There are about 16 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Martinique. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Postural changes are commonly used as therapeutic maneuver to enhance or reduce cerebral perfusion. For instance, in acute stroke, the patient can be positioned in head down tilt position so as to increase perfusion of cerebral tissues perfusion. In During stroke and in hypertensive patients and during stroke, varying degrees a various loss of cerebral autoregulation is loss are usually observed. The aim of this study is to assess cerebral perfusion with ASL perfusion in human subjects in different conditions: healthy, hypertensive and stroke.
Compare dosimeters in both positions (prone and decubitus) for each patient
This is a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a 2 injection vaccine Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and virus like particle vaccine (CHIKV VLP) in healthy adults.
In the context of the Risk Management Plan (RMP), as requested from Addmedica by the EMEA, to collect information about long-term safety of Siklos® (hydroxycarbamide) when used in current practices for the prevention of symptomatic vaso-occlusive complications in patients with Sickle Cell Disease.
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes whose clinical feature is the early joint damage. Approximately 8% of patients have chronic arthropathy resembling to the rheumatoid polyarthritis. The EchoCHIK study we propose is in the context of the epidemic in Martinique which began in January 2014. It should give a better understanding of arthritis and juxtaarticular of CHIK and look for signs that may allow ultrasound predict the evolution of chronic arthropathy of CHIK.
The purpose of the study is to assess the benefits of a therapeutic strategy that associates an early administration of human fibrinogen concentrate in the management of PPH on the reduction of bleeding after the initiation of prostaglandins intravenous infusion, following vaginal delivery.
The leptospirosis evolves on an endemic mode in French West Indies and its incidence in 2011 was de 61/100 000 inhabitants, 100 times more than the metropolitan France's incidence (0,47/100 000). If cases can arise all year long, periods of heavy rainfall are associated with the arisen of epidemic peaks Clinical presentation of leptospirosis include a wide range of symptoms: the most frequent form is a flu-like syndrome but more severe forms are described as meningitis, uveitis and classical severe presentation such as lung bleedings and liver-kidneys infringement (syndrome of Weil) which constitute the most severe forms of the disease. Currently , Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the only test who can provide a diagnostic confirmation during the first week of development and before the appearance of the first antibody. If the microagglutination test (MAT) is considered the gold standard test for diagnosis of leptospirosis. However it requires rending samples to the referent National center for the leptospirosis at Pasteur Institute in Paris while the antibodies do not appears until the second week of illness. A second sample is required 15 days after the first one, to confirm the diagnosis. In clinical practice , the technique of real-time PCR for the detection and quantification of pathogenic Leptospira during the first week of illness . The technique of diagnosis of leptospirosis by real-time PCR has been implemented and tested in 2007 at the University Hospital of Martinique and providing to the clinicians from 2008. The optimal duration of antibiotic therapy has not been studied and experts now recommend for a 7 to 10 days, regardless of the severity of the disease. The evolution of leptospiremia treated patients has not been studied to date.
Patients are recruited at diagnosis or at relapse of ATLL-HR in French Caribbean islands and Guyana. They all receive Zidovudine and Pegylated Interferon (ZPI). For patients younger than 65 years old, an allogeneic donor is searching out. Patients included at relapse and with lymphoma clinico-biological subtype also receive chemotherapy (CT). Responses are assessed during ZPI+/-CT and eligible patients (depending on age, comorbidities and response criteria) receive allogeneic transplant. Patient follow-up is planned for 3 years old
Many conditions and cardiovascular diseases (including stroke) are better managed with regular exercise training. The expected effects are partial reversal of adverse effects on heart and blood vessel structure and function, improved glycemic, tension and weight control. Physiologically, the aorta maintains low left ventricular after-load, promotes optimal sub-endocardial coronary blood flow, and transforms pulsatile into laminar blood flow. Increased aortic stiffness may ultimately contribute to left ventricular dysfunction. Regular exercise training is likely to decrease the pulse wave velocity (a measure of the aortic compliance). Some subjects seem more responsive than others, and they may not expect the same benefit of exercise training. To the best of our knowledge, this has not been explained yet.
Only 5 to 10% of patients infected with HTLV-1 develop a disease related to infection. The two most serious diseases are adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and Tropical spastic paraparesis /HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (TSP / HAM). Factors influencing the development of TSP / HAM in the individual HTLV-1 are not yet completely understood. Patients TSP / HAM have a HTLV-1 proviral load (amount of virus) that is 6-10 times higher than seropositive asymptomatic. Various studies have shown that the development of TSP / HAM in the subject HTLV-1 and its rapid evolution is partly attributed to the failure of the immune system that regulates viral replication and expression. It has recently been shown that different versions of Single Nucleotide (human leukocyte antigen) rs12979860, located upstream of the gene for Interleukin 28B (IL28B), influenced the severity of infection with hepatitis C and effectiveness of treatment. By analogy with hepatitis C, a Spanish (Treviño et al., 2012) examined this SNP(single nucleotide polymorphism) in 12 patients TSP / HAM and 29 asymptomatic HIV-positive. CT or TT genotype was statistically more frequent in the group TSP / HAM than in asymptomatic patients (80% versus 20%) and was associated with HTLV-1 proviral load higher. We propose a broader group of patients in our population and Afro-Caribbean, to confirm the results of the latter study was conducted in a predominantly Latin American population.