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NCT ID: NCT05027893 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Postoperative Complications

Complications After Lower Third Molar Surgery

Start date: June 7, 2019
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Surgical removal of impacted mandibular wisdom teeth is a frequent intervention, usually accompanied by unpleasant sequelae (pain, swelling and trismus) in the postoperative period, sometimes even with possibly serious complications (dry socket/alveolar osteitis and postoperative infection at the surgical site - SSI). It is therefore advisable to use various medications and procedures to prevent or alleviate the occurrence of these sequelae and complications. Accordingly, there is a debate in the literature on the expedience of perioperative (prophylactic) use of antibiotics. It is interesting that numerous articles recommending perioperative (prophylactic) antibiotic use to patients undergoing the impacted mandibular third molar surgery may be found, as well as those providing arguments for the disagreement with such an approach, considering that its benefits do not outweigh the risks of adverse side effects, especially due to growing resistance of microorganisms towards antibiotics, which is a possible serious threat to global health. Concerning the perioperative (prophylactic) use of antibiotics for this indication, consensus has not yet been reached, and neither of the views has been verified by convincing scientific evidence. Having the aforementioned dilemma in mind, the main endpoint of the study was to determine the validity of perioperative (prophylactic) use of antibiotics as to alleviate customary sequelae and possible complications after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars and, at the same time, the effectiveness of newer antibiotics (moxifloxacin and cefixime) when used for this purpose. Moreover, microbiological investigations of susceptibility of the isolated microorganisms to antibiotics used in this research were performed, which could verify the clinically obtained results. With this in mind, two major contributions, based on scientifically verified results, could be expected from the research: (1) confirmation or refuting the validity of perioperative (prophylactic) antibiotic use to control sequelae or complications that could follow the impacted mandibular third molar surgery; and (2) confirmation of the efficacy of fluoroquinolones (moxifloxacin) and cephalosporins (cefixime) in controlling odontogenic infections.

NCT ID: NCT04981340 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Dysfunctional Voiding

Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercises and Pelvic Floor Retraining in Children With Dysfunctional Voiding

Start date: September 18, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

According to the 2016 International Children's Continence Society standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children, dysfunctional voiding (DV) is a "urodynamic entity characterized by an intermittent and/or fluctuating uroflow rate due to involuntary intermittent contractions of the striated muscle of the external urethral sphincter or pelvic floor during voiding in neurologically normal individuals" . Symptoms vary from mild daytime frequency and urgency to daytime and nighttime wetting, pelvic holding maneuvers, voiding difficulties, urinary tract infections and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). There are several ways of treating DV, including urotherapy, pharmacotherapy, surgery in the most severe cases, and even Botulinum toxin type A application in certain children. ''Urotherapy'' stands for non-surgical, non-pharmacologic treatment of lower urinary tract function and can be defined as a bladder re-education or rehabilitation program aiming at correction of filling and voiding difficulties. It involves the change of habits that a child has acquired during the period of toilet training and the development of motor control of the micturition reflex. Urotherapy starts with both parental and child education about the importance of regular hydratation and voiding, constipation treatment and genital hygiene. Together with this standard treatment, the pelvic floor muscle (PFM) retraining is initiated, and it includes pelvic floor exercises and various forms of biofeedback (visual, tactile, auditory, electromyography) with the same aim in mind - to help the child establish pelvic floor awareness and control, and relearn pelvic floor muscle relaxation. During the past decade, it has been shown that the PFMs are not an isolated unit, but a part of the abdominal capsule, which they form together with the diaphragm, superficial and deep abdominal muscles. As lower abdominal and PFM act synergistically, it is important that both be relaxed during voiding. Diaphragmatic breathing exercises are easy to learn and serve to teach the children abdominal relaxation.

NCT ID: NCT04960709 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

Treatment Combination of Durvalumab, Tremelimumab and Enfortumab Vedotin or Durvalumab and Enfortumab Vedotin in Patients With Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer Ineligible to Cisplatin

Start date: August 5, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

A Global Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Durvalumab in combination with Tremelimumab and Enfortumab Vedotin or Durvalumab in Combination With Enfortumab Vedotin for Perioperative Treatment in Patients Ineligible for Cisplatin Undergoing Radical Cystectomy for Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

NCT ID: NCT04899271 Recruiting - Clinical trials for New-onset Type 1 Diabetes

A Study to Assess Efficacy/Safety of Ladarixin in Type 1 Diabetes Patients With Preserved ß-cell Function at Baseline.

