There are about 76 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Oman. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of whole blood injection as a safe and effective method of treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. The hypothesis is that Autologous whole blood (AWB) injection is more effective than sham injections in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Participants will receive an autologous whole blood injection over the plantar fascia, and will be followed up to study the response. Researchers will compare the effects with a control group who will receive normal saline injection.
Background: Vertigo as acute symptom seem to be one of most common presentation in ED, can be treated in ED with multiple medication . Objective: This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of metoclopramide, promethazine and prochloroperazine in patients presenting with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute peripheral vertigo to the ED . Methods: A 3-arm multi-center, randomized, double-blind, controlled study comparing three treatments for acute vertigo in three medical centers : AlNahdha hospital , Sohar Hospital and AFH hospital. Oman From February 2022 to February 2023.
This study is designed to compare the analgesic effectiveness of caudal analgesia to ilioinguinal regional analgesia techniques in children undergoing inguinal surgeries. Both techniques will be done under ultrasound gaudiness, using the same local anesthesia. 128 patients will be included in this study, 64 for each technique. This study aims to know the best regional analgesia technique in children undergoing inguinal surgeries, reduction in rescue analgesia postoperatively, postoperative length of stay, and early resumption of postoperative activity. The patients will be followed up 30 minutes after the end of anesthesia in PACU, postoperatively in Ward at 2 Hours, 3 hours, 6 hours from the end of anesthesia, and or at the time of discharge from the ward & on days 2 and 7. Patient privacy and safety will be respected at all times. An interim analysis will be done after recruiting 25% of cases (16 cases) in both arms. Once the sample size is reached, the data will be sent for statistical analysis with coded patient identity. Based on study findings, the practice will be optimized with the aim of improvement in pain relief, reduction in opioid requirements, and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), reducing the bed occupancy time in the hospital.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an infection of the pulmonary parenchyma in patients exposed to invasive mechanical ventilation for at least 48 h and is part of ICU-acquired pneumonia. VAP is one of the most frequent ICU-acquired infections. Reported incidences vary widely from 5 to 40%, depending on the setting and diagnostic criteria. The estimated attributable mortality of VAP is around 10%. Investigators will focus this study on the current understanding of the epidemiology and treatment of VAP caused by multi-drug resistant (MDR) organisms. The MDR organisms are significant threats to the prognosis of the ICU patient. They are challenging to treat because of a limited number of newer antibiotics available for treatment. Understanding their distribution and sensitivity pattern may provide clues on how to deal with this significant problem. The current study examines the distribution of MDR organisms in VAP and its incidence and outcome. Investigators will also study the sensitivity pattern of these MDR organisms and how it affects the patient outcome. All patients admitted to adult ICU will be scanned, positive respiratory cultures will be noted, and those with VAP will be studied in detail. Patient data will be collected using the hospital information system.
Background: Incisional hernia is a common complication of midline laparotomy, and it is associated with high morbidity and high costs. Suture size used in the closure of the abdominal wall fascia was not studied independently. Objective: Identify the best suture size for closure of the fascia following laparotomy incisions, by assessing the suture size 2\0 versus zero. Research methods: Prospective, multicentric, randomized controlled and double-blind trial. Patients undergoing elective or emergency laparotomy in Royal Hospital, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital and Armed Force Hospital between 2022 and 2023. We aimed for a total of 276 patients (n=138 per group). The abdomen will be closed in intervention group with continuous PDS 2\0 sutures and size zero in control group. Patients will be followed for immediate post-operative wound complications and late complication after 6 months then after one year.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in Covid-19 patients is a topic that receives little attention in the literature, although being important in clinical practice in the ICU, particularly in Oman. Our objective was to determine the incidence of AKI, risk factors, and the requirement of renal replacement treatment. Methods: All adult patients hospitalized at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in the critical care unit (ICU) between March 2020 and September 2021 with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 had their medical records retrospectively reviewed. All patient characteristics, their course of events, and the treatment received in ICU were noted. The incidence of AKI, its association with the glycemic index, and other possible risk factors will be studied. Those requiring renal replacement therapy will be studied in terms of its predictors and outcomes.
