There are about 32 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Martinique. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Single-arm, multi-centre phase II study The primary objective is to evaluate the time to failure of the strategy.
Retrospective observational comparative and multicentric study of the microenvironment of HPV-induced head and neck cancers, with comparison between West Indies and Metropolitan populations, and therapeutic implications. This assessment is carried out by in situ multiparametric study with multiple immunofluorescence staining for cluster of differentiation 3, cluster of differentiation 4, cluster of differentiation 8, PROGRAMMED DEATH-1, PROGRAMMED DEATH-L1, PROGRAMMED DEATH-L2, cytokeratin and cluster of differentiation 68 and automated reading. HPV genotypes will be characterized. Learning these techniques will allow me to promote them in West Indies on my way back, and they may be applicable to other HPV-induced cancers.
In 2004 an ASAS for the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society decided to work to improve the criteria for classification of spondyloarthropathies to allow for early diagnosis, Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This approach led to the publication in 2009 of the classification criteria for spondylarthritis, in particular axial spondyloarthritis, as well as a proposal to modify the classification of criteria defined by Mr. Amor (AMOR) and European Spondylarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) criteria, taking into account the potential abnormalities visible in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Nuclear (MRI). The performance (specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values) of the ASAS criteria was then prospectively tested on a sample of the Metropolitan Caucasian population and this systematic study allowed to estimate the performance of the ASAS criteria in the usual framework Of the French Liberal Rheumatology Consultation. Note that this approach is exposed to a criticism of "circular" approach, indeed the expert who is the gold standard for the diagnosis, uses more or less consciously "criteria" based on the presence of such and such sign, then checks in this selected population the diagnostic validity of these signs. However, no data on the performance of ASAS criteria are available in populations of African descent.
Data extraction from bacteriological laboratory of Martinique University hospital to determine the frequency and the distribution of nosocomial infections due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ACHX), an emerging multi-resistant environmental bacteria. The specific tropical environment and climatic conditions in Martinique may favor ACHX development and the investigators suppose that this new opportunistic pathogen can represent a danger for hospitalized patients. The aim of our study is to describe the most affected population and try to identify the main environmental sources of contamination.
The primary aim of this study is to estimate the frequency and to characterize clinically atypical parkinsonism in the French West Indies and Guyana.
pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has been reported with a prevalence of approximately 30% in adult sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, with an increased mortality in SCD patients with PAH, compared with those without PAH. The identification of several hemolysis biomarkers such as lactate dehydrogenase, bilirubin, reticulocytes or hemoglobin level, has clearly documented a link between hemolysis and PAH. However, other physiopathological mechanisms may be involved to explain PAH in these patients, such as pulmonary thromboembolism, pulmonary fibrosis or left heart diastolic and / or systolic dysfunction. The investigators suggest studying HTAP in patient's presenting the most frequent both drepanocytic syndromes, SS and SC and homogeneous in their medical coverage and the association between HTAP risk and specific SCD complications.
The diagnosis and the follow-up of the patients reached of SLA is centralized, since a few years, at the the Caribbean Reference center of the rare neurological diseases (CERCA labélisé in 2006) in Martinique and at the Unity of coverage of the neuromuscular Diseases, SLA and the rare neurological diseases (create in 2010) in Guadeloupe. Several phenotypic characteristics seemed to us to take out again data collected during the follow-up of the patients (26 in Guadeloupe, since the creation of the unity) in particular patients' high proportion of exceptionally long evolution (more than 10 years). Besides, we diagnosed several cases (10 cases in Guadeloupe since 2000) of association SLA- Parkinsonien Syndrome. This association, considered as exceptional could establish a particular phenotypic entity which we would like to describe. We are interested also originally geographical of the patients, with the hypothesis that he could exist in the Antilles one or several geographical isolates of the disease allowing to lead a étiologique investigation in search of a possible genetic or environmental cause.
Hereditary (familial) amyloidosis arising from the misfolding of a mutated or variant transthyretin, is the most frequent form of amyloid cardiomyopathy in the Caribbean basin. Affected organs invariably harbor extracellular amyloid deposits in the myocardium. Circulating or pre-fibrillar amyloidogenic proteins are implicated in the disruption of cell function. Our aim is to demonstrate that transthyretin mediated amyloid disease alter the mitochondrial function of cardiac cells.
The frequency of cardiac amyloidosis among patients presenting with a so-called left ventricular hypertrophy remains unknown. This problem is especially relevant in the Caribbean's, where an amyloidosis-prone mutation of transthyretin gene might be frequent.
The purpose of this study is to provide a surveillance system to monitor changes in the rate of mother to child HIV transmission and preventive practices in France and especially to identify the occurrence of toxicity in children exposed perinatally to antiretroviral drugs.