There are about 88 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Martinique. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Chronic subdural hematomas (CSH) are collections of blood in the subdural space. CSH are becoming the most common cranial neurosurgical condition among adults, and a significant public health problem, due to an increasing use of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication in an ageing population. Symptomatic CSH, or CSH with a significant mass effect, are treated surgically. However, recurrences are common (10 to 20%). Conservative management (medical) is used in patients who are asymptomatic or have minor symptoms. However, therapeutic failures, requiring surgical treatment, are common. The pathophysiology of CSH involves inflammation, angiogenesis, and clotting dysfunction. Self-perpetuation and rebleeding is thought to be caused by neo-membranes from the inflammatory remodeling of the dura-mater mainly fed by the distal branches of the middle meningeal artery (MMA). There are 13 ongoing registered RCTs in CSH, with the most common covering application of steroids, surgical techniques and tranexamic acid. Further to this, there are trials running on other pharmacological agents, and peri-operative management. Some industrial or academic trials are or will enroll in France in the next year in France. But to our best knowledge, none of these trials will the eventual benefits of the MMA embolization in both cases of medical and/or surgical management, and none will focus on the use of cyanoacrylates (CYA) for this purpose. Preliminary case series and nonrandomized retrospective studies have suggested that MMA embolization alone or as adjuvant therapy to surgery can decrease recurrences. The investigators hypothesize that in both conditions of conservative or surgical managements, endovascular embolization of patients with CSH significantly reduces the risk of recurrence of CSH. The investigators choose the CYA as liquid embolic agent because of the pain and cost of the use of Ethylen Vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) agents and its simplicity to be used.
The paramedic urology team at Martinique University Hospital has developed a "personalized rehabilitation oncosexology program for patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer". The aim of this project is to assess the effectiveness of this program by comparing the sexual quality of life 1 year after surgery between patients participating and those who do not.
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease whose goal of therapeutic, educational and preventive care is to prevent the onset of acute crisis, the most serious of which are life threatening. A general population survey shows a greater prevalence of asthma in the French West Indies compared to hexagonal France, but there is no data to our knowledge on asthma exacerbations requiring pre and intra-hospital emergency services, nor on the clinical severity or on the adequacy of the therapeutic care. Asthma exacerbations, in particular serious forms requiring immediate admission to the Emergency Department or Intensive Care Unit or leading to hospitalization, can be considered as a failure in the prevention of crisis and therefore disease control. The management of acute or subacute asthma exacerbations is however well codified in expert recommendations, renewed annually by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). These recommendations specify not only the initial care, but also the strategy and modalities of return home and post-emergency follow-up. Recently the French Language Resuscitation Society (SRLF) and the French Society of Emergency Medicine (SFMU) jointly published formalized expert recommendations (RFE) on the management of asthma exacerbations (Le Conte 2019). These RFEs still remain the benchmark in France for adequate management of asthma exacerbations for adults and children. Despite these updated recommendations, field observations often show inadequate care, both in the emergency and in the post-emergency period.
In Martinique, prostate cancer incidence rates are nowadays among the highest worldwide with a high incidence of early-onset and familial forms. We identified a rare heterozygous germline variant c.853delT (p.Ter285Lysfs) rs77179853, reported only among patients of African ancestry with a minor allele frequency of 3.2%. We search to estimate the prevalence of this variant in a sample of prevalent prostate cancer cases managed in urology consultation in Martinique .
Pompe's disease is a lysosomal storage disease of autosomal recessive genetic transmission due to a deficiency in acid alpha glucosidase. This enzyme deficiency leads to glycogen overload in all cells but with a more marked expression in muscle cells. There is a great variability in the clinical manifestations and in the age of onset of symptoms depending on whether the enzyme deficiency is partial or total. The prevalence is estimated at 1 in 40,000. There is a specific treatment based on enzyme replacement therapy
Amyloid heart disease is an accumulation of fibrillar proteins in the extracellular sector of the heart. Identified on echocardiography as Ventricular hypertrophy. The investigation of a Left Ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is the most frequent discovery circumstance of amyloid heart disease. Pathophysiological mechanisms poorly understood, resulting in late diagnosis. Transthyretin amyloid heart disease (CATTR) is the most common form of cardiac amyloidosis in the West Indies due to an abnormally high frequency of the Val122Ile and Val107Ile mutations of the transthyretin gene in this population. Val122Ile and Val107Ile mutated-transthyretin are the substitution of valine for isoleucine at codon 122 of the TTR gene ( V122I) and at codon 107 of the TTR gene (V107I). Complications of CATTR are functional changes in heart cells or even death due to mechanical abnormalities (loss of contractility and increased wall stiffness cardiac arousal and conduction disturbances). These disorders result from an electrical abnormality of the heart the reason why the cardiologist performs preventive performance of electrophysiological explorations with EnSite Precision™. It's a registration system used to detect foci of necrosis within the myocardium. Amyloid deposits are areas devoid of electrical activity. Do they detectable by the EnSite Precision™ recording system ?
Estimating the prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori infection in newly diagnosed stomach cancers in the West-Indies will help to understand the epidemiology of this cancer, which is over-incident in the West Indies compared to France. In addition, the constitution of a biobank (tumor tissues, healthy tissues and serum) will allow to set up in a second time etiological studies to identify other risk factors in particular in connection with the exposure to environmental pollutants to adapt the prevention measures.
Cancer and its treatments can be factors that alter the quality of life of patients. The induced alteration of the quality of life can influence compliance and impact survival. Considering the after-effects of the treatment, carrying out such a survey will provide for the first time precise information on the main determinants of the quality of life as well as on the care pathway of patients with invasive breast cancer in the Martinique region.
The trial is an open-label, multicenter, prospective, randomized trial in 2 parallel groups, evaluating at W48 the non inferiority of antiretroviral dual therapy taken 4 consecutive days per week versus antiretroviral dual therapy 7/7 days per week in HIV-1 infected patients with controlled viral load under antiretroviral dual therapy.
The COVID-19 epidemic has now raged for more than a year with more than 100 million identified cases and nearly 2.5 million deaths worldwide. Since November 2020, we have been witnessing the emergence of viral variants in different regions of the world. This expected genetic drift of the virus, but somewhat abrupt since November, raises questions concerning the characteristics of transmissibility, pathogenicity, sensitivity to possible treatments, and escape from natural or vaccine immunity. The objective of this study is to find out whether the new variants of SARS-CoV-2 are associated with particular clinical forms. The results of this research will provide elements to determine whether the new variants of SARS-CoV-2 are associated with more severe clinical forms.