There are about 1033 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Serbia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The overall aim of this project is to establish potential benefits of a novel lifestyle (physical activity and dietary nitrate) and pharmacological (angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor) interventions in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). HCM is the most common genetic cardiovascular disease with a broad spectrum of disease severity. Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor reduces death, hospitalisation, and may improve cardiac function and exercise tolerance in heart failure. Exercise training is associated with a significant increase in exercise tolerance, but appear to have limited effect on measures of cardiac morphology or function in patients with HCM. Dietary supplementation with inorganic nitrate (i.e. concentrated nitrate-rich beetroot juice) improves exercise capacity, vasodilatation and cardiac output reserves while reduces arterial wave reflections, which are linked to left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and remodelling. Using a five-centre, open label, three-arm, pilot design, the present study will evaluate the effect of lifestyle (physical activity and dietary supplementation with inorganic nitrate) and pharmacological (angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril / valsartan) interventions in patients with HCM. The Aim is to examine whether these interventions improve functional capacity, clinical phenotypic characteristics, and quality of life in patients with HCM.
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of mavrilimumab (KPL-301) versus placebo, co-administered with a 26-week corticosteroid taper, for maintaining sustained remission for 26 weeks in subjects with new onset or relapsing/refractory giant cell arteritis (GCA).
The aim of this study is to compare therapeutic and clinical effects of intra-articular injection of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC), inta-articular injection of Leukocyte Rich Platelet Rich plasma (LR-PRP) and 3 weekly doses of high molecular weight of Hyaluronic acid for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee ( KL scale II-IV).
This study compares early and long-term results of the endovascular treatment among patients with different types of aorto-iliac occlusions.
This study evaluates the types of dental procedures performed in general anaesthesia for adult persons with intellectual disability, as well as factors affecting the decision to perform the dental treatment in general anaesthesia, factors contributing to tooth loss and possibilities to perform oral rehabilitation procedures
Osteoporosis is a chronic, systemic and the most frequently metabolic bone disease, characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural remodeling of bone, which results in a greater fragility of the bone and risk of fracture. With the purpose of explaining the patophysiological mechanisms responsible for osteoporosis, it is necessary to determine the factors that influence on the activity and differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, as well as their dynamic change depending on the use of an appropriate treatment. According to the recommendations of the International Association for osteoporosis (the National Osteoporosis Fondation- NOF) the treatment of osteoporosis includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of. Pharmacological includes a range of different drug, where the bisphosphonates, non-hormonal antiresorptive drugs, present gold standard in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis . Non-pharmacological treatment implies the daily physical activity and the specific exercise program, for the purpose of slowing or stopping the loss of bone mass, improve balance, and reduce the risk of falling and fractures. It is known that the mechanical loading of the bone has to be strong enough to achieve the effect of osteogenesis. The load due to the long bones of gravity and the tension force produced by the muscular activity, are the natural stimulus for maintenance of bone mass and muscle strength. This can be achieved by practice involving the activities in which the net mass of the body constitutes an additional load (so-called. "Weight-bearing exercises"), as well as exercise resistance from. Exercise with one's own mass include actions to counter gravity in an upright standing position, and then may be a stronger (high-impact) collides with the substrate (e.g., jumping) and the lower (low-impact) collides with the substrate (e.g., walking). Aerobic exercise, especially walking, is the most common type of intervention because of the ease administration and safety. Resistance training is another effective type of exercises that can affect the maintenance or improvement of bone mineral density, with the most frequently applied with the combination of the dynamic resistance exercises that engage multiple joints, large groups of muscles, and the burden on the hips and the spine. In order to strength training, with the aim of maintaining and stimulating bone mineral density had the best effect, it is necessary to include the basic principles of specificity, load and progression. Training should be directed to the adaptation of a specific part of the body, should be sufficiently intense to and beyond the common load, and a variety of progressive enough. Progression loads should be slow and gradual to avoid injury. We assumed that this type of exercise can be achieved by changing the activity of serum matrix metalloproteinases. It has been proven that in the process of remodeling of the extracellular matrix of the bone, matrix-metalloproteinases play an important role, both, the occurrence of bone as well as in pathological processes of bone resorption . Also, it is known that metalloproteinases, particularly the MMP-2 and MMP-9 play a significant role in the development of skeletal muscle recovery from injury or remodeling of the same after exercise.Taking into account the results of the latest studies on the role of metalloproteinases in the development and remodeling of bone, also and muscle, we assumed that the value of metalloproteinases could serve as markers for early assessment of treatment response of patients with osteoporosis. In our study, we will follow the changes of serum levels of metalloproteinases as well as tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) in the serum of patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, which have prescribed bisphosphonates, before and after application to the specifically designed exercise program . A functional genetic polymorphisms (PM), by modulating the expression of the MMP can be associated with a differential response to the application of our patients of the same exercise program. Specifically designed exercise program in patients with osteoporosis, which affects the increase in BMD and muscle strength, can be associated with a specific MMP genotyp . In our research we will follow the influence of polymorphisms of the mentioned metalloproteinases on the efficacy of the treatment (the specifically designed exercise program ) in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis.
