There are about 45 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Kyrgyzstan. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of nonspecific pain in the lower back (LBP) is currently largely based on the patient's subjective feelings. The purpose of this study was to use passive medical radiometry (MWR) as a tool for assessing the effectiveness of various treatment methods in patients with acute and subacute nonspecific LBP. Patients with pain assessment on a visual analogue scale (VAS) from 6 to 10 points were divided into 2 groups: Group I included patients with pharmacological, syndrome-oriented treatment (n = 30, age 54.9 ± 2.3 years); Group II is a combination pharmacotherapy with self-controlled energy-neuro-adaptive regulation (SCENAR) (n = 25, age 52.8 ± 2.5 years). The investigators will compare that the addition of SCENAR therapy (Group II) will be able to potentiate the analgesic effect of the treatment using VAS. the investigators will confirm that the thermal asymmetry visualization allows to identify the area of pathological muscle spasm and/or inflammation in the projection of the vertebral-motor segment.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy a Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) program for linking opioid dependent individuals currently incarcerated or in probation in Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, and Ukraine to opioid substitution therapy in the community after release or during their probation period.
The predictive value of the hypoxia altitude simulation test (HAST) or other baseline values to predict altitude-related adverse health effects (ARAHE) is not established. To address this gap, the main goals of this investigation will be 1) to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the HAST in identifying individuals that will experience ARAHE during altitude travel and 2) to establish prediction models incorporating other commonly assessed clinical characteristics either alone or in combination with the HAST as predictors of ARAHE in altitude travelers. Hypotheses: In lowlanders with COPD, a PaO2 <6.6 kPa or another cutoff of PaO2 or SpO2 at the end of the HAST, at rest or during exertion and/or clinical variables including symptoms, pulmonary function indices, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), either alone or combined to a multivariable model, will predict ARAHE during a sojourn of 2 days at 3100m with accuracy greater than chance
The purpose of this randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind trial is to evaluate the effect of acetazolamide on right heart function at rest in lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) traveling to high altitude (HA) and developing early signs of altitude-illness.
The purpose of this randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind trial is to evaluate efficacy of acetazolamide in preventing overt altitude-related adverse health effects (ARAHE) in lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) developing early signs of altitude-illness during altitude travel.
CHF is a most wild-spread and prognostically poor outcome most of cardiovascular and other disease. Despite of significant progress in treatment of CHF for the last years, death from this pathology stayed very high, reaching 60% for men, 45% for women during the 5 years after establishing diagnosis. The purpose of treatment is creating "seamless" system of care the whole continuum stretch CHF, in this connection, the particular relevance take in creating of new way and strategy with IT-technology mHealth. On the whole, mHealth application potentially suggest economic efficiency solution with continuous access for symptoms monitoring, stimulation of patients to self-servicing, self-controlling and achieving better results compare with optimal medical therapy. So, remote monitoring of patients on the base of mobile application must improve clinical and economic efficiency of medical care received. In trial will be studied efficiency of using mobile application for remote monitoring of patients with ischemic etiology HF, also quality of life, commitment to therapy and prognosis (frequency of cardiovascular poor outcomes). Clinical indicators and tests (Quality of Life Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, 6-minute walking test) will be evaluated in the beginning of the trial and repeatly after 1 year. Trial financed by Kyrgyz Republic Ministry of Education and Science.
World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 it as a global pandemic. It becomes clear that the virus spreading mostly deadly due to limited to access to diagnostics tests and equipment. Traditional radiography and CT remain the main methods of the initial examination of the chest organs. Now, most of the diagnostics has been focused on PCR, chest x-Ray/CT manifestations of COVID-19. However, there are problems with CT due to infection control issues, the inefficiencies introduced in CT room decontamination, and lack of CT availability in LMIC (Low Middle Income Countries). Passive microwave radiometry (MWR) is a cheap, non-radioactive and portable technology. It has already been used for diagnostics of cancer, and other diseases. The investigators have tested if MWR could be used for early diagnostics of pulmonary COVID-19 complications. This was a randomized controlled trial (195 subjects) to evaluate the effectiveness of diagnostics using MWR in patients with pneumonia caused by COVID-19 while they are in hospitals of Kyrgyzstan, and healthy individuals. The investigator have measured skin (IR) and internal (MWR) temperature by recording passive electromagnetic radiation through the chest wall in the projection of the lungs at 30 symmetrical points on both sides. Pneumonia and lung damage were diagnosed by X-RAY/CT scan and doctor's final diagnosis (pn+/pn-). COVID-19 was determined by PCR test (covid+/covid-). Overall, the study suggests that the use of MWR is a convenient and safe method for screening diagnostics in COVID-19 patients with suspected pneumonia. Since MWR is an inexpensive, it will ease the financial burden for both patients and the countries, especially in LMIC
It is well known fact, that prediabetes is a predictor of high cardiovascular mortality, increasing the risk of developing such adverse cardiovascular events as myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden cardiac death. The key pathogenetic link in development of carbohydrates metabolism disorders (CMD) is insulin resistance (IR), which is one of the crucial mechanisms for the development and progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). IR disrupts the functioning of the myocardium due to endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, oxidative stress, remodeling and impaired myocardial metabolism. In condition of a combination of CMD and CHF the reverse development of hyperglycemia is also difficult due to hyperactivation of neurohormonal systems - renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, in particular. So, drug therapy should neutralize the undesirable metabolic effects of hyperglycemia on the course of CHF, as well as prevent the development of micro- and macrovascular complications. The study will investigate the ability of metformin to impact on clinical and laboratory (neurohormonal, lipid profiles, renal function) parameters of ischemic etiology heart failure patients with prediabetes, as well as their quality of life and prognosis (incidence of adverse cardiovascular events). These tests will be assessed at the beginning and repeated after one year. At the end of the study we will investigate the difference between lifestyle modification effect and metformin treatment. The study is funded by Ministry of Education and Science of Kyrgyz Republic.
This study evaluates whether structured self-monitoring (SSM) by a symptom checklist in combination with a pulse oximeter worn at the wrist allows lowlanders with COPD to accurately identify whether or not they will experience an altitude-related illness during altitude travel.
This will be a randomized, cross-over trial evaluating the efficacy of nasal high-flow oxygen therapy (HFOT) vs. low-flow oxygen therapy (LFOT) on cycling endurance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).