There are about 954 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Latvia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The aim of this project is to promote the breath volatile marker concept for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening by advancing developing the application of a novel hybrid analyzer for the purpose. The hybrid analyzer concept is expected to benefit of combining metal-oxide (MOX) and infrared spectrum (IR) sensor acquired data. The current study will be the first globally to address this concept in CRC detection. In addition, traditional methods, in particular, gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) will be used to address the biological relevance of the VOCs emission from cancer tissue and will assist in further advances of the hybrid-sensing approach.
Hospital Acquired and Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (HAP/VAP) pose a significant burden to patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Reported incidence ranges from 10-16% in all ICU patients (including HAP and VAP) and around 20-30% in ventilated patients (VAP). Patients with HAP/VAP have a high mortality rate. The estimated attributable mortality of VAP is 6-13%. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating medical interventions, but are difficult to perform in this population. Several preventive and therapeutic treatment options are being developed that will require evaluation in phase-III trials. These trials are challenging due to the relatively low incidence of the outcome (e.g. HAP/VAP) or of the domain under study (e.g. specific antibiotic resistant infections) and the requirement of informed consent in critically ill patients. There is a need for a well-organized and well-trained international RCT network that enables efficient execution of a series of RCTs in this population. The aim of the current study is to set up an infrastructure to prospectively enroll patients at risk of HAP/VAP in ICUs in several European countries. Site personnel will be trained to obtain a GCP (Good Clinical Practice) certification (if not already done), to timely identify and enroll patients at risk of HAP/VAP, to timely identify occurrence of HAP/VAP, collect informed consent forms, collect source data, enter data into a clinical database, and use a dedicated system to reply to queries. Site sample collection, processing, identifying the causative organism, and antibiotic susceptibility testing will be validated and adapted if required where possible. Where site infrastructure and regulations allow, the possibility of automated data collection of included participants will be explored to ensure sustainability of the future platform. Furthermore, collected data will be used to inform future diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic trials. E.g. they may support assumptions in sample size calculations and expected number of enrolled participants, they may help in prioritizing interventions, or they may be used in simulations of adaptive trials to optimize decision rules.
This study is investigating how Mim8 works compared to other medicines in people with haemophilia A, who either have inhibitors or do not have inhibitors. Mim8 is a new medicine that will be used for prevention of bleeding episodes. Mim8 works by replacing the function of the missing clotting factor VIII (FVIII). When and how often participants will receive Mim8 is dependent on their previous treatment - but is otherwise decided by chance. The study will last for 72-124 weeks (17-29 months) depending on how long participants will be followed before it is decided when they start receiving Mim8 - the period before this is decided is called the 'run-in'. Participants will have 13-17 clinic visits. Mim8 will be injected into a skinfold on the stomach with a thin needle either once a week or once a month.
A single-center, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded end-point clinical trial of instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) guidance strategy impact on clinical outcomes in multivessel acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients.
This is a randomised, double-blind, multicentre clinical study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, tolerability, PK, and immunogenicity of SB17 compared to Stelara® in subjects with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.
This is a Phase III, global, randomized, open-label, multicenter, study evaluating the efficacy and safety of adjuvant giredestrant compared with endocrine therapy of physician's choice in participants with medium- and high-risk Stage I-III histologically confirmed estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common, recurrent, and frequent chronic disorder. Treatment is often challenging; up to 40% of patients do not benefit sufficiently from existing antidepressant interventions including trials of medication and psychotherapy. Up to 25% of patients manifest a chronic course of illness, resulting in a need for additional treatment options. The DiSCoVeR trial is a multi-site, double-blind, sham-controlled, proof-of concept randomized controlled trial (RCT). The study aims to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of an innovative, combined treatment approach, incorporating transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) along with a custom-made video game designed to enhance cognitive control in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Patients diagnosis of MDD receive a 6-weeks treatment with prefrontal tDCS along with an active videogame or sham tDCS + sham game for 6 weeks. Follow-up per patient is 6 weeks following treatment. Before, during and after the treatment period different assessment scales will be conducted to record neuropsychological features and the course of symptom changes.
The purpose of this study is to provide safety and tolerability, pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity data for multiple CSJ117 doses inhaled once daily compared with placebo, in adult asthma participants treated with medium or high dose ICS plus LABA alone or with additional asthma controllers (additional controllers allowed: LTRA, LAMA, Theophylline and its derivatives), who have completed the prior phase llb study CCSJ117A12201C (NCT04410523).
The main aim of the study is to learn if soticlestat, when given as an add-on therapy, reduces the number of convulsive seizures in children and young adults with Dravet Syndrome. Participants will receive their standard anti-seizure therapy, plus either a tablet of soticlestat or placebo for 16 weeks. A placebo looks just like soticlestat but will not have any medicine in it. Participants may continue treatment in an extension study, based on the extension study's entry criteria. Those that want to stop treatment will have a gradual dose reduction during 1 week and then be followed up for 2 weeks.
The aims of the study are: - to learn if soticlestat, when given as add-on therapy, reduces the number of major motor drop seizures in children, teenagers, and adults with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. - to assess the safety profile of soticlestat when given in combination with other therapies. Participants will receive their standard anti-seizure therapy, plus either tablets of soticlestat or placebo. A placebo looks just like soticlestat but will not have any medicine in it. Participants will take soticlestat or placebo for 16 weeks, followed by a gradual dose reduction for 1 week. Then, participants will be followed up for 2 weeks.