During general anesthesia lung collapses and atelectasis occurs. Preservation of atelectasis can cause pulmonary disfunction. The goal of safe anesthesia is to protect the lungs intraoperatively. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is distending pressure that prevents alveolar collapse during mechanical ventilation and is a part of recruitment maneuver that is often used in patients on mechanical ventilation. Overall effect of PEEP is improvement in lung function. PEEP can have adverse effects on hemodynamics. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of step up and down PEEP titration on lung function and hemodynamics in healthy preschool children during general anesthesia. One group of children was ventilated with constant PEEP. the other was submitted to PEEP titration. Changes in lung compliance, gas exchange and hemodynamic status were documented as well as any unwanted effects.
This study will collect data on bleeds and data related to quality of life in people with severe congenital (a disease existing from birth) haemophilia A and B, with or without inhibitors. The aim for the study is to look at the number of bleeds when on usual treatment for haemophilia. Participants will be asked to keep an electronic diary to track the number of bleeds and the treatment of their bleeds. Participants will be asked to wear an activity tracker on their wrist to capture their level of activity every day for up to 12 weeks. While taking part in this study, participants will keep getting their usual treatment as given to them by their doctor. All study visits at the clinic are done in the same way as the participants are used to. In the time between the participants' visits to the clinic, the study staff at the clinic may call or email the participant. The study will last for about 1½ years.
PRECIOUS Study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of therapy with fixed-dose combination (FDC) of perindopril/amlodipine (Amlessa®) and FDC of perindopril/indapamide/amlodipine (Co-Amlessa®) on blood pressure reduction in both previously untreated patients and patients with previous antihypertensive therapy. Adult patients with AH who are treatment-naïve with systolic blood pressure (SBP) from 150 mmHg or higher AND/OR diastolic blood pressure (DBP) from 95 mmHg or higher (SBP ≥ 150 mm AND/OR DBP ≥ 90 mmHg for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus ) and uncontrolled patients on mono, dual or triple antihypertensive therapy with systolic blood pressure (SBP) from 140 mmHg or higher AND/OR diastolic blood pressure (DBP) from 90 mmHg or higher (SBP ≥ 140 AND/OR DBP ≥ 85 mmHg for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus) will be invited to participate in this study. During 16-week trial, seven study visits are planned. At first study visit physical examination, medical history, BP measurement, electrocardiogram (ECG), laboratory analysis and of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement (ABPM) will be performed. Based on their previous antihypertensive therapy, patients will receive to treatment with either Amlessa® or Co-Amlessa® for the duration of 16 weeks and blood pressure measurements, laboratory investigations and patient interviews will be performed at study follow-up visits to assess the treatment efficacy (proportion of patients reaching normal office blood pressure after 16 weeks of treatment) and safety.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response in a real-world patient population and evaluate options to address non-response and patient management.