Tracheostomy is commonly indicated for the patient who is requiring long period of mechanical ventilation. Patient who require mechanical ventilation for >10 days and longer mostly get tracheostomized. Tracheostomy is associated with less complications associated with endotracheal intubation. Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure whereby an external artificial opening is made in the trachea. Several techniques are used to perform tracheostomy, including the classical standard surgical procedure completed in a surgical room and the percutaneous method performed at the patient's bedside. Surgical and percutaneous procedures are usually performed by different surgical specialists such as general; thoracic; ear, nose and throat (ENT); or maxillofacial surgeons, but percutaneous procedures are usually but not exclusively performed by surgeons and intensivists. Early tracheostomy might reduce the length of ICU stay, whereas delaying the tracheostomy might avoid a few. A review of recent studies showed a decrease in the mortality rate in early tracheostomised patients compared with late. Tracheostomy is a routine bedside procedure in ICU with minimal complications. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) started to appear in Oman in early February 2020, resulting in an escalation of new cases within days. In the first weeks of the pandemic, many guidelines from different specialties recommended avoiding early tracheostomy to minimize the risk of infection to clinicians. Specifically, recommendations for tracheostomy in the current pandemic were rooted in the assumption that maximal infectivity of this novel virus occurred around day 7 to 10 after symptom onset, and performing tracheostomy at that time would endanger maximal risk to those performing it. Hence these factors interfered with the timing of Tracheostomy for Covid patients. This is an observational cohort study. It will assess patients admitted to ICU at SQUH during the period between January 2020 and December 2021 with Non-Covid and Covid-19 patients. This study will assess the causes and outcomes of early and late tracheostomy in Non-Covid and Covid-19 patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Main outcomes will include mortality rate, ventilation days, and ICU length of stay.
Considering the treatment landscape with its dynamic algorithms and new approaches of sequencing, it is important to identify patient management patterns and survival outcomes arising from the current standard of care. Based on all these considerations, this multicountry, multicentre, noninterventional, real-world, retrospective study is designed to describe the management patterns, clinical characteristics, possible predictors, and survival outcomes in patients with unresectable HCC. The results of this study might help oncologists in optimal patient selection and sequencing of the systemic therapies.
A retrospective study is planned to find out the incidence and association type of respiratory support with barotrauma in Covid-19 cases admitted in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital. As widely known, Covid-19 affects the respiratory system primarily and is the main cause of admission to hospital. Depending upon the severity, different levels of respiratory support are offered to the patients. Normally patients with viral/bacterial respiratory diseases have a low incidence of barotrauma. Since this disease is new and it has been observed that a significant number of covid-19 patients develop barotrauma, hence it is deemed worthwhile to investigate the matter. All the patients admitted to the ward, high dependency unit, and intensive care unit will be scanned and those who developed barotrauma (pneumothorax, surgical emphysema, pneumo-pericardium, and pneumo-mediastinum) will be studied in detail and analyzed. This review is expected to highlight the problem and etiology and we might be able to suggest a management strategy to deal with this problem.
Study B7841007 is an open-label extension study to assess the long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of prophylaxis treatment with marstacimab in participants who did not require "Early Termination" from the Phase 3 Study B7841005. Approximately 145 adolescent and adult participants 12 to <75 years of age with severe hemophilia A or moderately severe to severe hemophilia B (defined as FVIII activity <1% or FIX activity ≤2%, respectively) with or without inhibitors are expected to be enrolled in this study during which they will receive prophylaxis (defined as treatment by SC injection of marstacimab). The dosing regimen of marstacimab is 150 mg SC once weekly. All participants will be provided the PFP for administration of marstacimab in the study. Use of the PFS will be permitted at the investigator's discretion for those participants who have difficulty with administration of the PFP. Additionally, participants will be provided the PFS for use in this study in countries where the PFS is anticipated to be the only presentation available commercially. In addition, an optional, open-label, single arm, substudy using the PFP will be administered to the first approximately 20 participants rolling over from Study B7841005 who agree to participate in the substudy.