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NCT ID: NCT05579470 Not yet recruiting - Opioid Use Disorder Clinical Trials

Expanding Medication-Assisted Therapies in Central Asia

Start date: January 1, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Central Asia (CA) represents the most rapidly growing HIV epidemic region worldwide, concentrated in people who inject drugs (PWID) and their sexual partners, and scaling up opioid agonist therapies (OAT) in this region is the most cost-effective strategy to prevent new HIV infections, and more effective when combined with antiretroviral therapy (ART). The investigators propose to use the Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) implementation strategy to scale-up OAT in three diverse Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan) and guided by the Exploration-Planning-Implementation-Sustainment (EPIS) framework. Understanding the trajectories of implementation and scale-up in this context may emerge through creating communities of practice, especially when cohesion and competence evolves, and may guide other healthcare delivery challenges in the region (e.g., HIV, TB); as well as build important regional expertise and understanding implementation trajectories should help support OAT program sustainability.

NCT ID: NCT05223946 Completed - Clinical trials for Low Back Pain, Recurrent

Treatment and Companion Diagnostics of Lower Back Pain Using SCENAR and Passive Medical Radiometry (MWR)

Start date: September 1, 2020
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of nonspecific pain in the lower back (LBP) is currently largely based on the patient's subjective feelings. The purpose of this study was to use passive medical radiometry (MWR) as a tool for assessing the effectiveness of various treatment methods in patients with acute and subacute nonspecific LBP. Patients with pain assessment on a visual analogue scale (VAS) from 6 to 10 points were divided into 2 groups: Group I included patients with pharmacological, syndrome-oriented treatment (n = 30, age 54.9 ± 2.3 years); Group II is a combination pharmacotherapy with self-controlled energy-neuro-adaptive regulation (SCENAR) (n = 25, age 52.8 ± 2.5 years). The investigators will compare that the addition of SCENAR therapy (Group II) will be able to potentiate the analgesic effect of the treatment using VAS. the investigators will confirm that the thermal asymmetry visualization allows to identify the area of pathological muscle spasm and/or inflammation in the projection of the vertebral-motor segment.

NCT ID: NCT05195866 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Respiratory Tract Infections

CRP for Respiratory Diagnosis in Kyrgyz Pediatric Practice

Start date: November 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Rationale: Overuse of antibiotics globally is leading to increasing rates of antibiotic resistance and may lead to a 'post-antibiotic' era. Case fatality rates for pneumonia in children remain high in Central Asia and there is a lack of knowledge of which viruses and bacteria cause the disease. Antibiotic resistance patterns of common bacteria remain largely unknown in Central Asia which makes it challenging for clinicians to choose the right antibiotic to treat children with suspected bacterial pneumonia and sometimes healthcare workers overuse an antibacterial therapy even when the child does not need it. Randomised trials of using CRP point of care test (POCT) to guide antibiotic prescription for respiratory tract infections has been successful in lowering unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions in adults in high income countries but left a small concern for safety in the form of possibly slightly increased risk of hospitalisation in the CRP group. Objective: This study seeks to gain evidence on whether use of C-reactive protein point-of-care test can safely decrease prescription of antibiotics for children under 12 with acute respiratory symptoms in primary level healthcare centres in Kyrgyzstan. Study design: Multicentre, open-label, individual randomised controlled clinical trial with 14 days blinded follow-up in rural Chui and Naryn regions of Kyrgyz Republic. Healthcare workers from ten selected healthcare centres will be trained in the CRP POCT and in interpreting the results in the field. Study population: Children aged from 6 month to 12 years attending the primary level healthcare centres during normal business hours with acute respiratory symptoms. Main study parameters: The proportion of patients in the two groups prescribed an antibiotic within 14 days of index consultation; length of disease, antibiotics given at index consultation, admissions and vital status. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Risks, inconvenience and burden associated with participating in this observational study are low. As part of the inclusion children in the CRP cluster group will have a finger-prick test performed. This may be unpleasant and course transient discomfort but poses no risks to the child. Follow-up will be three short phone calls day 3, 7 and 14 after inclusion. Risks includes possible undertreatment of serious disease, however previous studies have not found safety issues with CRP testing in children. There is no direct benefit to participants, but side effects and non-necessary medications are likely minimised.

NCT ID: NCT04947475 Recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

Project MATLINK: Development and Evaluation of a Screening, Brief Intervention, & Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Program for Opioid Dependent Prisoners and Probationers Transitioning to the Community

Start date: January 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy a Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) program for linking opioid dependent individuals currently incarcerated or in probation in Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, and Ukraine to opioid substitution therapy in the community after release or during their probation period.

NCT ID: NCT04915378 Completed - High Altitude Clinical Trials

Hypoxia-altitude Testing to Predict Altitude Related Adverse Health Effects in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients

Start date: June 1, 2021
Study type: Observational

The predictive value of the hypoxia altitude simulation test (HAST) or other baseline values to predict altitude-related adverse health effects (ARAHE) is not established. To address this gap, the main goals of this investigation will be 1) to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the HAST in identifying individuals that will experience ARAHE during altitude travel and 2) to establish prediction models incorporating other commonly assessed clinical characteristics either alone or in combination with the HAST as predictors of ARAHE in altitude travelers. Hypotheses: In lowlanders with COPD, a PaO2 <6.6 kPa or another cutoff of PaO2 or SpO2 at the end of the HAST, at rest or during exertion and/or clinical variables including symptoms, pulmonary function indices, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), either alone or combined to a multivariable model, will predict ARAHE during a sojourn of 2 days at 3100m with accuracy greater than chance

NCT ID: NCT04915365 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Effect of Acetazolamide on Right Heart Function at Rest in Lowlanders With COPD Traveling to High Altitude

Start date: May 1, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind trial is to evaluate the effect of acetazolamide on right heart function at rest in lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) traveling to high altitude (HA) and developing early signs of altitude-illness.

