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NCT ID: NCT04715243 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by COVID-19

Comparison of High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC), Face-mask Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) & Helmet NIV in COVID-19 ARDS Patients

NIV COVID19
Start date: January 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Objective: To determine whether NIV delivered through helmet interface reduces intubation rate among patients with COVID-19 ARDS compared to face-mask NIV and HFNC. Design, setting & participants: Two-center randomized clinical trial of 360 patients with mild to moderate ARDS and confirmed COVID-19 requiring non-invasive ventilation between August 2020 to January 2021. The patients with respiratory rate (RR) more than 30/min or oxygen saturation (SpO2) less than 90% or PaO2/FiO2 ratio less than 300 despite standard oxygen therapy by face mask (<15 L/min) who present to Royal hospital or Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) emergency department, medical wards or intensive care unit (ICU). Intervention: Patients will be randomly assigned (block randomization) to either face-mask NIV, HFNC or Helmet NIV. The helmet is a transparent hood that covers the entire head of the patient and has a rubber collar neck seal. Main outcome and measures: The primary outcome is the rate of endotracheal intubation at 28-days. Secondary outcomes include hospital mortality at 28 and 90 days, NIV free days, invasive ventilator free days and hospital length of stay. Expected results: We assume the failure rate of Helmet NIV to be 30%, failure rate of HFNC to be 40% and failure rate of face-mask NIV to be 50%. A sample size of 360 patients (120/group) will achieve a power of 0.90 at a significance level of 0.05. To account for 10% dropout rate, the total sample required is 396 subjects(132/group).

NCT ID: NCT04680208 Completed - Clinical trials for Postoperative Complications

Study of Direct Admission of Postoperative Patients to ICU

Start date: July 1, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Background: This study assessed perioperative factors associated with planned and unplanned postoperative ICU admission and evaluated the outcome of the two groups. There are limited researches evaluating these factors. Hence, it is important to do an audit that assesses the perioperative factors to help creating a criteria for postoperative ICU admissions. Materials and methods: This retrospective study evaluated medical records of 68 patients above 18 years between January'2016- December'2018 that were admitted to ICU postoperatively in Sultan Qaboos University hospital in Oman. Both planned and unplanned admissions were assessed who underwent elective as well as emergency surgeries. Neurologic and cardiothoracic surgeries were excluded. Data collected included patient's demographics, social status like smoking, ASA physical status (American Society of Anesthesiologists), associated comorbidities, other perioperative factors and investigations, surgical and anesthesia details were recorded. The primary outcome studied was reasons of admission for planned versus unplanned postoperative ICU admissions. The secondary outcomes included mortality outcome and length of stay in ICU.

NCT ID: NCT04474314 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

A Study of IMR-687 in Subjects With Sickle Cell Disease

Start date: August 13, 2020
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of IMR-687 in Subjects with Sickle Cell Disease

NCT ID: NCT04441762 Recruiting - Acute Renal Colic Clinical Trials

Atomized Intranasal Vs Intravenous Ketorolac in Acute Renal Colic Pain Management.

