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NCT ID: NCT06036823 Recruiting - Hyperkalemia Clinical Trials

5 Versus 10 Units of Insulin in Hyperkalemia Management

Start date: September 2023
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this study is to compare 5 units of intravenous Regular insulin to 10 units of intravenous regular insulin in the management of hyperkalemia. We will measure the efficacy of these 2 doses of insulin in reducing hyperkalemia at 2 hours from administration using the main laboratory serum values.

NCT ID: NCT05953584 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

A Phase 2 Open-label Study to Evaluate the Activity of Etavopivat on Transcranial Doppler Velocities in Pediatric Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Who Are at Increased Risk for Primary Stroke

Start date: June 20, 2023
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The study will test a new medicine, etavopivat, for sickle cell disease and see if it is safe and helpful for participants with sickle cell disease who are at an increased risk of stroke. Participants will be divided into two cohorts depending on their transcranial doppler (TCD) ultrasound results and whether or not they receive hydroxyurea (medication that they may already be taking). In one cohort, participants with conditional transcranial doppler (TCD) or participants with abnormal TCD who are not able to receive hydroxyurea will be included. The study doctor will determine if the TCD result is conditional or abnormal. In another cohort, participants with conditional TCD or participants with abnormal TCD who are receiving a stable dose of hydroxyurea will be included. The study doctor will determine if the TCD result is conditional or abnormal. The participant will start a 52-week (1 year) treatment period. The participant will take 400 milligrams (mg) of etavopivat once a day for the 52 weeks. The dose of 400 mg will be taken as 2 tablets by mouth, each containing 200 mg of etavopivat. Etavopivat may be taken with or without food. Each dose should be taken with a glass of water. As part of the study, the participants will be asked to visit the clinic frequently. At the end of the study, if deemed appropriate by you, your child, and the study doctor, your child may be offered the opportunity to participate in a separate study to continue receiving etavopivat.

NCT ID: NCT05589285 Recruiting - Plantar Fascitis Clinical Trials

Outcomes of Autologous Whole Blood Injection for the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis

Start date: May 1, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of whole blood injection as a safe and effective method of treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. The hypothesis is that Autologous whole blood (AWB) injection is more effective than sham injections in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Participants will receive an autologous whole blood injection over the plantar fascia, and will be followed up to study the response. Researchers will compare the effects with a control group who will receive normal saline injection.

NCT ID: NCT05586763 Recruiting - Peripheral Vertigo Clinical Trials

Comparison of Efficacy of Metoclopramide , Promethazine and Prochloroperazine in the Treatment of Vertigo.

Start date: February 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Background: Vertigo as acute symptom seem to be one of most common presentation in ED, can be treated in ED with multiple medication . Objective: This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of metoclopramide, promethazine and prochloroperazine in patients presenting with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute peripheral vertigo to the ED . Methods: A 3-arm multi-center, randomized, double-blind, controlled study comparing three treatments for acute vertigo in three medical centers : AlNahdha hospital , Sohar Hospital and AFH hospital. Oman From February 2022 to February 2023.

NCT ID: NCT05558748 Recruiting - Analgesia Clinical Trials

"Comparison of USG-Guided Caudal Versus Ilioinguinal/Iliohypogastric Nerve Block for Pediatric Inguinal Surgeries"

Start date: December 6, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is designed to compare the analgesic effectiveness of caudal analgesia to ilioinguinal regional analgesia techniques in children undergoing inguinal surgeries. Both techniques will be done under ultrasound gaudiness, using the same local anesthesia. 128 patients will be included in this study, 64 for each technique. This study aims to know the best regional analgesia technique in children undergoing inguinal surgeries, reduction in rescue analgesia postoperatively, postoperative length of stay, and early resumption of postoperative activity. The patients will be followed up 30 minutes after the end of anesthesia in PACU, postoperatively in Ward at 2 Hours, 3 hours, 6 hours from the end of anesthesia, and or at the time of discharge from the ward & on days 2 and 7. Patient privacy and safety will be respected at all times. An interim analysis will be done after recruiting 25% of cases (16 cases) in both arms. Once the sample size is reached, the data will be sent for statistical analysis with coded patient identity. Based on study findings, the practice will be optimized with the aim of improvement in pain relief, reduction in opioid requirements, and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), reducing the bed occupancy time in the hospital.

