There are about 42 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Martinique. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The group of experts at HAS has defined the places of first and second-line workers in specific disorders of development and learning, as defined in the international diagnostic classifications International Classification of Diseases (CIM) CIM 11 and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) DSM 5. The referral to a second-level structure, a multidisciplinary structure in charge of carrying out the different cognitive assessments, requires a preliminary evaluation. This orientation is based on a medical consultation, carried out by a doctor specialized in the field, with an exploration tool adapted to the different fields concerned. The BMTi, a battery of third-generation tests (after the Rapid battery of evaluation of the cognitive functions (BREV) and then the Evaluation of cognitive functions and learning of the child (EDA)) will enable the doctor, from 2018, to carry out this orientation in a relevant way in response to children with a complaint about neurodevelopment and learning. . The research project aims to validate this hypothesis, by comparing the diagnoses posed in a conventional way with the various multidisciplinary assessments, with the results of the transfer of all or part of the subtests of the BMTi by a doctor of second resort.
The influence of pregnancy on the course of multiple sclerosis (MS) has long been a controversial topic. After the publication of the first large prospective study of pregnancy and MS in 1998, counselling of women with MS has radically changed and many patients have been able to fulfill their desire of motherhood. However, there are still some challenges for the neurologist, who has to face old unanswered questions or new issues, regarding the use of disease modifying drugs (DMDs) in this period of life, effects on the short and long term outcome of the mother (in terms of relapses and disability) and the child, role of breast-feeding and locoregional analgesia. To set up a national prospective pregnancy registry for patients with MS, nested within the Observatoire Français de la Sclérose en Plaque (OFSEP) cohort, owing to a better knowledge of interactions between MS and pregnancy-related issues (pregnancy itself, locoregional analgesia, breastfeeding, impact of using or stopping DMDs on women/children…)
In postoperative pleuro-pulmonary surgery, the monitoring of the appearance of complications is guided, depending on the centres, by the systematic daily performance or, in the event of a call point, by chest x-ray at the patient's bed until the drains are ablative. This repeated performance of radiographs results in irradiation of patients but also of medical staff and a significant cost. In the thoracic study, ultrasound imaging is a fast, cost-effective, non-irradiating solution that can be performed at the patient's bedside. It could guide the performance of chest x-ray, limit their number, with increased clinical relevance.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a genuine systemic disease associated with diffuse interstitial pneumopathy and bronchial disorders. According to the literature review, the prevalence of PID on thoracic CT scan is one-third of patients. Diffuse interstitial pneumopathy is responsible for a significant morbidity and mortality, is currently under-diagnosed and its treatment is poorly codified. The lung seems to have a central role in the genesis of rheumatoid arthritis. It also appears that some subtypes of anti citrullinated peptide antibodies are preferentially present in the lungs. The hypothesis behind our project is that one or more subtypes of anti citrullinated peptide antibodies with a preferential tropism for the lung would attack the parenchyma and pulmonary airways. Currently, there are no data on interstitial pneumopathy in black and Afro-Caribbean subjects with rheumatoid arthritis.
This observational trial assesses the safety and efficacy of Gammanorm® in autoimmune diseases.
For neurologists and patients, it appears that one major unmet need, beside of course a cure to multiple sclerosis (MS), is to better appreciate the causal factors of disease progression, and even to obtain reliable predictive tools that could apply on the individual level and at different key moments in the disease course. The overarching objective of the OFSEP-HD cohort is to determine prognostic factors of the evolution of disability in MS in real life, looking at disease characteristics, care practices potentially modifying the evolution of the disease since MS clinical onset and along specific post-onset landmarks. This general framework leads to study 3 specific research objectives: 1. To identify determinants (socio-demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, health related quality of life (QoL), changes in classification, and biomarkers) for the progression of MS disease and its consequences; 2. To study the effectiveness of treatments in real life; 3. To merge both determinants and treatments for creating patient-centered prognostic tools for identifying specific subgroups of patients and helping making decision to start, maintain or adapt care management. To achieve these objectives, the OFSEP (The French multiple sclerosis registry) infrastructure, managed under a quality insurance system, offers a unique opportunity for the first time in France to create a large cohort of MS cases, providing high-definition and sequential multimodal data.
Single-arm, multi-centre phase II study The primary objective is to evaluate the time to failure of the strategy.
Retrospective observational comparative and multicentric study of the microenvironment of HPV-induced head and neck cancers, with comparison between West Indies and Metropolitan populations, and therapeutic implications. This assessment is carried out by in situ multiparametric study with multiple immunofluorescence staining for cluster of differentiation 3, cluster of differentiation 4, cluster of differentiation 8, PROGRAMMED DEATH-1, PROGRAMMED DEATH-L1, PROGRAMMED DEATH-L2, cytokeratin and cluster of differentiation 68 and automated reading. HPV genotypes will be characterized. Learning these techniques will allow me to promote them in West Indies on my way back, and they may be applicable to other HPV-induced cancers.
In 2004 an ASAS for the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society decided to work to improve the criteria for classification of spondyloarthropathies to allow for early diagnosis, Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This approach led to the publication in 2009 of the classification criteria for spondylarthritis, in particular axial spondyloarthritis, as well as a proposal to modify the classification of criteria defined by Mr. Amor (AMOR) and European Spondylarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) criteria, taking into account the potential abnormalities visible in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Nuclear (MRI). The performance (specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values) of the ASAS criteria was then prospectively tested on a sample of the Metropolitan Caucasian population and this systematic study allowed to estimate the performance of the ASAS criteria in the usual framework Of the French Liberal Rheumatology Consultation. Note that this approach is exposed to a criticism of "circular" approach, indeed the expert who is the gold standard for the diagnosis, uses more or less consciously "criteria" based on the presence of such and such sign, then checks in this selected population the diagnostic validity of these signs. However, no data on the performance of ASAS criteria are available in populations of African descent.
The rate of obesity increases continuously in France as in many developing countries.The risk of cesarean delivery is increased in obese compared to normal-weight women and postpartum complications as infections, thromboembolic events and related maternal death, are more common among obese women who deliver by cesarean than both normal-weight women with caesarean deliveries and obese women with vaginal deliveries. Unfortunately, obesity is associated with a higher rate of failed induction requiring a cesarean delivery and especially in nulliparous. Methods of induction for obese women have to be improved to decrease the c-section rate but investigators should also be cautious on the type and dose of PG not to affect the neonatal wellbeing associated with uterine hyperstimulation. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of the association of mechanical and pharmacological cervical ripening (balloon catheter plus 50 µg oral prostaglandin E1) versus pharmacological cervical ripening alone (50 µg oral prostaglandin E1) to reduce the rate of caesarean sections in nulliparous obese women.