Ink-Arc
Start date: December 30, 2020
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Introduction: Pain is a common reason for individuals to seek health care, especially emergency care. Ketorolac has numerous advantages over other pain medications, especially the opioids. The intranasal administration of ketorolac has been shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of postoperative pain following major abdominal surgery and post dental surgery, but there have been no studies evaluating the use of intranasal ketorolac for the treatment of acute renal colic pain in the emergency department. Methods: This is a double blinded randomized controlled trial. two hundred renal colic patients presented to the emergency department will be randomized to intervention (30 mg intranasal ketorolac) and (30mg intravenous ketorolac) case groups. Their pain before and after receiving ketorolac will be measured by visual Analog Scale (VAS pain score). Patient, attending physician and administering nurse will be blinded throughout the study. The analgesic effects will be assessed by several measures including pain relief, pain intensity difference, global pain evaluation, global assessment of analgesia, and the summed pain intensity difference. The safety will be assessed by documentation of adverse events, vital signs, and clinical assessment before and after drug administration. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare analgesic effects of intranasal Ketorolac tromethamine versus intravenous Ketorolac tromethamine in adult patients with moderate to severe renal colic. Primary Objective: Analgesic effects of Intranasal Ketorolac on the visual analog scale (VAS). Secondary Objectives: Adverse Events, the need of rescue pain medications, time to discharge and recurrent visit within 24 hours. Patient Population: Adults (from age 18 to 64 years) who presents to emergency department (ED) at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital with moderate to severe acute flank pain suggestive of renal colic (visual analog scale 7 or more). Intervention: Single dose of intranasal ketorolac 30mg. Clinical measurement: Visual Analog Scale will be assessed at 0, 30 and 60 minutes after intervention. Number and dosage of rescue medication, any reported events by patient or attending physician will be documented. Outcome: Decrease in pain measures by VAS pain score after intranasal ketorolac is given, tolerability and safety evaluation.

NCT ID: NCT04218084 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

Study to Evaluate the Effect of GBT440 on TCD in Pediatrics With Sickle Cell Disease

HOPE Kids 2
Start date: February 3, 2020
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study is a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of voxelotor in pediatric participants, aged ≥ 2 to < 15 years old, with Sickle Cell Disease. The primary objective is to evaluate the effect of voxelotor on the TCD (Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound) measurements in SCD participants in this age range.

NCT ID: NCT04027322 Recruiting - Acute Pharyngitis Clinical Trials

Inhaled Steroids for Acute Pharyngitis.

ISAP
Start date: June 1, 2019
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Background: Acute pharyngitis (AP) is a common presentation to the Emergency Department (ED). Most AP patients' who present to the ED are interested in relief their sore throat (pain). There are different approaches available in the literature to control AP pain. Studies have shown that the use of systemic glucocorticoids significantly decreases patients' sore throat. Up to our knowledge, there are no available trials looking at the role of nebulized glucocorticoids in treating infective AP. Aim: Our aim is to investigate in pediatrics and adults population ≥5 years presenting to ED with AP if the use of a single dose of nebulized glucocorticoids as an adjunct to standard AP treatment, compared with placebo leads to complete resolution or improvement in symptoms. Method: The investigators are planning to conduct a multi-center, double-blind randomized control trial. There will be three arms; first arm: nebulized Budesonide, second arm: nebulized Dexamethasone and third arm: placebo nebulized Normal Saline (NS). The patients will be followed up for 15 days through phone calls to assess the primary and secondary outcomes. Our primary objective is to investigate whether the use of a single dose of nebulized glucocorticoids compared with placebo leads to significant improvement or complete resolution of the sore throat within 24hrs. Our secondary objectives are to assess if a single dose of glucocorticoids will: reduce sore throat at 48 hours, reduce absence from work or school, reduce the incidence of hospital admission, and reduce the rate of re-attendance to ED. Since there is no available data about the effect of nebulized glucocorticoids in AP, the appropriate sample size will be calculated after running a pilot study. The data will be recorded in the [email protected] software. Then the data will be analyzed using the [email protected] software. The ethical approval was sought from the ethical committee in each participating hospital and they approved it. Results: The result of this study will be presented in local conferences as well in international conferences. The investigators will aim to publish the study in a well-known international emergency medicine journal. Clinical application: up to our knowledge this study is the first study worldwide looking at the effect of nebulized glucocorticoids in patients with infective acute pharyngitis. As mentioned earlier that there are multiple approaches available in the literature to control sore throat pain and if our hypothesis turned to be correct then another alternative treatment can be added. The investigators believe that the use of topical route to administer glucocorticoids is more convenient for physicians and have less chance to develop adverse effect in comparison to systemic steroids.