Start date: December 14, 2020
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The objectives of this clinical trial are: - to evaluate whether a 12 month treatment with ladarixin is effective to improve glycemic control in newly diagnosed T1D adult patients with preserved beta-cell function. - to evaluate the safety of ladarixin in the specific clinical setting

NCT ID: NCT04896983 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Mental Health Impairment

National Survey of Mental Health After COVID-19 Outbreak

Start date: June 2021
Study type: Observational

The Serbian national survey - acronym CoV2Soul.RS - has been launched to document mental health (MH) status and understand needs of the population in relation to the prolonged global public health crisis. This cross-sectional study will collect a representative national sample (18-65 years) by multi-stage probabilistic household sampling method. Trained staff will conduct face-to-face diagnostic interviews (M.I.N.I.). Battery of self-report instruments will be used to measure quality of Life (QoL), level of distress, and associated protective and harmful psychological and societal factors. The investigators aim to assess prevalence rates of MH disorders and associated QoL in the nationally representative sample, to explore how MH conditions and QoL vary with respect to socio-demographic variables, personality, health status and traumatic events during pandemics, and to find how these relationships depend on societal factors characterising municipalities in which they live. Moreover, this study will address perception of pandemic consequences and associated distress in relation to personality and different types of possible mediators. The prevalence rates of MH disorders will be calculated as percentages of participants with a positive diagnosis. The hierarchical structure of the data will be analyzed using Multilevel Random Coefficient Modeling, CoV2Soul.RS will contribute to an international evidence base about prevalence rates of psychiatric conditions during different phases of the pandemic in different regions and will identify protective and harmful psychological and societal factors for MH and QoL.

NCT ID: NCT04889040 Recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Study to Evaluate the Effects of RO7496998 (AT-527) in Non-Hospitalized Adult and Adolescent Participants With Mild or Moderate COVID-19

Start date: April 28, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, antiviral activity, and pharmacokinetics of study drug RO7496998 (AT-527) compared to placebo in non-hospitalized adult and adolescent participants with mild to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the outpatient setting.

NCT ID: NCT04887675 Recruiting - Metabolic Syndrome Clinical Trials

Neuroinflammation and Neurodegeneration in HIV-positive Subjects Switched and Initially Treated With INSTI

Start date: May 1, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Since the HIV changed its course to the chronic disease, high incidence of metabolic syndrome both in HIV positive and negative subjects has become an issue. Given the successful peripheral suppression of HIV after introduction of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), comorbidities associated with aging and cognitive functioning, play the main role in the overall quality of life and adherence to the therapy. Continuous low-level neuroinflammation results in continuous and diffuse neuronal death or dysfunction leading to a certain level of neurodegeneration. Additionally, metabolic syndrome contributes to neurodegeneration causing damage to the brain vasculature and provoking the ischemic incidents. The aim of this study would be to explore the influence of switching to the INSTI based cART using neuroimaging biomarkers of inflammation and neurodegeneration. The second aim would be to monitor these neuroimaging biomarkers in patients receiving INSTI-based cART in a one-year follow-up period. Additionally, we would compare the markers of metabolic syndrome and cognitive functioning (executive functions) in HIV-positive patients after switching to INSTI-based cART and in HIV-positive patients receiving INSTI-based cART from the start. This study represents a single-center, prospective, interventional, two-armed single study. Arm I will include 60 patients on PI/EFV based ART, stable on treatment, who are switched to INSTI based regimen at the beginning of the study due to side effects or long-term toxicities like hyperlipidemia, diarrhea, (PI), insomnia, headache (EFV), high Framingham score (PI/EFV). Arm II will include 60 patients initially on INSTI-based ART, stable on treatment. The same data sets will be collected for both groups of patients. The variables collected will be related to metabolic syndrome (levels of LDL and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting insulin, glucose, blood pressure, waist circumference, waist to hip and waist to height ratio), performance on neurocognitive tests and MR spectroscopy neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration markers at the beginning of the study, as well as in 12 months follow up. Presence of steatosis and visceral fat thickness will be assessed using ultrasonography of abdomen. The primary imaging will be performed at the time of enrollment of patients, along with the neurocognitive testing and blood sampling. The secondary imaging (follow up) will be performed 12 months after the initial, also followed by neurocognitive assessment and blood sampling. Anthropometric measurements will be acquired at the time of blood sampling. Statistical analysis will be performed after collecting the data. Our work could significantly contribute to the better life quality in the aging of HIV positive subjects in the domain of cognitive functioning, tightly associated with adherence and overall life quality.

NCT ID: NCT04887142 Recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Predictors of Disease Severity in COVID-19 Patients

Start date: April 4, 2020
Study type: Observational

The primary goal of the VIRIONUM project is to analyze the association of clinical, socio-demographic characteristics of patients and their genetic polymorphism, inflammatory and other biochemical markers with disease progression and death in subjects with COVID-19 disease. The research is an observational, cohort study with nested-case control design, including adult, male and female COVID-19 inpatients. Primary dependent variable will be outcome of disease, defined as discharge from the hospital or death. The outcomes and putative risk factors will be analyzed using binary logistic regressions. The proposed multi- and inter-disciplinary study should provide additional scientific evidence about risk factors for the development of severe forms of the disease and the COVID-19-related death.

NCT ID: NCT04882098 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Arthritis, Psoriatic

A Study of Guselkumab in Participants With Active Psoriatic Arthritis

Start date: June 17, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of guselkumab treatment in participants with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) by assessing the reduction in signs and symptoms of PsA.

NCT ID: NCT04869046 Completed - Postoperative Pain Clinical Trials

Levobupivacaine and Postoperative Pain Relief

Start date: March 2013
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The study analysed direct levobupivacaine instillation in surgical wound and its effectiveness in postoperative pain control. Half participants received 0,5 % levobupivacaine and the other half received 0,9% saline solution