There are about 326 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Nigeria. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
While there has been a significant increase in the uptake of antiretroviral therapy among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in many low- and-middle income countries (LMICs), the coverage of cervical cancer screening and treatment (CCST) among WLHIV remains low. This study aims to leverage the available infrastructure for HIV care and treatment programs in Nigeria to integrate cervical cancer screening and treatment and conduct a cluster randomized, hybrid type III trial design to assess the comparative effectiveness of a Core set of implementation strategies versus a Core+ (enhanced) set of implementation strategies to implement cervical cancer screening, onsite treatment, referral and referral completion, treatment, and retention in care among WLHIV. The overarching goal is to improve the health and life expectancy of WLHIV with co-occurring cervical cancer.
Preeclampsia/eclampsia is part of a spectrum of multi-systemic pregnancy disorder that contributes substantially to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, especially in low resource setting. This study was done in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Southeast Nigeria. To compare the efficacy of loading dose of magnesium sulphate with that of the Pritchard regimen in the prevention of eclampsia in severe preeclampsia and recurrent fits in eclampsia in a low resource setting. A prospective, single blinded randomized controlled study of loading dose versus Pritchard regimens of MgSO4 at the Teaching Hospital Abakaliki. One hundred and twenty patients were recruited 60 to each arm using computer-generated numbers. Sociodemographic characteristics, efficacy and adverse effects of the drug on the mother and baby were noted.
Background: Intimate partner violence is arguably the most prevalent, persistent and pernicious type of violence against women, all around the world. It also has significant repercussions for women's health, yet, in some parts of the world, considered an acceptable practice within intimate partner relationships. Community-based interventions, on the other hand, offer promises as a strategy that can get community members involved in working to prevent IPV. This study evaluated a community mobilisation intervention to challenge attitudes toward IPV and prevent violence within intimate relationships. Methods: This mixed-method randomised community trial was conducted in selected rural communities in Oyo State, Nigeria, between January 2018 and April 2021. It employed a six-month community mobilisation intervention focused on creating awareness and challenging harmful social norms relating to IPV. In-depth interviews, focus group discussions and two cross-sectional surveys were conducted among men and women of reproductive age who were married at baseline and end line to estimate changes in key outcomes. Difference-in-difference regression models were estimated to compare changes in IPV levels in the intervention and control arms. Conclusion: This trial should demonstrate the effectiveness of community mobilisation interventions to change attitudes supportive of IPV and prevent women's experience of IPV.
REAL-MOXY is a set of 5 mixed methods studies designed to understand how oxygen and pulse oximetry are used (or not used) at a facility level, to identify opportunities and barriers for strengthening oxygen systems for beneficiaries, users and managers.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the use of aspirin for the prevention of preeclampsia among moderate -to- high-risk pregnant women in tertiary care hospitals in Nigeria followed by a qualitative study to evaluate the barriers and facilitators of aspirin use in prenatal care for the prevention of preeclampsia in Nigeria. The main question[s] it aims to answer are: 1. Is Aspirin used for the prevention of preeclampsia among pregnant women in Nigeria? 2. What factors promote or prevent the utilization of Aspirin for preeclampsia prevention among pregnant women in Nigeria.
Although psychotic disorders typically affect less than 1% of the population, they are a significant cause of disability worldwide. Psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions and suicidal ideation can be profoundly disturbing, and negatively impact daily living. However, the social consequences of psychosis are often even more troubling than the symptoms. For example, people with psychosis have a high risk of experiencing violence, poverty, homelessness, incarceration, and unemployment, among other adverse outcomes. There is a need for a range of accessible, appropriate interventions for people with psychosis to be delivered to those in the most vulnerable situations, including in low-resource settings in sub-Saharan Africa. A systematic review recently carried out as part of the formative research for SUCCEED identified 10 studies evaluating the impact of interventions for people with psychosis in Africa, most of which had a strongly clinical focus. The review concluded that there was a need for further research involving people with lived experience of psychosis in designing and evaluating holistic interventions that meet their diverse needs, within and beyond the health sector. SUCCEED Africa is a six-year Health Research Programme Consortium (RPC) that has brought together people with lived experience of psychosis and people with professional experience (researchers, clinicians) from four African countries (Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe) to co-produce a community-based intervention for psychosis, using a Theory of Change-driven approach. The SUCCEED intervention takes the World Health Organisation's (WHO's) CBR Matrix as a point of departure to consider the multifaceted needs of people living with psychosis and other psychosocial disabilities, and how best to meet these needs by mobilising the resources of individuals and families affected, as well as their broader communities. This protocol describes a pilot study in which the SUCCEED intervention will be delivered and evaluated on a small scale, in preparation for a larger multi-country research evaluation using more rigorous methods, including randomised controlled trials in Nigeria and Zimbabwe and observational studies in Malawi and Sierra Leone, respectively. The main outcome of interest is change in subjective quality of life among participants with lived experience of psychosis who are offered the intervention over a four-month follow up period.
The prevalence of hypothermia across low-resource settings is high, especially in countries with high neonatal mortality rates. If left untreated, hypothermia can additionally result in a significant comorbidity, and has been linked to a reduction in the effectiveness of treatment for other newborn conditions. Effective thermal care for hypothermic newborns is not widely available in low-resource settings due to cost of consumables and spare parts. In this study, the research team wish to evaluate the efficacy of a novel neonatal warming mattress in treating hypothermic newborns. Warming mattress, 'Celsi Warmer', has been developed by Rice 360 Institute for Global Health Technologies, in conjunction with African clinicians, to be a robust, low-cost, and easy-to-use warming mattress which can address the challenges of hypothermia. This is a single-arm, non-randomized, prospective intervention study. Up to 90 eligible infants at the neonatal wards of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital will be recruited to evaluate the efficacy of Celsi Warmer in rewarming hypothermic newborns. Infants temperature will be monitored during thermal intervention and the performance of the device will be evaluated. The temperatures of each infant will be compared before, during, and after the intervention.
The goal of this interventional study is to compare improved outcomes among diabetes and/or hypertensive patients sequel to educational intervention. The study aims to answer the following questions: - What are the patients' levels of health literacy, medication adherence, disease knowledge, attitude to disease, physical activity? - Does educational intervention by pharmacists improve health outcomes of patients with diabetes and/or hypertension? - Are there associations between patient-related variables such as health literacy, medication adherence, disease knowledge, attitude to disease? Participants' anthropometric measurements and point-of-care testing for disease monitoring e.g., blood pressure, blood glucose would be carried out. Baseline assessment of participants would be done to evaluate their levels of health literacy, medication adherence, disease knowledge, attitude to disease, physical activity. Patients' baseline assessment would be carried out, after which they would receive educational materials and would be followed up by pharmacist. The baseline assessments would be repeated at three and six months after the intervention to measure the effectiveness of the intervention.
The study aims to assess the chemoprevention efficacy of Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine and Amodiaquine (SPAQ) used in standard age-based dosing regimens used in Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) and SPAQ resistance marker prevalences and assocations among children 3 - 59 months in Sokoto and Kwara States, Nigeria.
Contrary to North America and Europe, the prevalence of hypertension is rising in West Africa and, currently, there are no simple dietary assessment tools for clinicians to offer personalized dietary support to their patients. This study aims to: 1. Evaluate the feasibility and validate the a short dietary screening tool for hypertension for use in Nigerian clinics; and 2. Test the accuracy and estimate the potential value of the validated short dietary assessment tool in Nigeria clinics.