NCT ID: NCT03967496 Completed - Delirium Clinical Trials

Assessment of Immediate Postoperative Delirium (IPD) in Adult Patients: Incidence and Etiologic Factors

AIPDAP
Start date: January 1, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Delirium is considered to be acute failure of central nervous system. It is acute confusional state characterized by decline from baseline mental level, attention deficit and disorganized thinking. Postoperative delirium is known to prolong length of stay in hospital, cause functional decline and dementia, increase all-cause mortality and increase the medical cost. It is also associated with other outcomes like cardiac arrest, ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, bacterial pneumonia, respiratory failure requiring intubation, renal failure requiring dialysis and stroke. There are well known predisposing and precipitating factors related to its etiology. However, the effect of type of anesthesia is not very clear. There have been no major clinical trials in this part of the world to delineate the incidence of immediate postoperative delirium (IPD). The investigators have undertaken this prospective observational study to determine the incidence of IPD and its etiological factors in adult patients during their stay in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) following surgery under different types of anesthesia (general anesthesia, regional anesthesia and monitored anesthesia care). The study was done over a period of about three months. Assessment for delirium was done using Confusion Assessment Method-Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU score, English/Arabic version). Sedation and Agitation were assessed using Richmond Agitation Sedation Score (RASS). Pain was assessed using Numeric Pain Score (NPS). Assessment was done within 24 hours prior to surgery and was repeated at three different intervals in PACU. Details of perioperative management were recorded and analyzed. The incidence of IPD and its etiologic factors were identified thereby leading to corrective action.

NCT ID: NCT03938792 Recruiting - Hemophilia A Clinical Trials

Study of the Efficacy and Safety PF-06741086 in Adult and Teenage Patients With Severe Hemophilia A or B

Start date: March 9, 2020
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Treatment with PF-06741086 is anticipated to demonstrate a clinically relevant advantage and/or a major contribution to patient care in comparison to current methods of treatment for hemophilia A or B because it works differently than factor replacement products and will work in the presence of inhibitors. The potential for once weekly (QW) subcutaneous (SC) administration provides for treatment options in the absence of reliable vascular access, increased convenience and may enable better compliance. Combined, these qualities should result in a reduction of bleeding episodes.

NCT ID: NCT03924596 Not yet recruiting - Renal Stones Clinical Trials

Treatment of Renal Stones With Frankincense (Luban)

Luban
Start date: September 2019
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Frankincense, or olibanum, is the oleogum resin that is harvested from several different trees, an aromatic resin obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia. The word frankincense is derived from the ancient French name "frankincense," meaning "pure incense." Frankincense is also known in Arabic as "luban,". Luban has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, sedative, antibacterial, and anti-cancer activities. The aim of the present study is to treat renal stones with Luban (Boswellia) given as capsules of active oils. This is a clinical Phase I & II (Safety, Efficacy) double-blind simple-randomized controlled treatment trial, where 100 participants with renal stones (50 Radiopaque and 50 Radiolucent stones) will be included in the study and divided between two treatment groups: Standard treatment (Uralyt-U) and new treatment (Luban). Participants with stone size less than 10 mm will be include; and participants with renal pathology or comorbidities (DM, CKD, multiple renal cysts, renal tumors) will be excluded. The outcome measures of the study will be: the primary end point (effect) is reduction of stone size by 50% or complete disappearance after 1 years of treatment; and the secondary end point (toxicity) is the participants intolerance of the treatment or development of side effects. If this study proves an effect of Luban on renal stones it will be an evolution in the management of renal stones by a natural, simple, harmless easily available method.

NCT ID: NCT03814746 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

Study of Two Doses of Crizanlizumab Versus Placebo in Adolescent and Adult Sickle Cell Disease Patients

STAND
Start date: July 26, 2019
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 doses of crizanlizumab (5.0 mg/kg and 7.5 mg/kg) versus placebo in adolescent and adult sickle cell disease (SCD) patients with history of vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) leading to healthcare visit.