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NCT ID: NCT05686499 Not yet recruiting - Colon Cancer Clinical Trials

Building Capacity for Screening & Early Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer Through a Comprehensive Colonoscopy Training Program in Nigeria

Start date: January 31, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This protocol seeks to develop a colonoscopy training program in Nigeria in order to increase the number of health care providers proficient in colonoscopy. The goal is to improve capacity for screening and early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) by training and expanding the healthcare workforce that is competent in endoscopy techniques. The project has three components, a needs assessment, simulation training, and training on live patients. The first part of this project determines the number of providers and endoscopy procedures currently performed in Nigeria, as well as patient access to facilities that have colonoscopy capabilities, through a mixed methods approach. Surveys, focus in-depth interviews with key stakeholders, and use geographic information system (GIS) modeling technology will be employed to perform a needs assessment. The second component of this project investigates whether a locally developed low fidelity (LF) simulation colonoscopy training model is an effective teaching, training, and assessment tool for skill acquisition and confidence compared to a high-fidelity (HF) colonoscopy model. The third component of this project is training healthcare providers on real patients who have an indication for colonoscopy. This project seeks to build capacity for endoscopy services in order to increase capacity for screening and early diagnosis of CRC. At the end of the project, it is expected the number of providers trained to perform colonoscopy in a resource limited setting like Nigeria will increase.

NCT ID: NCT05682209 Completed - Clinical trials for Seroma Following Procedure

The Effect of Octreotide on Wound Drainage After Mastectomy

Start date: December 18, 2020
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Patients who had mastectomy for breast cancer usually have drainage of some fluid from the site of surgery. This could be prolonged and may lead to other negative consequences after surgery. Octreotide could potentially reduce the amount of this drainage. In this study, patients were grouped into two: a first group that received octreotide injection and a second group that received a placebo. The study tested whether octreotide injection has any effect on the duration of fluid drainage from the surgery site after mastectomy for breast cancer.

NCT ID: NCT05680792 Active, not recruiting - Drug Interaction Clinical Trials

Pharmacokinetic Interaction Between Nitazoxanide and Atazanavir/Ritonavir in Healthy Volunteers

Start date: September 10, 2020
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this study is to 1. determine the most effective biological sampling method that best describe the pharmacokinetics nitazoxanide/tizoxanide and to; 2. evaluate the clinical significance of the pharmacokinetics interaction between nitazoxanide (1000mg twice daily) and atazanavir/ritonavir (300mg/100mg). Participants will be given 1000mg oral nitazoxanide taken twice daily for seven days. After a washout period of three weeks, they will receive 1000mg oral nitazoxanide with atazanavir/ritonavir (taken orally at 300/100 mg). Five millimetres of whole blood or swab or saliva samples will be collected from them at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 hours after dose on day 1, 5 and 7. The pharmacokinetic of nitazoxanide when administered alone and alongside atazanavir/ritonavir will be compared to see if concomitant administration of nitazoxanide and atazanavir/ritonavir affect nitazoxanide pharmacokinetics

NCT ID: NCT05679960 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Colorectal Cancer Screening

Point of Care, Real-Time Urine Metabolomics Test to Diagnose Colorectal Cancers and Polyps in Low-and Middle-Income Countries

Start date: August 15, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Study description: the study is a clinical trial aimed at assessing the validity of a point-of-care tool developed for colorectal cancer screening using urine metabolites. Objectives: Primary Objective: In the pilot phase, investigators will field test the POC device in Nigeria on 75 patients who are high-risk for CRC and then validate the urine metabolite signature using a large cohort of 645 patients at high risk for CRC and polyps. This will allow us to determine the sensitivity and specificity of this device and these signatures for CRC and polyps. Endpoints: the endpoint will be the calculation of the validity (sensitivity and specificity) of the tool. Positive and negative predictive values will also be calculated. Study population: Patients > 40 years of age with LGI bleeding for more than one-week OR - Patients who are high risk due to a family history of CRC (first-degree relative) - Must be at most 10 years younger than when relative presented with CRC (For example, a patient with a relative diagnosed at age 40 with CRC will be eligible after age 30) - Patients with a diagnosis of stage I-III CRC who have no evidence of disease Both males and females will be involved in the study I. The study will evaluate the validity and acceptability of the POC biosensor device in Nigeria. Description of sites/facilities enrolling participants: the study will be conducted at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC) which hosts the head office of African Research Group for Oncology (ARGO). The study will also run concurrently at other ARGO collaborating sites. All the ARGO collaborating sites are tertiary health care facilities with experienced personnel to oversee the study. The pilot study will, however, take place in OAUTHC alone. Study duration: The accrual time for the validation study is 2.5 years. Participant Duration: the study will require initial one-time contact. Those that are positive during the screening with the POC biosensor device will be booked for colonoscopy. Hence, for participants with positive results to complete the study may require 2 weeks on average.

