational age at birth, as compared to women who receive standard focused ANC. This study is a collaboration with the University of Rwanda, the Rwandan Ministry of Health (MOH), the Rwanda Biomedical Center, and UCSF. The group care model used in this study is Rwanda-specific model developed by a Rwandan technical working group. The model includes an individual clinical visit for the first antenatal visit, followed by three group visits spaced about 8 weeks apart throughout pregnancy and a postnatal group visit at approximately 6 weeks after birth. Women will be grouped into stable groups of approximately 8-12 women with similar due dates. A community health worker (CHW) and a health center nurse will work together as co-facilitators to lead each of the groups. Each group visit includes clinical assessment, education, and treatments as appropriate for the women who attend. The model is founded on facilitative leadership of the groups, in which the co-facilitators allow women's experiences and interests to drive the content and women are encouraged to help one another cope with obstacles to optimal health. Facilitators will be supported by master trainers who will visit health centers to observe group sessions and offer supportive feedback. Data collected in this trial will include measures of the satisfaction of both women and providers with the group care, content of care differences between standard and group care, and perinatal outcomes such as gestational age at delivery and 42-day preterm and low birth weight infant survival.
Fast Track Surgery (FTS) was started in colorectal surgery, but was later applied to other surgical fields. Core elements include epidural or regional anaesthesia, perioperative fluid management, minimally invasive surgical techniques, pain control, and early mobilization and feeding. Beneficial effects of FTS include reduced costs, early hospital discharge, and increased availability of hospital beds.The main aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of FTS in the Rwandan surgical setting and to demonstrate the benefits of FTS. it is study comparing the management of surgical patients using traditional management and fast track surgery. the study was done on patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery only
The current standard of care for urogenital infections in Rwanda is syndromic management. Many urogenital infections are asymptomatic and therefore completely missed, and the management of vaginal discharge syndrome is known to be suboptimal. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether it is feasible to improve urogenital infection care in high risk women in Kigali, Rwanda, using point of care (POC) diagnostic testing for HIV, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and bacterial vaginosis (BV) in all women; POC testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and syphilis in pregnant women and women assessed to be at high risk for these infections using a risk scoring questionnaire; and management of vaginal candidiasis, urinary tract infection (UTI), genital ulcers/inguinal bubos, and lower abdominal pain in women reporting relevant symptoms. The secondary objectives of this study are 1) to evaluate the performance and 2) cost effectiveness of the POC tests for CT/NG, TV and BV; and 3) to obtain the opinions of Rwandan stakeholders.
Hypothermia contributes to a significant portion of neonatal deaths. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a safe and effective method of warming; however, it is not always feasible, and not possible in settings such as resuscitation or clinical instability. Electric warmers are the standard of care in developed countries, but are extremely costly, complicated with risk of causing both hypo and hyperthermia with misuse, and often not feasible in settings without stable electricity. Through a multi-institutional collaboration, the investigators have developed an electricity-free infant warmer. After laboratory based prototype testing for safety and efficacy, the investigators aim to study the supervised use of the warmer under routine implementation conditions in a resource-limited setting.
The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of a medication, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), used to treat individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Rwandan adults. A sub-cohort of participants will have limited laboratory monitoring to determine the minimum laboratory tests necessary.
This study is a randomized controlled trial of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stove and fuel distribution in 3,200 households in four countries (India, Guatemala, Peru, and Rwanda). Following a common protocol, each intervention site will recruit 800 pregnant women (aged 18-34 years, <20 weeks gestation), and will randomly assign half their households to receive LPG stoves and a 30-month supply of LPG. Controls will receive the same cookstoves and LPG supply at the end of the study. The mother will be followed along with her child until the child is 2 years old. The researchers estimate that 25% of households will have a second, non-pregnant older adult woman (aged 35-64 years) who will also be enrolled at baseline and followed during the 30-month follow-up period. To optimize intervention use, the researchers will implement behavior change strategies informed by previous experiences and formative research in Year 1. This study will assess cookstove use, conduct repeated personal exposure assessments of household air pollution, and collect dried blood spots and urinary samples for biomarker analysis and biospecimen storage. The primary outcomes are low birthweight, pneumonia incidence, and linear growth in the child, and blood pressure in the older adult woman. Secondary outcomes include preterm birth and gross motor development in the child, maternal blood pressure during pregnancy, and endothelial function, respiratory impairment, carcinogenic metabolites, and quality of life in the older adult woman.