NCT ID: NCT05549427 Completed - Clinical trials for Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia by Multi-Drug Resistant Organism

Start date: June 9, 2022
Study type: Observational

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an infection of the pulmonary parenchyma in patients exposed to invasive mechanical ventilation for at least 48 h and is part of ICU-acquired pneumonia. VAP is one of the most frequent ICU-acquired infections. Reported incidences vary widely from 5 to 40%, depending on the setting and diagnostic criteria. The estimated attributable mortality of VAP is around 10%. Investigators will focus this study on the current understanding of the epidemiology and treatment of VAP caused by multi-drug resistant (MDR) organisms. The MDR organisms are significant threats to the prognosis of the ICU patient. They are challenging to treat because of a limited number of newer antibiotics available for treatment. Understanding their distribution and sensitivity pattern may provide clues on how to deal with this significant problem. The current study examines the distribution of MDR organisms in VAP and its incidence and outcome. Investigators will also study the sensitivity pattern of these MDR organisms and how it affects the patient outcome. All patients admitted to adult ICU will be scanned, positive respiratory cultures will be noted, and those with VAP will be studied in detail. Patient data will be collected using the hospital information system.

NCT ID: NCT05474677 Enrolling by invitation - Clinical trials for Suture Size, Incisional Hernia

The Suture Size in Laparotomy Wound Closure to Prevent Post-operative Complications

Start date: August 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Background: Incisional hernia is a common complication of midline laparotomy, and it is associated with high morbidity and high costs. Suture size used in the closure of the abdominal wall fascia was not studied independently. Objective: Identify the best suture size for closure of the fascia following laparotomy incisions, by assessing the suture size 2\0 versus zero. Research methods: Prospective, multicentric, randomized controlled and double-blind trial. Patients undergoing elective or emergency laparotomy in Royal Hospital, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital and Armed Force Hospital between 2022 and 2023. We aimed for a total of 276 patients (n=138 per group). The abdomen will be closed in intervention group with continuous PDS 2\0 sutures and size zero in control group. Patients will be followed for immediate post-operative wound complications and late complication after 6 months then after one year.

NCT ID: NCT05467956 Completed - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Incidence of Acute Kidney Injury in Covid-19

Start date: March 1, 2020
Study type: Observational

Acute kidney injury (AKI) in Covid-19 patients is a topic that receives little attention in the literature, although being important in clinical practice in the ICU, particularly in Oman. Our objective was to determine the incidence of AKI, risk factors, and the requirement of renal replacement treatment. Methods: All adult patients hospitalized at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in the critical care unit (ICU) between March 2020 and September 2021 with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 had their medical records retrospectively reviewed. All patient characteristics, their course of events, and the treatment received in ICU were noted. The incidence of AKI, its association with the glycemic index, and other possible risk factors will be studied. Those requiring renal replacement therapy will be studied in terms of its predictors and outcomes.

NCT ID: NCT05465837 Completed - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Comparison Between Early and Late Tracheostomy in Non-Covid and Covid

Start date: February 25, 2022
Study type: Observational

Tracheostomy is commonly indicated for the patient who is requiring long period of mechanical ventilation. Patient who require mechanical ventilation for >10 days and longer mostly get tracheostomized. Tracheostomy is associated with less complications associated with endotracheal intubation. Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure whereby an external artificial opening is made in the trachea. Several techniques are used to perform tracheostomy, including the classical standard surgical procedure completed in a surgical room and the percutaneous method performed at the patient's bedside. Surgical and percutaneous procedures are usually performed by different surgical specialists such as general; thoracic; ear, nose and throat (ENT); or maxillofacial surgeons, but percutaneous procedures are usually but not exclusively performed by surgeons and intensivists. Early tracheostomy might reduce the length of ICU stay, whereas delaying the tracheostomy might avoid a few. A review of recent studies showed a decrease in the mortality rate in early tracheostomised patients compared with late. Tracheostomy is a routine bedside procedure in ICU with minimal complications. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) started to appear in Oman in early February 2020, resulting in an escalation of new cases within days. In the first weeks of the pandemic, many guidelines from different specialties recommended avoiding early tracheostomy to minimize the risk of infection to clinicians. Specifically, recommendations for tracheostomy in the current pandemic were rooted in the assumption that maximal infectivity of this novel virus occurred around day 7 to 10 after symptom onset, and performing tracheostomy at that time would endanger maximal risk to those performing it. Hence these factors interfered with the timing of Tracheostomy for Covid patients. This is an observational cohort study. It will assess patients admitted to ICU at SQUH during the period between January 2020 and December 2021 with Non-Covid and Covid-19 patients. This study will assess the causes and outcomes of early and late tracheostomy in Non-Covid and Covid-19 patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Main outcomes will include mortality rate, ventilation days, and ICU length of stay.

NCT ID: NCT05456191 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

A Study to Investigate Tolerability and Efficacy of Asciminib (Oral) Versus Nilotinib (Oral) in Adult Participants (≥18 Years of Age) With Newly Diagnosed Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Chronic Phase (Ph+ CML-CP)

Start date: November 21, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The study is designed to compare the tolerability of asciminib versus nilotinib for the treatment of newly diagnosed, previously untreated patients with Positive Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Chronic Phase (Ph+ CML-CP).