NCT ID: NCT05669781 Completed - Ileus Postoperative Clinical Trials

The Effects of Combined Gum-chewing and Parenteral Metoclopramide on Post-operative Ileus

Start date: October 1, 2018
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

A delay in the return of bowel function is a common occurrence after abdominal surgeries.1 The goal of this study was to test the effect of the combined use of chewing a gum and administering metoclopramide intravenously on the duration of this natural delay in the return of bowel function after abdominal surgeries. Patients were grouped into four: the first group received both gum and metoclopramide; the second group received only gum; the third group received only metoclopramide, while the fourth group (the control group) received sterile water for injection. The groups were compared for the time taken for bowel function to return and the duration of hospital stay.

NCT ID: NCT05631067 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Hypertensive Disorder of Pregnancy

Feasibility and Acceptability of Risk Stratification in the Fourth Trimester to Reduce Maternal Morbidity and Mortality

Start date: October 15, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality globally and are associated with peripartum and future cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart failure, and myocardial infarction. About 1 out of every 10 maternal deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa are associated with HDP, and most of these deaths are preventable with timely, implementation of evidence-based strategies, including postpartum blood pressure (BP) monitoring, treatment of elevated BP and comprehensive postpartum follow up as recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the World Health Organization (WHO). This study aims to contextualize, implement, and evaluate the feasibility, fidelity, and acceptability of: 1) postpartum remote blood pressure monitoring and 2) NTproBNP testing for postpartum risk stratification in women with HDP at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria

NCT ID: NCT05619406 Recruiting - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Systematic Investigation of Blacks With Stroke - GENOMICS

Start date: August 20, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The overall goal of SIBS-GENOMICS is to utilize the best available contextual data on stroke in Africa to develop & validate stroke risk estimation models, translate the best model into a mobile phone app and conduct a randomized control trial of the app with a co-created motivational education video, to determine their effectiveness for improvement of stroke risk factor awareness and global risk reduction among Africans.

NCT ID: NCT05612308 Completed - Clinical trials for Non Specific Low Back Pain

Vertical Oscillatory Pressure and Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glides in ow Back Pain

Start date: September 24, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Among different spinal manual therapies, which have been reported to be effective in the management of LBP are Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glide (SNAGS) and Vertical Oscillatory Pressure (VOP) . Vertical oscillatory pressure is a derivative of manipulative therapy whereby a gentle vertical manipulative oscillation is applied on spinal vertebrae and has been noted to be effective in management of low back pain . On the contrary, the SNAGS is a manipulative technique that is commonly used in the western countries and found to be effective in reducing pain and disability in the management of mechanical LBP . However, there are limited studies comparing the effects of SNAG and VOP on clinical and psychosocial variables in patients with mechanical LBP in Nigeria. Hence, this study aims at investigating the effects of Nwugarian VOP and SNAG techniques on selected clinical and psychosocial variables in patients with mechanical LBP.

NCT ID: NCT05606796 Recruiting - Effect of Drug Clinical Trials

Comparison of Preserved and Preservative-free Latanoprost 0.005% in Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertensive Patients, at Guinness Eye Centre, Lagos.

Start date: December 2022
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

It is a randomised, double-blinded clinical trial in which consenting participants who meet the inclusion criteria would be randomised into 2 groups. Subjects will be given either preserved or preservative free latanoprost for a period of 12 weeks. The efficacy and tolerability of both drugs would be assessed every 4 weeks, amongst these patients.

NCT ID: NCT05561842 Recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Tablet-based Mobile Health Ultrasound for Point-of-care Breast Cancer Diagnosis in Nigeria (Mobile Health: Technology and Outcomes in Low and Middle-Income Countries)

Start date: September 21, 2022
Study type: Observational

The purpose of this study is to train Nigerian radiologists to perform ultrasound-guided breast biopsies. Researchers will use mHealth devices to create a sustainable and practical way of training radiologists in Nigeria to perform and clinically implement US-guided breast biopsies into their practice.