NCT ID: NCT04913389 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Acetazolamide to Prevent Impending Altitude-illness in Patients With COPD

Start date: June 1, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind trial is to evaluate efficacy of acetazolamide in preventing overt altitude-related adverse health effects (ARAHE) in lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) developing early signs of altitude-illness during altitude travel.

NCT ID: NCT04591964 Recruiting - CHF Clinical Trials

Effects of Remote Monitoring of Patients With Heart Failure Based on Smartphone Application

Start date: January 1, 2021
Phase: Early Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

CHF is a most wild-spread and prognostically poor outcome most of cardiovascular and other disease. Despite of significant progress in treatment of CHF for the last years, death from this pathology stayed very high, reaching 60% for men, 45% for women during the 5 years after establishing diagnosis. The purpose of treatment is creating "seamless" system of care the whole continuum stretch CHF, in this connection, the particular relevance take in creating of new way and strategy with IT-technology mHealth. On the whole, mHealth application potentially suggest economic efficiency solution with continuous access for symptoms monitoring, stimulation of patients to self-servicing, self-controlling and achieving better results compare with optimal medical therapy. So, remote monitoring of patients on the base of mobile application must improve clinical and economic efficiency of medical care received. In trial will be studied efficiency of using mobile application for remote monitoring of patients with ischemic etiology HF, also quality of life, commitment to therapy and prognosis (frequency of cardiovascular poor outcomes). Clinical indicators and tests (Quality of Life Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, 6-minute walking test) will be evaluated in the beginning of the trial and repeatly after 1 year. Trial financed by Kyrgyz Republic Ministry of Education and Science.

NCT ID: NCT04568525 Completed - Covid19 Clinical Trials

Passive Microwave Radiometry (MWR) and AI for COVID-19 Complications Early Diagnostics of Lungs

Start date: July 1, 2020
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 it as a global pandemic. It becomes clear that the virus spreading mostly deadly due to limited to access to diagnostics tests and equipment. Traditional radiography and CT remain the main methods of the initial examination of the chest organs. Now, most of the diagnostics has been focused on PCR, chest x-Ray/CT manifestations of COVID-19. However, there are problems with CT due to infection control issues, the inefficiencies introduced in CT room decontamination, and lack of CT availability in LMIC (Low Middle Income Countries). Passive microwave radiometry (MWR) is a cheap, non-radioactive and portable technology. It has already been used for diagnostics of cancer, and other diseases. The investigators have tested if MWR could be used for early diagnostics of pulmonary COVID-19 complications. This was a randomized controlled trial (195 subjects) to evaluate the effectiveness of diagnostics using MWR in patients with pneumonia caused by COVID-19 while they are in hospitals of Kyrgyzstan, and healthy individuals. The investigator have measured skin (IR) and internal (MWR) temperature by recording passive electromagnetic radiation through the chest wall in the projection of the lungs at 30 symmetrical points on both sides. Pneumonia and lung damage were diagnosed by X-RAY/CT scan and doctor's final diagnosis (pn+/pn-). COVID-19 was determined by PCR test (covid+/covid-). Overall, the study suggests that the use of MWR is a convenient and safe method for screening diagnostics in COVID-19 patients with suspected pneumonia. Since MWR is an inexpensive, it will ease the financial burden for both patients and the countries, especially in LMIC

NCT ID: NCT04549415 Completed - Clinical trials for Coronary Artery Disease

The Influence of Metformin on Chronic Heart Failure Clinical Course in Patients With Prediabetes

Start date: January 1, 2018
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

It is well known fact, that prediabetes is a predictor of high cardiovascular mortality, increasing the risk of developing such adverse cardiovascular events as myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden cardiac death. The key pathogenetic link in development of carbohydrates metabolism disorders (CMD) is insulin resistance (IR), which is one of the crucial mechanisms for the development and progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). IR disrupts the functioning of the myocardium due to endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, oxidative stress, remodeling and impaired myocardial metabolism. In condition of a combination of CMD and CHF the reverse development of hyperglycemia is also difficult due to hyperactivation of neurohormonal systems - renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, in particular. So, drug therapy should neutralize the undesirable metabolic effects of hyperglycemia on the course of CHF, as well as prevent the development of micro- and macrovascular complications. The study will investigate the ability of metformin to impact on clinical and laboratory (neurohormonal, lipid profiles, renal function) parameters of ischemic etiology heart failure patients with prediabetes, as well as their quality of life and prognosis (incidence of adverse cardiovascular events). These tests will be assessed at the beginning and repeated after one year. At the end of the study we will investigate the difference between lifestyle modification effect and metformin treatment. The study is funded by Ministry of Education and Science of Kyrgyz Republic.